The BOOK OF JASHER

 

REFERRED TO IN JOSHUA AND SECOND SAMUEL

Faithfully translated (1840)

FROM THE ORIGINAL HEBREW INTO ENGLISH

SALT LAKE CITY:

PUBLISHED BY J.H. PARRY & COMPANY

1887.

"Is not this written in the Book of Jasher?"--Joshua, x. 13.

"Behold it is written in the Book of Jasher."--II Samuel, i. 18

This work is in the Public Domain. Copy Freely

 

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Table of Contents

Preface | Introduction - Is This the REAL Book of Jasher? |

 

CHAPTER 1--The Creation of Adam and Eve. The Fall. Birth of Cain and Abel. Abel a Keeper

of Sheep. Cain a Tiller of the Soil. The Quarrel Between the Brothers and the Result. Cain, the

First Murderer, Cursed of God

CHAPTER 2--Seth is Born. People begin to Multiply and Become Idolatrous. Third Part of the

Earth Destroyed. Earth cursed and becomes corrupt through the Wickedness of Men. Cainan, a

Wise and Righteous King, Foretells the Flood. Enoch is Born

CHAPTER 3--Enoch Reigns over the Earth. Enoch Establishes Righteousness upon the Earth,

and after Reigning Two Hundred and Forty Years is Translated

CHAPTER 4--The People of the Earth Again Become Corrupt. Noah is Born

CHAPTER 5--Noah and Methuselah Preach Repentance for One Hundred and Twenty Years.

Noah Builds the Ark. Death of Methuselah.

CHAPTER 6--Animals, Beasts, and Fowls Preserved in the Ark. Noah and his Sons, and their

Wives are Shut in. When the Floods come the People want to get in. Noah One Year in the Ark.

CHAPTER 7--The Generations of Noah. The Garments of Skin made for Adam Stolen by Ham

and they Descend to Nimrod the Mighty Hunter, who Becomes the King of the Whole Earth.

The Birth of Abram.

CHAPTER 8--The Wise Men of Nimrod, by their Divination, Foretell the Evil that Abram will

do to Nimrod's Kingdom, and they seek to kill the Child. Abram, with his Mother and Nurse are

Hid in a cave for Ten Years.

CHAPTER 9--When Ten Years Old, Abram goes to Noah and Shem, Remains with them for

Thirty-nine Years, and is Taught in all the Ways of the Lord. The Wickedness of Nimrod and

his People. They Propose to Build a Tower to Heaven and Dethrone God. The confusion of

Tongues.

CHAPTER 10--The Descendants of Noah, Scattered over the whole earth, build themselves

Cities.

CHAPTER 11--Nimrod's Wicked Reign. The Idolatry of Terah, Abram's Father. When Fifty

Years old, Abram returns to his Father's House and Discovers his Idols. Makes a pretext to

destroy them. After making Savory Meat for the gods, Abram takes a Hatchet and destroys

them, leaving the Hatchet in the hands of the larger one, where it is discovered by his Father,

who is told by Abram that the Great God had risen up in anger and Destroyed his Fellows. Terah

in his wrath betrays Abram to the King, who brings him up before the Throne for Judgment.

Abram Warns his Father and the King, before all the Princes, of the Evils of Idolatry.

CHAPTER 12--Abram placed in Prison, and is condemned after ten days to be cast into a Fiery

Furnace. His Brother Haran being Falsely Accused is condemned to the same Fate. As Haran's

heart was not right before the Lord, he perished, but Abram is Delivered and is brought forth

Alive. Is Presented with Many Gifts. The King Dreams of Abram, and again Seeks his Life.

Abram flees to the House of Noah.

CHAPTER 13--On Abram's account Terah and all his House, with Abram, Leave Ur Casdim to

go to the Land of Canaan. They tarry in Haran, where the Lord Appears to Abram, and upon

condition of Faithfulness, Promises many Blessings. Abram, commanded of the Lord, takes his

Wife and all belonging to him and goes to the Land of Canaan, where the Lord again appears to

him and Promises the Land of Canaan as an Everlasting Inheritance. After Fifteen Years, Abram

returns to Haran to Visit his Father. Teaches many to Walk in the Ways of the Lord. Again

commanded to go to Canaan, where he Builds an Altar. The Lord renews his Covenant with him.

CHAPTER 14--Rikayon's cunning Device to make Money of the Egyptians.

CHAPTER 15--On Account of Famine in Canaan, Abram goes to Egypt. Tells the People that

Sarah is his Sister, on account of her Beauty. Pharaoh Desires to take her, but is Prevented by an

Angel of the Lord. The Truth is made known, and Sarah is Restored to Abram, with many

Presents. Abram returns to his Home. Trouble between Lot and Abram on account of Lot's

cattle. Lot Removes to Sodom.

CHAPTER 16--Four Kings with Eight Hundred Thousand Men War against Sodom and the

Cities of the Plain, and destroy and plunder their people. Abram, Hearing that Lot is taken

captive, gathers together about Three Hundred Men and Pursues the Kings, retakes the captives,

and smites the whole Army of the confederate Rings. On his Return, Abram meets Adonizedek,

King of Jerusalem, the same was Shem. Abram gives Tithing of all he had taken to Adonizedek,

and is Blessed of Him. Abram Restores to every Man his property which he had retaken in the

War, and returns to Hebron. The Lord again appears to Abram and promises to bless him with a

Numberless Posterity. Sarah being childless gives Hagar to Abram for a Wife, and becoming

jealous of her, afflicts her. An Angel comforts Hagar. Ishmael is Born.

CHAPTER 17--The Lord Appears to Abram and Establishes the Covenant of Circumcision, and

calls his name Abraham, and Sarai, He calls Sarah.

CHAPTER 18--Abraham Entertains Three Angels, who eat with him. Sarah is promised a Son.

The People of Sodom and Gomorrah, and of all the Cities of the Plain become very Wicked.

CHAPTER 19--The Abominations of the people of Sodom and Gomorrah. Two Angels sent to

Save Lot. The Cities of the Plain and all their Inhabitants Destroyed by Fire.

CHAPTER 20--Abraham goes to the land of the Philistines, and again tells the People that Sarah

is his Sister. Abimelech the King desires her for a Wife. An Angel warns him, and commands

him to return her to her Husband. The whole land afflicted on account of the matter. Sarah

Restored to Abraham, who entreats the Lord to heal the People of Abimelech.

CHAPTER 21--Isaac is Born, causing much Rejoicing among the Friends of Abraham. Ishmael

Attempts to kill Isaac, and on that account is sent away with his Mother. Ishmael is blessed with

Riches and Posterity.

CHAPTER 22--Ishmael returns to his Father, with his Wives and Children. Abraham Returns to

Canaan and makes his Home in Beersheba, where he Hospitably Entertains all strangers and

teaches them the way of the Lord. Isaac and Ishmael's conversation. The Offering of Isaac

Foretold. Satan's opinion of the Father of the Faithful.

CHAPTER 23--Abraham commanded to Offer up Isaac, in the Land Moriah. Abraham's

Obedience. Sarah's Affliction. What Happened on the Way. Satan attempts to hinder them. Isaac

an Acceptable Offering. Father and Son alone. The willingness of Isaac. He Assists his Father in

Building the Altar. While they both weep bitterly, they yet Rejoice to be counted worthy before

the Lord. Isaac bound and placed upon the Altar. The Angels of God intercede for Isaac, who is

released at the command of the Lord, and a Ram is offered in his place. Satan, by his deception

and Evils, causes the Death of Sarah.

CHAPTER 24--Abraham Purchases a Burial Place. Isaac sent to the House of Shem and Eber to

Learn the Way of the Lord. Eliezer is sent to get a Wife for Isaac. Goes to the House of Bethuel

and brings Rebecca.

CHAPTER 25--Abraham takes Keturah for a Wife, by whom he has Six Sons. The Generations

of the Sons of Keturah, and of Ishmael.

CHAPTER 26--Isaac and Rebecca pray for children. Their Prayers answered, and Esau and

Jacob are Born. Abraham, after recounting all the Wonderful Works of the Lord, enjoins his Son

to Walk in His way and keep His Commandments. In the Fifteenth Year of Jacob and Esau's

lives, Abraham Dies and is Buried by all the Kings of the land. All the People and even the

children mourn for Abraham for a Full.

CHAPTER 27--Esau slays Nimrod and Two of his Mighty Men. Returns Home weary from the

Fight, and sells his Birthright for Value.

CHAPTER 28--On account of Famine, Isaac goes to Gerar, the Land of the Philistines. After the

Famine he Returns at the Command of the Lord to Hebron. Jacob is sent to the House of Shem

where he Remains Thirty-two Years to learn the Way of the Lord, but Esau would not go. Esau

marries a Canaanitish Woman.

CHAPTER 29--Jacob by deceit obtains his Brother's Blessing. Jacob fearing his Brother's anger,

flees to the House of Eber, where he remains for Fourteen Years. Esau again marries a Woman

of the Land. Jacob returns to his Father, but being still threatened by Esau, is advised by his

Mother to go to her Brother Laban, in Haran. Jacob goes to Haran, being Commanded by his

Father not to Marry any of the Daughters of Canaan. Jacob is Waylaid on the Road, by the Son

of Esau, and is Robbed of all he Possessed.

CHAPTER 30--When he Arrives at Mount Moriah, the Lord appears to Jacob and establishes

His Covenant with him. Arriving at his Uncle's House he Engages to Serve Seven Years for

Rachel.

CHAPTER 31--Jacob is Deceived and is given Leah in Place of Rachel, but is Given Rachel for

Seven Years' more Service. Jacob serves Laban six years longer for Wages and becomes very

Rich, when the Lord Appears to him and commands him to Return to the Land of Canaan. Jacob

Obeys and goes from Laban. Rachel Steals her Father's gods, that he may not know where Jacob

has fled. Laban Pursues him, but establishes a covenant of peace. Laban breaks his Covenant by

sending his Son secretly to Esau that Jacob may Fall in his Hands. Esau, with Four Hundred

Men, seek to Destroy Jacob.

CHAPTER 32--Jacob sends a Message of Peace to his Brother, who rejects it with contempt,

and Advances to Destroy him. Hosts of Angels cause the Fear of Jacob to come upon Esau, and

he goes to meet him in peace, in answer to Jacob's Prayer. Jacob Wrestles with an Angel of the

Lord.

CHAPTER 33--Jacob goes to Shechem. Prince Shechem defiles Dinah the Daughter of Jacob.

Shechem desires her for a Wife.

CHAPTER 34--The Perfidy of Shechem. Simeon and Levi, Sons of Jacob, avenge the Honor of

their Sister Dinah, Destroy all the Men of the City, and Spoil it. The People of Canaan conspire

to avenge the cause of Shechem. Isaac and Jacob Pray for Succor.

CHAPTER 35--The Fear of God come upon the Canaanites, and they do not Fight with Jacob.

CHAPTER 36--Jacob and his House goes to Bethel, where the Lord appears to him, calls his

name Israel, and Blesses him. The Generations of Jacob and Esau.

CHAPTER 37--Jacob Returns to Shechem. The Kings of Canaan again assemble against Jacob.

Jacob's Ten Sons with One Hundred and Two of their servants Fight against the Canaanites and

Amorites, and are successful.

CHAPTER 38 and 39--The Sons of Jacob Destroy many Cities of Canaan and all their people.

CHAPTER 40--The Remaining Twenty-one Kings of Canaan, fearing the Sons of Jacob, make a

permanent Peace with them.

CHAPTER 41--Joseph, the Son of Jacob, Dreams of his Future Exaltation over his Brethren.

Being his Father's Favorite, his Brethren become Jealous. Joseph is sent to Visit his Brethren.

They conspire against him, and at the Suggestion of Reuben Place him in a Pit.

CHAPTER 42--Joseph is sold to a company of Midianites, who in Turn sold him to the

Ishmaelites, who take him down to Egypt. An account of his Journey thither, and of his

Affliction on the Road.

CHAPTER 43--Reuben's Anguish at not Finding Joseph in the Pit. The Brothers contrive to

Deceive their Father by Dipping his coat in Blood. Jacob's Anguish at the loss of his Son.

CHAPTER 44--Joseph is sold to Potiphar, an Officer of Pharaoh. Zelicah, the Wife of Potiphar,

seeks to entice Joseph to do Evil, but all her advances are Rejected. Is Falsely Accused by her

and is brought to Judgment. Is Acquitted by his Judges, but for the Sake of the Report against

Potiphar's Wife, he is cast into Prison.

CHAPTER 45--An Account of the Families of Jacob's Sons.

CHAPTER 46--Joseph Interprets the Dreams of his Fellow-Prisoners.

CHAPTER 47--Isaac Blesses his two Sons and Dies. His Property is Divided. Esau takes all the

personal Property and Jacob chooses the Inheritance of the Land of Canaan, with the Cave of

Machpelah for a Burying Place.

CHAPTER 48--Pharaoh's Dreams. Not Receiving a Satisfactory Interpretation from the

Magicians, he orders the Wise Men to be Slain. The King's Butler makes Joseph's Gifts known

to Pharaoh. Joseph is Brought before the King, who Relates his Dreams to him. Joseph, by the

Gift of God, Interprets them. A great Famine Predicted.

CHAPTER 49--Pharaoh Assembles all the Great Men of the Kingdom, and desires to appoint

Joseph to Govern Egypt. They Object because he cannot speak all the Seventy Languages of the

Earth. An Angel visits Joseph and teaches him all the Languages of the Earth. When brought

before the King, Joseph's Wisdom and Knowledge please Pharaoh and all the Princes of Egypt,

and he is appointed the Second to the King, and all authority is given him. Joseph is made

Wealthy and clothed in Princely apparel and proclaimed Governor of Egypt. Is given the

Daughter of Potiphar for a Wife.

CHAPTER 50--Joseph goes to help the Ishmaelites against their Enemies. Great Plenty prevails

in Egypt as Joseph predicted. Joseph's Two Sons, Manasseh and Ephraim. Joseph stores up

Food throughout Egypt. That stored by the Egyptians is spoiled. The Famine prevails over all

the Land and Joseph sells corn to all the Egyptians and the surrounding Nations. Knowing that

his Brethren will have to come to Egypt for Corn, he arranges to meet them when they come.

CHAPTER 51--Jacob sends his Ten Oldest Sons to Egypt for Food. Tells them not to enter in at

one gate but to go in Separately. On the way they Covenant together to seek for Joseph, and if

they cannot ransom him they resolve to take him by force. They enter in at ten gates, and spread

themselves to seek for Joseph three days. Joseph, in the meantime, has his men Seeking them.

When found they are brought before Joseph who accuses them of being Spies. Joseph sends his

Brethren home with corn, while Simeon is kept as a hostage till they shall again come to Egypt

with their Younger Brother. They are astonished to find their Money in their sacks of corn.

CHAPTER 52--Jacob's sorrow at the absence of Simeon; Refuses to let Benjamin go. But when

he and his Household become pinched with hunger, Judah pleads for Benjamin. Tells his Father

of the great glory and Authority of the Governor of Egypt and offers himself as Security for his

Younger Brother. Jacob consents and sends his Sons again to Egypt with a conciliatory Letter

and Present to the Governor.

CHAPTER 53--Jacob's Sons again go to Egypt for Bread. Benjamin is presented before Joseph.

Joseph's Cup. Joseph's conduct towards Benjamin by which he makes himself known to him.

Resolves to prove his Brethren by taking away Benjamin from them, and puts his Cup in

Benjamin's sack of corn and sends them Home to their Father. An Officer is sent after them who

accuses them of purloining his Master's Cup. Brings them back to Joseph. Benjamin is taken

from them by force, and they are told to go on their way.

CHAPTER 54--Judah breaks through the Door to get to Joseph and Benjamin. He recounts the

many Mighty Deeds of his Brethren and threatens to destroy all Egypt if Benjamin be not

released. Joseph wrangles with his Brethren and accuses them of Selling their Brother. They

commence to war upon the Egyptians, and frighten the whole Land. After satisfying himself of

their repentance for selling their Brother, Joseph makes himself known to them, and bestows

presents upon them. They are presented before Pharaoh, who commands Joseph to bring all his

Father's Household Down to Egypt. He sends Chariots for this Purpose, laden with Presents,

Luxuries and Clothing. Jacob's joy on Learning that Joseph is still Alive.

CHAPTER 55--The Lord commands Jacob to go down to Egypt, where He will make him a

Great Nation. Joseph and all Egypt go to meet Jacob to do him Honor when he arrives. The

Land of Goshen is given to him and his Children.

CHAPTER 56--After Seventeen Years' Dwelling in Egypt, Jacob dies, after Blessing his

Children and commanding them to go in the Way of the Lord. Joseph and his Brethren and all

the Mighty Men of Egypt go up to Canaan to Bury Jacob. Esau, claiming the Land of Canaan as

his, will not Allow Joseph to Bury his Father. After Esau and many of his People are slain,

Jacob is Buried by Force. All the Kings of Canaan come up to do him Honor.

CHAPTER 57--The Sons of Esau make war with the Sons of Jacob and are smitten. Some are

taken captive to Egypt. The Children of Esau enlist the People of Seir to Accompany them to

Egypt to Deliver their Brethren. Joseph and his Brethren and the Egyptians slay Six Hundred

Thousand. Nearly all the Mighty Men of Seir being Slain, they make war with the Children of

Esau to Drive them from their Land. Esau prevails and utterly annihilates the Children of Seir.

CHAPTER 58--Pharaoh dies and the whole Government of Egypt devolves upon Joseph,

Pharaoh the Younger being but a nominal Ruler. The Children of Esau again come Against the

Israelites, and are again smitten.

CHAPTER 59--Jacob's Posterity in Egypt. After Prophesying that the Lord would Deliver his

Brethren from Egypt, Joseph dies and is buried, and the Israelites are ruled over by the

Egyptians.

CHAPTER 60--Zepho, the Son of Eliphaz, the Son of Esau, who was taken Captive by Joseph

where he Buried his Father, Escapes from Egypt with all his Men.

CHAPTERS 61, 62, and 63--Petty Wars and contentions of the Nations of Africa with Zepho.

CHAPTER 64--Zepho Leads a Great Army of Chittimites, Edomites, and Ishmaelites against

Egypt. Three Hundred Thousand Egyptians put to Flight, but One Hundred and Fifty Men of

Israel prevail against Zepho.

CHAPTER 65--The Elders of Egypt conspire with Pharaoh and cunningly bring Israel into

Bondage to them. Being afraid of their power, they afflict them in order to lessen the Number of

the Children of Israel.

CHAPTER 66--Pharaoh Decrees that every Male Child born in Israel shall be Killed, and still

they increase.

CHAPTER 67--Aaron is Born. On Account of Pharaoh's decree, many of the Sons of Israel live

apart from their Wives. The King's counsellors devise another plan to lessen the number of

Israel by drowning them. The Lord finds a means of preserving the Male Children.

CHAPTER 68--Moses, a Child of Promise, is born. The Egyptian Women acting as Spies.

Moses is discovered, and placed by his Mother in an Ark of Bulrushes. Is Found and Adopted

by the Daughter of Pharaoh, and grows up among the King's Children.

CHAPTER 69--Pharaoh Proclaims, that if any of the Israelites are short in their Labor, either in

Bricks or Mortar, his Youngest Son shall be put in their Place.

CHAPTER 70--Moses puts the King's crown upon his own head. Baalam and the Wise Men

make this a Pretext against him. When grown up, Moses visits his Brethren, and learns of their

Grievances. Moses obtains a day's rest on the Sabbath for all Israel.

CHAPTER 71--Moses slays an Egyptian and being Discovered flees from Egypt. Aaron

Prophecies.

CHAPTER 72--Moses flees to Cush. At the Death of the king, he is chosen in his Stead. He

Reigns Forty Years in Cush.

CHAPTER 73--The Reign of Moses, and his Strategic Warfare.

CHAPTER 74--War in Africa.

CHAPTER 75--Thirty Thousand Ephraimites think it Time to get out of Egypt, Rise up to go to

Canaan, but are Slain by the Philistines.

CHAPTER 76--Moses leaves Cush and goes to the Land of Midian. Reuel, taking him for a

Refugee, keeps him in prison for Ten Years. Is fed by Zipporah, the Daughter of Reuel. Pharaoh

smitten of the Plague. Slays a child of the Israelites every day. He dies of the Rot, and his Son,

Adikam, Reigns in his Stead.

CHAPTER 77--Adikam Pharaoh Afflicts Israel more than ever. Moses is Released by Reuel,

and Marries his Daughter Zipporah. Moses obtains possession of the Stick Jehovah.

CHAPTER 78--Moses has Two Sons. Pharaoh withholds Straw from the Israelites.

CHAPTER 79--The Lord appears to Moses and commands him to go down to Egypt to Deliver

Israel. Aaron meets him. Israel on hearing of his Mission greatly rejoices. Moses and Aaron go

to Pharaoh, who calls all the Magicians to meet Moses. They Perform Miracles as well as

Moses, and thus Deceive the King. Pharaoh, not finding the Name of Jehovah on any of the

Books of Records, says he does not know who He is, and will not let his People go. Moses and

Aaron teach Pharaoh, but he will not hearken, but causes the labor of the Children of Israel to be

increased. Moses being discouraged is told by the Lord that with an outstretched hand and heavy

Plagues, Israel shall be Delivered.

CHAPTER 80--After Two Years, Moses and Aaron again go to Pharaoh, but Pharaoh will not

Hearken. The Lord afflicts Egypt with all manner of Plagues and Afflictions. The First-born of

all the Egyptians is Slain. Pharaoh sends the Children of Israel away, and all the Egyptians rise

up to urge their Departure, but they will not go in the Night.

CHAPTER 81--The Departure of the Israelites from Egypt with Great Riches and Flocks and

Herds. After the Egyptians bury their First-born, many of them go after the Israelites to induce

them to return. But they refuse to return, and fight the Nobles of Egypt and drive them home.

Pharaoh resolves with the Egyptians to pursue Israel and compel them to Return. The Children

of Israel are divided--some wanting to go back. Moses prays for deliverance. The Lord tells him

not to cry to him, but proceed. The waters of the Red Sea are Divided. The Israelites pass

Through in Safety, but the Egyptians are utterly Destroyed. The Israelites proceed on their

Journey, and are fed with Manna. The Children of Esau fight Israel, but the Latter Prevail.

CHAPTER 82--The Ten Commandments are Given. While Moses is in the Mount, Aaron makes

a Golden Calf, and Israel Worships it. Civil War. The Lord has a Sanctuary Built for His

Worship in the Wilderness.

CHAPTER 83--Aaron and his Sons are Placed in charge of the Lord's Service. The Sacrifices

and Offerings. The Passover is Celebrated. The People lust for Flesh to eat. Their punishment.

Moses sends Twelve Men to explore the Land of Canaan. Ten of them bring an Evil Report, and

the People want to Return to Egypt. For their Lack of Faith that Generation shall not Live to

obtain their Possessions.

CHAPTER 84--The Earth Swallows up the Rebellious. The Children of Israel commanded not

to War with the Children of Esau, or Moab. The Edomites will not let Israel pass through their

Land.

CHAPTER 85--Some of the Canaanites rise up to fight Israel, who are frightened and run away.

But the Sons of Levi compel them to Return. They prevail over their Enemies. They must not

touch Ammon. Og, King of Bashan. Balaam is called upon to curse Israel, but will not. Israel

commits Whoredom with the Moabites, and they are Smitten with Pestilence.

CHAPTER 86--All over twenty years of age at the time of Leaving Egypt die at the Expiration

of Forty Years. Israel is Numbered. The Midianites are destroyed, and their Spoil is Divided

among the People.

CHAPTER 87--Moses appoints Joshua his successor. The Lord encourages Joshua. Moses

teaches the children of Israel to Walk in the Way of the Lord. He goes up to Mount Abarim and

dies there.

CHAPTER 88--The Lord commands Joshua to prepare the People to pass over Jordan to possess

the Land. Jericho is Besieged, Taken, and Destroyed. Achan brings evil upon the camp by

Purloining the cursed thing, and Brings Destruction upon Himself. All is taken and Destroyed.

The Gibeonites cunningly save themselves. Five Kings rise up against Israel and are destroyed.

The Sun and Moon stand still at Joshua's Command.

CHAPTER 89--Joshua's Song of Praise. The Wars of Israel.

CHAPTER 90--The Edomites are Smitten by Chittim. The Land is Divided, and the people have

Rest. Joshua being Advanced in Years Exhorts the people to Observe all the Laws of Moses,

and then Dies.

CHAPTER 91--The Elders Judge Israel. They drive out all the Canaanites and Inherit the

Promised Land.

 

TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE

The age in which we live has been, and continues to be, particularly distinguished by a laudable

desire in the minds of men, to inquire into the various states of knowledge, and of the arts, as

they existed in times anterior to the Christian era; animated with these noble and elevated views,

a considerable number of individuals, greatly distinguished for their genius and learning, have in

succession turned their attention to the East-to those celebrated countries, in which the arts of

civilization and the lights of science first dawned upon, enlightened, and embellished human

society. The magnificent and unequalled remains of the arts in Egypt, Babylonia, Assyria,

Palestine, and Persia, have, from time to time, been visited and explored; and it has been amidst

these fallen monuments of human grandeur, that the adventurous and enlightened traveler has

found himself amply rewarded for his laborious and hazardous undertakings; for amidst these

wrecks of human greatness, he has succeeded in gathering ample evidence, in confirmation of

many of the most important truths recorded in sacred history.

Profane histories have, indeed, conveyed down to us some account of these kingdoms, and of

the mighty monarchs who, during a long succession of ages, ruled over them; but the events

which they relate are evidently so mixed up with exaggeration, and so adulterated with fable,

that, however celebrated their authors might have been, and however fascinating may be the

style of their composition, the religious and philosophic student turns from them with

dissatisfaction, to the divinely authenticated annals of the Hebrews; because, it is from these

alone that he can derive true information concerning the rise, the splendor, the decline, and the

real causes of the ruin of those celebrated empires.

In the sacred history we are presented with the only authentic, and, of course, the only valuable

information Concerning the origin of the universe,-of men and all other animated creatures-of

the gradual increase of the human race-of the flood in the year A. M. 1656, of which mighty

event there are existing evidences to the present day; evidences, so universal and so ponderous,

that all the ingenuity of the sceptical geologists will never be able to remove them in order to

make room for their plausihle hypotheses.

The ever memorable events and transactions recorded in Scripture are with many others of the

most interesting nature, comprehended in the Book of Jasher; and they are all arrayed in that

style of simple, unadorned majesty and precision, which so particularly distinguishes the genius

of the Hebrew language; and this, together with other numerous internal evidences, it is

presumed will go far to convince the Hebrew scholar that the book is, with the exception of

some doubtful parts, a venerable monument of antiquity; and that, notwithstanding some few

additions may have been made to it in comparatively modern times, it still retains sufficient to

prove it a copy of the book referred to in Joshua x., and 2v Samuel, ch.i. There are not more than

seven or eight words in the whole book that by construction can be derived from the Chaldean

language.

The printed Hebrew copy, in the hands of the translator, is without points. During his first

perusal of it, some perplexities and doubts rose up in his mind respecting its authenticity; but the

more closely he studied it, the more its irresistible evidence satisfied him, that it contained a

treasure of information concerning those early times, upon which the histories of other nations

are either silent, or cast not a single ray of real light; and hewas more especially delighted to find

that the evidence of the whole of its contents went to illustrate and confirm the great and

inestimable truths which are recorded in divine history, down to a few years later than the death

of Joshua, at which period the book closes.

In this extraordinary book the reader will meet with models of the most sublime virtue, devotion

and magnanimity, that cannot fail to raise his admiration, and, at the same time, to excite a

generous feeling of emulation to follow the glorious examples set before him.

With these preliminary observations, the translator now respectfully proceeds to lay before the

readers a few remarks upon the contents of the book. The tittle "--" is literally, "the upright or

correct record," but because the book was not known, it was therefore termed the "Book of

Jasher;" this has caused some persons, who are ignorant of the Hebrew language, to suppose that

Jasher was the name of a prophet, or of one of the Judges of Israel; an instance of which appears

in a publication which came from the press about the middle of the last century, and which

purported to have been a translation into English of the Hebrew manuscript of Jasher, found at

Gazna in Persia; which translation only was said to have been thence brought by Alcuin. When

the translator wrote to the Editor of the London Courier, in November last, he was not aware

that the copy of Jasher, announced in the Bristol Gazette as an important discovery, had

reference to that fictitious book, which, through the kindness of a friend, he had previously

obtained a sight of, and was soon convinced that the whole book was the work of some skeptic

in England, in imitation of the language of Scripture, as it was sent forth from the press without

the name of printer, bookseller, editor, or publisher; and it is evident that those who were

concerned in getting it up, in making Jasher the name of a Judge of Israel were ignorant of the

very rudiments of the language from which they pretended to have translated it, as it is well

known, even to a tyro in the Hebrew language, that the definite article, is never prefixed to

proper names.

The important transactions which are narrated with so remarkable a brevity in the Bible, are, in

Jasher, more circumstantially detailed as in the instance of the murder of Abel by his brother

Cain, a particular account is given of the disagreement which preceded it, and of the pretext

which Cain sought for the commission of the crime. It appears, also, that when the divine

judgment condemned him to wander upon the earth, his wife accompanied him, not to the land

of Nod, for no such place is mentioned; but, from this book it appears that the word Nod, in the

Scripture, has been given for the participle of the verb "--" "to move or wander about." Jasher

has it thus: "--"

"And at that time Cain went forth from the presence of the Lord, from the place where he was;

and he went moving and wandering in the land at the east of Eden, he and all belonging to him."

In the passage respecting the birth of Cain and Abel, three daughters are also mentioned.

According to Jasher, the art of writing appears to have been known and practised from the

earliest periods; it is stated that Cainan was informed beforehand by God of the intended

destruction of mankind by the flood, which he engraved upon tablets of stone, and preserved

amongst his treasures.

This book contains a more detailed account of the awful circumstances attending the

commencement of the flood, and of the conduct of Noah toward the terrified multitude who had

assembled about the ark, when the fatal moment had arrived, and their doom was irrevocably

fixed.

A particular delineation of the life and character of Enoch is given, showing, that by his wisdom

he reigned over the sons of men, continually instructing them in truth, rightousness, and a

knowledge of the Most High.

Jasher informs us, that in the days of Peleg, not only the families of the human race were

separated and spread abroad, but that the earth itself was divided; and of both these facts, it may

be presumed, there are sufficient existing evidences, even at this day. This book gives, also, a

more detailed account of the genealogies of the descendants of Japheth, Shem, and Ham, and of

the various parts of the earth which were colonized by them.

Connected with this period of the history is given an account of Nimrod; in which is strikingly

depicted the arbitrary and violent character of his conduct and government. The contested point,

as to whether Nimrod was the founder of the Assyrian Empire, is here decided. The cause of the

dispute amongst commentators proceeded from the word "--" in Gen. chapter x. ver. II,

signifying either the name of a man, or the name of the land of Assyria. Jasher has it thus: "--"

&c. "--"

"And Asher, the son of Shem, went forth, he, and his sons, and the children of his household,

&c., and they there built four cities."

Jasher clearly elucidates a number of genealogical and chronological difficulties which occur in

the Bible; an instance is here adduced of the genealogy of Seir, the Horite, upon which the Bible

is silent.

The learned commentator, Aben Ezra, remarks, "--" "Seir, his genealogy we do not know;" and

the word "--" supposed to come from "--" a noble, but Jasher gives us the descent of Seir, (which

accounts for his being called the Horite,) in the following words: "--"

"And Seir, the son of Hur, the son of Hivi, the son of Canaan, went," &c hence he was called the

Horite, from Hur, his father.

The character of Abraham, for piety, true dignity and hospitality, appears to stand unrivaled, but

the most affecting and beautiful account in this book, is that of Abraham offering up his son

Isaac. The mutual affection of the father and son, and their willing devotion and obedience to

the commands of their maker, are so exquisitely described, that the heart of him who can peruse

the narrative without being deeply affected, must be callous indeed. The conduct Sarah, as

connected with this unexampled and glorious event, was altogether worthy of the wife of

Abraham, and the mother of Isaac. At this time Sarah died at Kireath-arba. Her funeral is

described as having been magnificent; and it is expressly mentioned, that it was attended by

Shem, the son of Noah, Eber his son, king Abimelech, together with Anar, Ashcol and Mamre,

and other great people of the land.

In the Bible Sarah is the only woman whose age is given at her death; but it may be interesting

to the reader to know that Jasher generally states the ages of the women who are particularly

mentioned in the course of the history.

From this book we learn that Noah and Abraham were contemporaries. How beautiful the

contemplation of the meeting of these two Patriarchs, the one being a monument of God's

mercy, the other having the promise of the favor and grace of God, not only to himself, but to

his seed after him. This fact might be proved from Scripture; but from the 32d verse in the 11th

chapter of Genesis, most of the Christian commentators have erroneously dated the birth of

Abraham 60 years later than it actually took place; as it is generally stated that he was born A.

M. 2008, whereas the regular calculation in the Bible leads us to 60 years earlier, viz. 1948. The

only cause of this error has been that Abraham's departure from Haran, at the age of 75, is

recorded close to the description of the death Terah, at the age of 205, in Gen. ch. xi. v. 32.

Although this is the frequent manner of Scripture, to record events out of the regular order of

succession (an instance of which we find in Isaac, whose death is recorded Gen. xxxv. 29, when

we know from the calculations given us in Scripture, at Isaac's death must have taken place

when Joseph was about 29 years old; and the description given in Jasher, of Isaac's coming from

Hebron to comfort Jacob upon the loss of Joseph, is beautiful,) it is of great importance, in its

making a difference of 60 years in the chronology of the world.

This book gives a particular account of the instruction received by Abraham, Isaac and Jacob,

from Shem and Eber, through which they became excellent in piety and wisdom, their tutors in

learning having lived to so great an age; and Shem particularly, who, being acquainted with all

that was known before the flood, could therefore strengthen his precepts of virtue, the true

worship of God, and the necessary dependence upon Him alone, by recording the awful events

which he had seen.

The history of Joseph has always been considered one of the most admirable and interesting on

record. It is composed in a style of simple and artless eloquence, which touches every feeling

heart. A judicious critic has observed, that he considers it a perfect composition. This history, in

Jasher, enters more into detail concerning the affairs of Potiphar's wife, Zelicah; Joseph's

magnificent procession through the cities of Egypt, on coming into power; the pomp with which

he was attended by Pharaoh's chariots, officers, and people, when he went up to meet his father;

the affecting scene which then took place, together with other remarkable incidents. This

beautiful narrative might justly be entitled, the triumph of virtue and piety; and it is presumed

that few can peruse it, unmoved by sentiments of the highest admiration, mixed with the deepest

feelings of sympathy. The history of the Israelites during their sojourning in Egypt contains an

account of many interesting particulars not noticed in the Bible. Toward the latter end of this

period, Balaam, Job, Jannes, and Jambres, appear to have acted their respective parts in some

memorable transaction.

This book clears up the reference in 2 Samuel, ch. 1., by showing that David, in the

commencement of his beautiful elegy on the death of Saul and Jonathan, revived an injunction

given by Jacob in his dying charge to his son Judah, contained in Jasher in these words: "--"

"But teach, I pray thee, thy children the use of the bow, and all instruments of war," &c. This

goes far to prove the authenticity of the book, as it beautifully clears up what was always

considered obscure.

If commentators upon the holy Scriptures have sought for illustrations in the works of Homer,

Pliny, Herodotus, and other profane writers; if they have anxiously caught at glimmerings

among the absurdities of Paganism, and the obscurities of Heathen fables, the translator humbly

and respectfully hopes that they will now grant a favorable reception to evidence of an entirely

opposite character, which is presented in the Book of Jasher.

He does not recommend it to their notice as a work of inspiration, but as a monument of history,

comparatively covered with the ivy of the remotest ages; as a work possessing, in its language,

all the characteristic simplicity of patriarchal times; and as such, he conceives it peculiarly

calculated to illustrate and confirm the sacred truths handed down to us in the Scriptures.

But in making these observations, he is far from offering it as a perfect record. Like all other

ancient writings, (except the inspired volume,) it has in some respects suffered from the

consuming hand of time; and there is reason to believe that some additions have been made to it.

In fine, it contains a history of the lives and memorable transactions of all the illustrious

characters recorded in sacred history, from Adam down to the time of the Elders, who

immediately succeeded Joshua.

The Authentic Annals Of The Early Hebrews -

Is It The "Real" Book of Jasher?

It is understandable that some may feel that it is impossible or unlikely that this volume could

really be the original book of Jasher.

The issue is compounded by the existence of several works by the name Sefer Hayasher. I have

in my possession a copy of Sefer Hayasher - The Book Of The Righteous, edited and translated

by Seymour J. Cohen. It is clearly not a book of history, but an ethical text that was probably

written in the 13th century. Its introduction cites several other "Books of Jasher", some of which

are no longer known to be in existence, such as that by Zerahiah Ha-Yevani of the 13th century.

There is also known to have been one written by Rabbi Jacob ben Mier of the 12th century, and

one by Rabbi Jonah ben Abraham of Gerona of the 14th century. We are told of a work by that

title from the Amoraim period (3rd to 6th centuries) that is characterized as containing "for the

most part sayings of the sages of the first and second centuries". So, this title has been a popular

one for rabbinical writings, but most are clearly not intended to have been passed off as the book

mentioned in the Bible. There is one notable exception which I will mention later.

The first step in dealing with the question of authenticity is to simply read the book with an open

mind. One cannot effectively investigate the matter unless he is familiar with it. After all,

according to Solomon, "He who answers a matter before he hears it, It is folly and shame to

him". (Proverbs 18:13). The reader will find that it reads very much like the Bible, except that

many passages are replete with details that are not recorded in the Bible.

There are digressions from the biblical narrative that show concurrent events in other parts of

the world. There are chapters dealing wholly with events in Egypt or events in Europe. Much of

this material can be recognized from other works of ancient history. To anyone familiar with

ancient history, it will be obvious that Jasher places these events in a radically different time

period than do conventional historians. To be sure, if Jasher be true, there needs to be a radical

alteration in the conventional interpretation of ancient history, especially in the area of

chronology.

There is little of consequence at variance with the Bible. There are some chronological features

that differ, but these can usually be attributed to a textual error. Usually the error will be

resolved by reading on. A later entry will fall into harmony with the Bible text. Remember that

the ancient scrolls of this book were in poor condition when the book was printed in Hebrew in

1613. It is not unlikely that some numbers could get scrambled.

There are a couple mysterious accounts of incidents that smack of Greek or Roman mythology,

such as the story of Zepho, the grandson of Esau who slew a half human monster in a large cave.

This account is easily recognized as the same story as that of Theseus, who slew the minotaur.

The characters and the setting are different. A critical reader may object to this material, but

many valid explanations are possible concerning why this and other such events were recorded

in this book. The original author may have simply reported those things because they were

popular folklore of his day. Such stories are merely mentioned in passing and no significance is

attached to them. Though one might doubt the veracity of these tales, there is nothing here that

should dissuade an objective reader from the opinion that this book is genuine.Even the most

casual reader will find Jasher enlightening. Accounts in the Bible can be made more lucid and

easier to understand with the background of Jasher in mind.

The next issue to investigate in regard to the authenticity of this book is the two passages which

mention the book by name. The first is Joshua 10.12-13:

"... and he [Joshua] said in the sight of Israel, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon; and

thou, moon, in the valley of Ajalon. And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until

the people avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is it not written in the book of

Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about

a whole day. And there was no day like that before it or after it, that the Lord

hearkened to the voice of man: for the Lord fought for Israel."

And now compare it with the following passage in Jasher 88.63-64:

"...and Joshua said in the sight of all the people, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon, and

thou moon in the valley of Ajalon, until the nation shall have revenged itself upon its

enemies... And the sun stood still in the midst of the heavens, and it stood still six and

thirty moments, and the moon also stood still and hastened not to go down a whole

day. And there was no day like that before it or after it, that the Lord hearkened to the

voice of man, for the Lord fought for Israel."

A comparison of the text preceding also shows a high degree of correlation, indicating that

much more than a couple of verses was probably quoted by the Bible writer.

A second mention of the Book of Jasher occurs in II Samuel 1.17. In contrast, this incident is not

a direct quotation of a historical event from Jasher, as is the case in Joshua. Jasher's narrative

ends long before the time of David. However, as part of his lamentation over the death of Saul

and Jonathan, David referred to a comment by Jacob that is quoted in the Book of Jasher. He

said:

"Also he bade them teach the children of Judah the use of the bow: Behold it is written

in the book of Jasher."

David is referring to the dying words of Jacob to Judah in Jasher 56:9,

"...only teach thy sons the use of the bow and all weapons of war, in order that they

may fight the battles of their brother who will rule over his enemies."

This passage in the Bible has no reference to anything in the Bible itself, but it is made clear

from the passage in Jasher.

While the above two references pass the test, it will be up to the reader to satisfy himself as to

the general agreement of the entirety of the book with the Bible narrative. This is such an

extensive comparison, and such an obvious one, that I will not attempt to make any verse by

verse comparison. Certainly any reader who is familiar with the Bible will recognize its

similarity to the text of Jasher.

There probably is no way that we can know that the Biblical writer(s) quoted from this book,

rather than the other way around? Is it possible that this book was reverse engineered? Perhaps

that Book of Jasher from the Amoraim period was compiled from rabbinic sources such that it is

a kind of digest of rabbinic traditions. Indeed, there is a great deal of commonality with accounts

from other midrashic sources. If this were found to be so it would in no way diminish its value.

Is it possible that someone created this book as a clever fraud, by appropriating the name of the

Biblical Jasher to give the work credibility? There are, of course, many examples of such pious

counterfeits from the early new testament period. Could someone have fabricated this book by

incorporating a huge number of additional details into the framework of Bible stories, and do it

with such accuracy as to be convincing? It is remotely conceivable that some writer of the

rabbinical period could have gathered a vast array of those stories, as are common in rabbinical

writings, and incorporated them into this work in a framework to, in some way, add credibility

to the stories. But such a scenario seems very unlikely, since rabbinical writings have a great

deal of credibility otherwise, and no major effort of promoting this book for that purpose has

ever occurred. It is hard to imagine that this book would be counterfeited for that purpose or any

other. There is simply no motive for such an act. In any case, if this were true, it is such a

masterful job as to be a very valuable work in it's own right. The accuracy and credibility of this

supposed Pseudo-Jasher is absolute genius. If this be a forgery it is a marvelous one.

Such a fraudulent writer would not have needed to add so much detail into the account to be

convincing. The more details he drew from his imagination, the greater his chances of making

some glaring error that would give away his deception. A faker would certainly have written a

much shorter work and left out unnecessary details.

In actuality, we have a wonderful example of just such a fraud. I have in my possession three

different works that go by the title Sepher Hayasher or The Book of Jasher. This first is, of

course, this book. The second is the 13th century ethical treatise that I mentioned earlier. It

makes no claim to being the Biblical Jasher and would never be taken for it. The third book is

widely recognized for the fraud that it is. It has been republished by the Rosicrucian Order. It

claims to have been discovered by Flaccus Albinus Alcuinus, Abbot of Canterbury in the 8th

century, while on a pilgrimage. It is the briefest outline of the first six books of the Bible,

consisting of about 70 pages of large print. It contains no useful details, and only the barest

account of the familiar Hebrew stories. It seems to have been prepared hastily and with little

attention to detail. The most obvious feature is that it claims to be the work of a man named

Jasher who was the son of Caleb and one of the Judges of Israel. This seems to be its entire

reason for existence. It is clear that the author had no real knowledge of Hebrew and failed to

recognize that Jasher is not a proper noun. It is not anybody's name. It rather carries the meaning

of the upright book or the faithful record. Clearly this book is a fake. It has all the characteristics

that you would expect to see in a forgery. It is very brief and contains no unique information

except the one thing that is so absurd as to expose it as a hoax. So the contrast between that

imitation and this book is very telling. It is easy to see which is genuine.

Finally, consider how Josephus described the Book of Jasher. He said "by this book are to be

understood certain records kept in some safe place on purpose, giving an account of what

happened among the Hebrews from year to year, and called Jasher or the upright, on account of

the fidelity of the annals." There could be no better description of the book you see before you.

The bottom line is that you, as the reader, will have to answer the question of legitimacy for

yourself. Whichever side of that issue you take, I think that you will be enlightened by exploring

the issue and by reading the book. If you feel as I do, that this book has the powerful credentials

to commend it as the biblical Book of Jasher, you will now have in your hands an additional

source to investigate when studying the Bible. You will also have much food for thought in

regard to the issues of conventional chronology in ancient times.

 

 

The Book of Jasher Uncloaked!

Virtually ignored since it was discovered, the Book of Jasher holds

vital clues to interpreting and understanding Biblical chronology, from

the Flood to the Exodus. A mistake made by Archbishop James Ussher,

who was unfamiliar with the book of Jasher, led to a 60-year error in

placing the birth of Abraham. But this error is corrected in the chrono-

logical keys provided by the book of Jasher. And with these keys, an

intriguing, and astounding story emerges.

William F. Dankenbring

The book of Jasher, mentioned in the Biblical books of Joshua and Second Chronicles, was

faithfully translated into English from the Rabbinical Hebrew in approximately A.D. 1840. Says

the translator's preface, "the ever memorable events and transactions recorded in Scripture are

with many others of the most interesting nature, comprehended in the Book of Jasher; and they

are all arrayed in that style of simple, unadorned majesty and precision, which so particularly

distinguishes the genius of the Hebrew language/ and this, together with other numerous internal

evidences, it is presumed will go far to convince the Hebrew scholar that the book is, with the

exception of some doubtful parts, a venerable monument of antiquity; and that, notwithstanding

some few additions may have been made to it in comparatively modern times, it still retains

sufficient to prove it a copy of the book referred to in Joshua, chapter x, and 2 Samuel, chap. i.

There are not more than seven or eight words in the whole book that by construction can be

derived from the Chaldean language" (page iii-iv).

The title of the book in Hebrew, Sephir Ha Yasher, literally means "the book of the upright," or

"the upright or correct record." Some have thought that "Jasher" was the name of a Hebrew

judge in Israel, and a publication that arose in the middle of the eighteenth century (circa 1750 A.

D.), purported itself to be a translation into English from a Hebrew manuscript of "Jasher" found

at Gazna in Persia. That book appears to have been a fictitious book, a fraud, and most probably

the work of some agnostic, cynical English skeptic, written in imitation of the language of

Scripture. Its author, in his ignorance, presumed "Jasher" to have been the personal name of an

ancient Hebrew figure, the original writer. But the mischievous deed was recognized by true

scholars of Hebrew, for the pronoun "the" ("ha" in Hebrew) never precedes or is prefixed to

proper names.

How is the Book of Jasher important to us, today? It sheds marvelous light on the Biblical

story, from the time of Adam and Eve, the time of Enoch, and the account of Noah's Deluge, to

the Tower of Babel, the tyrant Nimrod, and the story of Abraham and his descendants. Needless

to say, I cannot discuss the details of this remarkable historical record, which completely

authenticates and corroborates Scriptural history, filling in many missing details deleted in the

Scriptural record, in this article. I highly recommend the book for any who desire to perfect their

knowledge of the ancient times, from Adam to the Exodus.

The book of Jasher provides a fascinating glimpse into the life of Enoch, who was a righteous

ruler over men, continually instructing them in truth and uprightness, and a knowledge of the

Most High God. It also tells us that in the days of "Peleg," not only were the nations at Babel

divided and scattered, but the earth itself was also divided. From this book we also learn that

Noah and Abraham were contemporaries.

Perhaps the most important key found in the Book of Jasher is that it corrects the erroneous

chronological date for the birth of Abraham assumed by many Christian commentators, in

particular archbishop James Ussher. Says the Translator of the book of Jasher:

"From this book we learn that Noah and Abraham were contemporaries. How beautiful

the contemplation of the meeting of these two Patriarchs, the one being a monument of

God's mercy, the other having the promises of the favor and grace of God, not only to

himself, but to his seed after him. This fact might be proved from Scripture; but from

the 32nd verse in the 11th chapter of Genesis, most of the Christian commentators have

erroneously dated the birth of Abraham 60 years later than it actually took place; as it is

generally stated that he was born A.M. [after man, i.e., after Adam] 2008, whereas the

regular calculation in the Bible leads us to 60 years earlier, viz. 1948. The only cause of

this error has been that Abraham's departure from Haran, at the age of 75, is recorded

close to the description of the death of Terah, at the age of 205, in Gen. ch. xi, v. 32" (p.

vi).

How should we view the book of Jasher, today? The translator correctly points out that

although it is not divine Scripture, it nevertheless is a mighty historical and ancient work which

relates directly to Biblical historical times and events. Thus the translator does not recommend it

to people as Scripture, as a work of divine inspiration, but does "as a monument of history,

comparatively covered with the ivy of the remotest ages; as a work, possessing in its language,

all the characteristic simplicity of patriarchal times; and as such, he conceives it peculiarly

calculated to illustrate and confirm the sacred truths handed down to us in the Scriptures" (p.vii).

The translator concludes:

"Like all other ancient writings, (except the inspired volume,) it has in some respects

suffered from the consuming hand of time; and there is reason to believe that some

additions have been made to it. In fine, it contains a history of the lives and memorable

transactions of all the illustrious characteres recorded in sacred history, from Adam

down to the time of the Elders, who immediately succeeded Joshua" (ibid.).

Having said these things, let's take a close look and see how the book of Jasher, then, impacts

our understanding of ancient Biblical chronology, and what it means to us, today!

Chronology After the Flood

The book of Jasher recounts the story of mankind from Adam and Eve, Cain and Abel, to the

destruction of Noah's Flood (chapters 1-6). The story of the post-Flood world begins in chapter

7 where we are told that Terah was 38 years old when he begat Haran and Nahor, the older

brothers of Abraham (v.22). What year was this? According to the chronology, from the Flood,

we discover that Noah was 600 years old at the time of the Flood (Gen.7:6). The Flood occurred

in the year 2348 B.C. Noah's son Shem begat Arphaxad 2 years after the Flood (Gen.11:10), or

in 2346 B.C. From that time on we can trace the descendants of Shem (see Genesis 11:10-26):

Descendant Lived Begat Date

Arphaxad 35 years Salah 2311 B.C.

Salah 30 Eber 2281

Eber 34 Peleg 2247

Peleg 30 Reu 2217

Reu 32 Serug 2185

Serug 30 Nahor 2155

Nahor 29 Terah 2126 B.C.

Terah 70 Abram 2056 B.C.

At this point, the Biblical genealogy tell us, "And Terah lived seventy years, and begat Abram,

Nahor, and Haran" (Gen.11:26). Yet the book of Jasher clearly states that "Terah was thirty

eight years old, and he begat Haran and Nahor" (Jasher 9:22). Therefore, the fact that the Bible

says Terah was 70 when he begat Abram, Nahor and Haran, must refer to the date when

ABRAM was begotten -- 32 years after his two brothers. Abram was the youngest of the three,

but is listed first because the birthright became his because of his righteousness and excellency.

This is a straight-forward chronology. However, it differs from that of Archbishop James

Ussher. Usher, in his mammoth chronological work, concluded erroneously that Abram was

born seventy five years before Terah his father died. Terah died at the age of 205 (Gen.11:32).

The next chapter of Genesis tells us that God told Abram to leave his country and Abram did so

at the age of 75 (Gen.12:1-4). Ussher assumes that Terah's death and Abram's departure for

Canaan was the same year -- therefore, since Terah died in 1921 B.C., Abram's birth would have

been, according to Ussher, 75 years sooner -- in 1996 B.C. Notice! This date is precisely 60

years later than the true date for Abram's birth! Unfortunately, Archbishop Ussher did not have

access to the book of Jasher when he calculated the birth of Abram!

When this correction is made, however, it suddenly frees up our understanding of events that

occurred after the Flood. Much of this illumination comes from the book of Jasher!

Nimrod and the Birth of Abram

Now let's pick up the story of Nimrod, the world's first tyrant, after the Flood. The book of

Jasher gives us a very interesting insight into Nimrod's kingdom and personality. The story

begins with his father Cush. We read:

"And Cush, the son of Ham, the son of Noah, took a wife in those days, in his old age,

and she bare a son, and they called his name Nimrod, saying, At that time the sons ofd

men began to rebel and transgress against God, and the child grew up, and his father

loved him exceedingly, for he was the son of his old age.

"And the garments of skin, which God made for Adam and his wife, when they went

out of the garden, were given to Cush. For after the death of Adam and his wife, the

garments were given to Enoch, the son of Jared, and when Enoch was taken up to God,

he gave them to Methuselah, his son. And at the death of Methuselah, Noah took them

and brought them to the ark, and they were with him until he went out of the ark. And in

their going out, Ham stole those garments from Noah his father, and he took them and

hid them from his brothers. And when Ham begat his firstborn Cush, he gave him the

garments in secret, and they were with Cush many days. And Cush also concealed them

from his sons and brothers, and when Cush had begotten Nimrod, he gave him those

garments through his love for him, and Nimrod grew up, and when he was twenty years

old he put on those garments.

"And Nimrod became strong when he put on the garments, and God gave him might

and strength, and he was a mighty hunter in the earth. . . . And when Nimrod was forty

years old, at that time there was war between his brethren and the children of Japheth,

so that they were in the power of his enemies. . . . And when Nimrod had joyfully

returned from battle, after having conquered his enemies, all his brethren . . . assembled

to make him king over them, and they placed the regal crown upon his head.

"And he placed TERAH THE SON OF NAHOR the prince of his host, and he dignified

him and elevated him above all h is princes" (Jasher 7:23-41).

Notice! Although the Bible does not mention these fine details in the Scriptural narrative,

nevertheless, Terah, Abram's father, was the commander-in-chief of Nimrod's army! He was a

very important man in the post-Flood world, and in the government of Nimrod. This occurred

when Nimrod was about forty years of age. The account goes on:

". . . . And Nimrod dwelt in Shinar . . . and his kingdom became very great . . . and

Nimrod reigned in the earth over all the sons of Noah, and they were all under his

power and counsel [he was the first World Ruler]. And all the earth was of one tongue

and words of union, but Nimrod did not go in the ways of the Lord. . . . And Terah, the

son of Nahor, prince of Nimrod's host, was in those days very great in the sight of the

king and his subjects, and the king and princes loved him, and they elevated him very

high.

"And Terah took a wife and her name was Ambhelo the daughter of Cornebo; and the

wife of Terah conceived and bare him a son in those days. Terah was SEVENTY

YEARS OLD when he begat him, and Terah called the name of his son ABRAM,

because the king had raised him in those days, and dignified him above all his

princes" (Jasher 7:44-51).

The book of Jasher therefore plainly tells us Abram was born to Terah when he was 70 years

old -- not 135, as Archbishop Ussher thought. The story continues that at the birth of Abram, the

astrologers and wise men of Nimrod's kingdom saw a horrifying sign in the heavens, which they

understood to mean that the child born to Terah that night would grow up and possess the earth,

and would kill all the kings of the earth, posing a great threat to Nimrod himself. A plot was

hatched to kill the child. Terah managed to save Abram by substituting the child of one of his

servants instead, and then hid Abram, his mother and nurse, in a cave for ten years (Jasher 8:33-

36).

The account goes on to tell us that Haran, Abram's oldest brother, took a wife when he wad 39

years of age, and when he was 42, she bare to him Sarai, in the tenth year of Abram's life (Jasher

9:1-4). Thus Sarai was ten years younger than Abram, whom she would later marry. She was

born in 2046 B.C. This means that Haran was born 42 years earlier, in 2088 B.C., and was 32

years older than Abram. This is also corroborated in Jasher 12:16, where we read, "and Haran

was in those days that Abram was born thirty and two years old." He was born when Terah his

father was 38.

When Abram was ten years old, he came out of the cave. The king Nimrod and all his

soothsayers thought he was long dead by this time. However, taking no chances, we read that:

"And when Abram came out from the cave, he went to Noah and his son Shem, and he

remained with them to learn the instruction of the Lord and his ways, and no man knew

where Abram was, and Abram served Noah and his son Shem for a long time.

"And Abram was in Noah's house thirty nine years, and Abram knew the Lord from

three days old, and he went in the ways of the Lord until the day of his death, as Noah

and his son Shem had taught him; and all the sons of the earth in those days greatly

transgressed against the Lord, and they rebelled against him, and they served other

gods, and the forgot the Lord who had created them in the earth . . . . And Terah had

twelve gods of large size, made of wood and stone, after the twelve months of the

year. . . " (Jasher 5-8).

Thus Abram, from age 10 to 49, was in the house of Noah, learning the truth of God! This

would have been from the year 2046 (the year Sarai was born) until the year 2007 B.C. During

this time, "king Nimrod reigned securely, and all the earth was under his control, and all the

earth was of one tongue and words of union" (Jasher 9:20).

At this time Nimrod and his great men took counsel to build a "strong tower, and its top

reaching heaven: (verse 21). While they built it, they "imagined in their hearts to war against

him and to ascend into heaven" (v.25). As the Scriptures tell us, and the book of Jasher

confirms, the gigantic tower was destroyed in a mighty paroxysm. Says the book ofd Jasher,

"And as to the tower which the sons of men built, the earth opened its mouth and swallowed up

one third part thereof, and a fire also descended from heaven and burned another third, and a

third part is left to this day, and it is of that part which was aloft, and its circumference is three

days' walk" (v.38).

This tremendous event would have occurred just before Abram left the house of Noah in the

year 2007 B.C. The tower of Babel catastrophe, therefore, would d have occurred somewhere

around the year 2008 B.C. It was shortly after this awesome lesson from the heavens, that

Abram comes forth from hiding and exile, and returns to the house of his father Terah.

Abram Confronts Nimrod

When Abram was 50 years old, he left Noah's house and returned to his father's house. Terah

was still steeped in idolatry, and still captain of the host of Nimrod (Jasher 11:13-15). Abram

remonstrated with his father about his strange gods (verses 26-50). Incensed, Terah reported this

incident to Nimrod , who sent soldiers to seize Abram. Nimrod, all his princes, and Terah were

present, when Abram witnessed before them, urging the king to repent of his follies and

wickedness, his idolatries, and to serve the "God of the whole universe, who created thee, and in

whose power it is to kill and keep alive" (Jasher 11:54-55). He ended his testimony, saying, "O

foolish, simple, and ignorant king, woe unto thee forever" (v.56).

Nimrod was so indignant and full of wrath, that he ordered Abram put into prison, and then

asked his counselors what ought to be done with him. They counseled that Abram should be

thrown alive into a flaming furnace and be burned to death (Jasher 12:6). For three days and

nights a mighty fire was prepared in the king's furnace, and all the inhabitants of the land stood

to see Abram being brought out to be burned. Jasher estimates the crowd at about 900,000

(Jasher 12:7-8).

What happened? Jasher relates:

"And the Lord loved Abram and he had compassion over him, and the Lord came down

and delivered Abram from the fire and he was not burned. But all the cords with which

they bound him were burned, while Abram remained and walked about in the fire. . . .

"And Abram walked in the midst of the fire three days and three nights, and all the

servants of the king saw him walking in the fire, and they came and told the king . . . .

And when the king heard their words his heart fainted and he would not believe them. . .

and the king rose to go and see it, and he saw Abram walking to and fro in the midst of

the fire . . ." (Jasher 12:24-28).

At this time Abram was 50 years old. Nimrod was the son of Cush, the son of Ham. Ham begat

Cush probably 2346 B.C., two years this side of the Flood. If Cush were 251 years of age, when

he begat Nimrod, then Nimrod would have been born in 2095 B.C. Remember, he was expressly

born in Cush's old age, "the son of his old age" (Jasher 7:23). Thus he would have been about 30

years younger than Terah, the chief over his host. He would have been approximately 40 years

older than Abram.

Keep this date in mind, for later we will see how well it correlates with another date signpost we

will discover in the book of Jasher! There are many "date links" given in the book of Jasher

which are unavailable any where else.

Abram's Place of Safety

After this, king Nimrod had a disturbing dream, which his counselors interpreted to mean that

"the day will come when Abram and his seed and the children of his household will war with

my king, and they will smite all the king's horses and all his troops . . . this means nothing else

but the seed of Abram which will slay the king in latter days" (Jasher 12:53-55). Abram got

secret word of this and the conspiracy to have him killed, and "Abram hastened and ran for

safety to the house of Noah and his son Shem, and he concealed himself there and found a place

of safety" (v.61).

Terah came to visit his son, after he had been with Noah for a month, at which time Abram

encouraged his father to come with him to Canaan, so that they would both be delivered from

the hand of Nimrod (v.65). Terah hearkened to his son's wisdom, and they came as far as the

land of Haran, and remained there (Jasher 13:1). "And Abram remained in the land of Haran

three years, and at the expiration of three years the Lord appeared to Abram and said to him, I

am the Lord who brought thee forth from Ur Casdim, and delivered thee from the hands of all

thine enemies. And now therefore if thou wilt hearken to my voice and keep my

commandments, my statutes and my laws, then will I cause thy enemies to fall before thee, and I

will multiply thy seed like the stars of heaven . . ." (Jasher 13:3-4). At this time God told Abram,

"Arise now, take thy wife and all belonging to thee and go to the land of Canaan and remain

there . . ." (v.5).

Abram's First Trip to Canaan

Abram went to Canaan, and dwelt there 3 years. Jasher records, "At that time, at the end of three

years' of Abram's dwelling in the land of Canaan, in that year Noah died, which was the fifty-

eighth year of the life of Abram; and all the days of Noah were nine hundred and fifty years and

he died" (Jasher 13:9).

Noah was 600 years when the Flood came. He lived beyond the Flood 350 more years, and died

in the year 1998 B.C. Abram was born in 2056 B.C. Thus Noah indeed died in Abram's 58th

year, just as the book of Jasher tells us!

The book of Jasher then tells us, "And in the tenth year of Abram's dwelling in the land of

Canaan (7 more years, or in the year 1991 B.C., when Abram was 65) there was war between

Nimrod king of Shinar and Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Nimrod came to fight with

Chedorlaomer and to subdue him. For Chedorlaomer was at that time one of the princes of the

hosts of Nimrod. . . . And Nimrod assembled all his princes and subjects, about seven hundred

thousand men, and went against Chedorlaomer, and Chedorlaomer went out to meet him with

five thousand men . . . And all those kings fought there, and Nimrod and his people were

smitten . . . and there fell from Nimrod's men about six hundred thousand . . . And Nimrod fled

and returned in shame and disgrace to his own land, and he was under subjection to

Chedorlaomer for a long time" (Jasher 13:12-16).

Jasher continues the story of Abram: "And it was in the fifteenth year of Abram's dwelling in the

land of Canaan, which is the seventieth year of the life of Abram (the year 1986 B.C.), and the

Lord appeared to Abram in that year and he said to him, I am the Lord who brought thee out

from Ur Chasdim to give thee this land for an inheritance. Now therefore walk before me and be

perfect and keep my commandments . . . And thou shalt come to thy fathers in peace and in

good age, and the fourth generation shall return here in this land and INHERIT IT

FOREVER" (Jasher 13:17-19).

Now notice carefully! God told Abram that He would give him the land from the river of Egypt,

the Nile, to the river Euphrates -- and he then told Abram that he would die, peaceably, and in a

good old age -- but notice now! Abram would RETURN in the fourth generation, and inherit the

land FOREVER! This is a prophecy for the FUTURE! In this instance, the fourth "generation"

means 4,000 years, for a full "generation" is a thousand years in fulfillment -- one "day" (II

Pet.3:8-10). Abram was born and lived circa 2,000 B.C. Four "generations" or four thousand

years from that time brings us to circa 2000 A.D.! This is one more astonishing evidence that we

are surely living in the generation of the END TIME!

Abram's SECOND Journey to Canaan!

Now let's continue the story of Abram. "At that time Abram returned and went to Haran, to see

his father and mother, and his father's household, and Abram and his wife and all belonging to

him returned to Haran, and Abram dwelt in Haran five years. And many of the people of Haran,

about seventy two men, followed Abram and Abram taught them the instruction of the Lord and

his ways, and he taught them to know the Lord. In those days the Lord appeared to Abram in

Haran, and he said to him, Behold, I spoke unto thee these twenty years back saying, Go forth

from thy land, from thy birth-place and from thy father's house, to the land which I have shown

thee to give it to thee and to thy children . . . Now therefore arise, go forth from this place, thou,

thy wife, and all belonging to thee . . . and rise to return to the land of Canaan.

"And Abram arose and took his wife Sarai and all belonging to him . . . and they came

out to go to the land of Canaan. And Abram went and returned to the land of Canaan,

according to the word of the Lord. And Lot the son of his brother Haran went with him,

and Abram was SEVENTY FIVE YEARS OLD when he went forth from Haran to

return to the land of Canaan" (Jasher 13:20-26).

This was the SECOND time Abram went to the land of Canaan! The first time was when he was

55 years of age. This was 20 years later, when he was 75 years of age. The Bible does not tell us

about these two different times Abram went to the land of Canaan. The book of Genesis

telescopes and shortens much of the real story, giving us the highlights, as it were. But the book

of Jasher fills in many very interesting and astounding details, giving us the true chronological

order of the various events, births, and deaths, of the patriarchs, and recounts for us their

activities and lives.

This second time Abraham went to Canaan, is also recorded in the book of Genesis, chapter 12.

Here we are told that Abram departed, at age seventy five, taking Sarai, Lot, and all his

substance with him (Gen.12:3). This was the year 1981 B.C.

Let us now skip down to the next events noted in the book of Jasher. Abraham was dwelling in

the plain of Mamre many years, and his nephew Lot had decided to move down to the Sodom

valley (Jasher 15). At that time, a war broke out.

War in the Middle East!

"At that time Chedorlaomer king of Elam sent to all the neighboring kings, to Nimrod,

king of Shinar, who was then under his power, and to Tidal, king of Goyim, and to

Arioch, king of Elasar, with whom he had a covenant, saying, Come up to me and assist

me, that we may smite all the towns of Sodom . . . for they have rebelled against me

these thirteen years. And these four kings went up with all their camps, about eight

hundred thousand men . . . And these nine kings made war in the valley of Siddom; and

the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah were smitten before the kings of Elam" (Jasher 16:1-

4).

At this time, Abraham delivered his nephew Lot who had been taken captive by the kings who

attacked Sodom. He smote them at night, when their troops were drunken and feasting, in a

sudden surprise attack with only 318 men (Jasher 16:7). It is another intriguing story, whose

details are filled out more completely in the book of Jasher.

The book of Jasher contains an absorbing account of the sins of the people of Sodom, and why

God became furious with them, and the account of their divine judgment.

The Birth of Isaac and Death of Terah

Picking up the story, the book of Jasher also records the miraculous birth of Isaac when

Abraham was 100 years of age. Since Abraham was born in 2056 B.C., the birth of Isaac would

have occurred in the year 1956 B.C. Abraham made a great feast on the day that Isaac was

weaned, and "Shem and Eber and all the great people of the land, and Abimelech king of the

Philistines . . . came to eat and drink and rejoice at the feast which Abraham made" (Jasher

21:5). "Also Terah . . . came from Haran, they and all belonging to them, for they greatly

rejoiced on hearing that a son had been born to Sarah" (v.6).

The next chronological link in the story, comes in chapter 22 of Jasher.

"And Terah died in that year, that is, in the thirty-fifth year of the birth of Isaac son of

Abraham. And the days of Terah were two hundred and five years, and he was buried in

Haran" (Jasher 22:33-34).

Terah was born in 2126 B.C. The Scriptures also tell us he was 205 years old when he died

(Genesis 11:32). This means he died in the year 1921 B.C. On the other hand, Isaac was born in

the 100th year of Abraham. Abraham was born in 2056. This puts the birth of Isaac in the year

1956 B.C. If we subtract 35 years from 1956, we come up with 1921 -- the very same year.

Thus the Bible, and the book of Jasher, are in complete agreement on Biblical chronology from

Flood, down through the birth of Terah, Abraham's father, to Abraham, and down to the birth of

Abraham's promised son, Isaac!

The Binding of Isaac and Death of Sarah

The intriguing account of the "binding of Isaac" is then recounted in the book of Jasher, the

story of the near sacrifice of this wonderful and obedient son, which is also recounted in the

book of Genesis (chapter 22). Isaac at this time was 37 years old (Jasher 22:41). Therefore, this

event would have occurred in 1919 B.C.

This was a very traumatic experience, especially for Sarah, who was devoted to her son, and

who at one point was told that he had been "sacrificed" by Abraham. Not knowing the truth, that

Isaac had been spared, her heart was heavy with grief, but she still had faith in God. When she

heard that Isaac was still alive after all, she could hardly take in the good news, and joyous at

this wonderful news, her heart was overcome, and she died soon thereafter, but in joy, not in

grief. This is not the place to go into this incredible story, nor the time, but it is recommended

reading for all students who are serious about the Bible and its message. The year would have

been 1919 B.C.

Sarah died at the age of 127 years (Jasher 24:1). She was born ten years after Abraham, or in

2046 B.C. This would put her death in the year 1919 B.C., the same year as the "binding of

Isaac," actually following shortly after it.

Sarah was buried with great pomp and ceremony, as befits a queen. "And Abraham buried Sarah

with pomp as observed at the interment of kings, and she was buried in very fine and beautiful

garments. And at her bier was Shem, his sons Eber and Abimelech, together with Anar, Ashcol

and Mamre, and all the grandees of the land followed her bier" (Jasher 24:13-14).

Births of Jacob and Esau

The next important event chronicled in the book of Jasher is Isaac, the son of Abraham, taking a

wife. "And Isaac took Rebecca and she became his wife, and he brought her into his tent. And

Isaac was forty years old when he took Rebecca, the daughter of his uncle Bethuel, for a

wife" (Jasher 24:44-45). Isaac married Rebecca, when he was forty years of age, so this would

have been in the year 1916 B.C.

Rebecca bore no children for many years. But the book of Jasher records, "And in the fifty-

ninth year of the life of Isaac the son of Abraham, Rebecca his wife was still barren in those

days" (Jasher 26:1). Isaac's 59th year would have been 1897 B.C.

Rebecca asked her husband Isaac to pray for her to have children, even as Abraham had prayed

for Sarah, who also had been barren. Isaac does so, and the Lord heard his earnest prayer, and

Rebecca conceives (Jasher 26:2-8). She had twins -- Esau and Jacob -- who struggled for

dominance even while in her womb. This would have been circa 1896 B.C., when God

answered Isaac's prayer, and the prayers of Shem, Eber, and Abraham, and Esau and Jacob were

born! Isaac was 60 years old when Jacob and Esau were born.

The book of Jasher goes on to tell us, "and the boys grew up to their fifteen year, and they came

amongst the society of men. Esau was a designing and deceitful man, an excellent hunter in the

field, and Jacob was a man perfect and wise, dwelling in tents, feeding flocks and learning the

instructions of the Lord and the commandments of his father and mother" (Jasher 26:17).

The chronology of Jasher therefore informs us that Rebecca conceived when Isaac was 59, 19

years after she married Isaac. She delivered two children the following year. Therefore, Esau

and Jacob were born in 1896 B.C. Fifteen years later, when they were strapping youths and Esau

had become an excellent hunter, would have been the year 1881 B.C.

The Death of Righteous Abraham

"And it was at that time that Abraham died, in the fifteenth year of the life of Jacob and Esau,

the sons of Isaac, and all the days of Abraham were one hundred and seventy five years, and he

died and was gathered to his people in good old age, old and satisfied with days, and Isaac and

Ishmael his sons buried him" (Jasher 26:29). All the kings and princes of Canaan came to

Abraham's funeral, to bury him, and all the people of Haran, and all the princes and grandees

among the sons of Abraham by the concubines. Born in 1896 B.C., Jacob and Esau would have

been 15 years of age in 1881 B.C. Abraham would have been 175 years of age.

Says Jasher of this remarkable man of faith and obedience to God: "And there arose not a man

who feared God like unto Abraham, for he had feared his God from his youth, and had served

the Lord, and had gone in all his ways during his life, from his childhood to the day of his death.

And the Lord was with him and delivered him from the counsel of Nimrod and his people, and

when he made war with the four kings of Elam he conquered them. And he brought all the

children of the earth to the service of God, and he taught them the ways of the Lord, and caused

them to know the Lord. And he formed a grove and he planted a vineyard therein, and he had

always prepared in his tent meat and drink to those who passed through the land, that they might

satisfy themselves in his house. And the Lord God delivered the whole earth on account of

Abraham" (Jasher 26:34-38).

Esau the Hunter Ambushes Nimrod!

After the death of Abraham, when Esau was 16 years of age, he went into the wilds to hunt

game, as was his custom. Jasher tells us:

"And Esau at that time, after the death of Abraham, frequently went into the field to

hunt. And Nimrod king of Babel, the same was Amraphel, also frequently went with his

mighty men to hunt in the field, and to walk about in the cool of the day. And Nimrod

was observing Esau all the days, for a jealousy was formed in the heart of Nimrod

against Esau all the days.

"And on a certain day Esau went into the field to hunt, and he found Nimrod walking in

the wilderness with his two men. And all his mighty men and his people were with him

in the wilderness, but they removed at a distance from him, and they went from him in

different directions to hunt, and Esau concealed himself for Nimrod, and he lurked for

him in the wilderness. . . .

"And Nimrod and two of his men that were with him came to the place where they were

when Esau started suddenly from his lurking place, and drew his sword, and hastened,

and ran to Nimrod and cut off his head.

"And Esau fought a desperate fight with the two men that were with Nimrod, and when

they called out to him, Esau turned to them and smote them to death with his sword. . . .

And when Esau saw the mighty men of Nimrod coming at a distance, he fled, and

thereby escaped; and Esau took the valuable garments of Nimrod, which Nimrod's

father had bequeathed to Nimrod, and with which Nimrod prevailed over the whole

land, and he ran and concealed them in his house.

"And Esau took those garments and ran into the city on account of Nimrod's men, and

he came into his father's house weary and exhausted from fight, and he was ready to die

through grief when he approached his brother Jacob and sat before him. And he said to

his brother Jacob, Behold I shall die this day, and wherefore then do I want the

birthright? And Jacob acted wisely with Esau in this matter, and Esau sold his birthright

to Jacob, for it was so brought about by the Lord. . . . .

"And when Nimrod the son of Cush died, his men lifted him up and brought him in

consternation, and buried him in his city, and all the days that Nimrod lives were two

hundred and fifteen years and he died" (Jasher 27:1-15).

Nimrod was slain by Esau when Esau was 16 years of age. At that time, we are here told,

Nimrod himself was 215 years of age. Since Esau was 16 in the year 1880 B.C., when Nimrod

was killed, and Nimrod was 215 in that same year, then we can calculate the actual birth year of

Nimrod. Nimrod was born in the year 2095 B.C. Notice how beautifully all these figures

correlate together!

Nimrod, born to Cush in his old age, would have been an old man at this time, when Esau, the

young "sport," saw his chance and assassinated the old king! At this time Esau stole the

garments God had made for Adam and Eve, which Nimrod had been given by his father Cush

who himself had stolen them from Noah. Evidently, Esau saw these as his means and way to

power and kingship in the earth. Yet not long later, famished and feeling on the verge of death,

Esau sold his birthright to Jacob for a bowl of bean soup!

The book of Jasher continues:

"And the days that Nimrod reigned upon the people of the land were one hundred and

eighty-five years; and Nimrod died by the sword of Esau in shame and contempt, and

the seed of Abraham caused his death as he had seen in his dream.

"And at the death of Nimrod his kingdom became divided into many divisions, and all

those parts that Nimrod reigned over were restored to the respective kings of the land,

who recovered them after the death of Nimrod, and all the people of the house of

Nimrod were for a long time enslaved to all the other kings of the land" (Jasher 27:16-

17).

After his untimely death, Niimrod's kingdom did not endure. It became all divided up into the

hands of the original kings of the various lands which he had conquered.

After Nimrod -- Jacob and Esau

After this time, a number of deaths of prominent, righteous men are recorded in the book of

Jasher. Two years later, "Shelach, the son of Arphaxad, died in that year, which is the

eighteenth year of the lives of Jacob and Esau; and all the days that Shelach lived were four

hundred and eighty three years and he died.

"At that time Isaac sent his younger son Jacob to the house of Shem and Eber, and he

learned the instructions of the Lord, and Jacob remained in the house of Shem and Eber

thirty two years, and Esau his brother did not go, for he was not willing to go, and he

remained in his father's house in the land of Canaan" (Jasher 28:17-18).

The year Shelach died, then, was 1880 B.C. In that same year Jacob was sent to the house of

Shem and Eber, to learn the ways of God, even as Abraham had been, and he remained there for

32 years -- from 1880 until 1848 B.C., when he returned to Isaac and Rebecca. Esau in the

meantime, roamed widely in his hunting trips, and when he was 40 years of age he married a

Canaanite woman living in the land of Seir (Jasher 28:22-23).

At this point, the book of Jasher gives us another vital benchmark. We read:

"And it came to pass in those days, in the hundred and tenth year of the life of Isaac,

that is, in the fiftieth year of the life of Jacob, in that year died SHEM the son of

NOAH; Shem was 600 years old at his death. And when Shem died Jacob returned to

his father in Hebron" (Jasher 29:24-25).

Shem died then in the year 1846 B.C. He was born 98 years before the Flood (he was 100 years

old two years after the Flood -- see Gen.11:10), and died 500 years after the birth of Arphaxad

(Gen.11:11). The Flood occurred in 2348 B.C. Since Shem was 600 when he died, and since he

was born 2446 B.C, his death would have been in 1846 B.C.

Since the book of Jasher shows that Jacob was 50 years old and Isaac was 110 at this point in

time, when Shem died, these facts once again confirming that Jacob's birth was in 1896, (fifty

years before), and the birth of Isaac was in 1956 B.C. (110 years before).

Jacob Versus Esau -- the Rivalry

After this, we come to the story of Isaac growing old and desiring venison from his son Esau,

after which he promises to "bless him." Rebecca and Jacob pull a trick on Isaac, and Jacob

disguises himself as Esau, and "steals" his birthright (which really wasn't Esau's any more

anyway, since he had already sold it to Jacob.

Esau is so enraged at this act of trickery, that he vows to kill Jacob. We read, "And Jacob was

very much afraid of his brother Esau, and he rose up and fled to the house of Eber the son of

Shem, and he concealed himself there on account of his brother, and Jacob was sixty three years

old when he went forth from the land of Canaan from Hebron, and Jacob was concealed in

Eber's house fourteen years on account of his brother Esau, and he there continued to learn the

ways of the Lord and his commandments" (Jasher 29:11).

Jacob therefore must have fled to Eber's abode 13 years after Shem's death in 1846. This would

put his flight in 1833 B.C. Ishmael, the brother of Isaac, died the following year, "in the sixty

fourth year of the life of Jacob" (Jasher 29:18). Jacob continued hiding at Eber's place for 14

years, or until 1819 B.C. Jacob became homesick, and returned to Hebron, only to learn that

Esau had neither forgotten nor forgiven him for stealing his "blessing." Alarmed, Isaac and

Rebecca counsel Jacob to flee to Haran, to her family there, for refuge, and to find a mate for

himself. "Jacob was seventy seven years old when he went out from the land of Canaan from

Beersheba" (Jasher 29:30). This would have been the year 1819, showing he did not dilly dally

long in Canaan, when his life was at great risk!

Two years later, we read, "And in the second year of Jacob's dwelling in Haran, that is in the

seventy ninth year of the life of Jacob, in that year died Eber the son of Shem, he was four

hundred and sixty four years old at his death" (Jasher 30:16). This would have been 1817 B.C.

After Jacob dwelt 20 years with Laban, serving him, marrying his two daughters Leah and

Rachel, Jacob noted that conditions were getting difficult for him and his growing family. Laban

had changed his wages deceitfully ten times, and sought to impoverish Jacob, but God turned his

conniving trickery into a blessing for Jacob, and supernaturally blessed his sheep. At the end of

20 years, God appeared to Jacob, and told him to go back to Canaan (Jasher 31:37, 32:3).

Of course, this meant he would encounter Esau once again. Esau indeed came out to seek

vengeance on Jacob, but the book of Jasher informs us:

"And the Lord heard the prayer of Jacob on that day, and the Lord then delivered Jacob

from the hands of his brother Esau. And the Lord sent three angels of the angels of

heaven, and they went before Esau and came to him. And these angels appeared to Esau

and his people as two thousand men, riding upon horses furnished with all sorts of war

instruments, and they appeared in the sight of Esau and all his men to be divided into

four camps, with four chiefs to them. And one camp went on and they found Esau

coming with four hundred men toward his brother Jacob, and this camp ran toward Esau

and his people and terrified them, and Esau fell off the horse in alarm, and all his men

separated from him in that place, for they were greatly afraid. And the whole of the

camp shouted after them when they fled from Esau, and all the warlike men answered,

saying, Surely we are the servants of Jacob, who is the servant of God, and who then

can stand against us? (Jasher 32:27-32).

Four times such camps of angels ran at Esau and his men, terrifying them and causing them

great anguish and astonishment. No doubt many of them wet their breeches that day. After these

awesome, frightening events, Esau's heart was temporarily changed, and instead of seeking to

destroy his brother, he came to him in peace. He concealed his hatred in his heart, because of his

fear (32:39-40). The return of Jacob to Canaan would have been 20 years after he left, or the

year 1799-1800 B.C.

"And it was in those days, in that year, being the hundred and sixth year of the life of Jacob, in

the tenth year of Jacob's coming from Padan-aram, that Leah the wife of Jacob died; she was

fifty one years old when she died in Hebron" (Jasher 41:2). This would have been the year 1790

B.C. Leah therefore was born 1841 B.C.

The Story of Joseph

In the following year, Joseph, the son of Jacob, being a younger son, was "seventeen years old"

when he dreamed a dream that seemed to exalt him over his brothers, causing them great anger

and animosity (Jasher 41:9). This may have been in 1789 B.C., following the death of Leah.

Soon they had enough of his "sass," and counseled to get rid of him -- permanently. Joseph was

sold as a slave and would up a slave of Potiphar in Egypt. The next year, when Joseph was 18

years of age, 1788 B.C., that he came to the attention of Potiphar's wife, who fell in deep lust

with the young Hebrew lad (Jasher 44:14-16). She later accused Joseph of attempting to rape

her, and Potiphar, believing her report, had Joseph cast into the king's prison; "and Joseph was

in the house of confinement twelve years" (Jasher 44:76; see also 46:20). This period of

imprisonment in the dungeon would have been from 1788 to 1776 B.C. Joseph was thrown into

the prison at the age of 18, and remained there 12 years, or until age 30.

During this period, Isaac died at the age of 180 years. "And Jacob and Esau fell upon the face of

their father Isaac, and they wept, and Isaac was one hundred and eighty years old when he died

in the land of Canaan, in Hebron, and his sons carried him to the cave of Machpelah, which

Abraham had bought. . . . And all the kings of the land of Canaan went with Jacob and Esau to

bury Isaac . . ." (Jasher 47:10-11). The year would have been 1776 B.C., the final year of Joseph

in the dungeon.

The story of how Joseph was delivered from prison, and interpreted the Pharaoh's dreams, and

became second-in-command throughout all the land of Egypt, is well known. The book of

Jasher again gives a much more detailed picture of the story. The author declares, "And Joseph

was thirty years old when he stood before Pharaoh, and Joseph went out before the king, and he

became the king's second in Egypt" (Jasher 49:38). Joseph built himself a beautiful mansion,

"like unto the houses of kings" (v.39), "three years was Joseph erecting his house" (v.40).

Joseph even had an army, numbering 40,000 troops. The year? 1776 B.C. Interesting, isn't it,

that the modern end-time "HOUSE of JOSEPH," -- the United States of America -- has its Year

of Independence also as 1776 -- that is, 1776 A.D.!!!

"At the revolution of the year, in the second year of Joseph's reigning over Egypt, the Lord gave

great plenty throughout the land for seven years as Joseph had spoken, for the Lord blessed all

the produce of the land in those days for seven years, and they ate and were greatly

satisfied" (Jasher 50:7). Joseph stored the excess grain in silos and treasuries. For seven years

they stored up all the extra, surplus grain, knowing that the seven years of famine were coming.

These seven bountiful years would have been 1775-1769. Therefore, the crushing years of

famine and drought would have been 1768-1762.

The story of the reconciliation of Joseph with his brothers who had sold him into slavery, is well

known. The book of Jasher adds much more detail to this incredible Biblical epic.

Ultimately, at the closing stages of the famine, Jacob and his entire family go to Egypt, to live

with Joseph, where they are given the choice land of Goshen in the Nile Delta for their

inheritance. They live there many years and are incredibly blessed. Jacob blesses the two

children of Joseph, born in Egypt, Ephraim and Manasseh, and adopts them as his own. The

book of Jasher tells us: "And Joseph was very aged, advanced in years, and his two sons,

Ephraim and Manasseh, remained constantly in the house of Jacob, together with the children of

the sons of Jacob their brethren, to learn the ways of the Lord and his law" (Jasher 55:35).

"And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years, and the days of Jacob, and the years of

his life, were a hundred and forty seven years" (Jasher 56:1). Thus Jacob was 147 years old

when he died. Since he was born in 1896, his death occurred in the year 1749 B.C. Since he was

in Egypt 17 years, then Jacob immigrated to Egypt in the year 1766 B.C.

Chronology and the Exodus Saga

In the book of Exodus, we read an amazing statement: "Now the sojourning of the children of

Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years. And it came to pass at the end of

the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the

LORD went out from the land of Egypt" (Exodus 12:40-41).

Now, Archbishop Ussher in his chronology counts this period of time beginning with the

sojourn of Abraham in Canaan, which he dates to 1921 B.C., the year that Terah, the father of

Abraham died, and the year he believed that Abraham first went to Canaan (Gen.12:1-3), that is,

Abraham's 75th year (Gen.12:4).

However, we have seen in the book of Jasher that indeed Terah died in 1921 B.C. But

Abraham's departure for Canaan when he was 75 years of age took place in the year 1981 B.C.,

or sixty years earlier than Ussher suggests.

What events, then, can we tie the figure 430 years to, during which the "children of Israel

sojourned"?

Obviously, the death of Terah is one linch pin. It is 430 years indeed from the death of Terah,

Abraham's father, to the Exodus from Egypt in 1491 B.C.

Interestingly, the death of Terah coincides also with the 35th year of Isaac, the son of Abraham.

This was only two years before the supreme test when Abraham took Isaac to Mount Moriah to

be a "human sacrifice." Although God did not require Abraham to go through with this deed, it

is symbolical of the fact that God the Father did willingly sacrifice His Son, Jesus Christ --

Yeshua the Messiah -- to pay the penalty of our sins, out of His great love for us. The story of

Abraham and Isaac vividly pictures that awesome divine love. It pictures not only God's love for

us, but God's awesome love for His Son, and His Son's tremendous love for God the Father!

Why would the death of Terah be significant as the starting point of the 430 years of suffering

and affliction of the children of Israel?

Could it be partly because Terah, with his power and authority, and widespread respect, was a

protective influence over Abraham and his children, so long as Terah lived? No doubt he did his

best to help his son so long as he was alive, supplying information, news, and vital intelligence

from his own networks as the one-time commander of the hosts of Babylon. Then, just two

years after this change in the life of Abraham and his descendants, God called upon Abraham

for the greatest sacrifice a parent can make -- to sacrifice his own son (Genesis 22).

In very real and meaningful sense, the "binding of Isaac" pictures the GREATEST travail and

suffering human beings can be required to suffer. The loss of one's own son, or daughter, or

children, is the greatest trauma a parent can suffer. The binding of Isaac very likely occurred on

Passover eve, at the very time the Passover lambs were sacrificed at the Temple!

If we count the beginning of the sojourn of Israel from the death of Terah, as Ussher does, then

his date for the Exodus is entirely correct. Abraham himself did not first enter Canaan on that

date, but 60 years earlier. However, the Scripture in Exodus speaks of "the sojourning of the

CHILDREN of Israel," and not Abraham himself. Although Abraham, Isaac and Jacob are all

considered "Israel," in the greater sense, since they are the three great Patriarchs, the sojourning

-- when Abraham, Isaac, and their families were completely cut off from outside support --

would have begun at the death of Abraham's father, Terah. His death would have marked the

time when they were entirely "on their own," as it were.

The book of Jasher sheds marvelous light on the chronology of the years between the Flood and

the children of Israel entering Egypt. It does not alter the frame of Ussher's chronology. Creation

would still be in 4004 B.C. The Flood would still be in 2348 B.C. The only changes would be

the birth dates of Abraham and his children, by putting them all 60 years earlier. This means the

sojourn in Egypt itself also began 60 years earlier than Ussher's date.

This happy coincidence provides us an additional 60 years of the children of Israel in Egypt to

reproduce like rabbits so their progeny, by the time of the Exodus, includes 600,000 males,

besides women and children. Ussher's chronology puts the sojourn of Jacob and his family in

Egypt as beginning in 1706. He puts the Exodus in 1491. The difference is only 215 years total,

for Jacob's family to grow from 70 people to something like 2-3 million!

However, the reconstruction of the chronology from the Flood to the Sojourn in Egypt gives us

another 60 years -- or a total of 275 years in Egypt, for Israel to reproduce and multiply --

another two generations to accomplish the exponential growth rate required!

Also, by backing up the birth of Abraham by 60 years, suddenly many pieces of the historical

puzzle begin to click, and fit together. Now we see Abraham was actually taught by Noah

himself the ways of the Lord. Isaac also was taught by Noah and Shem. Jacob also spent years

in the house of Shem and Eber. The new chronology also helps us to pinpoint in history the

Tower of Babel cataclysm, the birth of Nimrod, and Nimrod's rise to power, his relationship to

Terah, Abraham's father, and his dealings with Abraham himself, and his children, and his

murder at the hands of Esau, Isaac's son. It's all quite a fascinating story. Read it -- for yourself!

 

THE BOOK OF JASHER

THIS IS THE BOOK OF THE GENERATIONS OF MAN WHOM GOD CREATED

UPON THE EARTH ON THE DAY WHEN THE LORD GOD

MADE HEAVEN AND EARTH.

Jasher Chapter 1

1. And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness, and God created man

in his own image.

2. And God formed man from the ground, and he blew into his nostrils the breath of life,

and man became a living soul endowed with speech.

3. And the Lord said, It is not good for man to be alone; I will make unto him a helpmeet.

4. And the Lord caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept, and he took away

one of his ribs, and he built flesh upon it, and formed it and brought it to Adam, and

Adam awoke from his sleep, and behold a woman was standing before him.

5. And he said, This is a bone of my bones and it shall be called woman, for this has been

taken from man; and Adam called her name Eve, for she was the mother of all living.

6. And God blessed them and called their names Adam and Eve in the day that he created

them, and the Lord God said, Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth.

7. And the Lord God took Adam and his wife, and he placed them in the garden of Eden to

dress it and to keep it; and he commanded them and said unto them, From every tree of

the garden you may eat, but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall

not eat, for in the day that you eat thereof you shall surely die.

8. And when God had blessed and commanded them, he went from them, and Adam and

his wife dwelt in the garden according to the command which the Lord had commanded

them.

9. And the serpent, which God had created with them in the earth, came to them to incite

them to transgress the command of God which he had commanded them.

10. And the serpent enticed and persuaded the woman to eat from the tree of knowledge,

and the woman hearkened to the voice of the serpent, and she transgressed the word of

God, and took from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, and she ate, and she

took from it and gave also to her husband and he ate.

11. And Adam and his wife transgressed the command of God which he commanded them,

and God knew it, and his anger was kindled against them and he cursed them.

12. And the Lord God drove them that day from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from

which they were taken, and they went and dwelt at the east of the garden of Eden; and

Adam knew his wife Eve and she bore two sons and three daughters.

13. And she called the name of the first born Cain, saying, I have obtained a man from the

Lord, and the name of the other she called Abel, for she said, In vanity we came into the

earth, and in vanity we shall be taken from it.

14. And the boys grew up and their father gave them a possession in the land; and Cain was

a tiller of the ground, and Abel a keeper of sheep.

15. And it was at the expiration of a few years, that they brought an approximating offering

to the Lord, and Cain brought from the fruit of the ground, and Abel brought from the

firstlings of his flock from the fat thereof, and God turned and inclined to Abel and his

offering, and a fire came down from the Lord from heaven and consumed it.

16. And unto Cain and his offering the Lord did not turn, and he did not incline to it, for he

had brought from the inferior fruit of the ground before the Lord, and Cain was jealous

against his brother Abel on account of this, and he sought a pretext to slay him.

17. And in some time after, Cain and Abel his brother, went one day into the field to do

their work; and they were both in the field, Cain tilling and ploughing his ground, and

Abel feeding his flock; and the flock passed that part which Cain had ploughed in the

ground, and it sorely grieved Cain on this account.

18. And Cain approached his brother Abel in anger, and he said unto him, What is there

between me and thee, that thou comest to dwell and bring thy flock to feed in my land?

19. And Abel answered his brother Cain and said unto him, What is there between me and

thee, that thou shalt eat the flesh of my flock and clothe thyself with their wool?

20. And now therefore, put off the wool of my sheep with which thou hast clothed thyself,

and recompense me for their fruit and flesh which thou hast eaten, and when thou shalt

have done this, I will then go from thy land as thou hast said?

21. And Cain said to his brother Abel, Surely if I slay thee this day, who will require thy

blood from me?

22. And Abel answered Cain, saying, Surely God who has made us in the earth, he will

avenge my cause, and he will require my blood from thee shouldst thou slay me, for the

Lord is the judge and arbiter, and it is he who will requite man according to his evil, and

the wicked man according to the wickedness that he may do upon earth.

23. And now, if thou shouldst slay me here, surely God knoweth thy secret views, and will

judge thee for the evil which thou didst declare to do unto me this day.

24. And when Cain heard the words which Abel his brother had spoken, behold the anger of

Cain was kindled against his brother Abel for declaring this thing.

25. And Cain hastened and rose up, and took the iron part of his ploughing instrument, with

which he suddenly smote his brother and he slew him, and Cain spilt the blood of his

brother Abel upon the earth, and the blood of Abel streamed upon the earth before the

flock.

26. And after this Cain repented having slain his brother, and he was sadly grieved, and he

wept over him and it vexed him exceedingly.

27. And Cain rose up and dug a hole in the field, wherein he put his brother's body, and he

turned the dust over it.

28. And the Lord knew what Cain had done to his brother, and the Lord appeared to Cain

and said unto him, Where is Abel thy brother that was with thee?

29. And Cain dissembled, and said, I do not know, am I my brother's keeper? And the Lord

said unto him, What hast thou done? The voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me

from the ground where thou hast slain him.

30. For thou hast slain thy brother and hast dissembled before me, and didst imagine in thy

heart that I saw thee not, nor knew all thy actions.

31. But thou didst this thing and didst slay thy brother for naught and because he spoke

rightly to thee, and now, therefore, cursed be thou from the ground which opened its

mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand, and wherein thou didst bury him.

32. And it shall be when thou shalt till it, it shall no more give thee its strength as in the

beginning, for thorns and thistles shall the ground produce, and thou shalt be moving

and wandering in the earth until the day of thy death.

33. And at that time Cain went out from the presence of the Lord, from the place where he

was, and he went moving and wandering in the land toward the east of Eden, he and all

belonging to him.

34. And Cain knew his wife in those days, and she conceived and bare a son, and he called

his name Enoch, saying, In that time the Lord began to give him rest and quiet in the

earth.

35. And at that time Cain also began to build a city: and he built the city and he called the

name of the city Enoch, according to the name of his son; for in those days the Lord had

given him rest upon the earth, and he did not move about and wander as in the

beginning.

36. And Irad was born to Enoch, and Irad begat Mechuyael and Mechuyael begat

Methusael.

[Book of Jasher Referred to in Joshua and Second Samuel. Faithfully translated (1840) from the

Original Hebrew into English. A Reprint of Photo Lithographic Reprint of Exact Edition

Published by J.H. Parry & Co., Salt Lake City: 1887]

Jasher Chapter 2

1. And it was in the hundred and thirtieth year of the life of Adam upon the earth, that he

again knew Eve his wife, and she conceived and bare a son in his likeness and in his

image, and she called his name Seth, saying, Because God has appointed me another

seed in the place of Abel, for Cain has slain him.

2. And Seth lived one hundred and five years, and he begat a son; and Seth called the

name of his son Enosh, saying, Because in that time the sons of men began to multiply,

and to afflict their souls and hearts by transgressing and rebelling against God.

3. And it was in the days of Enosh that the sons of men continued to rebel and transgress

against God, to increase the anger of the Lord against the sons of men.

4. And the sons of men went and they served other gods, and they forgot the Lord who had

created them in the earth: and in those days the sons of men made images of brass and

iron, wood and stone, and they bowed down and served them.

5. And every man made his god and they bowed down to them, and the sons of men

forsook the Lord all the days of Enosh and his children; and the anger of the Lord was

kindled on account of their works and abominations which they did in the earth.

6. And the Lord caused the waters of the river Gihon to overwhelm them, and he

destroyed and consumed them, and he destroyed the third part of the earth, and

notwithstanding this, the sons of men did not turn from their evil ways, and their hands

were yet extended to do evil in the sight of the Lord.

7. And in those days there was neither sowing nor reaping in the earth; and there was no

food for the sons of men and the famine was very great in those days.

8. And the seed which they sowed in those days in the ground became thorns, thistles and

briers; for from the days of Adam was this declaration concerning the earth, of the curse

of God, which he cursed the earth, on account of the sin which Adam sinned before the

Lord.

9. And it was when men continued to rebel and transgress against God, and to corrupt their

ways, that the earth also became corrupt.

10. And Enosh lived ninety years and he begat Cainan;

11. And Cainan grew up and he was forty years old, and he became wise and had

knowledge and skill in all wisdom, and he reigned over all the sons of men, and he led

the sons of men to wisdom and knowledge; for Cainan was a very wise man and had

understanding in all wisdom, and with his wisdom he ruled over spirits and demons;

12. And Cainan knew by his wisdom that God would destroy the sons of men for having

sinned upon earth, and that the Lord would in the latter days bring upon them the waters

of the flood.

13. And in those days Cainan wrote upon tablets of stone, what was to take place in time to

come, and he put them in his treasures.

14. And Cainan reigned over the whole earth, and he turned some of the sons of men to the

service of God.

15. And when Cainan was seventy years old, he begat three sons and two daughters.

16. And these are the names of the children of Cainan; the name of the first born Mahlallel,

the second Enan, and the third Mered, and their sisters were Adah and Zillah; these are

the five children of Cainan that were born to him.

17. And Lamech, the son of Methusael, became related to Cainan by marriage, and he took

his two daughters for his wives, and Adah conceived and bare a son to Lamech, and she

called his name Jabal.

18. And she again conceived and bare a son, and called his name Jubal; and Zillah, her

sister, was barren in those days and had no offspring.

19. For in those days the sons of men began to trespass against God, and to transgress the

commandments which he had commanded to Adam, to be fruitful and multiply in the

earth.

20. And some of the sons of men caused their wives to drink a draught that would render

them barren, in order that they might retain their figures and whereby their beautiful

appearance might not fade.

21. And when the sons of men caused some of their wives to drink, Zillah drank with them.

22. And the child-bearing women appeared abominable in the sight of their husbands as

widows, whilst their husbands lived, for to the barren ones only they were attached.

23. And in the end of days and years, when Zillah became old, the Lord opened her womb.

24. And she conceived and bare a son and she called his name Tubal Cain, saying, After I

had withered away have I obtained him from the Almighty God.

25. And she conceived again and bare a daughter, and she called her name Naamah, for she

said, After I had withered away have I obtained pleasure and delight.

26. And Lamech was old and advanced in years, and his eyes were dim that he could not

see, and Tubal Cain, his son, was leading him and it was one day that Lamech went into

the field and Tubal Cain his son was with him, and whilst they were walking in the

field, Cain the son of Adam advanced towards them; for Lamech was very old and

could not see much, and Tubal Cain his son was very young.

27. And Tubal Cain told his father to draw his bow, and with the arrows he smote Cain,

who was yet far off, and he slew him, for he appeared to them to be an animal.

28. And the arrows entered Cain's body although he was distant from them, and he fell to

the ground and died.

29. And the Lord requited Cain's evil according to his wickedness, which he had done to his

brother Abel, according to the word of the Lord which he had spoken.

30. And it came to pass when Cain had died, that Lamech and Tubal went to see the animal

which they had slain, and they saw, and behold Cain their grandfather was fallen dead

upon the earth.

31. And Lamech was very much grieved at having done this, and in clapping his hands

together he struck his son and caused his death.

32. And the wives of Lamech heard what Lamech had done, and they sought to kill him.

33. And the wives of Lamech hated him from that day, because he slew Cain and Tubal

Cain, and the wives of Lamech separated from him, and would not hearken to him in

those days.

34. And Lamech came to his wives, and he pressed them to listen to him about this matter.

35. And he said to his wives Adah and Zillah, Hear my voice O wives of Lamech, attend to

my words, for now you have imagined and said that I slew a man with my wounds, and

a child with my stripes for their having done no violence, but surely know that I am old

and grey-headed, and that my eyes are heavy through age, and I did this thing

unknowingly.

36. And the wives of Lamech listened to him in this matter, and they returned to him with

the advice of their father Adam, but they bore no children to him from that time,

knowing that God's anger was increasing in those days against the sons of men, to

destroy them with the waters of the flood for their evil doings.

37. And Mahlallel the son of Cainan lived sixty-five years and he begat Jared; and Jared

lived sixty-two years and he begat Enoch.

 

Jasher Chapter 3

1. And Enoch lived sixty-five years and he begat Methuselah; and Enoch walked with God

after having begot Methuselah, and he served the Lord, and despised the evil ways of

men.

2. And the soul of Enoch was wrapped up in the instruction of the Lord, in knowledge and

in understanding; and he wisely retired from the sons of men, and secreted himself from

them for many days.

3. And it was at the expiration of many years, whilst he was serving the Lord, and praying

before him in his house, that an angel of the Lord called to him from Heaven, and he

said, Here am I.

4. And he said, Rise, go forth from thy house and from the place where thou dost hide

thyself, and appear to the sons of men, in order that thou mayest teach them the way in

which they should go and the work which they must accomplish to enter in the ways of

God.

5. And Enoch rose up according to the word of the Lord, and went forth from his house,

from his place and from the chamber in which he was concealed; and he went to the

sons of men and taught them the ways of the Lord, and at that time assembled the sons

of men and acquainted them with the instruction of the Lord.

6. And he ordered it to be proclaimed in all places where the sons of men dwelt, saying,

Where is the man who wishes to know the ways of the Lord and good works? let him

come to Enoch.

7. And all the sons of men then assembled to him, for all who desired this thing went to

Enoch, and Enoch reigned over the sons of men according to the word of the Lord, and

they came and bowed to him and they heard his word.

8. And the spirit of God was upon Enoch, and he taught all his men the wisdom of God

and his ways, and the sons of men served the Lord all the days of Enoch, and they came

to hear his wisdom.

9. And all the kings of the sons of men, both first and last, together with their princes and

judges, came to Enoch when they heard of his wisdom, and they bowed down to him,

and they also required of Enoch to reign over them, to which he consented.

10. And they assembled in all, one hundred and thirty kings and princes, and they made

Enoch king over them and they were all under his power and command.

11. And Enoch taught them wisdom, knowledge, and the ways of the Lord; and he made

peace amongst them, and peace was throughout the earth during the life of Enoch.

12. And Enoch reigned over the sons of men two hundred and forty-three years, and he did

justice and righteousness with all his people, and he led them in the ways of the Lord.

13. And these are the generations of Enoch, Methuselah, Elisha, and Elimelech, three sons;

and their sisters were Melca and Nahmah, and Methuselah lived eighty-seven years and

he begat Lamech.

14. And it was in the fifty-sixth year of the life of Lamech when Adam died; nine hundred

and thirty years old was he at his death, and his two sons, with Enoch and Methuselah

his son, buried him with great pomp, as at the burial of kings, in the cave which God

had told him.

15. And in that place all the sons of men made a great mourning and weeping on account of

Adam; it has therefore become a custom among the sons of men to this day.

16. And Adam died because he ate of the tree of knowledge; he and his children after him,

as the Lord God had spoken.

17. And it was in the year of Adam's death which was the two hundred and forty-third year

of the reign of Enoch, in that time Enoch resolved to separate himself from the sons of

men and to secret himself as at first in order to serve the Lord.

18. And Enoch did so, but did not entirely secret himself from them, but kept away from the

sons of men three days and then went to them for one day.

19. And during the three days that he was in his chamber, he prayed to, and praised the

Lord his God, and the day on which he went and appeared to his subjects he taught

them the ways of the Lord, and all they asked him about the Lord he told them.

20. And he did in this manner for many years, and he afterward concealed himself for six

days, and appeared to his people one day in seven; and after that once in a month, and

then once in a year, until all the kings, princes and sons of men sought for him, and

desired again to see the face of Enoch, and to hear his word; but they could not, as all

the sons of men were greatly afraid of Enoch, and they feared to approach him on

account of the Godlike awe that was seated upon his countenance; therefore no man

could look at him, fearing he might be punished and die.

21. And all the kings and princes resolved to assemble the sons of men, and to come to

Enoch, thinking that they might all speak to him at the time when he should come forth

amongst them, and they did so.

22. And the day came when Enoch went forth and they all assembled and came to him, and

Enoch spoke to them the words of the Lord and he taught them wisdom and knowledge,

and they bowed down before him and they said, May the king live! May the king live!

23. And in some time after, when the kings and princes and the sons of men were speaking

to Enoch, and Enoch was teaching them the ways of God, behold an angel of the Lord

then called unto Enoch from heaven, and wished to bring him up to heaven to make him

reign there over the sons of God, as he had reigned over the sons of men upon earth.

24. When at that time Enoch heard this he went and assembled all the inhabitants of the

earth, and taught them wisdom and knowledge and gave them divine instructions, and

he said to them, I have been required to ascend into heaven, I therefore do not know the

day of my going.

25. And now therefore I will teach you wisdom and knowledge and will give you

instruction before I leave you, how to act upon earth whereby you may live; and he did

so.

26. And he taught them wisdom and knowledge, and gave them instruction, and he

reproved them, and he placed before them statutes and judgments to do upon earth, and

he made peace amongst them, and he taught them everlasting life, and dwelt with them

some time teaching them all these things.

27. And at that time the sons of men were with Enoch, and Enoch was speaking to them,

and they lifted up their eyes and the likeness of a great horse descended from heaven,

and the horse paced in the air;

28. And they told Enoch what they had seen, and Enoch said to them, On my account does

this horse descend upon earth; the time is come when I must go from you and I shall no

more be seen by you.

29. And the horse descended at that time and stood before Enoch, and all the sons of men

that were with Enoch saw him.

30. And Enoch then again ordered a voice to be proclaimed, saying, Where is the man who

delighteth to know the ways of the Lord his God, let him come this day to Enoch before

he is taken from us.

31. And all the sons of men assembled and came to Enoch that day; and all the kings of the

earth with their princes and counsellors remained with him that day; and Enoch then

taught the sons of men wisdom and knowledge, and gave them divine instruction; and

he bade them serve the Lord and walk in his ways all the days of their lives, and he

continued to make peace amongst them.

32. And it was after this that he rose up and rode upon the horse; and he went forth and all

the sons of men went after him, about eight hundred thousand men; and they went with

him one day's journey.

33. And the second day he said to them, Return home to your tents, why will you go?

perhaps you may die; and some of them went from him, and those that remained went

with him six day's journey; and Enoch said to them every day, Return to your tents, lest

you may die; but they were not willing to return, and they went with him.

34. And on the sixth day some of the men remained and clung to him, and they said to him,

We will go with thee to the place where thou goest; as the Lord liveth, death only shall

separate us.

35. And they urged so much to go with him, that he ceased speaking to them; and they went

after him and would not return;

36. And when the kings returned they caused a census to be taken, in order to know the

number of remaining men that went with Enoch; and it was upon the seventh day that

Enoch ascended into heaven in a whirlwind, with horses and chariots of fire.

37. And on the eighth day all the kings that had been with Enoch sent to bring back the

number of men that were with Enoch, in that place from which he ascended into heaven.

38. And all those kings went to the place and they found the earth there filled with snow,

and upon the snow were large stones of snow, and one said to the other, Come, let us

break through the snow and see, perhaps the men that remained with Enoch are dead,

and are now under the stones of snow, and they searched but could not find him, for he

had ascended into heaven.

 

Jasher Chapter 4

1. And all the days that Enoch lived upon earth, were three hundred and sixty-five years.

2. And when Enoch had ascended into heaven, all the kings of the earth rose and took

Methuselah his son and anointed him, and they caused him to reign over them in the

place of his father.

3. And Methuselah acted uprightly in the sight of God, as his father Enoch had taught him,

and he likewise during the whole of his life taught the sons of men wisdom, knowledge

and the fear of God, and he did not turn from the good way either to the right or to the

left.

4. But in the latter days of Methuselah, the sons of men turned from the Lord, they

corrupted the earth, they robbed and plundered each other, and they rebelled against

God and they transgressed, and they corrupted their ways, and would not hearken to the

voice of Methuselah, but rebelled against him.

5. And the Lord was exceedingly wroth against them, and the Lord continued to destroy

the seed in those days, so that there was neither sowing nor reaping in the earth.

6. For when they sowed the ground in order that they might obtain food for their support,

behold, thorns and thistles were produced which they did not sow.

7. And still the sons of men did not turn from their evil ways, and their hands were still

extended to do evil in the sight of God, and they provoked the Lord with their evil ways,

and the Lord was very wroth, and repented that he had made man.

8. And he thought to destroy and annihilate them and he did so.

9. In those days when Lamech the son of Methuselah was one hundred and sixty years old,

Seth the son of Adam died.

10. And all the days that Seth lived, were nine hundred and twelve years, and he died.

11. And Lamech was one hundred and eighty years old when he took Ashmua, the daughter

of Elishaa the son of Enoch his uncle, and she conceived.

12. And at that time the sons of men sowed the ground, and a little food was produced, yet

the sons of men did not turn from their evil ways, and they trespassed and rebelled

against God.

13. And the wife of Lamech conceived and bare him a son at that time, at the revolution of

the year.

14. And Methuselah called his name Noah, saying, The earth was in his days at rest and

free from corruption, and Lamech his father called his name Menachem, saying, This

one shall comfort us in our works and miserable toil in the earth, which God had cursed.

15. And the child grew up and was weaned, and he went in the ways of his father

Methuselah, perfect and upright with God.

16. And all the sons of men departed from the ways of the Lord in those days as they

multiplied upon the face of the earth with sons and daughters, and they taught one

another their evil practices and they continued sinning against the Lord.

17. And every man made unto himself a god, and they robbed and plundered every man his

neighbor as well as his relative, and they corrupted the earth, and the earth was filled

with violence.

18. And their judges and rulers went to the daughters of men and took their wives by force

from their husbands according to their choice, and the sons of men in those days took

from the cattle of the earth, the beasts of the field and the fowls of the air, and taught the

mixture of animals of one species with the other, in order therewith to provoke the

Lord; and God saw the whole earth and it was corrupt, for all flesh had corrupted its

ways upon earth, all men and all animals.

19. And the Lord said, I will blot out man that I created from the face of the earth, yea from

man to the birds of the air, together with cattle and beasts that are in the field for I

repent that I made them.

20. And all men who walked in the ways of the Lord, died in those days, before the Lord

brought the evil upon man which he had declared, for this was from the Lord, that they

should not see the evil which the Lord spoke of concerning the sons of men.

21. And Noah found grace in the sight of the Lord, and the Lord chose him and his children

to raise up seed from them upon the face of the whole earth.

 

Jasher Chapter 5

1. And it was in the eighty-fourth year of the life of Noah, that Enoch the son of Seth died,

he was nine hundred and five years old at his death.

2. And in the one hundred and seventy ninth year of the life of Noah, Cainan the son of

Enosh died, and all the days of Cainan were nine hundred and ten years, and he died.

3. And in the two hundred and thirty fourth year of the life of Noah, Mahlallel the son of

Cainan died, and the days of Mahlallel were eight hundred and ninety-five years, and he

died.

4. And Jared the son of Mahlallel died in those days, in the three hundred and thirty-sixth

year of the life of Noah; and all the days of Jared were nine hundred and sixty-two

years, and he died.

5. And all who followed the Lord died in those days, before they saw the evil which God

declared to do upon earth.

6. And after the lapse of many years, in the four hundred and eightieth year of the life of

Noah, when all those men, who followed the Lord had died away from amongst the

sons of men, and only Methuselah was then left, God said unto Noah and Methuselah,

saying,

7. Speak ye, and proclaim to the sons of men, saying, Thus saith the Lord, return from

your evil ways and forsake your works, and the Lord will repent of the evil that he

declared to do to you, so that it shall not come to pass.

8. For thus saith the Lord, Behold I give you a period of one hundred and twenty years; if

you will turn to me and forsake your evil ways, then will I also turn away from the evil

which I told you, and it shall not exist, saith the Lord.

9. And Noah and Methuselah spoke all the words of the Lord to the sons of men, day after

day, constantly speaking to them.

10. But the sons of men would not hearken to them, nor incline their ears to their words,

and they were stiffnecked.

11. And the Lord granted them a period of one hundred and twenty years, saying, If they

will return, then will God repent of the evil, so as not to destroy the earth.

12. Noah the son of Lamech refrained from taking a wife in those days, to beget children,

for he said, Surely now God will destroy the earth, wherefore then shall I beget children?

13. And Noah was a just man, he was perfect in his generation, and the Lord chose him to

raise up seed from his seed upon the face of the earth.

14. And the Lord said unto Noah, Take unto thee a wife, and beget children, for I have seen

thee righteous before me in this generation.

15. And thou shalt raise up seed, and thy children with thee, in the midst of the earth; and

Noah went and took a wife, and he chose Naamah the daughter of Enoch, and she was

five hundred and eighty years old.

16. And Noah was four hundred and ninety-eight years old, when he took Naamah for a

wife.

17. And Naamah conceived and bare a son, and he called his name Japheth, saying, God

has enlarged me in the earth; and she conceived again and bare a son, and he called his

name Shem, saying, God has made me a remnant, to raise up seed in the midst of the

earth.

18. And Noah was five hundred and two years old when Naamah bare Shem, and the boys

grew up and went in the ways of the Lord, in all that Methuselah and Noah their father

taught them.

19. And Lamech the father of Noah, died in those days; yet verily he did not go with all his

heart in the ways of his father, and he died in the hundred and ninety-fifth year of the

life of Noah.

20. And all the days of Lamech were seven hundred and seventy years, and he died.

21. And all the sons of men who knew the Lord, died in that year before the Lord brought

evil upon them; for the Lord willed them to die, so as not to behold the evil that God

would bring upon their brothers and relatives, as he had so declared to do.

22. In that time, the Lord said to Noah and Methuselah, Stand forth and proclaim to the

sons of men all the words that I spoke to you in those days, peradventure they may turn

from their evil ways, and I will then repent of the evil and will not bring it.

23. And Noah and Methuselah stood forth, and said in the ears of the sons of men, all that

God had spoken concerning them.

24. But the sons of men would not hearken, neither would they incline their ears to all their

declarations.

25. And it was after this that the Lord said to Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me,

on account of their evil deeds, and behold I will destroy the earth.

26. And do thou take unto thee gopher wood, and go to a certain place and make a large

ark, and place it in that spot.

27. And thus shalt thou make it; three hundred cubits its length, fifty cubits broad and thirty

cubits high.

28. And thou shalt make unto thee a door, open at its side, and to a cubit thou shalt finish

above, and cover it within and without with pitch.

29. And behold I will bring the flood of waters upon the earth, and all flesh be destroyed,

from under the heavens all that is upon earth shall perish.

30. And thou and thy household shall go and gather two couple of all living things, male

and female, and shall bring them to the ark, to raise up seed from them upon earth.

31. And gather unto thee all food that is eaten by all the animals, that there may be food for

thee and for them.

32. And thou shalt choose for thy sons three maidens, from the daughters of men, and they

shall be wives to thy sons.

33. And Noah rose up, and he made the ark, in the place where God had commanded him,

and Noah did as God had ordered him.

34. In his five hundred and ninety-fifth year Noah commenced to make the ark, and he

made the ark in five years, as the Lord had commanded.

35. Then Noah took the three daughters of Eliakim, son of Methuselah, for wives for his

sons, as the Lord had commanded Noah.

36. And it was at that time Methuselah the son of Enoch died, nine hundred and sixty years

old was he, at his death.

 

Jasher Chapter 6

1. At that time, after the death of Methuselah, the Lord said to Noah, Go thou with thy

household into the ark; behold I will gather to thee all the animals of the earth, the

beasts of the field and the fowls of the air, and they shall all come and surround the ark.

2. And thou shalt go and seat thyself by the doors of the ark, and all the beasts, the

animals, and the fowls, shall assemble and place themselves before thee, and such of

them as shall come and crouch before thee, shalt thou take and deliver into the hands of

thy sons, who shall bring them to the ark, and all that will stand before thee thou shalt

leave.

3. And the Lord brought this about on the next day, and animals, beasts and fowls came in

great multitudes and surrounded the ark.

4. And Noah went and seated himself by the door of the ark, and of all flesh that crouched

before him, he brought into the ark, and all that stood before him he left upon earth.

5. And a lioness came, with her two whelps, male and female, and the three crouched

before Noah, and the two whelps rose up against the lioness and smote her, and made

her flee from her place, and she went away, and they returned to their places, and

crouched upon the earth before Noah.

6. And the lioness ran away, and stood in the place of the lions.

7. And Noah saw this, and wondered greatly, and he rose and took the two whelps, and

brought them into the ark.

8. And Noah brought into the ark from all living creatures that were upon earth, so that

there was none left but which Noah brought into the ark.

9. Two and two came to Noah into the ark, but from the clean animals, and clean fowls, he

brought seven couples, as God had commanded him.

10. And all the animals, and beasts, and fowls, were still there, and they surrounded the ark

at every place, and the rain had not descended till seven days after.

11. And on that day, the Lord caused the whole earth to shake, and the sun darkened, and

the foundations of the world raged, and the whole earth was moved violently, and the

lightning flashed, and the thunder roared, and all the fountains in the earth were broken

up, such as was not known to the inhabitants before; and God did this mighty act, in

order to terrify the sons of men, that there might be no more evil upon earth.

12. And still the sons of men would not return from their evil ways, and they increased the

anger of the Lord at that time, and did not even direct their hearts to all this.

13. And at the end of seven days, in the six hundredth year of the life of Noah, the waters of

the flood were upon the earth.

14. And all the fountains of the deep were broken up, and the windows of heaven were

opened, and the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights.

15. And Noah and his household, and all the living creatures that were with him, came into

the ark on account of the waters of the flood, and the Lord shut him in.

16. And all the sons of men that were left upon the earth, became exhausted through evil on

account of the rain, for the waters were coming more violently upon the earth, and the

animals and beasts were still surrounding the ark.

17. And the sons of men assembled together, about seven hundred thousand men and

women, and they came unto Noah to the ark.

18. And they called to Noah, saying, Open for us that we may come to thee in the ark--and

wherefore shall we die?

19. And Noah, with a loud voice, answered them from the ark, saying, Have you not all

rebelled against the Lord, and said that he does not exist? and therefore the Lord

brought upon you this evil, to destroy and cut you off from the face of the earth.

20. Is not this the thing that I spoke to you of one hundred and twenty years back, and you

would not hearken to the voice of the Lord, and now do you desire to live upon earth?

21. And they said to Noah, We are ready to return to the Lord; only open for us that we may

live and not die.

22. And Noah answered them, saying, Behold now that you see the trouble of your souls,

you wish to return to the Lord; why did you not return during these hundred and twenty

years, which the Lord granted you as the determined period?

23. But now you come and tell me this on account of the troubles of your souls, now also

the Lord will not listen to you, neither will he give ear to you on this day, so that you

will not now succeed in your wishes.

24. And the sons of men approached in order to break into the ark, to come in on account of

the rain, for they could not bear the rain upon them.

25. And the Lord sent all the beasts and animals that stood round the ark. And the beasts

overpowered them and drove them from that place, and every man went his way and

they again scattered themselves upon the face of the earth.

26. And the rain was still descending upon the earth, and it descended forty days and forty

nights, and the waters prevailed greatly upon the earth; and all flesh that was upon the

earth or in the waters died, whether men, animals, beasts, creeping things or birds of the

air, and there only remained Noah and those that were with him in the ark.

27. And the waters prevailed and they greatly increased upon the earth, and they lifted up

the ark and it was raised from the earth.

28. And the ark floated upon the face of the waters, and it was tossed upon the waters so

that all the living creatures within were turned about like pottage in a cauldron.

29. And great anxiety seized all the living creatures that were in the ark, and the ark was

like to be broken.

30. And all the living creatures that were in the ark were terrified, and the lions roared, and

the oxen lowed, and the wolves howled, and every living creature in the ark spoke and

lamented in its own language, so that their voices reached to a great distance, and Noah

and his sons cried and wept in their troubles; they were greatly afraid that they had

reached the gates of death.

31. And Noah prayed unto the Lord, and cried unto him on account of this, and he said, O

Lord help us, for we have no strength to bear this evil that has encompassed us, for the

waves of the waters have surrounded us, mischievous torrents have terrified us, the

snares of death have come before us; answer us, O Lord, answer us, light up thy

countenance toward us and be gracious to us, redeem us and deliver us.

32. And the Lord hearkened to the voice of Noah, and the Lord remembered him.

33. And a wind passed over the earth, and the waters were still and the ark rested.

34. And the fountains of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain

from heaven was restrained.

35. And the waters decreased in those days, and the ark rested upon the mountains of Ararat.

36. And Noah then opened the windows of the ark, and Noah still called out to the Lord at

that time and he said, O Lord, who didst form the earth and the heavens and all that are

therein, bring forth our souls from this confinement, and from the prison wherein thou

hast placed us, for I am much wearied with sighing.

37. And the Lord hearkened to the voice of Noah, and said to him, When though shalt have

completed a full year thou shalt then go forth.

38. And at the revolution of the year, when a full year was completed to Noah's dwelling in

the ark, the waters were dried from off the earth, and Noah put off the covering of the

ark.

39. At that time, on the twenty-seventh day of the second month, the earth was dry, but

Noah and his sons, and those that were with him, did not go out from the ark until the

Lord told them.

40. And the day came that the Lord told them to go out, and they all went out from the ark.

41. And they went and returned every one to his way and to his place, and Noah and his

sons dwelt in the land that God had told them, and they served the Lord all their days,

and the Lord blessed Noah and his sons on their going out from the ark.

42. And he said to them, Be fruitful and fill all the earth; become strong and increase

abundantly in the earth and multiply therein.

 

Jasher Chapter 7

1. And these are the names of the sons of Noah: Japheth, Ham and Shem; and children

were born to them after the flood, for they had taken wives before the flood.

2. These are the sons of Japheth; Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and

Tiras, seven sons.

3. And the sons of Gomer were Askinaz, Rephath and Tegarmah.

4. And the sons of Magog were Elichanaf and Lubal.

5. And the children of Madai were Achon, Zeelo, Chazoni and Lot.

6. And the sons of Javan were Elisha, Tarshish, Chittim and Dudonim.

7. And the sons of Tubal were Ariphi, Kesed and Taari.

8. And the sons of Meshech were Dedon, Zaron and Shebashni.

9. And the sons of Tiras were Benib, Gera, Lupirion and Gilak; these are the sons of

Japheth according to their families, and their numbers in those days were about four

hundred and sixty men.

10. And these are the sons of Ham; Cush, Mitzraim, Phut and Canaan, four sons; and the

sons of Cush were Seba, Havilah, Sabta, Raama and Satecha, and the sons of Raama

were Sheba and Dedan.

11. And the sons of Mitzraim were Lud, Anom and Pathros, Chasloth and Chaphtor.

12. And the sons of Phut were Gebul, Hadan, Benah and Adan.

13. And the sons of Canaan were Zidon, Heth, Amori, Gergashi, Hivi, Arkee, Seni, Arodi,

Zimodi and Chamothi.

14. These are the sons of Ham, according to their families, and their numbers in those days

were about seven hundred and thirty men.

15. And these are the sons of Shem; Elam, Ashur, Arpachshad, Lud and Aram, five sons;

and the sons of Elam were Shushan, Machul and Harmon.

16. And the sons of Ashar were Mirus and Mokil, and the sons of Arpachshad were

Shelach, Anar and Ashcol.

17. And the sons of Lud were Pethor and Bizayon, and the sons of Aram were Uz, Chul,

Gather and Mash.

18. These are the sons of Shem, according to their families; and their numbers in those days

were about three hundred men.

15

19.

These are the generations of Shem; Shem begat Arpachshad and Arpachshad

begat Shelach, and Shelach begat Eber and to Eber were born two children,

the name of one was Peleg, for in his days the sons of men were divided, and

in the latter days, the earth was divided.

20.

And the name of the second was Yoktan, meaning that in his day the lives of

the sons of men were diminished and lessened.

21.

These are the sons of Yoktan; Almodad, Shelaf, Chazarmoveth, Yerach,

Hadurom, Ozel, Diklah, Obal, Abimael, Sheba, Ophir, Havilah and Jobab; all

these are the sons of Yoktan.

22.

And Peleg his brother begat Yen, and Yen begat Serug, and Serug begat

Nahor and Nahor begat Terah, and Terah was thirty-eight years old, and he

begat Haran and Nahor.

23.

And Cush the son of Ham, the son of Noah, took a wife in those days in his old

age, and she bare a son, and they called his name Nimrod, saying, At that time

the sons of men again began to rebel and transgress against God, and the child

grew up, and his father loved him exceedingly, for he was the son of his old age.

24.

And the garments of skin which God made for Adam and his wife, when they

went out of the garden, were given to Cush.

25.

For after the death of Adam and his wife, the garments were given to Enoch,

the son of Jared, and when Enoch was taken up to God, he gave them to

Methuselah, his son.

26.

And at the death of Methuselah, Noah took them and brought them to the ark,

and they were with him until he went out of the ark.

27.

And in their going out, Ham stole those garments from Noah his father, and he

took them and hid them from his brothers.

28.

And when Ham begat his first born Cush, he gave him the garments in secret,

and they were with Cush many days.

29.

And Cush also concealed them from his sons and brothers, and when Cush

had begotten Nimrod, he gave him those garments through his love for him,

and Nimrod grew up, and when he was twenty years old he put on those

garments.

30.

And Nimrod became strong when he put on the garments, and God gave him

might and strength, and he was a mighty hunter in the earth, yea, he was a

mighty hunter in the field, and he hunted the animals and he built altars, and he

offered upon them the animals before the Lord.

31.

And Nimrod strengthened himself, and he rose up from amongst his brethren,

and he fought the battles of his brethren against all their enemies round about.

32.

And the Lord delivered all the enemies of his brethren in his hands, and God

prospered him from time to time in his battles, and he reigned upon earth.

33.

Therefore it became current in those days, when a man ushered forth those that

he had trained up for battle, he would say to them, Like God did to Nimrod, who

was a mighty hunter in the earth, and who succeeded in the battles that

prevailed against his brethren, that he delivered them from the hands of their

enemies, so may God strengthen us and deliver us this day.

34.

And when Nimrod was forty years old, at that time there was a war between his

brethren and the children of Japheth, so that they were in the power of their

enemies.

35.

And Nimrod went forth at that time, and he assembled all the sons of Cush and

their families, about four hundred and sixty men, and he hired also from some

of his friends and acquaintances about eighty men, and be gave them their hire,

and he went with them to battle, and when he was on the road, Nimrod

strengthened the hearts of the people that went with him.

36.

And he said to them, Do not fear, neither be alarmed, for all our enemies will be

delivered into our hands, and you may do with them as you please.

37.

And all the men that went were about five hundred, and they fought against

their enemies, and they destroyed them, and subdued them, and Nimrod placed

standing officers over them in their respective places.

38.

And he took some of their children as security, and they were all servants to

Nimrod and to his brethren, and Nimrod and all the people that were with him

turned homeward.

39.

And when Nimrod had joyfully returned from battle, after having conquered his

enemies, all his brethren, together with those who knew him before, assembled

to make him king over them, and they placed the regal crown upon his head.

40.

And he set over his subjects and people, princes, judges, and rulers, as is the

custom amongst kings.

41.

And he placed Terah the son of Nahor the prince of his host, and he dignified

him and elevated him above all his princes.

42.

And whilst he was reigning according to his heart's desire, after having

conquered all his enemies around, he advised with his counselors to build a city

for his palace, and they did so.

43.

And they found a large valley opposite to the east, and they built him a large

and extensive city, and Nimrod called the name of the city that he built Shinar,

for the Lord had vehemently shaken his enemies and destroyed them.

44.

And Nimrod dwelt in Shinar, and he reigned securely, and he fought with his

enemies and he subdued them, and he prospered in all his battles, and his

kingdom became very great.

45.

And all nations and tongues heard of his fame, and they gathered themselves

to him, and they bowed down to the earth, and they brought him offerings, and

he became their lord and king, and they all dwelt with him in the city at Shinar,

and Nimrod reigned in the earth over all the sons of Noah, and they were all

under his power and counsel.

46.

And all the earth was of one tongue and words of union, but Nimrod did not go

in the ways of the Lord, and he was more wicked than all the men that were

before him, from the days of the flood until those days.

47.

And he made gods of wood and stone, and he bowed down to them, and he

rebelled against the Lord, and taught all his subjects and the people of the earth

his wicked ways; and Mardon his son was more wicked than his father.

48.

And every one that heard of the acts of Mardon the son of Nimrod would say,

concerning him, From the wicked goeth forth wickedness; therefore it became a

proverb in the whole earth, saying, From the wicked goeth forth wickedness,

and it was current in the words of men from that time to this.

49.

And Terah the son of Nahor, prince of Nimrod's host, was in those days very

great in the sight of the king and his subjects, and the king and princes loved

him, and they elevated him very high.

50.

And Terah took a wife and her name was Amthelo the daughter of Cornebo;

and the wife of Terah conceived and bare him a son in those days.

51.

Terah was seventy years old when he begat him, and Terah called the name of

his son that was born to him Abram, because the king had raised him in those

days, and dignified him above all his princes that were with him.

Lithographic Reprint of Exact Edition Published by J.H. Parry & Co., Salt Lake City:

1887]

Jasher Chapter 8

1. And it was in the night that Abram was born, that all the servants of Terah, and all the

wise men of Nimrod, and his conjurors came and ate and drank in the house of Terah,

and they rejoiced with him on that night.

2. And when all the wise men and conjurors went out from the house of Terah, they lifted

up their eyes toward heaven that night to look at the stars, and they saw, and behold one

very large star came from the east and ran in the heavens, and he swallowed up the four

stars from the four sides of the heavens.

3. And all the wise men of the king and his conjurors were astonished at the sight, and the

sages understood this matter, and they knew its import.

4. And they said to each other, This only betokens the child that has been born to Terah

this night, who will grow up and be fruitful, and multiply, and possess all the earth, he

and his children for ever, and he and his seed will slay great kings, and inherit their

lands.

5. And the wise men and conjurors went home that night, and in the morning all these wise

men and conjurors rose up early, and assembled in an appointed house.

6. And they spoke and said to each other, Behold the sight that we saw last night is hidden

from the king, it has not been made known to him.

7. And should this thing get known to the king in the latter days, he will say to us, Why

have you concealed this matter from me, and then we shall all suffer death; therefore,

now let us go and tell the king the sight which we saw, and the interpretation thereof,

and we shall then remain clear.

8. And they did so, and they all went to the king and bowed down to him to the ground,

and they said, May the king live, may the king live.

9. We heard that a son was born to Terah the son of Nahor, the prince of thy host, and we

yesternight came to his house, and we ate and drank and rejoiced with him that night.

10. And when thy servants went out from the house of Terah, to go to our respective homes

to abide there for the night, we lifted up our eyes to heaven, and we saw a great star

coming from the east, and the same star ran with great speed, and swallowed up four

great stars, from the four sides of the heavens.

11. And thy servants were astonished at the sight which we saw, and were greatly terrified,

and we made our judgment upon the sight, and knew by our wisdom the proper

interpretation thereof, that this thing applies to the child that is born to Terah, who will

grow up and multiply greatly, and become powerful, and kill all the kings of the earth,

and inherit all their lands, he and his seed forever.

12. And now our lord and king, behold we have truly acquainted thee with what we have

seen concerning this child.

13. If it seemeth good to the king to give his father value for this child, we will slay him

before he shall grow up and increase in the land, and his evil increase against us, that we

and our children perish through his evil.

14. And the king heard their words and they seemed good in his sight, and he sent and

called for Terah, and Terah came before the king.

15. And the king said to Terah, I have been told that a son was yesternight born to thee, and

after this manner was observed in the heavens at his birth.

16. And now therefore give me the child, that we may slay him before his evil springs up

against us, and I will give thee for his value, thy house full of silver and gold.

17. And Terah answered the king and said to him: My Lord and king, I have heard thy

words, and thy servant shall do all that his king desireth.

18. But my lord and king, I will tell thee what happened to me yesternight, that I may see

what advice the king will give his servant, and then I will answer the king upon what he

has just spoken; and the king said, Speak.

19. And Terah said to the king, Ayon, son of Mored, came to me yesternight, saying,

20. Give unto me the great and beautiful horse that the king gave thee, and I will give thee

silver and gold, and straw and provender for its value; and I said to him, Wait till I see

the king concerning thy words, and behold whatever the king saith, that will I do.

21. And now my lord and king, behold I have made this thing known to thee, and the advice

which my king will give unto his servant, that will I follow.

22. And the king heard the words of Terah, and his anger was kindled and he considered

him in the light of a fool.

23. And the king answered Terah, and he said to him, Art thou so silly, ignorant, or

deficient in understanding, to do this thing, to give thy beautiful horse for silver and

gold or even for straw and provender?

24. Art thou so short of silver and gold, that thou shouldst do this thing, because thou canst

not obtain straw and provender to feed thy horse? and what is silver and gold to thee, or

straw and provender, that thou shouldst give away that fine horse which I gave thee, like

which there is none to be had on the whole earth?

25. And the king left off speaking, and Terah answered the king, saying, Like unto this has

the king spoken to his servant;

26. I beseech thee, my lord and king, what is this which thou didst say unto me, saying,

Give thy son that we may slay him, and I will give thee silver and gold for his value;

what shall I do with silver and gold after the death of my son? who shall inherit me?

surely then at my death, the silver and gold will return to my king who gave it.

27. And when the king heard the words of Terah, and the parable which he brought

concerning the king, it grieved him greatly and he was vexed at this thing, and his anger

burned within him.

28. And Terah saw that the anger of the king was kindled against him, and he answered the

king, saying, All that I have is in the king's power; whatever the king desireth to do to

his servant, that let him do, yea, even my son, he is in the king's power, without value in

exchange, he and his two brothers that are older than he.

29. And the king said to Terah, No, but I will purchase thy younger son for a price.

30. And Terah answered the king, saying, I beseech thee my lord and king to let thy servant

speak a word before thee, and let the king hear the word of his servant, and Terah said,

Let my king give me three days' time till I consider this matter within myself, and

consult with my family concerning the words of my king; and he pressed the king

greatly to agree to this.

31. And the king hearkened to Terah, and he did so and he gave him three days' time, and

Terah went out from the king's presence, and he came home to his family and spoke to

them all the words of the king; and the people were greatly afraid.

32. And it was in the third day that the king sent to Terah, saying, Send me thy son for a

price as I spoke to thee; and shouldst thou not do this, I will send and slay all thou hast

in thy house, so that thou shalt not even have a dog remaining.

33. And Terah hastened, (as the thing was urgent from the king), and he took a child from

one of his servants, which his handmaid had born to him that day, and Terah brought

the child to the king and received value for him.

34. And the Lord was with Terah in this matter, that Nimrod might not cause Abram's

death, and the king took the child from Terah and with all his might dashed his head to

the ground, for he thought it had been Abram; and this was concealed from him from

that day, and it was forgotten by the king, as it was the will of Providence not to suffer

Abram's death.

35. And Terah took Abram his son secretly, together with his mother and nurse, and he

concealed them in a cave, and he brought them their provisions monthly.

36. And the Lord was with Abram in the cave and he grew up, and Abram was in the cave

ten years, and the king and his princes, soothsayers and sages, thought that the king had

killed Abram.

 

Jasher Chapter 9

1. And Haran, the son of Terah, Abram's oldest brother, took a wife in those days.

2. Haran was thirty-nine years old when he took her; and the wife of Haran conceived and

bare a son, and he called his name Lot.

3. And she conceived again and bare a daughter, and she called her name Milca; and she

again conceived and bare a daughter, and she called her name Sarai.

4. Haran was forty-two years old when he begat Sarai, which was in the tenth year of the

life of Abram; and in those days Abram and his mother and nurse went out from the

cave, as the king and his subjects had forgotten the affair of Abram.

5. And when Abram came out from the cave, he went to Noah and his son Shem, and he

remained with them to learn the instruction of the Lord and his ways, and no man knew

where Abram was, and Abram served Noah and Shem his son for a long time.

6. And Abram was in Noah's house thirty-nine years, and Abram knew the Lord from

three years old, and he went in the ways of the Lord until the day of his death, as Noah

and his son Shem had taught him; and all the sons of the earth in those days greatly

transgressed against the Lord, and they rebelled against him and they served other gods,

and they forgot the Lord who had created them in the earth; and the inhabitants of the

earth made unto themselves, at that time, every man his god; gods of wood and stone

which could neither speak, hear, nor deliver, and the sons of men served them and they

became their gods.

7. And the king and all his servants, and Terah with all his household were then the first of

those that served gods of wood and stone.

20

8.

And Terah had twelve gods of large size, made of wood and stone, after the

twelve months of the year, and he served each one monthly, and every month

Terah would bring his meat offering and drink offering to his gods; thus did

Terah all the days.

9.

And all that generation were wicked in the sight of the Lord, and they thus made

every man his god, but they forsook the Lord who had created them.

10.

And there was not a man found in those days in the whole earth, who knew the

Lord (for they served each man his own God) except Noah and his household,

and all those who were under his counsel knew the Lord in those days.

11.

And Abram the son of Terah was waxing great in those days in the house of

Noah, and no man knew it, and the Lord was with him.

12.

And the Lord gave Abram an understanding heart, and he knew all the works of

that generation were vain, and that all their gods were vain and were of no avail.

13.

And Abram saw the sun shining upon the earth, and Abram said unto himself

Surely now this sun that shines upon the earth is God, and him will I serve.

14.

And Abram served the sun in that day and he prayed to him, and when evening

came the sun set as usual, and Abram said within himself, Surely this cannot be

God?

15.

And Abram still continued to speak within himself, Who is he who made the

heavens and the earth? who created upon earth? where is he?

16.

And night darkened over him, and he lifted up his eyes toward the west, north,

south, and east, and he saw that the sun had vanished from the earth, and the

day became dark.

17.

And Abram saw the stars and moon before him, and he said, Surely this is the

God who created the whole earth as well as man, and behold these his

servants are gods around him: and Abram served the moon and prayed to it all

that night.

18.

And in the morning when it was light and the sun shone upon the earth as

usual, Abram saw all the things that the Lord God had made upon earth.

19.

And Abram said unto himself Surely these are not gods that made the earth and

all mankind, but these are the servants of God, and Abram remained in the

house of Noah and there knew the Lord and his ways' and he served the Lord

all the days of his life, and all that generation forgot the Lord, and served other

gods of wood and stone, and rebelled all their days.

20.

And king Nimrod reigned securely, and all the earth was under his control, and

all the earth was of one tongue and words of union.

21.

And all the princes of Nimrod and his great men took counsel together; Phut,

Mitzraim, Cush and Canaan with their families, and they said to each other,

Come let us build ourselves a city and in it a strong tower, and its top reaching

heaven, and we will make ourselves famed, so that we may reign upon the

whole world, in order that the evil of our enemies may cease from us, that we

may reign mightily over them, and that we may not become scattered over the

earth on account of their wars.

22.

And they all went before the king, and they told the king these words, and the

king agreed with them in this affair, and he did so.

23.

And all the families assembled consisting of about six hundred thousand men,

and they went to seek an extensive piece of ground to build the city and the

tower, and they sought in the whole earth and they found none like one valley at

the east of the land of Shinar, about two days' walk, and they journeyed there

and they dwelt there.

24.

And they began to make bricks and burn fires to build the city and the tower that

they had imagined to complete.

25.

And the building of the tower was unto them a transgression and a sin, and they

began to build it, and whilst they were building against the Lord God of heaven,

they imagined in their hearts to war against him and to ascend into heaven.

26.

And all these people and all the families divided themselves in three parts; the

first said We will ascend into heaven and fight against him; the second said, We

will ascend to heaven and place our own gods there and serve them; and the

third part said, We will ascend to heaven and smite him with bows and spears;

and God knew all their works and all their evil thoughts, and he saw the city and

the tower which they were building.

27.

And when they were building they built themselves a great city and a very high

and strong tower; and on account of its height the mortar and bricks did not

reach the builders in their ascent to it, until those who went up had completed a

full year, and after that, they reached to the builders and gave them the mortar

and the bricks; thus was it done daily.

28.

And behold these ascended and others descended the whole day; and if a brick

should fall from their hands and get broken, they would all weep over it, and if a

man fell and died, none of them would look at him.

29.

And the Lord knew their thoughts, and it came to pass when they were building

they cast the arrows toward the heavens, and all the arrows fell upon them filled

with blood, and when they saw them they said to each other, Surely we have

slain all those that are in heaven.

30.

For this was from the Lord in order to cause them to err, and in order; to destroy

them from off the face of the ground.

31.

And they built the tower and the city, and they did this thing daily until many

days and years were elapsed.

32.

And God said to the seventy angels who stood foremost before him, to those

who were near to him, saying, Come let us descend and confuse their tongues,

that one man shall not understand the language of his neighbor, and they did so

unto them.

33.

And from that day following, they forgot each man his neighbor's tongue, and

they could not understand to speak in one tongue, and when the builder took

from the hands of his neighbor lime or stone which he did not order, the builder

would cast it away and throw it upon his neighbor, that he would die.

34.

And they did so many days, and they killed many of them in this manner.

35.

And the Lord smote the three divisions that were there, and he punished them

according to their works and designs; those who said, We will ascend to heaven

and serve our gods, became like apes and elephants; and those who said, We

will smite the heaven with arrows, the Lord killed them, one man through the

hand of his neighbor; and the third division of those who said, We will ascend to

heaven and fight against him, the Lord scattered them throughout the earth.

36.

And those who were left amongst them, when they knew and understood the

evil which was coming upon them, they forsook the building, and they also

became scattered upon the face of the whole earth.

37.

And they ceased building the city and the tower; therefore he called that place

Babel, for there the Lord confounded the Language of the whole earth; behold it

was at the east of the land of Shinar.

38.

And as to the tower which the sons of men built, the earth opened its mouth and

swallowed up one third part thereof, and a fire also descended from heaven and

burned another third, and the other third is left to this day, and it is of that part

which was aloft, and its circumference is three days' walk.

39.

And many of the sons of men died in that tower, a people without number.

Lithographic Reprint of Exact Edition Published by J.H. Parry & Co., Salt Lake City:

1887]

Jasher Chapter 10

1. And Peleg the son of Eber died in those days, in the forty-eighth year of the life of

Abram son of Terah, and all the days of Peleg were two hundred and thirty-nine years.

2. And when the Lord had scattered the sons of men on account of their sin at the tower,

behold they spread forth into many divisions, and all the sons of men were dispersed

into the four corners of the earth.

3. And all the families became each according to its language, its land, or its city.

4. And the sons of men built many cities according to their families, in all the places where

they went, and throughout the earth where the Lord had scattered them.

5. And some of them built cities in places from which they were afterward extirpated, and

they called these cities after their own names, or the names of their children, or after

their particular occurrences.

6. And the sons of Japheth the son of Noah went and built themselves cities in the places

where they were scattered, and they called all their cities after their names, and the sons

of Japheth were divided upon the face of the earth into many divisions and languages.

7. And these are the sons of Japheth according to their families, Gomer, Magog, Medai,

Javan, Tubal, Meshech and Tiras; these are the children of Japheth according to their

generations.

8. And the children of Gomer, according to their cities, were the Francum, who dwell in

the land of Franza, by the river Franza, by the river Senah.

9. And the children of Rephath are the Bartonim, who dwell in the land of Bartonia by the

river Ledah, which empties its waters in the great sea Gihon, that is, oceanus.

10. And the children of Tugarma are ten families, and these are their names: Buzar,

Parzunac, Balgar, Elicanum, Ragbib, Tarki, Bid, Zebuc, Ongal and Tilmaz; all these

spread and rested in the north and built themselves cities.

11. And they called their cities after their own names, those are they who abide by the rivers

Hithlah and Italac unto this day.

12. But the families of Angoli, Balgar and Parzunac, they dwell by the great river Dubnee;

and the names of their cities are also according to their own names.

13. And the children of Javan are the Javanim who dwell in the land of Makdonia, and the

children of Medaiare are the Orelum that dwell in the land of Curson, and the children

of Tubal are those that dwell in the land of Tuskanah by the river Pashiah.

14. And the children of Meshech are the Shibashni and the children of Tiras are Rushash,

Cushni, and Ongolis; all these went and built themselves cities; those are the cities that

are situate by the sea Jabus by the river Cura, which empties itself in the river Tragan.

15. And the children of Elishah are the Almanim, and they also went and built themselves

cities; those are the cities situate between the mountains of Job and Shibathmo; and of

them were the people of Lumbardi who dwell opposite the mountains of Job and

Shibathmo, and they conquered the land of Italia and remained there unto this day.

16. And the children of Chittim are the Romim who dwell in the valley of Canopia by the

river Tibreu.

17. And the children of Dudonim are those who dwell in the cities of the sea Gihon, in the

land of Bordna.

18. These are the families of the children of Japheth according to their cities and languages,

when they were scattered after the tower, and they called their cities after their names

and occurrences; and these are the names of all their cities according to their families,

which they built in those days after the tower.

19. And the children of Ham were Cush, Mitzraim, Phut and Canaan according to their

generation and cities.

20. All these went and built themselves cities as they found fit places for them, and they

called their cities after the names of their fathers Cush, Mitzraim, Phut and Canaan.

21. And the children of Mitzraim are the Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuchim,

Pathrusim, Casluchim and Caphturim, seven families.

22. All these dwell by the river Sihor, that is the brook of Egypt, and they built themselves

cities and called them after their own names.

23. And the children of Pathros and Casloch intermarried together, and from them went

forth the Pelishtim, the Azathim, and the Gerarim, the Githim and the Ekronim, in all

five families; these also built themselves cities, and they called their cities after the

names of their fathers unto this day.

24. And the children of Canaan also built themselves cities, and they called their cities after

their names, eleven cities and others without number.

25. And four men from the family of Ham went to the land of the plain; these are the names

of the four men, Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboyim.

26. And these men built themselves four cities in the land of the plain, and they called the

names of their cities after their own names.

27. And they and their children and all belonging to them dwelt in those cities, and they

were fruitful and multiplied greatly and dwelt peaceably.

28. And Seir the son of Hur, son of Hivi, son of Canaan, went and found a valley opposite

to Mount Paran, and he built a city there, and he and his seven sons and his household

dwelt there, and he called the city which he built Seir, according to his name; that is the

land of Seir unto this day.

29. These are the families of the children of Ham, according to their languages and cities,

when they were scattered to their countries after the tower.

30. And some of the children of Shem son of Noah, father of all the children of Eber, also

went and built themselves cities in the places wherein they were scattered, and they

called their cities after their names.

31. And the sons of Shem were Elam, Ashur, Arpachshad, Lud and Aram, and they built

themselves cities and called the names of all their cities after their names.

32. And Ashur son of Shem and his children and household went forth at that time, a very

large body of them, and they went to a distant land that they found, and they met with a

very extensive valley in the land that they went to, and they built themselves four cities,

and they called them after their own names and occurrences.

33. And these are the names of the cities which the children of Ashur built, Ninevah, Resen,

Calach and Rehobother; and the children of Ashur dwell there unto this day.

34. And the children of Aram also went and built themselves a city, and they called the

name of the city Uz after their eldest brother, and they dwell therein; that is the land of

Uz to this day.

35. And in the second year after the tower a man from the house of Ashur, whose name was

Bela, went from the land of Ninevah to sojourn with his household wherever he could

find a place; and they came until opposite the cities of the plain against Sodom, and they

dwelt there.

36. And the man rose up and built there a small city, and called its name Bela, after his

name; that is the land of Zoar unto this day.

37. And these are the families of the children of Shem according to their language and

cities, after they were scattered upon the earth after the tower.

38. And every kingdom, city, and family of the families of the children of Noah built

themselves many cities after this.

39. And they established governments in all their cities, in order to be regulated by their

orders; so did all the families of the children of Noah forever.

[Book of Jasher Referred to in Joshua and Second Samuel. Faithfully translated (1840) from the

Original Hebrew into English. A Reprint of Photo Lithographic Reprint of Exact Edition

Published by J.H. Parry & Co., Salt Lake City: 1887]

Jasher Chapter 11

1. And Nimrod son of Cush was still in the land of Shinar, and he reigned over it and

dwelt there, and he built cities in the land of Shinar.

2. And these are the names of the four cities which he built, and he called their names after

the occurrences that happened to them in the building of the tower.

3. And he called the first Babel, saying, Because the Lord there confounded the language

of the whole earth; and the name of the second he called Erech, because from there God

dispersed them.

4. And the third he called Eched, saying there was a great battle at that place; and the

fourth he called Calnah, because his princes and mighty men were consumed there, and

they vexed the Lord, they rebelled and transgressed against him.

5. And when Nimrod had built these cities in the land of Shinar, he placed in them the

remainder of his people, his princes and his mighty men that were left in his kingdom.

6. And Nimrod dwelt in Babel, and he there renewed his reign over the rest of his subjects,

and he reigned securely, and the subjects and princes of Nimrod called his name

Amraphel, saying that at the tower his princes and men fell through his means.

7. And notwithstanding this, Nimrod did not return to the Lord, and he continued in

wickedness and teaching wickedness to the sons of men; and Mardon, his son, was

worse than his father, and continued to add to the abominations of his father.

8. And he caused the sons of men to sin, therefore it is said, From the wicked goeth forth

wickedness.

9. At that time there was war between the families of the children of Ham, as they were

dwelling in the cities which they had built.

10. And Chedorlaomer, king of Elam, went away from the families of the children of Ham,

and he fought with them and he subdued them, and he went to the five cities of the plain

and he fought against them and he subdued them, and they were under his control.

11. And they served him twelve years, and they gave him a yearly tax.

12. At that time died Nahor, son of Serug, in the forty-ninth year of the life of Abram son of

Terah.

13. And in the fiftieth year of the life of Abram son of Terah, Abram came forth from the

house of Noah, and went to his father's house.

14. And Abram knew the Lord, and he went in his ways and instructions, and the Lord his

God was with him.

15. And Terah his father was in those days, still captain of the host of king Nimrod, and he

still followed strange gods.

16. And Abram came to his father's house and saw twelve gods standing there in their

temples, and the anger of Abram was kindled when he saw these images in his father's

house.

17. And Abram said, As the Lord liveth these images shall not remain in my father's house;

so shall the Lord who created me do unto me if in three days' time I do not break them

all.

18. And Abram went from them, and his anger burned within him. And Abram hastened

and went from the chamber to his father's outer court, and he found his father sitting in

the court, and all his servants with him, and Abram came and sat before him.

19. And Abram asked his father, saying, Father, tell me where is God who created heaven

and earth, and all the sons of men upon earth, and who created thee and me. And Terah

answered his son Abram and said, Behold those who created us are all with us in the

house.

20. And Abram said to his father, My lord, shew them to me I pray thee; and Terah brought

Abram into the chamber of the inner court, and Abram saw, and behold the whole room

was full of gods of wood and stone, twelve great images and others less than they

without number.

21. And Terah said to his son, Behold these are they which made all thou seest upon earth,

and which created me and thee, and all mankind.

22. And Terah bowed down to his gods, and he then went away from them, and Abram, his

son, went away with him.

23. And when Abram had gone from them he went to his mother and sat before her, and he

said to his mother, Behold, my father has shown me those who made heaven and earth,

and all the sons of men.

24. Now, therefore, hasten and fetch a kid from the flock, and make of it savory meat, that I

may bring it to my father's gods as an offering for them to eat; perhaps I may thereby

become acceptable to them.

25. And his mother did so, and she fetched a kid, and made savory meat thereof, and

brought it to Abram, and Abram took the savory meat from his mother and brought it

before his father's gods, and he drew nigh to them that they might eat; and Terah his

father, did not know of it.

26. And Abram saw on the day when he was sitting amongst them, that they had no voice,

no hearing, no motion, and not one of them could stretch forth his hand to eat.

27. And Abram mocked them, and said, Surely the savory meat that I prepared has not

pleased them, or perhaps it was too little for them, and for that reason they would not

eat; therefore tomorrow I will prepare fresh savory meat, better and more plentiful than

this, in order that I may see the result.

28. And it was on the next day that Abram directed his mother concerning the savory meat,

and his mother rose and fetched three fine kids from the flock, and she made of them

some excellent savory meat, such as her son was fond of, and she gave it to her son

Abram; and Terah his father did not know of it.

29. And Abram took the savory meat from his mother, and brought it before his father's

gods into the chamber; and he came nigh unto them that they might eat, and he placed it

before them, and Abram sat before them all day, thinking perhaps they might eat.

30. And Abram viewed them, and behold they had neither voice nor hearing, nor did one of

them stretch forth his hand to the meat to eat.

31. And in the evening of that day in that house Abram was clothed with the spirit of God.

32. And he called out and said, Wo unto my father and this wicked generation, whose hearts

are all inclined to vanity, who serve these idols of wood and stone which can neither

eat, smell, hear nor speak, who have mouths without speech, eyes without sight, ears

without hearing, hands without feeling, and legs which cannot move; like them are

those that made them and that trust in them.

33. And when Abram saw all these things his anger was kindled against his father, and he

hastened and took a hatchet in his hand, and came unto the chamber of the gods, and he

broke all his father's gods.

34. And when he had done breaking the images, he placed the hatchet in the hand of the

great god which was there before them, and he went out; and Terah his father came

home, for he had heard at the door the sound of the striking of the hatchet; so Terah

came into the house to know what this was about.

35. And Terah, having heard the noise of the hatchet in the room of images, ran to the room

to the images, and he met Abram going out.

36. And Terah entered the room and found all the idols fallen down and broken, and the

hatchet in the hand of the largest, which was not broken, and the savory meat which

Abram his son had made was still before them.

37. And when Terah saw this his anger was greatly kindled, and he hastened and went from

the room to Abram.

38. And he found Abram his son still sitting in the house; and he said to him, What is this

work thou hast done to my gods?

39. And Abram answered Terah his father and he said, Not so my lord, for I brought savory

meat before them, and when I came nigh to them with the meat that they might eat, they

all at once stretched forth their hands to eat before the great one had put forth his hand

to eat.

40. And the large one saw their works that they did before him, and his anger was violently

kindled against them, and he went and took the hatchet that was in the house and came

to them and broke them all, and behold the hatchet is yet in his hand as thou seest.

41. And Terah's anger was kindled against his son Abram, when he spoke this; and Terah

said to Abram his son in his anger, What is this tale that thou hast told? Thou speakest

lies to me.

42. Is there in these gods spirit, soul or power to do all thou hast told me? Are they not

wood and stone, and have I not myself made them, and canst thou speak such lies,

saying that the large god that was with them smote them? It is thou that didst place the

hatchet in his hands, and then sayest he smote them all.

43. And Abram answered his father and said to him, And how canst thou then serve these

idols in whom there is no power to do any thing? Can those idols in which thou trustest

deliver thee? can they hear thy prayers when thou callest upon them? can they deliver

thee from the hands of thy enemies, or will they fight thy battles for thee against thy

enemies, that thou shouldst serve wood and stone which can neither speak nor hear?

44. And now surely it is not good for thee nor for the sons of men that are connected with

thee, to do these things; are you so silly, so foolish or so short of understanding that you

will serve wood and stone, and do after this manner?

45. And forget the Lord God who made heaven and earth, and who created you in the earth,

and thereby bring a great evil upon your souls in this matter by serving stone and wood?

46. Did not our fathers in days of old sin in this matter, and the Lord God of the universe

brought the waters of the flood upon them and destroyed the whole earth?

47. And how can you continue to do this and serve gods of wood and stone, who cannot

hear, or speak, or deliver you from oppression, thereby bringing down the anger of the

God of the universe upon you?

48. Now therefore my father refrain from this, and bring not evil upon thy soul and the

souls of thy household.

49. And Abram hastened and sprang from before his father, and took the hatchet from his

father's largest idol, with which Abram broke it and ran away.

50. And Terah, seeing all that Abram had done, hastened to go from his house, and he went

to the king and he came before Nimrod and stood before him, and he bowed down to

the king; and the king said, What dost thou want?

51. And he said, I beseech thee my lord, to hear me--Now fifty years back a child was born

to me, and thus has he done to my gods and thus has he spoken; and now therefore, my

lord and king, send for him that he may come before thee, and judge him according to

the law, that we may be delivered from his evil.

52. And the king sent three men of his servants, and they went and brought Abram before

the king. And Nimrod and all his princes and servants were that day sitting before him,

and Terah sat also before them.

53. And the king said to Abram, What is this that thou hast done to thy father and to his

gods? And Abram answered the king in the words that he spoke to his father, and he

said, The large god that was with them in the house did to them what thou hast heard.

54. And the king said to Abram, Had they power to speak and eat and do as thou hast said?

And Abram answered the king, saying, And if there be no power in them why dost thou

serve them and cause the sons of men to err through thy follies?

55. Dost thou imagine that they can deliver thee or do anything small or great, that thou

shouldst serve them? And why wilt thou not sense the God of the whole universe, who

created thee and in whose power it is to kill and keep alive?

56. 0 foolish, simple, and ignorant king, woe unto thee forever.

57. I thought thou wouldst teach thy servants the upright way, but thou hast not done this,

but hast filled the whole earth with thy sins and the sins of thy people who have

followed thy ways.

58. Dost thou not know, or hast thou not heard, that this evil which thou doest, our

ancestors sinned therein in days of old, and the eternal God brought the waters of the

flood upon them and destroyed them all, and also destroyed the whole earth on their

account? And wilt thou and thy people rise up now and do like unto this work, in order

to bring down the anger of the Lord God of the universe, and to bring evil upon thee and

the whole earth?

59. Now therefore put away this evil deed which thou doest, and serve the God of the

universe, as thy soul is in his hands, and then it will be well with thee.

60. And if thy wicked heart will not hearken to my words to cause thee to forsake thy evil

ways, and to serve the eternal God, then wilt thou die in shame in the latter days, thou,

thy people and all who are connected with thee, hearing thy words or walking in thy evil

ways.

61. And when Abram had ceased speaking before the king and princes, Abram lifted up his

eyes to the heavens, and he said, The Lord seeth all the wicked, and he will judge them.

 

Jasher Chapter 12

1. And when the king heard the words of Abram he ordered him to be put into prison; and

Abram was ten days in prison.

2. And at the end of those days the king ordered that all the kings, princes and governors

of different provinces and the sages should come before him, and they sat before him,

and Abram was still in the house of confinement.

3. And the king said to the princes and sages, Have you heard what Abram, the son of

Terah, has done to his father? Thus has he done to him, and I ordered him to be brought

before me, and thus has he spoken; his heart did not misgive him, neither did he stir in

my presence, and behold now he is confined in the prison.

4. And therefore decide what judgment is due to this man who reviled the king; who spoke

and did all the things that you heard.

5. And they all answered the king saying, The man who revileth the king should be hanged

upon a tree; but having done all the things that he said, and having despised our gods, he

must therefore be burned to death, for this is the law in this matter.

6. If it pleaseth the king to do this, let him order his servants to kindle a fire both night and

day in thy brick furnace, and then we will cast this man into it. And the king did so, and

he commanded his servants that they should prepare a fire for three days and three

nights in the king's furnace, that is in Casdim; and the king ordered them to take Abram

from prison and bring him out to be burned.

7. And all the king's servants, princes, lords, governors, and judges, and all the inhabitants

of the land, about nine hundred thousand men, stood opposite the furnace to see Abram.

8. And all the women and little ones crowded upon the roofs and towers to see what was

doing with Abram, and they all stood together at a distance; and there was not a man

left that did not come on that day to behold the scene.

9. And when Abram was come, the conjurors of the king and the sages saw Abram, and

they cried out to the king, saying, Our sovereign lord, surely this is the man whom we

know to have been the child at whose birth the great star swallowed the four stars,

which we declared to the king now fifty years since.

10. And behold now his father has also transgressed thy commands, and mocked thee by

bringing thee another child, which thou didst kill.

11. And when the king heard their words, he was exceedingly wroth, and he ordered Terah

to be brought before him.

12. And the king said, Hast thou heard what the conjurors have spoken? Now tell me truly,

how didst thou; and if thou shalt speak truth thou shalt be acquitted.

13. And seeing that the king's anger was so much kindled, Terah said to the king, My lord

and king, thou hast heard the truth, and what the sages have spoken is right. And the

king said, How couldst thou do this thing, to transgress my orders and to give me a child

that thou didst not beget, and to take value for him?

14. And Terah answered the king, Because my tender feelings were excited for my son, at

that time, and I took a son of my handmaid, and I brought him to the king.

15. And the king said Who advised thee to this? Tell me, do not hide aught from me, and

then thou shalt not die.

16. And Terah was greatly terrified in the king's presence, and he said to the king, It was

Haran my eldest son who advised me to this; and Haran was in those days that Abram

was born, two and thirty years old.

17. But Haran did not advise his father to anything, for Terah said this to the king in order

to deliver his soul from the king, for he feared greatly; and the king said to Terah, Haran

thy son who advised thee to this shall die through fire with Abram; for the sentence of

death is upon him for having rebelled against the king's desire in doing this thing.

18. And Haran at that time felt inclined to follow the ways of Abram, but he kept it within

himself.

19. And Haran said in his heart, Behold now the king has seized Abram on account of these

things which Abram did, and it shall come to pass, that if Abram prevail over the king I

will follow him, but if the king prevail I will go after the king.

20. And when Terah had spoken this to the king concerning Haran his son, the king ordered

Haran to be seized with Abram.

21. And they brought them both, Abram and Haran his brother, to cast them into the fire;

and all the inhabitants of the land and the king's servants and princes and all the women

and little ones were there, standing that day over them.

22. And the king's servants took Abram and his brother, and they stripped them of all their

clothes excepting their lower garments which were upon them.

23. And they bound their hands and feet with linen cords, and the servants of the king lifted

them up and cast them both into the furnace.

24. And the Lord loved Abram and he had compassion over him, and the Lord came down

and delivered Abram from the fire and he was not burned.

25. But all the cords with which they bound him were burned, while Abram remained and

walked about in the fire.

26. And Haran died when they had cast him into the fire, and he was burned to ashes, for

his heart was not perfect with the Lord; and those men who cast him into the fire, the

flame of the fire spread over them, and they were burned, and twelve men of them died.

27. And Abram walked in the midst of the fire three days and three nights, and all the

servants of the king saw him walking in the fire, and they came and told the king,

saying, Behold we have seen Abram walking about in the midst of the fire, and even the

lower garments which are upon him are not burned, but the cord with which he was

bound is burned.

28. And when the king heard their words his heart fainted and he would not believe them;

so he sent other faithful princes to see this matter, and they went and saw it and told it to

the king; and the king rose to go and see it, and he saw Abram walking to and fro in the

midst of the fire, and he saw Haran's body burned, and the king wondered greatly.

29. And the king ordered Abram to be taken out from the fire; and his servants approached

to take him out and they could not, for the fire was round about and the flame ascending

toward them from the furnace.

30. And the king's servants fled from it, and the king rebuked them, saying, Make haste and

bring Abram out of the fire that you shall not die.

31. And the servants of the king again approached to bring Abram out, and the flames came

upon them and burned their faces so that eight of them died.

32. And when the king saw that his servants could not approach the fire lest they should be

burned, the king called to Abram, O servant of the God who is in heaven, go forth from

amidst the fire and come hither before me; and Abram hearkened to the voice of the

king, and he went forth from the fire and came and stood before the king.

33. And when Abram came out the king and all his servants saw Abram coming before the

king, with his lower garments upon him, for they were not burned, but the cord with

which he was bound was burned.

34. And the king said to Abram, How is it that thou wast not burned in the fire?

35. And Abram said to the king, The God of heaven and earth in whom I trust and who has

all in his power, he delivered me from the fire into which thou didst cast me.

36. And Haran the brother of Abram was burned to ashes, and they sought for his body, and

they found it consumed.

37. And Haran was eighty-two years old when he died in the fire of Casdim. And the king,

princes, and inhabitants of the land, seeing that Abram was delivered from the fire, they

came and bowed down to Abram.

38. And Abram said to them, Do not bow down to me, but bow down to the God of the

world who made you, and serve him, and go in his ways for it is he who delivered me

from out of this fire, and it is he who created the souls and spirits of all men, and formed

man in his mother's womb, and brought him forth into the world, and it is he who will

deliver those who trust in him from all pain.

39. And this thing seemed very wonderful in the eyes of the king and princes, that Abram

was saved from the fire and that Haran was burned; and the king gave Abram many

presents and he gave him his two head servants from the king's house; the name of one

was Oni and the name of the other was Eliezer.

40. And all the kings, princes and servants gave Abram many gifts of silver and gold and

pearl, and the king and his princes sent him away, and he went in peace.

41. And Abram went forth from the king in peace, and many of the king's servants followed

him, and about three hundred men joined him.

42. And Abram returned on that day and went to his father's house, he and the men that

followed him, and Abram served the Lord his God all the days of his life, and he walked

in his ways and followed his law.

43. And from that day forward Abram inclined the hearts of the sons of men to serve the

Lord.

44. And at that time Nahor and Abram took unto themselves wives, the daughters of their

brother Haran; the wife of Nahor was Milca and the name of Abram's wife was Sarai.

And Sarai, wife of Abram, was barren; she had no offspring in those days.

45. And at the expiration of two years from Abram's going out of the fire, that is in the fifty-

second year of his life, behold king Nimrod sat in Babel upon the throne, and the king

fell asleep and dreamed that he was standing with his troops and hosts in a valley

opposite the king's furnace.

46. And he lifted up his eyes and saw a man in the likeness of Abram coming forth from the

furnace, and that he came and stood before the king with his drawn sword, and then

sprang to the king with his sword, when the king fled from the man, for he was afraid;

and while he was running, the man threw an egg upon the king's head, and the egg

became a great river.

47. And the king dreamed that all his troops sank in that river and died, and the king took

flight with three men who were before him and he escaped.

48. And the king looked at these men and they were clothed in princely dresses as the

garments of kings, and had the appearance and majesty of kings.

49. And while they were running, the river again turned to an egg before the king, and there

came forth from the egg a young bird which came before the king, and flew at his head

and plucked out the king's eye.

50. And the king was grieved at the sight, and he awoke out of his sleep and his spirit was

agitated; and he felt a great terror.

51. And in the morning the king rose from his couch in fear, and he ordered all the wise

men and magicians to come before him, when the king related his dream to them.

52. And a wise servant of the king, whose name was Anuki, answered the king, saying, This

is nothing else but the evil of Abram and his seed which will spring up against my Lord

and king in the latter days.

53. And behold the day will come when Abram and his seed and the children of his

household will war with my king, and they will smite all the king's hosts and his troops.

54. And as to what thou hast said concerning three men which thou didst see like unto

thyself, and which did escape, this means that only thou wilt escape with three kings

from the kings of the earth who will be with thee in battle.

55. And that which thou sawest of the river which turned to an egg as at first, and the young

bird plucking out thine eye, this means nothing else but the seed of Abram which will

slay the king in latter days.

56. This is my king's dream, and this is its interpretation, and the dream is true, and the

interpretation which thy servant has given thee is right.

57. Now therefore my king, surely thou knowest that it is now fifty-two years since thy

sages saw this at the birth of Abram, and if my king will suffer Abram to live in the

earth it will be to the injury of my lord and king, for all the days that Abram liveth

neither thou nor thy kingdom will be established, for this was known formerly at his

birth; and why will not my king slay him, that his evil may be kept from thee in latter

days?

58. And Nimrod hearkened to the voice of Anuki, and he sent some of his servants in secret

to go and seize Abram, and bring him before the king to suffer death.

59. And Eliezer, Abram's servant whom the king had given him, was at that time in the

presence of the king, and he heard what Anuki had advised the king, and what the king

had said to cause Abram's death.

60. And Eliezer said to Abram, Hasten, rise up and save thy soul, that thou mayest not die

through the hands of the king, for thus did he see in a dream concerning thee, and thus

did Anuki interpret it, and thus also did Anuki advise the king concerning thee.

61. And Abram hearkened to the voice of Eliezer, and Abram hastened and ran for safety to

the house of Noah and his son Shem, and he concealed himself there and found a place

of safety; and the king's servants came to Abram's house to seek him, but they could not

find him, and they searched through out the country and he was not to be found, and

they went and searched in every direction and he was not to be met with.

62. And when the king's servants could not find Abram they returned to the king, but the

king's anger against Abram was stilled, as they did not find him, and the king drove

from his mind this matter concerning Abram.

63. And Abram was concealed in Noah's house for one month, until the king had forgotten

this matter, but Abram was still afraid of the king; and Terah came to see Abram his son

secretly in the house of Noah, and Terah was very great in the eyes of the king.

64. And Abram said to his father, Dost thou not know that the king thinketh to slay me, and

to annihilate my name from the earth by the advice of his wicked counsellors?

65. Now whom hast thou here and what hast thou in this land? Arise, let us go together to

the land of Canaan, that we may be delivered from his hand, lest thou perish also

through him in the latter days.

66. Dost thou not know or hast thou not heard, that it is not through love that Nimrod giveth

thee all this honor, but it is only for his benefit that he bestoweth all this good upon thee?

67. And if he do unto thee greater good than this, surely these are only vanities of the world,

for wealth and riches cannot avail in the day of wrath and anger.

68. Now therefore hearken to my voice, and let us arise and go to the land of Canaan, out of

the reach of injury from Nimrod; and serve thou the Lord who created thee in the earth

and it will be well with thee; and cast away all the vain things which thou pursuest.

69. And Abram ceased to speak, when Noah and his son Shem answered Terah, saying,

True is the word which Abram hath said unto thee.

70. And Terah hearkened to the voice of his son Abram, and Terah did all that Abram said,

for this was from the Lord, that the king should not cause Abram's death.

 

Jasher Chapter 13

1. And Terah took his son Abram and his grandson Lot, the son of Haran, and Sarai his

daughter-in-law, the wife of his son Abram, and all the souls of his household and went

with them from Ur Casdim to go to the land of Canaan. And when they came as far as

the land of Haran they remained there, for it was exceedingly good land for pasture, and

of sufficient extent for those who accompanied them.

2. And the people of the land of Haran saw that Abram was good and upright with God

and men, and that the Lord his God was with him, and some of the people of the land of

Haran came and joined Abram, and he taught them the instruction of the Lord and his

ways; and these men remained with Abram in his house and they adhered to him.

3. And Abram remained in the land three years, and at the expiration of three years the

Lord appeared to Abram and said to him; I am the Lord who brought thee forth from Ur

Casdim, and delivered thee from the hands of all thine enemies.

4. And now therefore if thou wilt hearken to my voice and keep my commandments, my

statutes and my laws, then will I cause thy enemies to fall before thee, and I will

multiply thy seed like the stars of heaven, and I will send my blessing upon all the

works of thy hands, and thou shalt lack nothing.

5. Arise now, take thy wife and all belonging to thee and go to the land of Canaan and

remain there, and I will there be unto thee for a God, and I will bless thee. And Abram

rose and took his wife and all belonging to him, and he went to the land of Canaan as

the Lord had told him; and Abram was fifty years old when he went from Haran.

6. And Abram came to the land of Canaan and dwelt in the midst of the city, and he there

pitched his tent amongst the children of Canaan, inhabitants of the land.

7. And the Lord appeared to Abram when he came to the land of Canaan, and said to him,

This is the land which I gave unto thee and to thy seed after thee forever, and I will

make thy seed like the stars of heaven, and I will give unto thy seed for an inheritance

all the lands which thou seest.

8. And Abram built an altar in the place where God had spoken to him, and Abram there

called upon the name of the Lord.

9. At that time, at the end of three years of Abram's dwelling in the land of Canaan, in that

year Noah died, which was the fifty-eighth year of the life of Abram; and all the days

that Noah lived were nine hundred and fifty years and he died.

10. And Abram dwelt in the land of Canaan, he, his wife, and all belonging to him, and all

those that accompanied him, together with those that joined him from the people of the

land; but Nahor, Abram's brother, and Terah his father, and Lot the son of Haran and all

belonging to them dwelt in Haran.

11. In the fifth year of Abram's dwelling in the land of Canaan the people of Sodom and

Gomorrah and all the cities of the plain revolted from the power of Chedorlaomer, king

of Elam; for all the kings of the cities of the plain had served Chedorlaomer for twelve

years, and given him a yearly tax, but in those days in the thirteenth year, they rebelled

against him.

12. And in the tenth year of Abram's dwelling in the land of Canaan there was war between

Nimrod king of Shinar and Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Nimrod came to fight with

Chedorlaomer and to subdue him.

13. For Chedorlaomer was at that time one of the princes of the hosts of Nimrod, and when

all the people at the tower were dispersed and those that remained were also scattered

upon the face of the earth, Chedorlaomer went to the land of Elam and reigned over it

and rebelled against his lord.

14. And in those days when Nimrod saw that the cities of the plain had rebelled, he came

with pride and anger to war with Chedorlaomer, and Nimrod assembled all his princes

and subjects, about seven hundred thousand men, and went against Chedorlaomer, and

Chedorlaomer went out to meet him with five thousand men, and they prepared for

battle in the valley of Babel which is between Elam and Shinar.

15. And all those kings fought there, and Nimrod and his people were smitten before the

people of Chedorlaomer, and there fell from Nimrod's men about six hundred thousand,

and Mardon the king's son fell amongst them.

16. And Nimrod fled and returned in shame and disgrace to his land, and he was under

subjection to Chedorlaomer for a long time, and Chedorlaomer returned to his land and

sent princes of his host to the kings that dwelt around him, to Arioch king of Elasar, and

to Tidal king of Goyim, and made a covenant with them, and they were all obedient to

his commands.

17. And it was in the fifteenth year of Abram's dwelling in the land of Canaan, which is the

seventieth year of the life of Abram, and the Lord appeared to Abram in that year and

he said to him, I am the Lord who brought thee out from Ur Casdim to give thee this

land for an inheritance.

18. Now therefore walk before me and be perfect and keep my commands, for to thee and

to thy seed I will give this land for an inheritance, from the river Mitzraim unto the

great river Euphrates.

19. And thou shalt come to thy fathers in peace and in good age, and the fourth generation

shall return here in this land and shall inherit it forever; and Abram built an altar, and he

called upon the name of the Lord who appeared to him, and he brought up sacrifices

upon the altar to the Lord.

20. At that time Abram returned and went to Haran to see his father and mother, and his

father's household, and Abram and his wife and all belonging to him returned to Haran,

and Abram dwelt in Haran five years.

21. And many of the people of Haran, about seventy-two men, followed Abram and Abram

taught them the instruction of the Lord and his ways, and he taught them to know the

Lord.

22. In those days the Lord appeared to Abram in Haran, and he said to him, Behold, I spoke

unto thee these twenty years back saying,

23. Go forth from thy land, from thy birth-place and from thy father's house, to the land

which I have shown thee to give it to thee and to thy children, for there in that land will

I bless thee, and make thee a great nation, and make thy name great, and in thee shall

the families of the earth be blessed.

24. Now therefore arise, go forth from this place, thou, thy wife, and all belonging to thee,

also every one born in thy house and all the souls thou hast made in Haran, and bring

them out with thee from here, and rise to return to the land of Canaan.

25. And Abram arose and took his wife Sarai and all belonging to him and all that were

born to him in his house and the souls which they had made in Haran, and they came

out to go to the land of Canaan.

26. And Abram went and returned to the land of Canaan, according to the word of the Lord.

And Lot the son of his brother Haran went with him, and Abram was seventy-five years

old when he went forth from Haran to return to the land of Canaan.

27. And he came to the land of Canaan according to the word of the Lord to Abram, and he

pitched his tent and he dwelt in the plain of Mamre, and with him was Lot his brother's

son, and all belonging to him.

28. And the Lord again appeared to Abram and said, To thy seed will I give this land; and

he there built an altar to the Lord who appeared to him, which is still to this day in the

plains of Mamre.

 

Jasher Chapter 14

1. In those days there was in the land of Shinar a wise man who had understanding in all

wisdom, and of a beautiful appearance, but he was poor and indigent; his name was

Rikayon and he was hard set to support himself.

2. And he resolved to go to Egypt, to Oswiris the son of Anom king of Egypt, to show the

king his wisdom; for perhaps he might find grace in his sight, to raise him up and give

him maintenance; and Rikayon did so.

3. And when Rikayon came to Egypt he asked the inhabitants of Egypt concerning the

king, and the inhabitants of Egypt told him the custom of the king of Egypt, for it was

then the custom of the king of Egypt that he went from his royal palace and was seen

abroad only one day in the year, and after that the king would return to his palace to

remain there.

4. And on the day when the king went forth he passed judgment in the land, and every one

having a suit came before the king that day to obtain his request.

5. And when Rikayon heard of the custom in Egypt and that he could not come into the

presence of the king, he grieved greatly and was very sorrowful.

6. And in the evening Rikayon went out and found a house in ruins, formerly a bake house

in Egypt, and he abode there all night in bitterness of soul and pinched with hunger, and

sleep was removed from his eyes.

7. And Rikayon considered within himself what he should do in the town until the king

made his appearance, and how he might maintain himself there.

8. And he rose in the morning and walked about, and met in his way those who sold

vegetables and various sorts of seed with which they supplied the inhabitants.

9. And Rikayon wished to do the same in order to get a maintenance in the city, but he was

unacquainted with the custom of the people, and he was like a blind man among them.

10. And he went and obtained vegetables to sell them for his support, and the rabble

assembled about him and ridiculed him, and took his vegetables from him and left him

nothing.

11. And he rose up from there in bitterness of soul, and went sighing to the bake house in

which he had remained all the night before, and he slept there the second night.

12. And on that night again he reasoned within himself how he could save himself from

starvation, and he devised a scheme how to act.

13. And he rose up in the morning and acted ingeniously, and went and hired thirty strong

men of the rabble, carrying their war instruments in their hands, and he led them to the

top of the Egyptian sepulchre, and he placed them there.

14. And he commanded them, saying, Thus saith the king, Strengthen yourselves and be

valiant men, and let no man be buried here until two hundred pieces of silver be given,

and then he may be buried; and those men did according to the order of Rikayon to the

people of Egypt the whole of that year.

15. And in eight months time Rikayon and his men gathered great riches of silver and gold,

and Rikayon took a great quantity of horses and other animals, and he hired more men,

and he gave them horses and they remained with him.

16. And when the year came round, at the time the king went forth into the town, all the

inhabitants of Egypt assembled together to speak to him concerning the work of

Rikayon and his men.

17. And the king went forth on the appointed day, and all the Egyptians came before him

and cried unto him, saying,

18. May the king live forever. What is this thing thou doest in the town to thy servants, not

to suffer a dead body to be buried until so much silver and gold be given? Was there

ever the like unto this done in the whole earth, from the days of former kings yea even

from the days of Adam, unto this day, that the dead should not be buried only for a set

price?

19. We know it to be the custom of kings to take a yearly tax from the living, but thou dost

not only do this, but from the dead also thou exactest a tax day by day.

20. Now, O king, we can no more bear this, for the whole city is ruined on this account, and

dost thou not know it?

21. And when the king heard all that they had spoken he was very wroth, and his anger

burned within him at this affair, for he had known nothing of it.

22. And the king said, Who and where is he that dares to do this wicked thing in my land

without my command? Surely you will tell me.

23. And they told him all the works of Rikayon and his men, and the king's anger was

aroused, and he ordered Rikayon and his men to be brought before him.

24. And Rikayon took about a thousand children, sons and daughters, and clothed them in

silk and embroidery, and he set them upon horses and sent them to the king by means of

his men, and he also took a great quantity of silver and gold and precious stones, and a

strong and beautiful horse, as a present for the king, with which he came before the king

and bowed down to the earth before him; and the king, his servants and all the

inhabitants of Egypt wondered at the work of Rikayon, and they saw his riches and the

present that he had brought to the king.

25. And it greatly pleased the king and he wondered at it; and when Rikayon sat before him

the king asked him concerning all his works, and Rikayon spoke all his words wisely

before the king, his servants and all the inhabitants of Egypt.

26. And when the king heard the words of Rikayon and his wisdom, Rikayon found grace

in his sight, and he met with grace and kindness from all the servants of the king and

from all the inhabitants of Egypt, on account of his wisdom and excellent speeches, and

from that time they loved him exceedingly.

27. And the king answered and said to Rikayon, Thy name shall no more be called Rikayon

but Pharaoh shall be thy name, since thou didst exact a tax from the dead; and he called

his name Pharaoh.

28. And the king and his subjects loved Rikayon for his wisdom, and they consulted with

all the inhabitants of Egypt to make him prefect under the king.

29. And all the inhabitants of Egypt and its wise men did so, and it was made a law in

Egypt.

30. And they made Rikayon Pharaoh prefect under Oswiris king of Egypt, and Rikayon

Pharaoh governed over Egypt, daily administering justice to the whole city, but Oswiris

the king would judge the people of the land one day in the year, when he went out to

make his appearance.

31. And Rikayon Pharaoh cunningly usurped the government of Egypt, and he exacted a tax

from all the inhabitants of Egypt.

32. And all the inhabitants of Egypt greatly loved Rikayon Pharaoh, and they made a decree

to call every king that should reign over them and their seed in Egypt, Pharaoh.

33. Therefore all the kings that reigned in Egypt from that time forward were called

Pharaoh unto this day.

 

Jasher Chapter 15

1. And in that year there was a heavy famine throughout the land of Canaan, and the

inhabitants of the land could not remain on account of the famine for it was very

grievous.

2. And Abram and all belonging to him rose and went down to Egypt on account of the

famine, and when they were at the brook Mitzraim they remained there some time to

rest from the fatigue of the road.

3. And Abram and Sarai were walking at the border of the brook Mitzraim, and Abram

beheld his wife Sarai that she was very beautiful.

4. And Abram said to his wife Sarai, Since God has created thee with such a beautiful

countenance, I am afraid of the Egyptians lest they should slay me and take thee away,

for the fear of God is not in these places.

5. Surely then thou shalt do this, Say thou art my sister to all that may ask thee, in order

that it may be well with me, and that we may live and not be put to death.

6. And Abram commanded the same to all those that came with him to Egypt on account

of the famine; also his nephew Lot he commanded, saying, If the Egyptians ask thee

concerning Sarai say she is the sister of Abram.

7. And yet with all these orders Abram did not put confidence in them, but he took Sarai

and placed her in a chest and concealed it amongst their vessels, for Abram was greatly

concerned about Sarai on account of the wickedness of the Egyptians.

8. And Abram and all belonging to him rose up from the brook Mitzraim and came to

Egypt; and they had scarcely entered the gates of the city when the guards stood up to

them saying, Give tithe to the king from what you have, and then you may come into

the town; and Abram and those that were with him did so.

9. And Abram with the people that were with him came to Egypt, and when they came

they brought the chest in which Sarai was concealed and the Egyptians saw the chest.

10. And the king's servants approached Abram, saying, What hast thou here in this chest

which we have not seen? Now open thou the chest and give tithe to the king of all that it

contains.

11. And Abram said, This chest I will not open, but all you demand upon it I will give. And

Pharaoh's officers answered Abram, saying, It is a chest of precious stones, give us the

tenth thereof.

12. Abram said, All that you desire I will give, but you must not open the chest.

13. And the king's officers pressed Abram, and they reached the chest and opened it with

force, and they saw, and behold a beautiful woman was in the chest.

14. And when the officers of the king beheld Sarai they were struck with admiration at her

beauty, and all the princes and servants of Pharaoh assembled to see Sarai, for she was

very beautiful. And the king's officers ran and told Pharaoh all that they had seen, and

they praised Sarai to the king; and Pharaoh ordered her to be brought, and the woman

came before the king.

15. And Pharaoh beheld Sarai and she pleased him exceedingly, and he was struck with her

beauty, and the king rejoiced greatly on her account, and made presents to those who

brought him the tidings concerning her.

16. And the woman was then brought to Pharaoh's house, and Abram grieved on account of

his wife, and he prayed to the Lord to deliver her from the hands of Pharaoh.

17. And Sarai also prayed at that time and said, O Lord God thou didst tell my Lord Abram

to go from his land and from his father's house to the land of Canaan, and thou didst

promise to do well with him if he would perform thy commands; now behold we have

done that which thou didst command us, and we left our land and our families, and we

went to a strange land and to a people whom we have not known before.

18. And we came to this land to avoid the famine, and this evil accident has befallen me;

now therefore, O Lord God, deliver us and save us from the hand of this oppressor, and

do well with me for the sake of thy mercy.

19. And the Lord hearkened to the voice of Sarai, and the Lord sent an angel to deliver

Sarai from the power of Pharaoh.

20. And the king came and sat before Sarai and behold an angel of the Lord was standing

over them, and he appeared to Sarai and said to her, Do not fear, for the Lord has heard

thy prayer.

21. And the king approached Sarai and said to her, What is that man to thee who brought

thee hither? and she said, He is my brother.

22. And the king said, It is incumbent upon us to make him great, to elevate him and to do

unto him all the good which thou shalt command us; and at that time the king sent to

Abram silver and gold and precious stones in abundance, together with cattle, men

servants and maid servants; and the king ordered Abram to be brought, and he sat in the

court of the king's house, and the king greatly exalted Abram on that night.

23. And the king approached to speak to Sarai, and he reached out his hand to touch her,

when the angel smote him heavily, and he was terrified and he refrained from reaching

to her.

24. And when the king came near to Sarai, the angel smote him to the ground, and acted

thus to him the whole night, and the king was terrified.

25. And the angel on that night smote heavily all the servants of the king, and his whole

household, on account of Sarai, and there was a great lamentation that night amongst

the people of Pharaoh's house.

26. And Pharaoh, seeing the evil that befell him, said, Surely on account of this woman has

this thing happened to me, and he removed himself at some distance from her and spoke

pleasing words to her.

27. And the king said to Sarai, Tell me I pray thee concerning the man with whom thou

camest here; and Sarai said, This man is my husband, and I said to thee that he was my

brother for I was afraid, lest thou shouldst put him to death through wickedness.

28. And the king kept away from Sarai, and the plagues of the angel of the Lord ceased

from him and his household; and Pharaoh knew that he was smitten on account of Sarai,

and the king was greatly astonished at this.

29. And in the morning the king called for Abram and said to him, What is this thou hast

done to me? Why didst thou say, She is my sister, owing to which I took her unto me

for a wife, and this heavy plague has therefore come upon me and my household.

30. Now therefore here is thy wife, take her and go from our land lest we all die on her

account. And Pharaoh took more cattle, men servants and maid servants, and silver and

gold, to give to Abram, and he returned unto him Sarai his wife.

31. And the king took a maiden whom he begat by his concubines, and he gave her to Sarai

for a handmaid.

32. And the king said to his daughter, It is better for thee my daughter to be a handmaid in

this man's house than to be mistress in my house, after we have beheld the evil that

befell us on account of this woman.

33. And Abram arose, and he and all belonging to him went away from Egypt; and Pharaoh

ordered some of his men to accompany him and all that went with him.

34. And Abram returned to the land of Canaan, to the place where he had made the altar,

where he at first had pitched his tent.

35. And Lot the son of Haran, Abram's brother, had a heavy stock of cattle, flocks and

herds and tents, for the Lord was bountiful to them on account of Abram.

36. And when Abram was dwelling in the land the herdsmen of Lot quarrelled with the

herdsmen of Abram, for their property was too great for them to remain together in the

land, and the land could not bear them on account of their cattle.

37. And when Abram's herdsmen went to feed their flock they would not go into the fields

of the people of the land, but the cattle of Lot's herdsmen did otherwise, for they were

suffered to feed in the fields of the people of the land.

38. And the people of the land saw this occurrence daily, and they came to Abram and

quarrelled with him on account of Lot's herdsmen.

39. And Abram said to Lot, What is this thou art doing to me, to make me despicable to the

inhabitants of the land, that thou orderest thy herdsman to feed thy cattle in the fields of

other people? Dost thou not know that I am a stranger in this land amongst the children

of Canaan, and why wilt thou do this unto me?

40. And Abram quarrelled daily with Lot on account of this, but Lot would not listen to

Abram, and he continued to do the same and the inhabitants of the land came and told

Abram.

41. And Abram said unto Lot, How long wilt thou be to me for a stumbling block with the

inhabitants of the land? Now I beseech thee let there be no more quarrelling between us,

for we are kinsmen.

42. But I pray thee separate from me, go and choose a place where thou mayest dwell with

thy cattle and all belonging to thee, but Keep thyself at a distance from me, thou and thy

household.

43. And be not afraid in going from me, for if any one do an injury to thee, let me know and

I will avenge thy cause from him, only remove from me.

44. And when Abram had spoken all these words to Lot, then Lot arose and lifted up his

eyes toward the plain of Jordan.

45. And he saw that the whole of this place was well watered, and good for man as well as

affording pasture for the cattle.

46. And Lot went from Abram to that place, and he there pitched his tent and he dwelt in

Sodom, and they were separated from each other.

47. And Abram dwelt in the plain of Mamre, which is in Hebron, and he pitched his tent

there, and Abram remained in that place many years.

 

Jasher Chapter 16

1. At that time Chedorlaomer king of Elam sent to all the neighboring kings, to Nimrod,

king of Shinar who was then under his power, and to Tidal, king of Goyim, and to

Arioch, king of Elasar, with whom he made a covenant, saying, Come up to me and

assist me, that we may smite all the towns of Sodom and its inhabitants, for they have

rebelled against me these thirteen years.

2. And these four kings went up with all their camps, about eight hundred thousand men,

and they went as they were, and smote every man they found in their road.

3. And the five kings of Sodom and Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, Shemeber king of

Zeboyim, Bera king of Sodom, Bersha king of Gomorrah, and Bela king of Zoar, went

out to meet them, and they all joined together in the valley of Siddim.

4. And these nine kings made war in the valley of Siddim; and the kings of Sodom and

Gomorrah were smitten before the kings of Elam.

5. And the valley of Siddim was full of lime pits and the kings of Elam pursued the kings

of Sodom, and the kings of Sodom with their camps fled and fell into the lime pits, and

all that remained went to the mountain for safety, and the five kings of Elam came after

them and pursued them to the gates of Sodom, and they took all that there was in

Sodom.

6. And they plundered all the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah, and they also took Lot,

Abram's brother's son, and his property, and they seized all the goods of the cities of

Sodom, and they went away; and Unic, Abram's servant, who was in the battle, saw

this, and told Abram all that the kings had done to the cities of Sodom, and that Lot was

taken captive by them.

7. And Abram heard this, and he rose up with about three hundred and eighteen men that

were with him, and he that night pursued these kings and smote them, and they all fell

before Abram and his men, and there was none remaining but the four kings who fled,

and they went each his own road.

8. And Abram recovered all the property of Sodom, and he also recovered Lot and his

property, his wives and little ones and all belonging to him, so that Lot lacked nothing.

9. And when he returned from smiting these kings, he and his men passed the valley of

Siddim where the kings had made war together.

10. And Bera king of Sodom, and the rest of his men that were with him, went out from the

lime pits into which they had fallen, to meet Abram and his men.

11. And Adonizedek king of Jerusalem, the same was Shem, went out with his men to meet

Abram and his people, with bread and wine, and they remained together in the valley of

Melech.

12. And Adonizedek blessed Abram, and Abram gave him a tenth from all that he had

brought from the spoil of his enemies, for Adonizedek was a priest before God.

13. And all the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah who were there, with their servants,

approached Abram and begged of him to return them their servants whom he had made

captive, and to take unto himself all the property.

14. And Abram answered the kings of Sodom, saying, As the Lord liveth who created

heaven and earth, and who redeemed my soul from all affliction, and who delivered me

this day from my enemies, and gave them into my hand, I will not take anything

belonging to you, that you may not boast tomorrow, saying, Abram became rich from

our property that he saved.

15. For the Lord my God in whom I trust said unto me, Thou shalt lack nothing, for I will

bless thee in all the works of thy hands.

16. And now therefore behold, here is all belonging to you, take it and go; as the Lord liveth

I will not take from you from a living soul down to a shoetie or thread, excepting the

expense of the food of those who went out with me to battle, as also the portions of the

men who went with me, Anar, Ashcol, and Mamre, they and their men, as well as those

also who had remained to watch the baggage, they shall take their portion of the spoil.

17. And the kings of Sodom gave Abram according to all that he had said, and they pressed

him to take of whatever he chose, but he would not.

18. And he sent away the kings of Sodom and the remainder of their men, and he gave them

orders about Lot, and they went to their respective places.

19. And Lot, his brother's son, he also sent away with his property, and he went with them,

and Lot returned to his home, to Sodom, and Abram and his people returned to their

home to the plains of Mamre, which is in Hebron.

20. At that time the Lord again appeared to Abram in Hebron, and he said to him, Do not

fear, thy reward is very great before me, for I will not leave thee, until I shall have

multiplied thee, and blessed thee and made thy seed like the stars in heaven, which

cannot be measured nor numbered.

21. And I will give unto thy seed all these lands that thou seest with thine eyes, to them will

I give them for an inheritance forever, only be strong and do not fear, walk before me

and be perfect.

22. And in the seventy-eighth year of the life of Abram, in that year died Reu, the son of

Peleg, and all the days of Reu were two hundred and thirty-nine years, and he died.

23. And Sarai, the daughter of Haran, Abram's wife, was still barren in those days; she did

not bear to Abram either son or daughter.

24. And when she saw that she bare no children she took her handmaid Hagar, whom

Pharaoh had given her, and she gave her to Abram her husband for a wife.

25. For Hagar learned all the ways of Sarai as Sarai taught her, she was not in any way

deficient in following her good ways.

26. And Sarai said to Abram, Behold here is my handmaid Hagar, go to her that she may

bring forth upon my knees, that I may also obtain children through her.

27. And at the end of ten years of Abram's dwelling in the land of Canaan, which is the

eighty-fifth year of Abram's life, Sarai gave Hagar unto him.

28. And Abram hearkened to the voice of his wife Sarai, and he took his handmaid Hagar

and Abram came to her and she conceived.

29. And when Hagar saw that she had conceived she rejoiced greatly, and her mistress was

despised in her eyes, and she said within herself, This can only be that I am better

before God than Sarai my mistress, for all the days that my mistress has been with my

lord, she did not conceive, but me the Lord has caused in so short a time to conceive by

him.

30. And when Sarai saw that Hagar had conceived by Abram, Sarai was jealous of her

handmaid, and Sarai said within herself, This is surely nothing else but that she must be

better than I am.

31. And Sarai said unto Abram, My wrong be upon thee, for at the time when thou didst

pray before the Lord for children why didst thou not pray on my account, that the Lord

should give me seed from thee?

32. And when I speak to Hagar in thy presence, she despiseth my words, because she has

conceived, and thou wilt say nothing to her; may the Lord judge between me and thee

for what thou hast done to me.

33. And Abram said to Sarai, Behold thy handmaid is in thy hand, do unto her as it may

seem good in thy eyes; and Sarai afflicted her, and Hagar fled from her to the

wilderness.

34. And an angel of the Lord found her in the place where she had fled, by a well, and he

said to her, Do not fear, for I will multiply thy seed, for thou shalt bear a son and thou

shalt call his name Ishmael; now then return to Sarai thy mistress, and submit thyself

under her hands.

35. And Hagar called the place of that well Beer-lahai-roi, it is between Kadesh and the

wilderness of Bered.

36. And Hagar at that time returned to her master's house, and at the end of days Hagar bare

a son to Abram, and Abram called his name Ishmael; and Abram was eighty-six years

old when he begat him.

 

Jasher Chapter 17

1. And in those days, in the ninety-first year of the life of Abram, the children of Chittim

made war with the children of Tubal, for when the Lord had scattered the sons of men

upon the face of the earth, the children of Chittim went and embodied themselves in the

plain of Canopia, and they built themselves cities there and dwelt by the river Tibreu.

2. And the children of Tubal dwelt in Tuscanah, and their boundaries reached the river

Tibreu, and the children of Tubal built a city in Tuscanan, and they called the name

Sabinah, after the name of Sabinah son of Tubal their father, and they dwelt there unto

this day.

3. And it was at that time the children of Chittim made war with the children of Tubal, and

the children of Tubal were smitten before the children of Chittim, and the children of

Chittim caused three hundred and seventy men to fall from the children of Tubal.

4. And at that time the children of Tubal swore to the children of Chittim, saying, You

shall not intermarry amongst us, and no man shall give his daughter to any of the sons

of Chittim.

5. For all the daughters of Tubal were in those days fair, for no women were then found in

the whole earth so fair as the daughters of Tubal.

6. And all who delighted in the beauty of women went to the daughters of Tubal and took

wives from them, and the sons of men, kings and princes, who greatly delighted in the

beauty of women, took wives in those days from the daughters of Tubal.

7. And at the end of three years after the children of Tubal had sworn to the children of

Chittim not to give them their daughters for wives, about twenty men of the children of

Chittim went to take some of the daughters of Tubal, but they found none.

8. For the children of Tubal kept their oaths not to intermarry with them, and they would

not break their oaths.

9. And in the days of harvest the children of Tubal went into their fields to get in their

harvest, when the young men of Chittim assembled and went to the city of Sabinah, and

each man took a young woman from the daughters of Tubal, and they came to their

cities.

10. And the children of Tubal heard of it and they went to make war with them, and they

could not prevail over them, for the mountain was exceedingly high from them, and

when they saw they could not prevail over them they returned to their land.

11. And at the revolution of the year the children of Tubal went and hired about ten

thousand men from those cities that were near them, and they went to war with the

children of Chittim.

12. And the children of Tubal went to war with the children of Chittim, to destroy their land

and to distress them, and in this engagement the children of Tubal prevailed over the

children of Chittim, and the children of Chittim, seeing that they were greatly

distressed, lifted up the children which they had had by the daughters of Tubal, upon the

wall which had been built, to be before the eyes of the children of Tubal.

13. And the children of Chittim said to them, Have you come to make war with your own

sons and daughters, and have we not been considered your flesh and bones from that

time till now?

14. And when the children of Tubal heard this they ceased to make war with the children of

Chittim, and they went away.

15. And they returned to their cities, and the children of Chittim at that time assembled and

built two cities by the sea, and they called one Purtu and the other Ariza.

16. And Abram the son of Terah was then ninety-nine years old.

17. At that time the Lord appeared to him and he said to him, I will make my covenant

between me and thee, and I will greatly multiply thy seed, and this is the covenant

which I make between me and thee, that every male child be circumcised, thou and thy

seed after thee.

18. At eight days old shall it be circumcised, and this covenant shall be in your flesh for an

everlasting covenant.

19. And now therefore thy name shall no more be called Abram but Abraham, and thy wife

shall no more be called Sarai but Sarah.

20. For I will bless you both, and I will multiply your seed after you that you shall become a

great nation, and kings shall come forth from you.

 

Jasher Chapter 18

1. And Abraham rose and did all that God had ordered him, and he took the men of his

household and those bought with his money, and he circumcised them as the Lord had

commanded him.

2. And there was not one left whom he did not circumcise, and Abraham and his son

Ishmael were circumcised in the flesh of their foreskin; thirteen years old was Ishmael

when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.

3. And in the third day Abraham went out of his tent and sat at the door to enjoy the heat

of the sun, during the pain of his flesh.

4. And the Lord appeared to him in the plain of Mamre, and sent three of his ministering

angels to visit him, and he was sitting at the door of the tent, and he lifted his eyes and

saw, and lo three men were coming from a distance, and he rose up and ran to meet

them, and he bowed down to them and brought them into his house.

5. And he said to them, If now I have found favor in your sight, turn in and eat a morsel of

bread; and he pressed them, and they turned in and he gave them water and they washed

their feet, and he placed them under a tree at the door of the tent.

6. And Abraham ran and took a calf, tender and good, and he hastened to kill it, and gave

it to his servant Eliezer to dress.

7. And Abraham came to Sarah into the tent, and he said to her, Make ready quickly three

measures of fine meal, knead it and make cakes to cover the pot containing the meat,

and she did so.

8. And Abraham hastened and brought before them butter and milk, beef and mutton, and

gave it before them to eat before the flesh of the calf was sufficiently done, and they did

eat.

9. And when they had done eating one of them said to him, I will return to thee according

to the time of life, and Sarah thy wife shall have a son.

10. And the men afterward departed and went their ways, to the places to which they were

sent.

11. In those days all the people of Sodom and Gomorrah, and of the whole five cities, were

exceedingly wicked and sinful against the Lord and they provoked the Lord with their

abominations, and they strengthened in aging abominably and scornfully before the

Lord, and their wickedness and crimes were in those days great before the Lord.

12. And they had in their land a very extensive valley, about half a day's walk, and in it

there were fountains of water and a great deal of herbage surrounding the water.

13. And all the people of Sodom and Gomorrah went there four times in the year, with their

wives and children and all belonging to them, and they rejoiced there with timbrels and

dances.

14. And in the time of rejoicing they would all rise and lay hold of their neighbor's wives,

and some, the virgin daughters of their neighbors, and they enjoyed them, and each man

saw his wife and daughter in the hands of his neighbor and did not say a word.

15. And they did so from morning to night, and they afterward returned home each man to

his house and each woman to her tent; so they always did four times in the year.

16. Also when a stranger came into their cities and brought goods which he had purchased

with a view to dispose of there, the people of these cities would assemble, men, women

and children, young and old, and go to the man and take his goods by force, giving a

little to each man until there was an end to all the goods of the owner which he had

brought into the land.

17. And if the owner of the goods quarreled with them, saying, What is this work which

you have done to me, then they would approach to him one by one, and each would

show him the little which he took and taunt him, saying, I only took that little which

thou didst give me; and when he heard this from them all, he would arise and go from

them in sorrow and bitterness of soul, when they would all arise and go after him, and

drive him out of the city with great noise and tumult.

18. And there was a man from the country of Elam who was leisurely going on the road,

seated upon his ass, which carried a fine mantle of divers colors, and the mantle was

bound with a cord upon the ass.

19. And the man was on his journey passing through the street of Sodom when the sun set

in the evening, and he remained there in order to abide during the night, but no one

would let him into his house; and at that time there was in Sodom a wicked and

mischievous man, one skillful to do evil, and his name was Hedad.

20. And he lifted up his eyes and saw the traveler in the street of the city, and he came to

him and said, Whence comest thou and whither dost thou go?

21. And the man said to him, I am traveling from Hebron to Elam where I belong, and as I

passed the sun set and no one would suffer me to enter his house, though I had bread

and water and also straw and provender for my ass, and am short of nothing.

22. And Hedad answered and said to him, All that thou shalt want shall be supplied by me,

but in the street thou shalt not abide all night.

23. And Hedad brought him to his house, and he took off the mantle from the ass with the

cord, and brought them to his house, and he gave the ass straw and provender whilst the

traveler ate and drank in Hedad's house, and he abode there that night.

24. And in the morning the traveler rose up early to continue his journey, when Hedad said

to him, Wait, comfort thy heart with a morsel of bread and then go, and the man did so;

and he remained with him, and they both ate and drank together during the day, when

the man rose up to go.

25. And Hedad said to him, Behold now the day is declining, thou hadst better remain all

night that thy heart may be comforted; and he pressed him so that he tarried there all

night, and on the second day he rose up early to go away, when Hedad pressed him,

saying, Comfort thy heart with a morsel of bread and then go, and he remained and ate

with him also the second day, and then the man rose up to continue his journey.

26. And Hedad said to him, Behold now the day is declining, remain with me to comfort

thy heart and in the morning rise up early and go thy way.

27. And the man would not remain, but rose and saddled his ass, and whilst he was saddling

his ass the wife of Hedad said to her husband, Behold this man has remained with us for

two days eating and drinking and he has given us nothing, and now shall he go away

from us without giving anything? and Hedad said to her, Be silent.

28. And the man saddled his ass to go, and he asked Hedad to give him the cord and mantle

to tie it upon the ass.

29. And Hedad said to him, What sayest thou? And he said to him, That thou my lord shalt

give me the cord and the mantle made with divers colors which thou didst conceal with

thee in thy house to take care of it.

30. And Hedad answered the man, saying, This is the interpretation of thy dream, the cord

which thou didst see, means that thy life will be lengthened out like a cord, and having

seen the mantle colored with all sorts of colors, means that thou shalt have a vineyard in

which thou wilt plant trees of all fruits.

31. And the traveler answered, saying, Not so my lord, for I was awake when I gave thee

the cord and also a mantle woven with different colors, which thou didst take off the ass

to put them by for me; and Hedad answered and said, Surely I have told thee the

interpretation of thy dream and it is a good dream, and this is the interpretation thereof.

32. Now the sons of men give me four pieces of silver, which is my charge for interpreting

dreams, and of thee only I require three pieces of silver.

33. And the man was provoked at the words of Hedad, and he cried bitterly, and he brought

Hedad to Serak judge of Sodom.

34. And the man laid his cause before Serak the judge, when Hedad replied, saying, It is not

so, but thus the matter stands; and the judge said to the traveler, This man Hedad telleth

thee truth, for he is famed in the cities for the accurate interpretation of dreams.

35. And the man cried at the word of the judge, and he said, Not so my Lord, for it was in

the day that I gave him the cord and mantle which was upon the ass, in order to put

them by in his house; and they both disputed before the judge, the one saying, Thus the

matter was, and the other declaring otherwise.

36. And Hedad said to the man, Give me four pieces of silver that I charge for my

interpretations of dreams; I will not make any allowance; and give me the expense of

the four meals that thou didst eat in my house.

37. And the man said to Hedad, Truly I will pay thee for what I ate in thy house, only give

me the cord and mantle which thou didst conceal in thy house.

38. And Hedad replied before the judge and said to the man, Did I not tell thee the

interpretation of thy dream? the cord means that thy days shall be prolonged like a cord,

and the mantle, that thou wilt have a vineyard in which thou wilt plant all kinds of fruit

trees.

39. This is the proper interpretation of thy dream, now give me the four pieces of silver that

I require as a compensation, for I will make thee no allowance.

40. And the man cried at the words of Hedad and they both quarreled before the judge, and

the judge gave orders to his servants, who drove them rashly from the house.

41. And they went away quarreling from the judge, when the people of Sodom heard them,

and they gathered about them and they exclaimed against the stranger, and they drove

him rashly from the city.

42. And the man continued his journey upon his ass with bitterness of soul, lamenting and

weeping.

43. And whilst he was going along he wept at what had happened to him in the corrupt city

of Sodom.

 

Jasher Chapter 19

1. And the cities of Sodom had four judges to four cities, and these were their names,

Serak in the city of Sodom, Sharkad in Gomorrah, Zabnac in Admah, and Menon in

Zeboyim.

2. And Eliezer Abraham's servant applied to them different names, and he converted Serak

to Shakra, Sharkad to Shakrura, Zebnac to Kezobim, and Menon to Matzlodin.

3. And by desire of their four judges the people of Sodom and Gomorrah had beds erected

in the streets of the cities, and if a man came to these places they laid hold of him and

brought him to one of their beds, and by force made him to lie in them.

4. And as he lay down, three men would stand at his head and three at his feet, and

measure him by the length of the bed, and if the man was less than the bed these six

men would stretch him at each end, and when he cried out to them they would not

answer him.

5. And if he was longer than the bed they would draw together the two sides of the bed at

each end, until the man had reached the gates of death.

6. And if he continued to cry out to them, they would answer him, saying, Thus shall it be

done to a man that cometh into our land.

7. And when men heard all these things that the people of the cities of Sodom did, they

refrained from coming there.

8. And when a poor man came to their land they would give him silver and gold, and

cause a proclamation in the whole city not to give him a morsel of bread to eat, and if

the stranger should remain there some days, and die from hunger, not having been able

to obtain a morsel of bread, then at his death all the people of the city would come and

take their silver and gold which they had given to him.

9. And those that could recognize the silver or gold which they had given him took it back,

and at his death they also stripped him of his garments, and they would fight about

them, and he that prevailed over his neighbor took them.

10. They would after that carry him and bury him under some of the shrubs in the deserts;

so they did all the days to any one that came to them and died in their land.

11. And in the course of time Sarah sent Eliezer to Sodom, to see Lot and inquire after his

welfare.

12. And Eliezer went to Sodom, and he met a man of Sodom fighting with a stranger, and

the man of Sodom stripped the poor man of all his clothes and went away.

13. And this poor man cried to Eliezer and supplicated his favor on account of what the

man of Sodom had done to him.

14. And he said to him, Why dost thou act thus to the poor man who came to thy land?

15. And the man of Sodom answered Eliezer, saying, Is this man thy brother, or have the

people of Sodom made thee a judge this day, that thou speakest about this man?

16. And Eliezer strove with the man of Sodom on account of the poor man, and when

Eliezer approached to recover the poor man's clothes from the man of Sodom, he

hastened and with a stone smote Eliezer in the forehead.

17. And the blood flowed copiously from Eliezer's forehead, and when the man saw the

blood he caught hold of Eliezer, saying, Give me my hire for having rid thee of this bad

blood that was in thy forehead, for such is the custom and the law in our land.

18. And Eliezer said to him, Thou hast wounded me and requirest me to pay thee thy hire;

and Eliezer would not hearken to the words of the man of Sodom.

19. And the man laid hold of Eliezer and brought him to Shakra the judge of Sodom for

judgment.

20. And the man spoke to the judge, saying, I beseech thee my lord, thus has this man done,

for I smote him with a stone that the blood flowed from his forehead, and he is

unwilling to give me my hire.

21. And the judge said to Eliezer, This man speaketh truth to thee, give him his hire, for this

is the custom in our land; and Eliezer heard the words of the judge, and he lifted up a

stone and smote the judge, and the stone struck on his forehead, and the blood flowed

copiously from the forehead of the judge, and Eliezer said, If this then is the custom in

your land give thou unto this man what I should have given him, for this has been thy

decision, thou didst decree it.

22. And Eliezer left the man of Sodom with the judge, and he went away.

23. And when the kings of Elam had made war with the kings of Sodom, the kings of Elam

captured all the property of Sodom, and they took Lot captive, with his property, and

when it was told to Abraham he went and made war with the kings of Elam, and he

recovered from their hands all the property of Lot as well as the property of Sodom.

24. At that time the wife of Lot bare him a daughter, and he called her name Paltith, saying,

Because God had delivered him and his whole household from the kings of Elam; and

Paltith daughter of Lot grew up, and one of the men of Sodom took her for a wife.

25. And a poor man came into the city to seek a maintenance, and he remained in the city

some days, and all the people of Sodom caused a proclamation of their custom not to

give this man a morsel of bread to eat, until he dropped dead upon the earth, and they

did so.

26. And Paltith the daughter of Lot saw this man lying in the streets starved with hunger,

and no one would give him any thing to keep him alive, and he was just upon the point

of death.

27. And her soul was filled with pity on account of the man, and she fed him secretly with

bread for many days, and the soul of this man was revived.

28. For when she went forth to fetch water she would put the bread in the water pitcher, and

when she came to the place where the poor man was, she took the bread from the

pitcher and gave it him to eat; so she did many days.

29. And all the people of Sodom and Gomorrah wondered how this man could bear

starvation for so many days.

30. And they said to each other, This can only be that he eats and drinks, for no man can

bear starvation for so many days or live as this man has, without even his countenance

changing; and three men concealed themselves in a place where the poor man was

stationed, to know who it was that brought him bread to eat.

31. And Paltith daughter of Lot went forth that day to fetch water, and she put bread into

her pitcher of water, and she went to draw water by the poor man's place, and she took

out the bread from the pitcher and gave it to the poor man and he ate it.

32. And the three men saw what Paltith did to the poor man, and they said to her, It is thou

then who hast supported him, and therefore has he not starved, nor changed in

appearance nor died like the rest.

33. And the three men went out of the place in which they were concealed, and they seized

Paltith and the bread which was in the poor man's hand.

34. And they took Paltith and brought her before their judges, and they said to them, Thus

did she do, and it is she who supplied the poor man with bread, therefore did he not die

all this time; now therefore declare to us the punishment due to this woman for having

transgressed our law.

35. And the people of Sodom and Gomorrah assembled and kindled a fire in the street of

the city, and they took the woman and cast her into the fire and she was burned to ashes.

36. And in the city of Admah there was a woman to whom they did the like.

37. For a traveler came into the city of Admah to abide there all night, with the intention of

going home in the morning, and he sat opposite the door of the house of the young

woman's father, to remain there, as the sun had set when be had reached that place; and

the young woman saw him sitting by the door of the house.

38. And he asked her for a drink of water and she said to him, Who art thou? and he said to

her, I was this day going on the road, and reached here when the sun set, so I will abide

here all night, and in the morning I will arise early and continue my journey.

39. And the young woman went into the house and fetched the man bread and water to eat

and drink.

40. And this affair became known to the people of Admah, and they assembled and brought

the young woman before the judges, that they should judge her for this act.

41. And the judge said, The judgment of death must pass upon this woman because she

transgressed our law, and this therefore is the decision concerning her.

42. And the people of those cities assembled and brought out the young woman, and

anointed her with honey from head to foot, as the judge had decreed, and they placed

her before a swarm of bees which were then in their hives, and the bees flew upon her

and stung her that her whole body was swelled.

43. And the young woman cried out on account of the bees, but no one took notice of her or

pitied her, and her cries ascended to heaven.

44. And the Lord was provoked at this and at all the works of the cities of Sodom, for they

had abundance of food, and had tranquility amongst them, and still would not sustain

the poor and the needy, and in those days their evil doings and sins became great before

the Lord.

45. And the Lord sent for two of the angels that had come to Abraham's house, to destroy

Sodom and its cities.

46. And the angels rose up from the door of Abraham's tent, after they had eaten and drunk,

and they reached Sodom in the evening, and Lot was then sitting in the gate of Sodom,

and when he saw them he rose to meet them, and he bowed down to the ground.

47. And he pressed them greatly and brought them into his house, and he gave them

victuals which they ate, and they abode all night in his house.

48. And the angels said to Lot, Arise, go forth from this place, thou and all belonging to

thee, lest thou be consumed in the iniquity of this city, for the Lord will destroy this

place.

49. And the angels laid hold upon the hand of Lot and upon the hand of his wife, and upon

the hands of his children, and all belonging to him, and they brought him forth and set

him without the cities.

50. And they said to Lot, Escape for thy life, and he fled and all belonging to him.

51. Then the Lord rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah and upon all these cities

brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven.

52. And he overthrew these cities, all the plain and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that

which grew upon the ground; and Ado the wife of Lot looked back to see the

destruction of the cities, for her compassion was moved on account of her daughters

who remained in Sodom, for they did not go with her.

53. And when she looked back she became a pillar of salt, and it is yet in that place unto

this day.

54. And the oxen which stood in that place daily licked up the salt to the extremities of their

feet, and in the morning it would spring forth afresh, and they again licked it up unto

this day.

55. And Lot and two of his daughters that remained with him fled and escaped to the cave

of Adullam, and they remained there for some time.

56. And Abraham rose up early in the morning to see what had been done to the cities of

Sodom; and he looked and beheld the smoke of the cities going up like the smoke of a

furnace.

57. And Lot and his two daughters remained in the cave, and they made their father drink

wine, and they lay with him, for they said there was no man upon earth that could raise

up seed from them, for they thought that the whole earth was destroyed.

58. And they both lay with their father, and they conceived and bare sons, and the first born

called the name of her son Moab, saying, From my father did I conceive him; he is the

father of the Moabites unto this day.

59. And the younger also called her son Benami; he is the father of the children of Ammon

unto this day.

60. And after this Lot and his two daughters went away from there, and he dwelt on the

other side of the Jordan with his two daughters and their sons, and the sons of Lot grew

up, and they went and took themselves wives from the land of Canaan, and they begat

children and they were fruitful and multiplied.

 

Jasher Chapter 20

1. And at that time Abraham journeyed from the plain of Mamre, and he went to the land

of the Philistines, and he dwelt in Gerar; it was in the twenty-fifth year of Abraham's

being in the land of Canaan, and the hundredth year of the life of Abraham, that he

came to Gerar in the land of the Philistines.

2. And when they entered the land he said to Sarah his wife, Say thou art my sister, to any

one that shall ask thee, in order that we may escape the evil of the inhabitants of the

land.

3. And as Abraham was dwelling in the land of the Philistines, the servants of Abimelech,

king of the Philistines, saw that Sarah was exceedingly beautiful, and they asked

Abraham concerning her, and he said, She is my sister.

4. And the servants of Abimelech went to Abimelech, saying, A man from the land of

Canaan is come to dwell in the land, and he has a sister that is exceeding fair.

5. And Abimelech heard the words of his servants who praised Sarah to him, and

Abimelech sent his officers, and they brought Sarah to the king.

6. And Sarah came to the house of Abimelech, and the king saw that Sarah was beautiful,

and she pleased him exceedingly.

7. And he approached her and said to her, What is that man to thee with whom thou didst

come to our land? and Sarah answered and said He is my brother, and we came from the

land of Canaan to dwell wherever we could find a place.

8. And Abimelech said to Sarah, Behold my land is before thee, place thy brother in any

part of this land that pleases thee, and it will be our duty to exalt and elevate him above

all the people of the land since he is thy brother.

9. And Abimelech sent for Abraham, and Abraham came to Abimelech.

10. And Abimelech said to Abraham, Behold I have given orders that thou shalt be honored

as thou desirest on account of thy sister Sarah.

11. And Abraham went forth from the king, and the king's present followed him.

12. As at evening time, before men lie down to rest, the king was sitting upon his throne,

and a deep sleep fell upon him, and he lay upon the throne and slept till morning.

13. And he dreamed that an angel of the Lord came to him with a drawn sword in his hand,

and the angel stood over Abimelech, and wished to slay him with the sword, and the

king was terrified in his dream, and said to the angel, In what have I sinned against thee

that thou comest to slay me with thy sword?

52

14.

And the angel answered and said to Abimelech, Behold thou diest on account

of the woman which thou didst yesternight bring to thy house, for she is a

married woman, the wife of Abraham who came to thy house; now therefore

return that man his wife, for she is his wife; and shouldst thou not return her,

know that thou wilt surely die, thou and all belonging to thee.

15.

And on that night there was a great outcry in the land of the Philistines, and the

inhabitants of the land saw the figure of a man standing with a drawn sword in

his hand, and he smote the inhabitants of the land with the sword, yea he

continued to smite them.

16.

And the angel of the Lord smote the whole land of the Philistines on that night,

and there was a great confusion on that night and on the following morning.

17.

And every womb was closed, and all their issues, and the hand of the Lord was

upon them on account of Sarah, wife of Abraham, whom Abimelech had taken.

18.

And in the morning Abimelech rose with terror and confusion and with a great

dread, and he sent and had his servants called in, and he related his dream to

them, and the people were greatly afraid.

19.

And one man standing amongst the servants of the king answered the king,

saying, O sovereign king, restore this woman to her husband, for he is her

husband, for the like happened to the king of Egypt when this man came to

Egypt.

20.

And he said concerning his wife, She is my sister, for such is his manner of

doing when he cometh to dwell in the land in which he is a stranger.

21.

And Pharaoh sent and took this woman for a wife and the Lord brought upon

him grievous plagues until he returned the woman to her husband.

22.

Now therefore, O sovereign king, know what happened yesternight to the whole

land, for there was a very great consternation and great pain and lamentation,

and we know that it was on account of the woman which thou didst take.

23.

Now, therefore, restore this woman to her husband, lest it should befall us as it

did to Pharaoh king of Egypt and his subjects, and that we may not die; and

Abimelech hastened and called and had Sarah called for, and she came before

him, and he had Abraham called for, and he came before him.

24.

And Abimelech said to them, What is this work you have been doing in saying

you are brother and sister, and I took this woman for a wife?

25.

And Abraham said, Because I thought I should suffer death on account of my

wife; and Abimelech took flocks and herds, and men servants and maid

servants, and a thousand pieces of silver, and he gave them to Abraham, and

he returned Sarah to him.

26.

And Abimelech said to Abraham, Behold the whole land is before thee, dwell in

it wherever thou shalt choose.

27.

And Abraham and Sarah, his wife, went forth from the king's presence with

honor and respect, and they dwelt in the land, even in Gerar.

28.

And all the inhabitants of the land of the Philistines and the king's servants were

still in pain, through the plague which the angel had inflicted upon them the

whole night on account of Sarah.

29.

And Abimelech sent for Abraham, saying, Pray now for thy servants to the Lord

thy God, that he may put away this mortality from amongst us.

30.

And Abraham prayed on account of Abimelech and his subjects, and the Lord

heard the prayer of Abraham, and he healed Abimelech and all his subjects.

Lithographic Reprint of Exact Edition Published by J.H. Parry & Co., Salt Lake City:

1887]

Jasher Chapter 21

1. And it was at that time at the end of a year and four months of Abraham's dwelling in

the land of the Philistines in Gerar, that God visited Sarah, and the Lord remembered

her, and she conceived and bare a son to Abraham.

2. And Abraham called the name of the son which was born to him, which Sarah bare to

him, Isaac.

3. And Abraham circumcised his son Isaac at eight days old, as God had commanded

Abraham to do unto his seed after him; and Abraham was one hundred, and Sarah

ninety years old, when Isaac was born to them.

4. And the child grew up and he was weaned, and Abraham made a great feast upon the

day that Isaac was weaned.

5. And Shem and Eber and all the great people of the land, and Abimelech king of the

Philistines, and his servants, and Phicol, the captain of his host, came to eat and drink

and rejoice at the feast which Abraham made upon the day of his son Isaac's being

weaned.

6. Also Terah, the father of Abraham, and Nahor his brother, came from Haran, they and

all belonging to them, for they greatly rejoiced on hearing that a son had been born to

Sarah.

7. And they came to Abraham, and they ate and drank at the feast which Abraham made

upon the day of Isaac's being weaned.

8. And Terah and Nahor rejoiced with Abraham, and they remained with him many days

in the land of the Philistines.

9. At that time Serug the son of Reu died, in the first year of the birth of Isaac son of

Abraham.

10. And all the days of Serug were two hundred and thirty-nine years, and he died.

11. And Ishmael the son of Abraham was grown up in those days; he was fourteen years old

when Sarah bare Isaac to Abraham.

12. And God was with Ishmael the son of Abraham, and he grew up, and he learned to use

the bow and became an archer.

13. And when Isaac was five years old he was sitting with Ishmael at the door of the tent.

14. And Ishmael came to Isaac and seated himself opposite to him, and he took the bow and

drew it and put the arrow in it, and intended to slay Isaac.

15. And Sarah saw the act which Ishmael desired to do to her son Isaac, and it grieved her

exceedingly on account of her son, and she sent for Abraham, and said to him, Cast out

this bondwoman and her son, for her son shall not be heir with my son, for thus did he

seek to do unto him this day.

16. And Abraham hearkened to the voice of Sarah, and he rose up early in the morning, and

he took twelve loaves and a bottle of water which he gave to Hagar, and sent her away

with her son, and Hagar went with her son to the wilderness, and they dwelt in the

wilderness of Paran with the inhabitants of the wilderness, and Ishmael was an archer,

and he dwelt in the wilderness a long time.

17. And he and his mother afterward went to the land of Egypt, and they dwelt there, and

Hagar took a wife for her son from Egypt, and her name was Meribah.

18. And the wife of Ishmael conceived and bare four sons and two daughters, and Ishmael

and his mother and his wife and children afterward went and returned to the wilderness.

19. And they made themselves tents in the wilderness, in which they dwelt, and they

continued to travel and then to rest monthly and yearly.

20. And God gave Ishmael flocks and herds and tents on account of Abraham his father,

and the man increased in cattle.

21. And Ishmael dwelt in deserts and in tents, traveling and resting for a long time, and he

did not see the face of his father.

22. And in some time after, Abraham said to Sarah his wife, I will go and see my son

Ishmael, for I have a desire to see him, for I have not seen him for a long time.

23. And Abraham rode upon one of his camels to the wilderness to seek his son Ishmael, for

he heard that he was dwelling in a tent in the wilderness with all belonging to him.

24. And Abraham went to the wilderness, and he reached the tent of Ishmael about noon,

and he asked after Ishmael, and he found the wife of Ishmael sitting in the tent with her

children, and Ishmael her husband and his mother were not with them.

25. And Abraham asked the wife of Ishmael, saying, Where has Ishmael gone? and she

said, He has gone to the field to hunt, and Abraham was still mounted upon the camel,

for he would not get off to the ground as he had sworn to his wife Sarah that he would

not get off from the camel.

26. And Abraham said to Ishmael's wife, My daughter, give me a little water that I may

drink, for I am fatigued from the journey.

27. And Ishmael's wife answered and said to Abraham, We have neither water nor bread,

and she continued sitting in the tent and did not notice Abraham, neither did she ask him

who he was.

28. But she was beating her children in the tent, and she was cursing them, and she also

cursed her husband Ishmael and reproached him, and Abraham heard the words of

Ishmael's wife to her children, and he was very angry and displeased.

29. And Abraham called to the woman to come out to him from the tent, and the woman

came and stood opposite to Abraham, for Abraham was still mounted upon the camel.

30. And Abraham said to Ishmael's wife, When thy husband Ishmael returneth home say

these words to him,

31. A very old man from the land of the Philistines came hither to seek thee, and thus was

his appearance and figure; I did not ask him who he was, and seeing thou wast not here

he spoke unto me and said, When Ishmael thy husband returneth tell him thus did this

man say, When thou comest home put away this nail of the tent which thou hast placed

here, and place another nail in its stead.

32. And Abraham finished his instructions to the woman, and he turned and went off on the

camel homeward.

33. And after that Ishmael came from the chase he and his mother, and returned to the tent,

and his wife spoke these words to him,

34. A very old man from the land of the Philistines came to seek thee, and thus was his

appearance and figure; I did not ask him who he was, and seeing thou wast not at home

he said to me, When thy husband cometh home tell him, thus saith the old man, Put

away the nail of the tent which thou hast placed here and place another nail in its stead.

35. And Ishmael heard the words of his wife, and he knew that it was his father, and that his

wife did not honor him.

36. And Ishmael understood his father's words that he had spoken to his wife, and Ishmael

hearkened to the voice of his father, and Ishmael cast off that woman and she went

away.

37. And Ishmael afterward went to the land of Canaan, and he took another wife and he

brought her to his tent to the place where he then dwelt.

38. And at the end of three years Abraham said, I will go again and see Ishmael my son, for

I have not seen him for a long time.

39. And he rode upon his camel and went to the wilderness, and he reached the tent of

Ishmael about noon.

40. And he asked after Ishmael, and his wife came out of the tent and she said, He is not

here my lord, for he has gone to hunt in the fields, and to feed the camels, and the

woman said to Abraham, Turn in my lord into the tent, and eat a morsel of bread, for

thy soul must be wearied on account of the journey.

41. And Abraham said to her, I will not stop for I am in haste to continue my journey, but

give me a little water to drink, for I have thirst; and the woman hastened and ran into the

tent and she brought out water and bread to Abraham, which she placed before him and

she urged him to eat, and he ate and drank and his heart was comforted and he blessed

his son Ishmael.

42. And he finished his meal and he blessed the Lord, and he said to Ishmael's wife, When

Ishmael cometh home say these words to him,

43. A very old man from the land of the Philistines came hither and asked after thee, and

thou wast not here; and I brought him out bread and water and he ate and drank and his

heart was comforted.

44. And he spoke these words to me: When Ishmael thy husband cometh home, say unto

him, The nail of the tent which thou hast is very good, do not put it away from the tent.

45. And Abraham finished commanding the woman, and he rode off to his home to the land

of the Philistines; and when Ishmael came to his tent his wife went forth to meet him

with joy and a cheerful heart.

46. And she said to him, An old man came here from the land of the Philistines and thus

was his appearance, and he asked after thee and thou wast not here, so I brought out

bread and water, and he ate and drank and his heart was comforted.

47. And he spoke these words to me, When Ishmael thy husband cometh home say to him,

The nail of the tent which thou hast is very good, do not put it away from the tent.

48. And Ishmael knew that it was his father, and that his wife had honored him, and the

Lord blessed Ishmael.

 

Jasher Chapter 22

1. And Ishmael then rose up and took his wife and his children and his cattle and all

belonging to him, and he journeyed from there and he went to his father in the land of

the Philistines.

2. And Abraham related to Ishmael his son the transaction with the first wife that Ishmael

took, according to what she did.

3. And Ishmael and his children dwelt with Abraham many days in that land, and

Abraham dwelt in the land of the Philistines a long time.

4. And the days increased and reached twenty six years, and after that Abraham with his

servants and all belonging to him went from the land of the Philistines and removed to a

great distance, and they came near to Hebron, and they remained there, and the servants

of Abraham dug wells of water, and Abraham and all belonging to him dwelt by the

water, and the servants of Abimelech king of the Philistines heard the report that

Abraham's servants had dug wells of water in the borders of the land.

5. And they came and quarreled with the servants of Abraham, and they robbed them of

the great well which they had dug.

6. And Abimelech king of the Philistines heard of this affair, and he with Phicol the

captain of his host and twenty of his men came to Abraham, and Abimelech spoke to

Abraham concerning his servants, and Abraham rebuked Abimelech concerning the

well of which his servants had robbed him.

7. And Abimelech said to Abraham, As the Lord liveth who created the whole earth, I did

not hear of the act which my servants did unto thy servants until this day.

8. And Abraham took seven ewe lambs and gave them to Abimelech, saying, Take these, I

pray thee, from my hands that it may be a testimony for me that I dug this well.

9. And Abimelech took the seven ewe lambs which Abraham had given to him, for he had

also given him cattle and herds in abundance, and Abimelech swore to Abraham

concerning the well, therefore he called that well Beersheba, for there they both swore

concerning it.

10. And they both made a covenant in Beersheba, and Abimelech rose up with Phicol the

captain of his host and all his men, and they returned to the land of the Philistines, and

Abraham and all belonging to him dwelt in Beersheba and he was in that land a long

time.

11. And Abraham planted a large grove in Beersheba, and he made to it four gates facing

the four sides of the earth, and he planted a vineyard in it, so that if a traveler came to

Abraham he entered any gate which was in his road, and remained there and ate and

drank and satisfied himself and then departed.

12. For the house of Abraham was always open to the sons of men that passed and repassed,

who came daily to eat and drink in the house of Abraham.

13. And any man who had hunger and came to Abraham's house, Abraham would give him

bread that he might eat and drink and be satisfied, and any one that came naked to his

house he would clothe with garments as he might choose, and give him silver and gold

and make known to him the Lord who had created him in the earth; this did Abraham all

his life.

14. And Abraham and his children and all belonging to him dwelt in Beersheba, and he

pitched his tent as far as Hebron.

15. And Abraham's brother Nahor and his father and all belonging to them dwelt in Haran,

for they did not come with Abraham to the land of Canaan.

16. And children were born to Nahor which Milca the daughter of Haran, and sister to

Sarah, Abraham's wife, bare to him.

17. And these are the names of those that were born to him, Uz, Buz, Kemuel, Kesed,

Chazo, Pildash, Tidlaf, and Bethuel, being eight sons, these are the children of Milca

which she bare to Nahor, Abraham's brother.

18. And Nahor had a concubine and her name was Reumah, and she also bare to Nahor,

Zebach, Gachash, Tachash and Maacha, being four sons.

19. And the children that were born to Nahor were twelve sons besides his daughters, and

they also had children born to them in Haran.

20. And the children of Uz the first born of Nahor were Abi, Cheref, Gadin, Melus, and

Deborah their sister.

21. And the sons of Buz were Berachel, Naamath, Sheva, and Madonu.

22. And the sons of Kemuel were Aram and Rechob.

23. And the sons of Kesed were Anamlech, Meshai, Benon and Yifi; and the sons of Chazo

were Pildash, Mechi and Opher.

24. And the sons of Pildash were Arud, Chamum, Mered and Moloch.

25. And the sons of Tidlaf were Mushan, Cushan and Mutzi.

26. And the children of Bethuel were Sechar, Laban and their sister Rebecca.

27. These are the families of the children of Nahor, that were born to them in Haran; and

Aram the son of Kemuel and Rechob his brother went away from Haran, and they found

a valley in the land by the river Euphrates.

28. And they built a city there, and they called the name of the city after the name of Pethor

the son of Aram, that is Aram Naherayim unto this day.

29. And the children of Kesed also went to dwell where they could find a place, and they

went and they found a valley opposite to the land of Shinar, and they dwelt there.

30. And they there built themselves a city, and they called the name at the city Kesed after

the name of their father, that is the land Kasdim unto this day, and the Kasdim dwelt in

that land and they were fruitful and multiplied exceedingly.

31. And Terah, father of Nahor and Abraham, went and took another wife in his old age,

and her name was Pelilah, and she conceived and bare him a son and he called his name

Zoba.

32. And Terah lived twenty-five years after he begat Zoba.

33. And Terah died in that year, that is in the thirty-fifth year of the birth of Isaac son of

Abraham.

34. And the days of Terah were two hundred and five years, and he was buried in Haran.

35. And Zoba the son of Terah lived thirty years and he begat Aram, Achlis and Merik.

36. And Aram son of Zoba son of Terah, had three wives and he begat twelve sons and

three daughters; and the Lord gave to Aram the son of Zoba, riches and possessions, and

abundance of cattle, and flocks and herds, and the man increased greatly.

37. And Aram the son of Zoba and his brother and all his household journeyed from Haran,

and they went to dwell where they should find a place, for their property was too great

to remain in Haran; for they could not stop in Haran together with their brethren the

children of Nahor.

38. And Aram the son of Zoba went with his brethren, and they found a valley at a distance

toward the eastern country and they dwelt there.

39. And they also built a city there, and they called the name thereof Aram, after the name

of their eldest brother; that is Aram Zoba to this day.

40. And Isaac the son of Abraham was growing up in those days, and Abraham his father

taught him the way of the Lord to know the Lord, and the Lord was with him.

41. And when Isaac was thirty-seven years old, Ishmael his brother was going about with

him in the tent.

42. And Ishmael boasted of himself to Isaac, saying, I was thirteen years old when the Lord

spoke to my father to circumcise us, and I did according to the word of the Lord which

he spoke to my father, and I gave my soul unto the Lord, and I did not transgress his

word which he commanded my father.

43. And Isaac answered Ishmael, saying, Why dost thou boast to me about this, about a

little bit of thy flesh which thou didst take from thy body, concerning which the Lord

commanded thee?

44. As the Lord liveth, the God of my father Abraham, if the Lord should say unto my

father, Take now thy son Isaac and bring him up an offering before me, I would not

refrain but I would joyfully accede to it.

45. And the Lord heard the word that Isaac spoke to Ishmael, and it seemed good in the

sight of the Lord, and he thought to try Abraham in this matter.

46. And the day arrived when the sons of God came and placed themselves before the Lord,

and Satan also came with the sons of God before the Lord.

47. And the Lord said unto Satan, Whence comest thou? and Satan answered the Lord and

said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.

48. And the Lord said to Satan, What is thy word to me concerning all the children of the

earth? and Satan answered the Lord and said, I have seen all the children of the earth

who serve thee and remember thee when they require anything from thee.

49. And when thou givest them the thing which they require from thee, they sit at their ease,

and forsake thee and they remember thee no more.

50. Hast thou seen Abraham the son of Terah, who at first had no children, and he served

thee and erected altars to thee wherever he came, and he brought up offerings upon

them, and he proclaimed thy name continually to all the children of the earth.

51. And now that his son Isaac is born to him, he has forsaken thee, he has made a great

feast for all the inhabitants of the land, and the Lord he has forgotten.

52. For amidst all that he has done he brought thee no offering; neither burnt offering nor

peace offering, neither ox, lamb nor goat of all that he killed on the day that his son was

weaned.

53. Even from the time of his son's birth till now, being thirty-seven years, he built no altar

before thee, nor brought any offering to thee, for he saw that thou didst give what he

requested before thee, and he therefore forsook thee.

54. And the Lord said to Satan, Hast thou thus considered my servant Abraham? for there is

none like him upon earth, a perfect and an upright man before me, one that feareth God

and avoideth evil; as I live, were I to say unto him, Bring up Isaac thy son before me, he

would not withhold him from me, much more if I told him to bring up a burnt offering

before me from his flock or herds.

55. And Satan answered the Lord and said, Speak then now unto Abraham as thou hast said,

and thou wilt see whether he will not this day transgress and cast aside thy words.

 

Jasher Chapter 23

1. At that time the word of the Lord came to Abraham, and he said unto him, Abraham,

and he said, Here I am.

2. And he said to him, Take now thy son, thine only son whom thou lovest, even Isaac,

and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the

mountains which shall be shown to thee, for there wilt thou see a cloud and the glory of

the Lord.

3. And Abraham said within himself, How shall I separate my son Isaac from Sarah his

mother, in order to bring him up for a burnt offering before the Lord?

4. And Abraham came into the tent, and he sat before Sarah his wife, and he spoke these

words to her,

5. My son Isaac is grown up and he has not for some time studied the service of his God,

now tomorrow I will go and bring him to Shem, and Eber his son, and there he will

learn the ways of the Lord, for they will teach him to know the Lord as well as to know

that when he prayeth continually before the Lord, he will answer him, therefore there he

will know the way of serving the Lord his God.

6. And Sarah said, Thou hast spoken well, go my lord and do unto him as thou hast said,

but remove him not at a great distance from me, neither let him remain there too long,

for my soul is bound within his soul.

7. And Abraham said unto Sarah, My daughter, let us pray to the Lord our God that he

may do good with us.

8. And Sarah took her son Isaac and he abode all that night with her, and she kissed and

embraced him, and gave him instructions till morning.

9. And she said to him, O my son, how can my soul separate itself from thee? And she still

kissed him and embraced him, and she gave Abraham instructions concerning him.

10. And Sarah said to Abraham, O my lord, I pray thee take heed of thy son, and place thine

eyes over him, for I have no other son nor daughter but him.

11. O forsake him not. If he be hungry give him bread, and if he be thirsty give him water to

drink; do not let him go on foot, neither let him sit in the sun.

12. Neither let him go by himself in the road, neither force him from whatever he may

desire, but do unto him as he may say to thee.

13. And Sarah wept bitterly the whole night on account of Isaac, and she gave him

instructions till morning.

14. And in the morning Sarah selected a very fine and beautiful garment from those

garments which she had in the house, that Abimelech had given to her.

15. And she dressed Isaac her son therewith, and she put a turban upon his head, and she

enclosed a precious stone in the top of the turban, and she gave them provision for the

road, and they went forth, and Isaac went with his father Abraham, and some of their

servants accompanied them to see them off the road.

16. And Sarah went out with them, and she accompanied them upon the road to see them

off, and they said to her, Return to the tent.

17. And when Sarah heard the words of her son Isaac she wept bitterly, and Abraham her

husband wept with her, and their son wept with them a great weeping; also those who

went with them wept greatly.

18. And Sarah caught hold of her son Isaac, and she held him in her arms, and she

embraced him and continued to weep with him, and Sarah said, Who knoweth if after

this day I shall ever see thee again?

19. And they still wept together, Abraham, Sarah and Isaac, and all those that accompanied

them on the road wept with them, and Sarah afterward turned away from her son,

weeping bitterly, and all her men servants and maid servants returned with her to the

tent.

20. And Abraham went with Isaac his son to bring him up as an offering before the Lord, as

He had commanded him.

21. And Abraham took two of his young men with him, Ishmael the son of Hagar and

Eliezer his servant, and they went together with them, and whilst they were walking in

the road the young men spoke these words to themselves,

22. And Ishmael said to Eliezer, Now my father Abraham is going with Isaac to bring him

up for a burnt offering to the Lord, as He commanded him.

23. Now when he returneth he will give unto me all that he possesses, to inherit after him,

for I am his first born.

24. And Eliezer answered Ishmael and said, Surely Abraham did cast thee away with thy

mother, and swear that thou shouldst not inherit any thing of all he possesses, and to

whom will he give all that he has, with all his treasures, but unto me his servant, who

has been faithful in his house, who has served him night and day, and has done all that

he desired me? to me will he bequeath at his death all that he possesses.

25. And whilst Abraham was proceeding with his son Isaac along the road, Satan came and

appeared to Abraham in the figure of a very aged man, humble and of contrite spirit,

and he approached Abraham and said to him, Art thou silly or brutish, that thou goest to

do this thing this day to thine only son?

26. For God gave thee a son in thy latter days, in thy old age, and wilt thou go and slaughter

him this day because he committed no violence, and wilt thou cause the soul of thine

only son to perish from the earth?

27. Dost thou not know and understand that this thing cannot be from the Lord? for the

Lord cannot do unto man such evil upon earth to say to him, Go slaughter thy child.

28. And Abraham heard this and knew that it was the word of Satan who endeavored to

draw him aside from the way of the Lord, but Abraham would not hearken to the voice

of Satan, and Abraham rebuked him so that he went away.

29. And Satan returned and came to Isaac; and he appeared unto Isaac in the figure of a

young man comely and well favored.

30. And he approached Isaac and said unto him, Dost thou not know and understand that

thy old silly father bringeth thee to the slaughter this day for naught?

31. Now therefore, my son, do not listen nor attend to him, for he is a silly old man, and let

not thy precious soul and beautiful figure be lost from the earth.

32. And Isaac heard this, and said unto Abraham, Hast thou heard, my father, that which

this man has spoken? even thus has he spoken.

33. And Abraham answered his son Isaac and said to him, Take heed of him and do not

listen to his words, nor attend to him, for he is Satan, endeavoring to draw us aside this

day from the commands of God.

34. And Abraham still rebuked Satan, and Satan went from them, and seeing he could not

prevail over them he hid himself from them, and he went and passed before them in the

road; and he transformed himself to a large brook of water in the road, and Abraham

and Isaac and his two young men reached that place, and they saw a brook large and

powerful as the mighty waters.

35. And they entered the brook and passed through it, and the waters at first reached their

legs.

36. And they went deeper in the brook and the waters reached up to their necks, and they

were all terrified on account of the water; and whilst they were going over the brook

Abraham recognized that place, and he knew that there was no water there before.

37. And Abraham said to his son Isaac, I know this place in which there was no brook nor

water, now therefore it is this Satan who does all this to us, to draw us aside this day

from the commands of God.

38. And Abraham rebuked him and said unto him, The Lord rebuke thee, O Satan, begone

from us for we go by the commands of God.

39. And Satan was terrified at the voice of Abraham, and he went away from them, and the

place again became dry land as it was at first.

40. And Abraham went with Isaac toward the place that God had told him.

41. And on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place at a distance which

God had told him of.

42. And a pillar of fire appeared to him that reached from the earth to heaven, and a cloud

of glory upon the mountain, and the glory of the Lord was seen in the cloud.

43. And Abraham said to Isaac, My son, dost thou see in that mountain, which we perceive

at a distance, that which I see upon it?

44. And Isaac answered and said unto his father, I see and lo a pillar of fire and a cloud, and

the glory of the Lord is seen upon the cloud.

45. And Abraham knew that his son Isaac was accepted before the Lord for a burnt offering.

46. And Abraham said unto Eliezer and unto Ishmael his son, Do you also see that which

we see upon the mountain which is at a distance?

47. And they answered and said, We see nothing more than like the other mountains of the

earth. And Abraham knew that they were not accepted before the Lord to go with them,

and Abraham said to them, Abide ye here with the ass whilst I and Isaac my son will go

to yonder mount and worship there before the Lord and then return to you.

48. And Eliezer and Ishmael remained in that place, as Abraham had commanded.

49. And Abraham took wood for a burnt offering and placed it upon his son Isaac, and he

took the fire and the knife, and they both went to that place.

50. And when they were going along Isaac said to his father, Behold, I see here the fire and

wood, and where then is the lamb that is to be the burnt offering before the Lord?

51. And Abraham answered his son Isaac, saying, The Lord has made choice of thee my

son, to be a perfect burnt offering instead of the lamb.

52. And Isaac said unto his father, I will do all that the Lord spoke to thee with joy and

cheerfulness of heart.

53. And Abraham again said unto Isaac his son, Is there in thy heart any thought or counsel

concerning this, which is not proper? tell me my son, I pray thee, O my son conceal it

not from me.

54. And Isaac answered his father Abraham and said unto him, O my father, as the Lord

liveth and as thy soul liveth, there is nothing in my heart to cause me to deviate either to

the right or to the left from the word that he has spoken to thee.

55. Neither limb nor muscle has moved or stirred at this, nor is there in my heart any

thought or evil counsel concerning this.

56. But I am of joyful and cheerful heart in this matter, and I say, Blessed is the Lord who

has this day chosen me to be a burnt offering before Him.

57. And Abraham greatly rejoiced at the words of Isaac, and they went on and came

together to that place that the Lord had spoken of.

58. And Abraham approached to build the altar in that place, and Abraham was weeping,

and Isaac took stones and mortar until they had finished building the altar.

59. And Abraham took the wood and placed it in order upon the altar which he had built.

60. And he took his son Isaac and bound him in order to place him upon the wood which

was upon the altar, to slay him for a burnt offering before the Lord.

61. And Isaac said to his father, Bind me securely and then place me upon the altar lest I

should turn and move, and break loose from the force of the knife upon my flesh and

thereof profane the burnt offering; and Abraham did so.

62. And Isaac still said to his father, O my father, when thou shalt have slain me and burnt

me for an offering, take with thee that which shall remain of my ashes to bring to Sarah

my mother, and say to her, This is the sweet smelling savor of Isaac; but do not tell her

this if she should sit near a well or upon any high place, lest she should cast her soul

after me and die.

63. And Abraham heard the words of Isaac, and he lifted up his voice and wept when Isaac

spake these words; and Abraham's tears gushed down upon Isaac his son, and Isaac

wept bitterly, and he said to his father, Hasten thou, O my father, and do with me the

will of the Lord our God as He has commanded thee.

64. And the hearts of Abraham and Isaac rejoiced at this thing which the Lord had

commanded them; but the eye wept bitterly whilst the heart rejoiced.

65. And Abraham bound his son Isaac, and placed him on the altar upon the wood, and

Isaac stretched forth his neck upon the altar before his father, and Abraham stretched

forth his hand to take the knife to slay his son as a burnt offering before the Lord.

66. At that time the angels of mercy came before the Lord and spake to him concerning

Isaac, saying,

67. 0 Lord, thou art a merciful and compassionate King over all that thou hast created in

heaven and in earth, and thou supportest them all; give therefore ransom and

redemption instead of thy servant Isaac, and pity and have compassion upon Abraham

and Isaac his son, who are this day performing thy commands.

68. Hast thou seen, O Lord, how Isaac the son of Abraham thy servant is bound down to the

slaughter like an animal? now therefore let thy pity be roused for them, O Lord.

69. At that time the Lord appeared unto Abraham, and called to him, from heaven, and said

unto him, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him, for now I

know that thou fearest God in performing this act, and in not withholding thy son, thine

only son, from me.

70. And Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw, and behold, a ram was caught in a thicket by

his horns; that was the ram which the Lord God had created in the earth in the day that

he made earth and heaven.

71. For the Lord had prepared this ram from that day, to be a burnt offering instead of Isaac.

72. And this ram was advancing to Abraham when Satan caught hold of him and entangled

his horns in the thicket, that he might not advance to Abraham, in order that Abraham

might slay his son.

73. And Abraham, seeing the ram advancing to him and Satan withholding him, fetched

him and brought him before the altar, and he loosened his son Isaac from his binding,

and he put the ram in his stead, and Abraham killed the ram upon the altar, and brought

it up as an offering in the place of his son Isaac.

74. And Abraham sprinkled some of the blood of the ram upon the altar, and he exclaimed

and said, This is in the place of my son, and may this be considered this day as the

blood of my son before the Lord.

75. And all that Abraham did on this occasion by the altar, he would exclaim and say, This

is in the room of my son, and may it this day be considered before the Lord in the place

of my son; and Abraham finished the whole of the service by the altar, and the service

was accepted before the Lord, and was accounted as if it had been Isaac; and the Lord

blessed Abraham and his seed on that day.

76. And Satan went to Sarah, and he appeared to her in the figure of an old man very

humble and meek, and Abraham was yet engaged in the burnt offering before the Lord.

77. And he said unto her, Dost thou not know all the work that Abraham has made with

thine only son this day? for he took Isaac and built an altar, and killed him, and brought

him up as a sacrifice upon the altar, and Isaac cried and wept before his father, but he

looked not at him, neither did he have compassion over him.

78. And Satan repeated these words, and he went away from her, and Sarah heard all the

words of Satan, and she imagined him to be an old man from amongst the sons of men

who had been with her son, and had come and told her these things.

79. And Sarah lifted up her voice and wept and cried out bitterly on account of her son; and

she threw herself upon the ground and she cast dust upon her head, and she said, O my

son, Isaac my son, O that I had this day died instead of thee. And she continued to weep

and said, It grieves me for thee, O my son, my son Isaac, O that I had died this day in

thy stead.

80. And she still continued to weep, and said, It grieves me for thee after that I have reared

thee and have brought thee up; now my joy is turned into mourning over thee, I that had

a longing for thee, and cried and prayed to God till I bare thee at ninety years old; and

now hast thou served this day for the knife and the fire, to be made an offering.

81. But I console myself with thee, my son, in its being the word of the Lord, for thou didst

perform the command of thy God; for who can transgress the word of our God, in

whose hands is the soul of every living creature?

82. Thou art just, O Lord our God, for all thy works are good and righteous; for I also am

rejoiced with thy word which thou didst command, and whilst mine eye weepeth

bitterly my heart rejoiceth.

83. And Sarah laid her head upon the bosom of one of her handmaids, and she became as

still as a stone.

84. She afterward rose up and went about making inquiries till she came to Hebron, and she

inquired of all those whom she met walking in the road, and no one could tell her what

had happened to her son.

85. And she came with her maid servants and men servants to Kireath-arba, which is

Hebron, and she asked concerning her Son, and she remained there while she sent some

of her servants to seek where Abraham had gone with Isaac; they went to seek him in

the house of Shem and Eber, and they could not find him, and they sought throughout

the land and he was not there.

86. And behold, Satan came to Sarah in the shape of an old man, and he came and stood

before her, and he said unto her, I spoke falsely unto thee, for Abraham did not kill his

son and he is not dead; and when she heard the word her joy was so exceedingly violent

on account of her son, that her soul went out through joy; she died and was gathered to

her people.

87. And when Abraham had finished his service he returned with his son Isaac to his young

men, and they rose up and went together to Beersheba, and they came home.

88. And Abraham sought for Sarah, and could not find her, and he made inquiries

concerning her, and they said unto him, She went as far as Hebron to seek you both

where you had gone, for thus was she informed.

89. And Abraham and Isaac went to her to Hebron, and when they found that she was dead

they lifted up their voices and wept bitterly over her; and Isaac fell upon his mother's

face and wept over her, and he said, O my mother, my mother, how hast thou left me,

and where hast thou gone? O how, how hast thou left me!

90. And Abraham and Isaac wept greatly and all their servants wept with them on account

of Sarah, and they mourned over her a great and heavy mourning.

 

Jasher Chapter 24

1. And the life of Sarah was one hundred and twenty-seven years, and Sarah died; and

Abraham rose up from before his dead to seek a burial place to bury his wife Sarah; and

he went and spoke to the children of Heth, the inhabitants of the land, saying,

2. I am a stranger and a sojourner with you in your land; give me a possession of a burial

place in your land, that I may bury my dead from before me.

3. And the children of Heth said unto Abraham, behold the land is before thee, in the

choice of our sepulchers bury thy dead, for no man shall withhold thee from burying thy

dead.

4. And Abraham said unto them, If you are agreeable to this go and entreat for me to

Ephron, the son of Zochar, requesting that he may give me the cave of Machpelah,

which is in the end of his field, and I will purchase it of him for whatever he desire for it.

5. And Ephron dwelt among the children of Heth, and they went and called for him, and

he came before Abraham, and Ephron said unto Abraham, Behold all thou requirest thy

servant will do; and Abraham said, No, but I will buy the cave and the field which thou

hast for value, In order that it may be for a possession of a burial place for ever.

6. And Ephron answered and said, Behold the field and the cave are before thee, give

whatever thou desirest; and Abraham said, Only at full value will I buy it from thy

hand, and from the hands of those that go in at the gate of thy city, and from the hand of

thy seed for ever.

7. And Ephron and all his brethren heard this, and Abraham weighed to Ephron four

hundred shekels of silver in the hands of Ephron and in the hands of all his brethren;

and Abraham wrote this transaction, and he wrote it and testified it with four witnesses.

8. And these are the names of the witnesses, Amigal son of Abishna the Hittite,

Adichorom son of Ashunach the Hivite, Abdon son of Achiram the Gomerite, Bakdil

the son of Abudish the Zidonite.

9. And Abraham took the book of the purchase, and placed it in his treasures, and these are

the words that Abraham wrote in the book, namely:

10. That the cave and the field Abraham bought from Ephron the Hittite, and from his seed,

and from those that go out of his city, and from their seed for ever, are to be a purchase

to Abraham and to his seed and to those that go forth from his loins, for a possession of

a burial place for ever; and he put a signet to it and testified it with witnesses.

11. And the field and the cave that was in it and all that place were made sure unto

Abraham and unto his seed after him, from the children of Heth; behold it is before

Mamre in Hebron, which is in the land of Canaan.

12. And after this Abraham buried his wife Sarah there, and that place and all its boundary

became to Abraham and unto his seed for a possession of a burial place.

13. And Abraham buried Sarah with pomp as observed at the interment of kings, and she

was buried in very fine and beautiful garments.

14. And at her bier was Shem, his sons Eber and Abimelech, together with Anar, Ashcol

and Mamre, and all the grandees of the land followed her bier.

15. And the days of Sarah were one hundred and twenty-seven years and she died, and

Abraham made a great and heavy mourning, and he performed the rites of mourning for

seven days.

16. And all the inhabitants of the land comforted Abraham and Isaac his son on account of

Sarah.

17. And when the days of their mourning passed by Abraham sent away his son Isaac, and

he went to the house of Shem and Eber, to learn the ways of the Lord and his

instructions, and Abraham remained there three years.

18. At that time Abraham rose up with all his servants, and they went and returned

homeward to Beersheba, and Abraham and all his servants remained in Beersheba.

19. And at the revolution of the year Abimelech king of the Philistines died in that year; he

was one hundred and ninety-three years old at his death; and Abraham went with his

people to the land of the Philistines, and they comforted the whole household and all his

servants, and he then turned and went home.

20. And it was after the death of Abimelech that the people of Gerar took Benmalich his

son, and he was only twelve years old, and they made him lying in the place of his

father.

21. And they called his name Abimelech after the name of his father, for thus was it their

custom to do in Gerar, and Abimelech reigned instead of Abimelech his father, and he

sat upon his throne.

22. And Lot the son of Haran also died in those days, in the thirty-ninth year of the life of

Isaac, and all the days that Lot lived were one hundred and forty years and he died.

23. And these are the children of Lot, that were born to him by his daughters, the name of

the first born was Moab, and the name of the second was Benami.

24. And the two sons of Lot went and took themselves wives from the land of Canaan, and

they bare children to them, and the children of Moab were Ed, Mayon, Tarsus, and

Kanvil, four sons, these are fathers to the children of Moab unto this day.

25. And all the families of the children of Lot went to dwell wherever they should light

upon, for they were fruitful and increased abundantly.

26. And they went and built themselves cities in the land where they dwelt, and they called

the names of the cities which they built after their own names.

27. And Nahor the son of Terah, brother to Abraham, died in those days in the fortieth year

of the life of Isaac, and all the days of Nahor were one hundred and seventy-two years

and he died and was buried in Haran.

28. And when Abraham heard that his brother was dead he grieved sadly, and he mourned

over his brother many days.

29. And Abraham called for Eliezer his head servant, to give him orders concerning his

house, and he came and stood before him.

30. And Abraham said to him, Behold I am old, I do not know the day of my death; for I am

advanced in days; now therefore rise up, go forth and do not take a wife for my son

from this place and from this land, from the daughters of the Canaanites amongst whom

we dwell.

31. But go to my land and to my birthplace, and take from thence a wife for my son, and the

Lord God of Heaven and earth who took me from my father's house and brought me to

this place, and said unto me, To thy seed will I give this land for an inheritance for ever,

he will send his angel before thee and prosper thy way, that thou mayest obtain a wife

for my son from my family and from my father's house.

32. And the servant answered his master Abraham and said, Behold I go to thy birthplace

and to thy father's house, and take a wife for thy son from there; but if the woman be not

willing to follow me to this land, shall I take thy son back to the land of thy birthplace?

33. And Abraham said unto him, Take heed that thou bring not my son hither again, for the

Lord before whom I have walked he will send his angel before thee and prosper thy way.

34. And Eliezer did as Abraham ordered him, and Eliezer swore unto Abraham his master

upon this matter; and Eliezer rose up and took ten camels of the camels of his master,

and ten men from his master's servants with him, and they rose up and went to Haran,

the city of Abraham and Nahor, in order to fetch a wife for Isaac the son of Abraham;

and whilst they were gone Abraham sent to the house of Shem and Eber, and they

brought from thence his son Isaac.

35. And Isaac came home to his father's house to Beersheba, whilst Eliezer and his men

came to Haran; and they stopped in the city by the watering place, and he made his

camels to kneel down by the water and they remained there.

36. And Eliezer, Abraham's servant, prayed and said, O God of Abraham my master; send

me I pray thee good speed this day and show kindness unto my master, that thou shalt

appoint this day a wife for my master's son from his family.

37. And the Lord hearkened to the voice of Eliezer, for the sake of his servant Abraham,

and he happened to meet with the daughter of Bethuel, the son of Milcah, the wife of

Nahor, brother to Abraham, and Eliezer came to her house.

38. And Eliezer related to them all his concerns, and that he was Abraham's servant, and

they greatly rejoiced at him.

39. And they all blessed the Lord who brought this thing about, and they gave him Rebecca,

the daughter of Bethuel, for a wife for Isaac.

40. And the young woman was of very comely appearance, she was a virgin, and Rebecca

was ten years old in those days.

41. And Bethuel and Laban and his children made a feast on that night, and Eliezer and his

men came and ate and drank and rejoiced there on that night.

42. And Eliezer rose up in the morning, he and the men that were with him, and he called to

the whole household of Bethuel, saying, Send me away that I may go to my master; and

they rose up and sent away Rebecca and her nurse Deborah, the daughter of Uz, and

they gave her silver and gold, men servants and maid servants, and they blessed her.

43. And they sent Eliezer away with his men; and the servants took Rebecca, and he went

and returned to his master to the land of Canaan.

44. And Isaac took Rebecca and she became his wife, and he brought her into the tent.

45. And Isaac was forty years old when he took Rebecca, the daughter of his uncle Bethuel,

for a wife.

 

Jasher Chapter 25

1. And it was at that time that Abraham again took a wife in his old age, and her name was

Keturah, from the land of Canaan.

2. And she bare unto him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak and Shuach, being six

sons. And the children of Zimran were Abihen, Molich and Narim.

3. And the sons of Jokshan were Sheba and Dedan, and the sons of Medan were Amida,

Joab, Gochi, Elisha and Nothach; and the sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Chanoch,

Abida and Eldaah.

4. And the sons of Ishbak were Makiro, Beyodua and Tator.

5. And the sons of Shuach were Bildad, Mamdad, Munan and Meban; all these are the

families of the children of Keturah the Canaanitish woman which she bare unto

Abraham the Hebrew.

6. And Abraham sent all these away, and he gave them gifts, and they went away from his

son Isaac to dwell wherever they should find a place.

7. And all these went to the mountain at the east, and they built themselves six cities in

which they dwelt unto this day.

8. But the children of Sheba and Dedan, children of Jokshan, with their children, did not

dwell with their brethren in their cities, and they journeyed and encamped in the

countries and wildernesses unto this day.

9. And the children of Midian, son of Abraham, went to the east of the land of Cush, and

they there found a large valley in the eastern country, and they remained there and built

a city, and they dwelt therein, that is the land of Midian unto this day.

10. And Midian dwelt in the city which he built, he and his five sons and all belonging to

him.

11. And these are the names of the sons of Midian according to their names in their cities,

Ephah, Epher, Chanoch, Abida and Eldaah.

12. And the sons of Ephah were Methach, Meshar, Avi and Tzanua, and the sons of Epher

were Ephron, Zur, Alirun and Medin, and the sons of Chanoch were Reuel, Rekem, Azi,

Alyoshub and Alad.

13. And the sons of Abida were Chur, Melud, Kerury, Molchi; and the sons of Eldaah were

Miker, and Reba, and Malchiyah and Gabol; these are the names of the Midianites

according to their families; and afterward the families of Midian spread throughout the

land of Midian.

14. And these are the generations of Ishmael the son Abraham, whom Hagar, Sarah's

handmaid, bare unto Abraham.

15. And Ishmael took a wife from the land of Egypt, and her name was Ribah, the same is

Meribah.

16. And Ribah bare unto Ishmael Nebayoth, Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam and their sister

Bosmath.

17. And Ishmael cast away his wife Ribah, and she went from him and returned to Egypt to

the house of her father, and she dwelt there, for she had been very bad in the sight of

Ishmael, and in the sight of his father Abraham.

18. And Ishmael afterward took a wife from the land of Canaan, and her name was

Malchuth, and she bare unto him Nishma, Dumah, Masa, Chadad, Tema, Yetur,

Naphish and Kedma.

19. These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names, being twelve princes

according to their nations; and the families of Ishmael afterward spread forth, and

Ishmael took his children and all the property that he had gained, together with the souls

of his household and all belonging to him, and they went to dwell where they should

find a place.

20. And they went and dwelt near the wilderness of Paran, and their dwelling was from

Havilah unto Shur, that is before Egypt as thou comest toward Assyria.

21. And Ishmael and his sons dwelt in the land, and they had children born to them, and

they were fruitful and increased abundantly.

22. And these are the names of the sons of Nebayoth the first born of Ishmael; Mend, Send,

Mayon; and the sons of Kedar were Alyon, Kezem, Chamad and Eli.

23. And the sons of Adbeel were Chamad and Jabin; and the sons of Mibsam were

Obadiah, Ebedmelech and Yeush; these are the families of the children of Ribah the

wife of Ishmael.

24. And the sons of Mishma the son of Ishmael were Shamua, Zecaryon and Obed; and the

sons of Dumah were Kezed, Eli, Machmad and Amed.

25. And the sons of Masa were Melon, Mula and Ebidadon; and the sons of Chadad were

Azur, Minzar and Ebedmelech; and the sons of Tema were Seir, Sadon and Yakol.

26. And the sons of Yetur were Merith, Yaish, Alyo, and Pachoth; and the sons of Naphish

were Ebed-Tamed, Abiyasaph and Mir; and the sons of Kedma were Calip, Tachti, and

Omir; these were the children of Malchuth the wife of Ishmael according to their

families.

27. All these are the families of Ishmael according to their generations, and they dwelt in

those lands wherein they had built themselves cities unto this day.

28. And Rebecca the daughter of Bethuel, the wife of Abraham's son Isaac, was barren in

those days, she had no offspring; and Isaac dwelt with his father in the land of Canaan;

and the Lord was with Isaac; and Arpachshad the son of Shem the son of Noah died in

those days, in the forty-eighth year of the life of Isaac, and all the days that Arpachshad

lived were four hundred and thirty-eight years, and he died.

 

Jasher Chapter 26

1. And in the fifty-ninth year of the life of Isaac the son of Abraham, Rebecca his wife was

still barren in those days.

2. And Rebecca said unto Isaac, Truly I have heard, my lord, that thy mother Sarah was

barren in her days until my Lord Abraham, thy father, prayed for her and she conceived

by him.

3. Now therefore stand up, pray thou also to God and he will hear thy prayer and

remember us through his mercies.

4. And Isaac answered his wife Rebecca, saying, Abraham has already prayed for me to

God to multiply his seed, now therefore this barrenness must proceed to us from thee.

5. And Rebecca said unto him, But arise now thou also and pray, that the Lord may hear

thy prayer and grant me children, and Isaac hearkened to the words of his wife, and

Isaac and his wife rose up and went to the land of Moriah to pray there and to seek the

Lord, and when they had reached that place Isaac stood up and prayed to the Lord on

account of his wife because she was barren.

6. And Isaac said, O Lord God of heaven and earth, whose goodness and mercies fill the

earth, thou who didst take my father from his father's house and from his birthplace, and

didst bring him unto this land, and didst say unto him, To thy seed will I give the land,

and thou didst promise him and didst declare unto him, I will multiply thy seed as the

stars of heaven and as the sand of the sea, now may thy words be verified which thou

didst speak unto my father.

7. For thou art the Lord our God, our eyes are toward thee to give us seed of men, as thou

didst promise us, for thou art the Lord our God and our eyes are directed toward thee

only.

8. And the Lord heard the prayer of Isaac the son of Abraham, and the Lord was entreated

of him and Rebecca his wife conceived.

9. And in about seven months after the children struggled together within her, and it

pained her greatly that she was wearied on account of them, and she said to all the

women who were then in the land, Did such a thing happen to you as it has to me? and

they said unto her, No.

10. And she said unto them, Why am I alone in this amongst all the women that were upon

earth? and she went to the land of Moriah to seek the Lord on account of this; and she

went to Shem and Eber his son to make inquiries of them in this matter, and that they

should seek the Lord in this thing respecting her.

11. And she also asked Abraham to seek and inquire of the Lord about all that had befallen

her.

12. And they all inquired of the Lord concerning this matter, and they brought her word

from the Lord and told her, Two children are in thy womb, and two nations shall rise

from them; and one nation shall be stronger than the other, and the greater shall serve

the younger.

13. And when her days to be delivered were completed, she knelt down, and behold there

were twins in her womb, as the Lord had spoken to her.

14. And the first came out red all over like a hairy garment, and all the people of the land

called his name Esau, saying, That this one was made complete from the womb.

15. And after that came his brother, and his hand took hold of Esau's heel, therefore they

called his name Jacob.

16. And Isaac, the son of Abraham, was sixty years old when he begat them.

17. And the boys grew up to their fifteenth year, and they came amongst the society of men.

Esau was a designing and deceitful man, and an expert hunter in the field, and Jacob

was a man perfect and wise, dwelling in tents, feeding flocks and learning the

instructions of the Lord and the commands of his father and mother.

18. And Isaac and the children of his household dwelt with his father Abraham in the land

of Canaan, as God had commanded them.

19. And Ishmael the son of Abraham went with his children and all belonging to them, and

they returned there to the land of Havilah, and they dwelt there.

20. And all the children of Abraham's concubines went to dwell in the land of the east, for

Abraham had sent them away from his son, and had given them presents, and they went

away.

21. And Abraham gave all that he had to his son Isaac, and he also gave him all his

treasures.

22. And he commanded him saying, Dost thou not know and understand the Lord is God in

heaven and in earth, and there is no other beside him?

23. And it was he who took me from my father's house, and from my birth place, and gave

me all the delights upon earth; who delivered me from the counsel of the wicked, for in

him did I trust.

24. And he brought me to this place, and he delivered me from Ur Casdim; and he said unto

me, To thy seed will I give all these lands, and they shall inherit them when they keep

my commandments, my statutes and my judgments that I have commanded thee, and

which I shall command them.

25. Now therefore my son, hearken to my voice, and keep the commandments of the Lord

thy God, which I commanded thee, do not turn from the right way either to the right or

to the left, in order that it may be well with thee and thy children after thee forever.

26. And remember the wonderful works of the Lord, and his kindness that he has shown

toward us, in having delivered us from the hands of our enemies, and the Lord our God

caused them to fall into our hands; and now therefore keep all that I have commanded

thee, and turn not away from the commandments of thy God, and serve none beside

him, in order that it may be well with thee and thy seed after thee.

27. And teach thou thy children and thy seed the instructions of the Lord and his

commandments, and teach them the upright way in which they should go, in order that

it may be well with them forever.

28. And Isaac answered his father and said unto him, That which my Lord has commanded

that will I do, and I will not depart from the commands of the Lord my God, I will keep

all that he commanded me; and Abraham blessed his son Isaac, and also his children;

and Abraham taught Jacob the instruction of the Lord and his ways.

29. And it was at that time that Abraham died, in the fifteenth year of the life of Jacob and

Esau, the sons of Isaac, and all the days of Abraham were one hundred and seventy-five

years, and he died and was gathered to his people in good old age, old and satisfied with

days, and Isaac and Ishmael his sons buried him.

30. And when the inhabitants of Canaan heard that Abraham was dead, they all came with

their kings and princes and all their men to bury Abraham.

31. And all the inhabitants of the land of Haran, and all the families of the house of

Abraham, and all the princes and grandees, and the sons of Abraham by the concubines,

all came when they heard of Abraham's death, and they requited Abraham's kindness,

and comforted Isaac his son, and they buried Abraham in the cave which he bought

from Ephron the Hittite and his children, for the possession of a burial place.

32. And all the inhabitants of Canaan, and all those who had known Abraham, wept for

Abraham a whole year, and men and women mourned over him.

33. And all the little children, and all the inhabitants of the land wept on account of

Abraham, for Abraham had been good to them all, and because he had been upright

with God and men.

34. And there arose not a man who feared God like unto Abraham, for he had feared his

God from his youth, and had served the Lord, and had gone in all his ways during his

life, from his childhood to the day of his death.

35. And the Lord was with him and delivered him from the counsel of Nimrod and his

people, and when he made war with the four kings of Elam he conquered them.

36. And he brought all the children of the earth to the service of God, and he taught them

the ways of the Lord, and caused them to know the Lord.

37. And he formed a grove and he planted a vineyard therein, and he had always prepared

in his tent meat and drink to those that passed through the land, that they might satisfy

themselves in his house.

38. And the Lord God delivered the whole earth on account of Abraham.

39. And it was after the death of Abraham that God blessed his son Isaac and his children,

and the Lord was with Isaac as he had been with his father Abraham, for Isaac kept all

the commandments of the Lord as Abraham his father had commanded him; he did not

turn to the right or to the left from the right path which his father had commanded him.

 

Jasher Chapter 27

1. And Esau at that time, after the death of Abraham, frequently went in the field to hunt.

2. And Nimrod king of Babel, the same was Amraphel, also frequently went with his

mighty men to hunt in the field, and to walk about with his men in the cool of the day.

3. And Nimrod was observing Esau all the days, for a jealousy was formed in the heart of

Nimrod against Esau all the days.

4. And on a certain day Esau went in the field to hunt, and he found Nimrod walking in the

wilderness with his two men.

5. And all his mighty men and his people were with him in the wilderness, but they

removed at a distance from him, and they went from him in different directions to hunt,

and Esau concealed himself for Nimrod, and he lurked for him in the wilderness.

6. And Nimrod and his men that were with him did not know him, and Nimrod and his

men frequently walked about in the field at the cool of the day, and to know where his

men were hunting in the field.

7. And Nimrod and two of his men that were with him came to the place where they were,

when Esau started suddenly from his lurking place, and drew his sword, and hastened

and ran to Nimrod and cut off his head.

8. And Esau fought a desperate fight with the two men that were with Nimrod, and when

they called out to him, Esau turned to them and smote them to death with his sword.

9. And all the mighty men of Nimrod, who had left him to go to the wilderness, heard the

cry at a distance, and they knew the voices of those two men, and they ran to know the

cause of it, when they found their king and the two men that were with him lying dead

in the wilderness.

10. And when Esau saw the mighty men of Nimrod coming at a distance, he fled, and

thereby escaped; and Esau took the valuable garments of Nimrod, which Nimrod's

father had bequeathed to Nimrod, and with which Nimrod prevailed over the whole

land, and he ran and concealed them in his house.

11. And Esau took those garments and ran into the city on account of Nimrod's men, and he

came unto his father's house wearied and exhausted from fight, and he was ready to die

through grief when he approached his brother Jacob and sat before him.

12. And he said unto his brother Jacob, Behold I shall die this day, and wherefore then do I

want the birthright? And Jacob acted wisely with Esau in this matter, and Esau sold his

birthright to Jacob, for it was so brought about by the Lord.

13. And Esau's portion in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which Abraham had bought

from the children of Heth for the possession of a burial ground, Esau also sold to Jacob,

and Jacob bought all this from his brother Esau for value given.

14. And Jacob wrote the whole of this in a book, and he testified the same with witnesses,

and he sealed it, and the book remained in the hands of Jacob.

15. And when Nimrod the son of Cush died, his men lifted him up and brought him in

consternation, and buried him in his city, and all the days that Nimrod lived were two

hundred and fifteen years and he died.

16. And the days that Nimrod reigned upon the people of the land were one hundred and

eighty-five years; and Nimrod died by the sword of Esau in shame and contempt, and

the seed of Abraham caused his death as he had seen in his dream.

17. And at the death of Nimrod his kingdom became divided into many divisions, and all

those parts that Nimrod reigned over were restored to the respective kings of the land,

who recovered them after the death of Nimrod, and all the people of the house of

Nimrod were for a long time enslaved to all the other kings of the land.

 

Jasher Chapter 28

1. And in those days, after the death of Abraham, in that year the Lord brought a heavy

famine in the land, and whilst the famine was raging in the land of Canaan, Isaac rose

up to go down to Egypt on account of the famine, as his father Abraham had done.

2. And the Lord appeared that night to Isaac and he said to him, Do not go down to Egypt

but rise and go to Gerar, to Abimelech king of the Philistines, and remain there till the

famine shall cease.

3. And Isaac rose up and went to Gerar, as the Lord commanded him, and he remained

there a full year.

4. And when Isaac came to Gerar, the people of the land saw that Rebecca his wife was of

a beautiful appearance, and the people of Gerar asked Isaac concerning his wife, and he

said, She is my sister, for he was afraid to say she was his wife lest the people of the

land should slay him on account of her.

5. And the princes of Abimelech went and praised the woman to the king, but he answered

them not, neither did he attend to their words.

6. But he heard them say that Isaac declared her to be his sister, so the king reserved this

within himself.

7. And when Isaac had remained three months in the land, Abimelech looked out at the

window, and he saw, and behold Isaac was sporting with Rebecca his wife, for Isaac

dwelt in the outer house belonging to the king, so that the house of Isaac was opposite

the house of the king.

8. And the king said unto Isaac, What is this thou hast done to us in saying of thy wife,

She is my sister? how easily might one of the great men of the people have lain with

her, and thou wouldst then have brought guilt upon us.

9. And Isaac said unto Abimelech, Because I was afraid lest I die on account of my wife,

therefore I said, She is my sister.

10. At that time Abimelech gave orders to all his princes and great men, and they took Isaac

and Rebecca his wife and brought them before the king.

11. And the king commanded that they should dress them in princely garments, and make

them ride through the streets of the city, and proclaim before them throughout the land,

saying, This is the man and this is his wife; whoever toucheth this man or his wife shall

surely die. And Isaac returned with his wife to the king's house, and the Lord was with

Isaac and he continued to wax great and lacked nothing.

12. And the Lord caused Isaac to find favor in the sight of Abimelech, and in the sight of all

his subjects, and Abimelech acted well with Isaac, for Abimelech remembered the oath

and the covenant that existed between his father and Abraham.

13. And Abimelech said unto Isaac, Behold the whole earth is before thee; dwell wherever

it may seem good in thy sight until thou shalt return to thy land; and Abimelech gave

Isaac fields and vineyards and the best part of the land of Gerar, to sow and reap and eat

the fruits of the ground until the days of the famine should have passed by.

14. And Isaac sowed in that land, and received a hundred-fold in the same year, and the

Lord blessed him.

15. And the man waxed great, and he had possession of flocks and possession of herds and

great store of servants.

16. And when the days of the famine had passed away the Lord appeared to Isaac and said

unto him, Rise up, go forth from this place and return to thy land, to the land of Canaan;

and Isaac rose up and returned to Hebron which is in the land of Canaan, he and all

belonging to him as the Lord commanded him.

17. And after this Shelach the son at Arpachshad died in that year, which is the eighteenth

year of the lives of Jacob and Esau; and all the days that Shelach lived were four

hundred and thirty-three years and he died.

18. At that time Isaac sent his younger son Jacob to the house of Shem and Eber, and he

learned the instructions of the Lord, and Jacob remained in the house of Shem and Eber

for thirty-two years, and Esau his brother did not go, for he was not willing to go, and

he remained in his father's house in the land of Canaan.

19. And Esau was continually hunting in the fields to bring home what he could get, so did

Esau all the days.

20. And Esau was a designing and deceitful man, one who hunted after the hearts of men

and inveigled them, and Esau was a valiant man in the field, and in the course of time

went as usual to hunt; and he came as far as the field of Seir, the same is Edom.

21. And he remained in the land of Seir hunting in the field a year and four months.

22. And Esau there saw in the land of Seir the daughter of a man of Canaan, and her name

was Jehudith, the daughter of Beeri, son of Epher, from the families of Heth the son of

Canaan.

23. And Esau took her for a wife, and he came unto her; forty years old was Esau when he

took her, and he brought her to Hebron, the land of his father's dwelling place, and he

dwelt there.

24. And it came to pass in those days, in the hundred and tenth year of the life of Isaac, that

is in the fiftieth year of the life of Jacob, in that year died Shem the son of Noah; Shem

was six hundred years old at his death.

25. And when Shem died Jacob returned to his father to Hebron which is in the land of

Canaan.

26. And in the fifty-sixth year of the life of Jacob, people came from Haran, and Rebecca

was told concerning her brother Laban the son of Bethuel.

27. For the wife of Laban was barren in those days, and bare no children, and also all his

handmaids bare none to him.

28. And the Lord afterward remembered Adinah the wife of Laban, and she conceived and

bare twin daughters, and Laban called the names of his daughters, the name of the elder

Leah, and the name of the younger Rachel.

29. And those people came and told these things to Rebecca, and Rebecca rejoiced greatly

that the Lord had visited her brother and that he had got children.

 

Jasher Chapter 29

1. And Isaac the son of Abraham became old and advanced in days, and his eyes became

heavy through age; they were dim and could not see.

2. At that time Isaac called unto Esau his son, saying, Get I pray thee thy weapons, thy

quiver and thy bow, rise up and go forth into the field and get me some venison, and

make me savory meat and bring it to me, that I may eat in order that I may bless thee

before my death, as I have now become old and gray-headed.

3. And Esau did so; and he took his weapon and went forth into the field to hunt for

venison, as usual, to bring to his father as he had ordered him, so that he might bless

him.

4. And Rebecca heard all the words that Isaac had spoken unto Esau, and she hastened and

called her son Jacob, saying, Thus did thy father speak unto thy brother Esau, and thus

did I hear, now therefore hasten thou and make that which I shall tell thee.

5. Rise up and go, I pray thee, to the flock and fetch me two fine kids of the goats, and I

will get the savory meat for thy father, and thou shalt bring the savory meat that he may

eat before thy brother shall have come from the chase, in order that thy father may bless

thee.

6. And Jacob hastened and did as his mother had commanded him, and he made the savory

meat and brought it before his father before Esau had come from his chase.

7. And Isaac said unto Jacob, Who art thou, my son? And he said, I am thy first born Esau,

I have done as thou didst order me, now therefore rise up I pray thee, and eat of my

hunt, in order that thy soul may bless me as thou didst speak unto me.

8. And Isaac rose up and he ate and he drank, and his heart was comforted, and he blessed

Jacob and Jacob went away from his father; and as soon as Isaac had blessed Jacob and

he had gone away from him, behold Esau came from his hunt from the field, and he also

made savory meat and brought it to his father to eat thereof and to bless him.

9. And Isaac said unto Esau, And who was he that has taken venison and brought it me

before thou camest and whom I did bless? And Esau knew that his brother Jacob had

done this, and the anger of Esau was kindled against his brother Jacob that he had acted

thus toward him.

10. And Esau said, Is he not rightly called Jacob? for he has supplanted me twice, he took

away my birthright and now he has taken away my blessing; and Esau wept greatly; and

when Isaac heard the voice of his son Esau weeping, Isaac said unto Esau, What can I

do, my son, thy brother came with subtlety and took away thy blessing; and Esau hated

his brother Jacob on account of the blessing that his father had given him, and his anger

was greatly roused against him.

11. And Jacob was very much afraid of his brother Esau, and he rose up and fled to the

house of Eber the son of Shem, and he concealed himself there on account of his

brother, and Jacob was sixty-three years old when he went forth from the land of

Canaan from Hebron, and Jacob was concealed in Eber's house fourteen years on

account of his brother Esau, and he there continued to learn the ways of the Lord and

his commandments.

12. And when Esau saw that Jacob had fled and escaped from him, and that Jacob had

cunningly obtained the blessing, then Esau grieved exceedingly, and he was also vexed

at his father and mother; and he also rose up and took his wife and went away from his

father and mother to the land of Seir, and he dwelt there; and Esau saw there a woman

from amongst the daughters of Heth whose name was Bosmath, the daughter of Elon

the Hittite, and he took her for a wife in addition to his first wife, and Esau called her

name Adah, saying the blessing had in that time passed from him.

13. And Esau dwelt in the land of Seir six months without seeing his father and mother, and

afterward Esau took his wives and rose up and returned to the land of Canaan, and Esau

placed his two wives in his father's house in Hebron.

14. And the wives of Esau vexed and provoked Isaac and Rebecca with their works, for

they walked not in the ways of the Lord, but served their father's gods of wood and

stone as their father had taught them, and they were more wicked than their father.

15. And they went according to the evil desires of their hearts, and they sacrificed and burnt

incense to the Baalim, and Isaac and Rebecca became weary of them.

16. And Rebecca said, I am weary of my life because of the daughters of Heth; if Jacob take

a wife of the daughters of Heth, such as these which are of the daughters of the land,

what good then is life unto me?

17. And in those days Adah the wife of Esau conceived and bare him a son, and Esau called

the name of the son that was born unto him Eliphaz, and Esau was sixty-five years old

when she bare him.

18. And Ishmael the son of Abraham died in those days, in the sixty-forth year of the life of

Jacob, and all the days that Ishmael lived were one hundred and thirty-seven years and

he died.

19. And when Isaac heard that Ishmael was dead he mourned for him, and Isaac lamented

over him many days.

20. And at the end of fourteen years of Jacob's residing in the house of Eber, Jacob desired

to see his father and mother, and Jacob came to the house of his father and mother to

Hebron, and Esau had in those days forgotten what Jacob had done to him in having

taken the blessing from him in those days.

21. And when Esau saw Jacob coming to his father and mother he remembered what Jacob

had done to him, and he was greatly incensed against him and he sought to slay him.

22. And Isaac the son of Abraham was old and advanced in days, and Esau said, Now my

father's time is drawing nigh that he must die, and when he shall die I will slay my

brother Jacob.

23. And this was told to Rebecca, and she hastened and sent and called for Jacob her son,

and she said unto him, Arise, go and flee to Haran to my brother Laban, and remain

there for some time, until thy brother's anger be turned from thee and then shalt thou

come back.

24. And Isaac called unto Jacob and said unto him, Take not a wife from the daughters of

Canaan, for thus did our father Abraham command us according to the word of the Lord

which he had commanded him, saying, Unto thy seed will I give this land; if thy

children keep my covenant that I have made with thee, then will I also perform to thy

children that which I have spoken unto thee and I will not forsake them.

25. Now therefore my son hearken to my voice, to all that I shall command thee, and refrain

from taking a wife from amongst the daughters of Canaan; arise, go to Haran to the

house of Bethuel thy mother's father, and take unto thee a wife from there from the

daughters of Laban thy mother's brother.

26. Therefore take heed lest thou shouldst forget the Lord thy God and all his ways in the

land to which thou goest, and shouldst get connected with the people of the land and

pursue vanity and forsake the Lord thy God.

27. But when thou comest to the land serve there the Lord, do not turn to the right or to the

left from the way which I commanded thee and which thou didst learn.

28. And may the Almighty God grant thee favor in the sight of the people of the earth, that

thou mayest take there a wife according to thy choice; one who is good and upright in

the ways of the Lord.

29. And may God give unto thee and thy seed the blessing of thy father Abraham, and make

thee fruitful and multiply thee, and mayest thou become a multitude of people in the

land whither thou goest, and may God cause thee to return to this land, the land of thy

father's dwelling, with children and with great riches, with joy and with pleasure.

30. And Isaac finished commanding Jacob and blessing him, and he gave him many gifts,

together with silver and gold, and he sent him away; and Jacob hearkened to his father

and mother; he kissed them and arose and went to Padan-aram; and Jacob was seventy-

seven years old when he went out from the land of Canaan from Beersheba.

31. And when Jacob went away to go to Haran Esau called unto his son Eliphaz, and

secretly spoke unto him, saying, Now hasten, take thy sword in thy hand and pursue

Jacob and pass before him in the road, and lurk for him, and slay him with thy sword in

one of the mountains, and take all belonging to him and come back.

32. And Eliphaz the son of Esau was an active man and expert with the bow as his father

had taught him, and he was a noted hunter in the field and a valiant man.

33. And Eliphaz did as his father had commanded him, and Eliphaz was at that time thirteen

years old, and Eliphaz rose up and went and took ten of his mother's brothers with him

and pursued Jacob.

34. And he closely followed Jacob, and he lurked for him in the border of the land of

Canaan opposite to the city of Shechem.

35. And Jacob saw Eliphaz and his men pursuing him, and Jacob stood still in the place in

which he was going, in order to know what this was, for he did not know the thing; and

Eliphaz drew his sword and he went on advancing, he and his men, toward Jacob; and

Jacob said unto them, What is to do with you that you have come hither, and what

meaneth it that you pursue with your swords.

36. And Eliphaz came near to Jacob and he answered and said unto him, Thus did my father

command me, and now therefore I will not deviate from the orders which my father

gave me; and when Jacob saw that Esau had spoken to Eliphaz to employ force, Jacob

then approached and supplicated Eliphaz and his men, saying to him,

37. Behold all that I have and which my father and mother gave unto me, that take unto thee

and go from me, and do not slay me, and may this thing be accounted unto thee a

righteousness.

38. And the Lord caused Jacob to find favor in the sight of Eliphaz the son of Esau, and his

men, and they hearkened to the voice of Jacob, and they did not put him to death, and

Eliphaz and his men took all belonging to Jacob together with the silver and gold that he

had brought with him from Beersheba; they left him nothing.

39. And Eliphaz and his men went away from him and they returned to Esau to Beersheba,

and they told him all that had occurred to them with Jacob, and they gave him all that

they had taken from Jacob.

40. And Esau was indignant at Eliphaz his son, and at his men that were with him, because

they had not put Jacob to death.

41. And they answered and said unto Esau, Because Jacob supplicated us in this matter not

to slay him, our pity was excited toward him, and we took all belonging to him and

brought it unto thee; and Esau took all the silver and gold which Eliphaz had taken from

Jacob and he put them by in his house.

42. At that time when Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob, and had commanded him,

saying, Thou shalt not take a wife from amongst the daughters of Canaan, and that the

daughters of Canaan were bad in the sight of Isaac and Rebecca,

43. Then he went to the house of Ishmael his uncle, and in addition to his older wives he

took Machlath the daughter of Ishmael, the sister of Nebayoth, for a wife.

 

Jasher Chapter 30

1. And Jacob went forth continuing his road to Haran, and he came as far as mount

Moriah, and he tarried there all night near the city of Luz; and the Lord appeared there

unto Jacob on that night, and he said unto him, I am the Lord God of Abraham and the

God of Isaac thy father; the land upon which thou liest I will give unto thee and thy seed.

2. And behold I am with thee and will keep thee wherever thou goest, and I will multiply

thy seed as the stars of Heaven, and I will cause all thine enemies to fall before thee;

and when they shall make war with thee they shall not prevail over thee, and I will bring

thee again unto this land with joy, with children, and with great riches.

3. And Jacob awoke from his sleep and he rejoiced greatly at the vision which he had

seen; and he called the name of that place Bethel.

4. And Jacob rose up from that place quite rejoiced, and when he walked his feet felt light

to him for joy, and he went from there to the land of the children of the East, and he

returned to Haran and he set by the shepherd's well.

5. And he there found some men; going from Haran to feed their flocks, and Jacob made

inquiries of them, and they said, We are from Haran.

6. And he said unto them, Do you know Laban, the son of Nahor? and they said, We know

him, and behold his daughter Rachel is coming along to feed her father's flock.

7. Whilst he was yet speaking with them, Rachel the daughter of Laban came to feed her

father's sheep, for she was a shepherdess.

8. And when Jacob saw Rachel, the daughter of Laban, his mother's brother, he ran and

kissed her, and lifted up his voice and wept.

9. And Jacob told Rachel that he was the son of Rebecca, her father's sister, and Rachel

ran and told her father, and Jacob continued to cry because he had nothing with him to

bring to the house of Laban.

10. And when Laban heard that his sister's son Jacob had come, he ran and kissed him and

embraced him and brought him into the house and gave him bread, and he ate.

11. And Jacob related to Laban what his brother Esau had done to him, and what his son

Eliphaz had done to him in the road.

12. And Jacob resided in Laban's house for one month, and Jacob ate and drank in the

house of Laban, and afterward Laban said unto Jacob, Tell me what shall be thy wages,

for how canst thou serve me for nought?

13. And Laban had no sons but only daughters, and his other wives and handmaids were

still barren in those days; and these are the names of Laban's daughters which his wife

Adinah had borne unto him; the name of the elder was Leah and the name of the

younger was Rachel; and Leah was tender-eyed, but Rachel was beautiful and well

favored, and Jacob loved her.

14. And Jacob said unto Laban, I will serve thee seven years for Rachel thy younger

daughter; and Laban consented to this and Jacob served Laban seven years for his

daughter Rachel.

15. And in the second year of Jacob's dwelling in Haran, that is in the seventy ninth year of

the life of Jacob, in that year died Eber the son of Shem, he was four hundred and sixty-

four years old at his death.

16. And when Jacob heard that Eber was dead he grieved exceedingly, and he lamented and

mourned over him many days.

17. And in the third year of Jacob's dwelling in Haran, Bosmath, the daughter of Ishmael,

the wife of Esau, bare unto him a son, and Esau called his name Reuel.

18. And in the fourth year of Jacob's residence in the house of Laban, the Lord visited

Laban and remembered him on account of Jacob, and sons were born unto him, and his

first born was Beor, his second was Alib, and the third was Chorash.

19. And the Lord gave Laban riches and honor, sons and daughters, and the man increased

greatly on account of Jacob.

20. And Jacob in those days served Laban in all manner of work, in the house and in the

field, and the blessing of the Lord was in all that belonged to Laban in the house and in

the field.

21. And in the fifth year died Jehudith, the daughter of Beeri, the wife of Esau, in the land

of Canaan, and she had no sons but daughters only.

22. And these are the names of her daughters which she bare to Esau, the name of the elder

was Marzith, and the name of the younger was Puith.

23. And when Jehudith died, Esau rose up and went to Seir to hunt in the field, as usual, and

Esau dwelt in the land of Seir for a long time.

24. And in the sixth year Esau took for a wife, in addition to his other wives, Ahlibamah,

the daughter of Zebeon the Hivite, and Esau brought her to the land of Canaan.

25. And Ahlibamah conceived and bare unto Esau three sons, Yeush, Yaalan, and Korah.

26. And in those days, in the land of Canaan, there was a quarrel between the herdsmen of

Esau and the herdsmen of the inhabitants of the land of Canaan, for Esau's cattle and

goods were too abundant for him to remain in the land of Canaan, in his father's house,

and the land of Canaan could not bear him on account of his cattle.

27. And when Esau saw that his quarreling increased with the inhabitants of the land of

Canaan, he rose up and took his wives and his sons and his daughters, and all belonging

to him, and the cattle which he possessed, and all his property that he had acquired in

the land of Canaan, and he went away from the inhabitants of the land to the land of

Seir, and Esau and all belonging to him dwelt in the land of Seir.

28. But from time to time Esau would go and see his father and mother in the land of

Canaan, and Esau intermarried with the Horites, and he gave his daughters to the sons

of Seir, the Horite.

29. And he gave his elder daughter Marzith to Anah, the son of Zebeon, his wife's brother,

and Puith he gave to Azar, the son of Bilhan the Horite; and Esau dwelt in the mountain,

he and his children, and they were fruitful and multiplied.

 

Jasher Chapter 31

1. And in the seventh year, Jacob's service which he served Laban was completed, and

Jacob said unto Laban, Give me my wife, for the days of my service are fulfilled; and

Laban did so, and Laban and Jacob assembled all the people of that place and they made

a feast.

2. And in the evening Laban came to the house, and afterward Jacob came there with the

people of the feast, and Laban extinguished all the lights that were there in the house.

3. And Jacob said unto Laban, Wherefore dost thou do this thing unto us? and Laban

answered, Such is our custom to act in this land.

4. And afterward Laban took his daughter Leah, and he brought her to Jacob, and he came

to her and Jacob did not know that she was Leah.

5. And Laban gave his daughter Leah his maid Zilpah for a handmaid.

6. And all the people at the feast knew what Laban had done to Jacob, but they did not tell

the thing to Jacob.

7. And all the neighbors came that night to Jacob's house, and they ate and drank and

rejoiced, and played before Leah upon timbrels, and with dances, and they responded

before Jacob, Heleah, Heleah.

8. And Jacob heard their words but did not understand their meaning, but he thought such

might be their custom in this land.

9. And the neighbors spoke these words before Jacob during the night, and all the lights

that were in the house Laban had that night extinguished.

10. And in the morning, when daylight appeared, Jacob turned to his wife and he saw, and

behold it was Leah that had been lying in his bosom, and Jacob said, Behold now I

know what the neighbors said last night, Heleah, they said, and I knew it not.

11. And Jacob called unto Laban, and said unto him, What is this that thou didst unto me?

Surely I served thee for Rachel, and why didst thou deceive me and didst give me Leah?

12. And Laban answered Jacob, saying, Not so is it done in our place to give the younger

before the elder now therefore if thou desirest to take her sister likewise, take her unto

thee for the service which thou wilt serve me for another seven years.

13. And Jacob did so, and he also took Rachel for a wife, and he served Laban seven years

more, and Jacob also came to Rachel, and he loved Rachel more than Leah, and Laban

gave her his maid Bilhah for a handmaid.

14. And when the Lord saw that Leah was hated, the Lord opened her womb, and she

conceived and bare Jacob four sons in those days.

15. And these are their names, Reuben Simeon, Levi, and Judah, and she afterward left

bearing.

16. And at that time Rachel was barren, and she had no offspring, and Rachel envied her

sister Leah, and when Rachel saw that she bare no children to Jacob, she took her

handmaid Bilhah, and she bare Jacob two sons, Dan and Naphtali.

17. And when Leah saw that she had left bearing, she also took her handmaid Zilpah, and

she gave her to Jacob for a wife, and Jacob also came to Zilpah, and she also bare Jacob

two sons, Gad and Asher.

18. And Leah again conceived and bare Jacob in those days two sons and one daughter, and

these are their names, Issachar, Zebulon, and their sister Dinah.

19. And Rachel was still barren in those days, and Rachel prayed unto the Lord at that time,

and she said, O Lord God remember me and visit me, I beseech thee, for now my

husband will cast me off, for I have borne him no children.

20. Now O Lord God, hear my supplication before thee, and see my affliction, and give me

children like one of the handmaids, that I may no more bear my reproach.

21. And God heard her and opened her womb, and Rachel conceived and bare a son, and

she said, The Lord has taken away my reproach, and she called his name Joseph, saying,

May the Lord add to me another son; and Jacob was ninety-one years old when she bare

him.

22. At that time Jacob's mother, Rebecca, sent her nurse Deborah the daughter of Uz, and

two of Isaac's servants unto Jacob.

23. And they came to Jacob to Haran and they said unto him, Rebecca has sent us to thee

that thou shalt return to thy father's house to the land of Canaan; and Jacob hearkened

unto them in this which his mother had spoken.

24. At that time, the other seven years which Jacob served Laban for Rachel were

completed, and it was at the end of fourteen years that he had dwelt in Haran that Jacob

said unto Laban, give me my wives and send me away, that I may go to my land, for

behold my mother did send unto me from the land at Canaan that I should return to my

father's house.

25. And Laban said unto him, Not so I pray thee; if I have found favor in thy sight do not

leave me; appoint me thy wages and I will give them, and remain with me.

26. And Jacob said unto him, This is what thou shalt give me for wages, that I shall this day

pass through all thy flock and take away from them every lamb that is speckled and

spotted and such as are brown amongst the sheep, and amongst the goats, and if thou

wilt do this thing for me I will return and feed thy flock and keep them as at first.

27. And Laban did so, and Laban removed from his flock all that Jacob had said and gave

them to him.

28. And Jacob placed all that he had removed from Laban's flock in the hands of his sons,

and Jacob was feeding the remainder of Laban's flock.

29. And when the servants of Isaac which he had sent unto Jacob saw that Jacob would not

then return with them to the land of Canaan to his father, they then went away from

him, and they returned home to the land of Canaan.

30. And Deborah remained with Jacob in Haran, and she did not return with the servants of

Isaac to the land of Canaan, and Deborah resided with Jacob's wives and children in

Haran.

31. And Jacob served Laban six years longer, and when the sheep brought forth, Jacob

removed from them such as were speckled and spotted, as he had determined with

Laban, and Jacob did so at Laban's for six years, and the man increased abundantly and

he had cattle and maid servants and men servants, camels, and asses.

32. And Jacob had two hundred drove of cattle, and his cattle were of large size and of

beautiful appearance and were very productive, and all the families of the sons of men

desired to get some of the cattle of Jacob, for they were exceedingly prosperous.

33. And many of the sons of men came to procure some of Jacob's flock, and Jacob gave

them a sheep for a man servant or a maid servant or for an ass or a camel, or whatever

Jacob desired from them they gave him.

34. And Jacob obtained riches and honor and possessions by means of these transactions

with the sons of men, and the children of Laban envied him of this honor.

35. And in the course of time he heard the words of Laban's sons, saying, Jacob has taken

away all that was our father's, and of that which was our father's has he acquired all this

glory.

36. And Jacob beheld the countenance of Laban and of his children, and behold it was not

toward him in those days as it had been before.

37. And the Lord appeared to Jacob at the expiration of the six years, and said unto him,

Arise, go forth out of this land, and return to the land of thy birthplace and I will be with

thee.

38. And Jacob rose up at that time and he mounted his children and wives and all belonging

to him upon camels, and he went forth to go to the land of Canaan to his father Isaac.

39. And Laban did not know that Jacob had gone from him, for Laban had been that day

sheep-shearing.

40. And Rachel stole her father's images, and she took them and she concealed them upon

the camel upon which she sat, and she went on.

41. And this is the manner of the images; in taking a man who is the first born and slaying

him and taking the hair off his head, and taking salt and salting the head and anointing it

in oil, then taking a small tablet of copper or a tablet of gold and writing the name upon

it, and placing the tablet under his tongue, and taking the head with the tablet under the

tongue and putting it in the house, and lighting up lights before it and bowing down to it.

42. And at the time when they bow down to it, it speaketh to them in all matters that they

ask of it, through the power of the name which is written in it.

43. And some make them in the figures of men, of gold and silver, and go to them in times

known to them, and the figures receive the influence of the stars, and tell them future

things, and in this manner were the images which Rachel stole from her father.

44. And Rachel stole these images which were her father's, in order that Laban might not

know through them where Jacob had gone.

45. And Laban came home and he asked concerning Jacob and his household, and he was

not to be found, and Laban sought his images to know where Jacob had gone, and could

not find them, and he went to some other images, and he inquired of them and they told

him that Jacob had fled from him to his father's, to the land of Canaan.

46. And Laban then rose up and he took his brothers and all his servants, and he went forth

and pursued Jacob, and he overtook him in mount Gilead.

47. And Laban said unto Jacob, What is this thou hast done to me to flee and deceive me,

and lead my daughters and their children as captives taken by the sword?

48. And thou didst not suffer me to kiss them and send them away with joy, and thou didst

steal my gods and didst go away.

49. And Jacob answered Laban, saying, Because I was afraid lest thou wouldst take thy

daughters by force from me; and now with whomsoever thou findest thy gods he shall

die.

50. And Laban searched for the images and he examined in all Jacob's tents and furniture,

but could not find them.

51. And Laban said unto Jacob, We will make a covenant together and it shall be a

testimony between me and thee; if thou shalt afflict my daughters, or shalt take other

wives besides my daughters, even God shall be a witness between me and thee in this

matter.

52. And they took stones and made a heap, and Laban said, This heap is a witness between

me and thee, therefore he called the name thereof Gilead.

53. And Jacob and Laban offered sacrifice upon the mount, and they ate there by the heap,

and they tarried in the mount all night, and Laban rose up early in the morning, and he

wept with his daughters and he kissed them, and he returned unto his place.

54. And he hastened and sent off his son Beor, who was seventeen years old, with

Abichorof the son of Uz, the son of Nahor, and with them were ten men.

55. And they hastened and went and passed on the road before Jacob, and they came by

another road to the land of Seir.

56. And they came unto Esau and said unto him, Thus saith thy brother and relative, thy

mother's brother Laban, the son of Bethuel, saying,

57. Hast thou heard what Jacob thy brother has done unto me, who first came to me naked

and bare, and I went to meet him, and brought him to my house with honor, and I made

him great, and I gave him my two daughters for wives and also two of my maids.

58. And God blessed him on my account, and he increased abundantly, and had sons,

daughters and maid servants.

59. He has also an immense stock of flocks and herds, camels and asses, also silver and

gold in abundance; and when he saw that his wealth increased, he left me whilst I went

to shear my sheep, and he rose up and fled in secrecy.

60. And he lifted his wives and children upon camels, and he led away all his cattle and

property which he acquired in my land, and he lifted up his countenance to go to his

father Isaac, to the land of Canaan.

61. And he did not suffer me to kiss my daughters and their children, and he led my

daughters as captives taken by the sword, and he also stole my gods and he fled.

62. And now I have left him in the mountain of the brook of Jabuk, him and all belonging to

him; he lacketh nothing.

63. If it be thy wish to go to him, go then and there wilt thou find him, and thou canst do

unto him as thy soul desireth; and Laban's messengers came and told Esau all these

things.

64. And Esau heard all the words of Laban's messengers, and his anger was greatly kindled

against Jacob, and he remembered his hatred, and his anger burned within him.

65. And Esau hastened and took his children and servants and the souls of his household,

being sixty men, and he went and assembled all the children of Seir the Horite and their

people, being three hundred and forty men, and took all this number of four hundred

men with drawn swords, and he went unto Jacob to smite him.

66. And Esau divided this number into several parts, and he took the sixty men of his

children and servants and the souls of his household as one head, and gave them in care

of Eliphaz his eldest son.

67. And the remaining heads he gave to the care of the six sons of Seir the Horite, and he

placed every man over his generations and children.

68. And the whole of this camp went as it was, and Esau went amongst them toward Jacob,

and he conducted them with speed.

69. And Laban's messengers departed from Esau and went to the land of Canaan, and they

came to the house of Rebecca the mother of Jacob and Esau.

70. And they told her saying, Behold thy son Esau has gone against his brother Jacob with

four hundred men, for he heard that he was coming, and he is gone to make war with

him, and to smite him and to take all that he has.

71. And Rebecca hastened and sent seventy two men from the servants of Isaac to meet

Jacob on the road; for she said, Peradventure, Esau may make war in the road when he

meets him.

72. And these messengers went on the road to meet Jacob, and they met him in the road of

the brook on the opposite side of the brook Jabuk, and Jacob said when he saw them,

This camp is destined to me from God, and Jacob called the name of that place

Machnayim.

73. And Jacob knew all his father's people, and he kissed them and embraced them and

came with them, and Jacob asked them concerning his father and mother, and they said,

They were well.

74. And these messengers said unto Jacob, Rebecca thy mother has sent us to thee, saying, I

have heard, my son, that thy brother Esau has gone forth against thee on the road with

men from the children of Seir the Horite.

75. And therefore, my son, hearken to my voice and see with thy counsel what thou wilt do,

and when he cometh up to thee, supplicate him, and do not speak rashly to him, and

give him a present from what thou possessest, and from what God has favored thee with.

76. And when he asketh thee concerning thy affairs, conceal nothing from him, perhaps he

may turn from his anger against thee and thou wilt thereby save thy soul, thou and all

belonging to thee, for it is thy duty to honor him, for he is thy elder brother.

77. And when Jacob heard the words of his mother which the messengers had spoken to

him, Jacob lifted up his voice and wept bitterly, and did as his mother then commanded

him.

 

Jasher Chapter 32

1. And at that time Jacob sent messengers to his brother Esau toward the land of Seir, and

he spoke to him words of supplication.

2. And he commanded them, saying, Thus shall ye say to my lord, to Esau, Thus saith thy

servant Jacob, Let not my lord imagine that my father's blessing with which he did bless

me has proved beneficial to me.

3. For I have been these twenty years with Laban, and he deceived me and changed my

wages ten times, as it has all been already told unto my lord.

4. And I served him in his house very laboriously, and God afterward saw my affliction,

my labor and the work of my hands, and he caused me to find grace and favor in his

sight.

5. And I afterward through God's great mercy and kindness acquired oxen and asses and

cattle, and men servants and maid servants.

6. And now I am coming to my land and my home to my father and mother, who are in the

land of Canaan; and I have sent to let my lord know all this in order to find favor in the

sight of my lord, so that he may not imagine that I have of myself obtained wealth, or

that the blessing with which my father blessed me has benefited me.

7. And those messengers went to Esau, and found him on the borders of the land of Edom

going toward Jacob, and four hundred men of the children of Seir the Horite were

standing with drawn swords.

8. And the messengers of Jacob told Esau all the words that Jacob had spoken to them

concerning Esau.

9. And Esau answered them with pride and contempt, and said unto them, Surely I have

heard and truly it has been told unto me what Jacob has done to Laban, who exalted him

in his house and gave him his daughters for wives, and he begat sons and daughters, and

abundantly increased in wealth and riches in Laban's house through his means.

10. And when he saw that his wealth was abundant and his riches great he fled with all

belonging to him, from Laban's house, and he led Laban's daughters away from the face

of their father, as captives taken by the sword without telling him of it.

11. And not only to Laban has Jacob done thus but also unto me has he done so and has

twice supplanted me, and shall I be silent?

12. Now therefore I have this day come with my camps to meet him, and I will do unto him

according to the desire of my heart.

13. And the messengers returned and came to Jacob and said unto him, We came to thy

brother, to Esau, and we told him all thy words, and thus has he answered us, and

behold he cometh to meet thee with four hundred men.

14. Now then know and see what thou shalt do, and pray before God to deliver thee from

him.

15. And when he heard the words of his brother which he had spoken to the messengers of

Jacob, Jacob was greatly afraid and he was distressed.

16. And Jacob prayed to the Lord his God, and he said, O Lord God of my fathers,

Abraham and Isaac, thou didst say unto me when I went away from my father's house,

saying,

17. I am the Lord God of thy father Abraham and the God of Isaac, unto thee do I give this

land and thy seed after thee, and I will make thy seed as the stars of heaven, and thou

shalt spread forth to the four sides of heaven, and in thee and in thy seed shall all the

families of the earth be blessed.

18. And thou didst establish thy words, and didst give unto me riches and children and

cattle, as the utmost wishes of my heart didst thou give unto thy servant; thou didst give

unto me all that I asked from thee, so that I lacked nothing.

19. And thou didst afterward say unto me, Return to thy parents and to thy birth place and I

will still do well with thee.

20. And now that I have come, and thou didst deliver me from Laban, I shall fall in the

hands of Esau who will slay me, yea, together with the mothers of my children.

21. Now therefore, O Lord God, deliver me, I pray thee, also from the hands of my brother

Esau, for I am greatly afraid of him.

22. And if there is no righteousness in me, do it for the sake of Abraham and my father

Isaac.

23. For I know that through kindness and mercy have I acquired this wealth; now therefore

I beseech thee to deliver me this day with thy kindness and to answer me.

24. And Jacob ceased praying to the Lord, and he divided the people that were with him

with the flocks and cattle into two camps, and he gave the half to the care of Damesek,

the son of Eliezer, Abraham's servant, for a camp, with his children, and the other half

he gave to the care of his brother Elianus the son of Eliezer, to be for a camp with his

children.

25. And he commanded them, saying, Keep yourselves at a distance with your camps, and

do not come too near each other, and if Esau come to one camp and slay it, the other

camp at a distance from it will escape him.

26. And Jacob tarried there that night, and during the whole night he gave his servants

instructions concerning the forces and his children.

27. And the Lord heard the prayer of Jacob on that day, and the Lord then delivered Jacob

from the hands of his brother Esau.

28. And the Lord sent three angels of the angels of heaven, and they went before Esau and

came to him.

29. And these angels appeared unto Esau and his people as two thousand men, riding upon

horses furnished with all sorts of war instruments, and they appeared in the sight of

Esau and all his men to be divided into four camps, with four chiefs to them.

30. And one camp went on and they found Esau coming with four hundred men toward his

brother Jacob, and this camp ran toward Esau and his people and terrified them, and

Esau fell off the horse in alarm, and all his men separated from him in that place, for

they were greatly afraid.

31. And the whole of the camp shouted after them when they fled from Esau, and all the

warlike men answered, saying,

32. Surely we are the servants of Jacob, who is the servant of God, and who then can stand

against us? And Esau said unto them, O then, my lord and brother Jacob is your lord,

whom I have not seen for these twenty years, and now that I have this day come to see

him, do you treat me in this manner?

33. And the angels answered him saying, As the Lord liveth, were not Jacob of whom thou

speaketh thy brother, we had not let one remaining from thee and thy people, but only

on account of Jacob we will do nothing to them.

34. And this camp passed from Esau and his men and it went away, and Esau and his men

had gone from them about a league when the second camp came toward him with all

sorts of weapons, and they also did unto Esau and his men as the first camp had done to

them.

35. And when they had left it to go on, behold the third camp came toward him and they

were all terrified, and Esau fell off the horse, and the whole camp cried out, and said,

Surely we are the servants of Jacob, who is the servant of God, and who can stand

against us?

36. And Esau again answered them saying, O then, Jacob my lord and your lord is my

brother, and for twenty years I have not seen his countenance and hearing this day that

he was coming, I went this day to meet him, and do you treat me in this manner?

37. And they answered him, and said unto him, As the Lord liveth, were not Jacob thy

brother as thou didst say, we had not left a remnant from thee and thy men, but on

account of Jacob of whom thou speakest being thy brother, we will not meddle with

thee or thy men.

38. And the third camp also passed from them, and he still continued his road with his men

toward Jacob, when the fourth camp came toward him, and they also did unto him and

his men as the others had done.

39. And when Esau beheld the evil which the four angels had done to him and to his men,

he became greatly afraid of his brother Jacob, and he went to meet him in peace.

40. And Esau concealed his hatred against Jacob, because he was afraid of his life on

account of his brother Jacob, and because he imagined that the four camps that he had

lighted upon were Jacob's servants.

41. And Jacob tarried that night with his servants in their camps, and he resolved with his

servants to give unto Esau a present from all that he had with him, and from all his

property; and Jacob rose up in the morning, he and his men, and they chose from

amongst the cattle a present for Esau.

42. And this is the amount of the present which Jacob chose from his flock to give unto his

brother Esau: and he selected two hundred and forty head from the flocks, and he

selected from the camels and asses thirty each, and of the herds he chose fifty kine.

43. And he put them all in ten droves, and he placed each sort by itself, and he delivered

them into the hands of ten of his servants, each drove by itself.

44. And he commanded them, and said unto them, Keep yourselves at a distance from each

other, and put a space between the droves, and when Esau and those who are with him

shall meet you and ask you, saying, Whose are you, and whither do you go, and to

whom belongeth all this before you, you shall say unto them, We are the servants of

Jacob, and we come to meet Esau in peace, and behold Jacob cometh behind us.

45. And that which is before us is a present sent from Jacob to his brother Esau.

46. And if they shall say unto you, Why doth he delay behind you, from coming to meet his

brother and to see his face, then you shall say unto them, Surely he cometh joyfully

behind us to meet his brother, for he said, I will appease him with the present that goeth

to him, and after this I will see his face, peradventure he will accept of me.

47. So the whole present passed on in the hands of his servants, and went before him on that

day, and he lodged that night with his camps by the border of the brook of Jabuk, and he

rose up in the midst of the night, and he took his wives and his maid servants, and all

belonging to him, and he that night passed them over the ford Jabuk.

48. And when he passed all belonging to him over the brook, Jacob was left by himself, and

a man met him, and he wrestled with him that night until the breaking of the day, and

the hollow of Jacob's thigh was out of joint through wrestling with him.

49. And at the break of day the man left Jacob there, and he blessed him and went away,

and Jacob passed the brook at the break of day, and he halted upon his thigh.

50. And the sun rose upon him when he had passed the brook, and he came up to the place

of his cattle and children.

51. And they went on till midday, and whilst they were going the present was passing on

before them.

52. And Jacob lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold Esau was at a distance, coming

along with many men, about four hundred, and Jacob was greatly afraid of his brother.

53. And Jacob hastened and divided his children unto his wives and his handmaids, and his

daughter Dinah he put in a chest, and delivered her into the hands of his servants.

54. And he passed before his children and wives to meet his brother, and he bowed down to

the ground, yea he bowed down seven times until he approached his brother, and God

caused Jacob to find grace and favor in the sight of Esau and his men, for God had

heard the prayer of Jacob.

55. And the fear of Jacob and his terror fell upon his brother Esau, for Esau was greatly

afraid of Jacob for what the angels of God had done to Esau, and Esau's anger against

Jacob was turned into kindness.

56. And when Esau saw Jacob running toward him, he also ran toward him and he

embraced him, and he fell upon his neck, and they kissed and they wept.

57. And God put fear and kindness toward Jacob in the hearts of the men that came with

Esau, and they also kissed Jacob and embraced him.

58. And also Eliphaz, the son of Esau, with his four brothers, sons of Esau, wept with

Jacob, and they kissed him and embraced him, for the fear of Jacob had fallen upon

them all.

59. And Esau lifted up his eyes and saw the women with their offspring, the children of

Jacob, walking behind Jacob and bowing along the road to Esau.

60. And Esau said unto Jacob, Who are these with thee, my brother? are they thy children

or thy servants? and Jacob answered Esau and said, They are my children which God

hath graciously given to thy servant.

61. And whilst Jacob was speaking to Esau and his men, Esau beheld the whole camp, and

he said unto Jacob, Whence didst thou get the whole of the camp that I met yesternight?

and Jacob said, To find favor in the sight of my lord, it is that which God graciously

gave to thy servant.

62. And the present came before Esau, and Jacob pressed Esau, saying, Take I pray thee the

present that I have brought to my lord, and Esau said, Wherefore is this my purpose?

keep that which thou hast unto thyself.

63. And Jacob said, It is incumbent upon me to give all this, since I have seen thy face, that

thou still livest in peace.

64. And Esau refused to take the present, and Jacob said unto him, I beseech thee my lord,

if now I have found favor in thy sight, then receive my present at my hand, for I have

therefore seen thy face, as though I had seen a god-like face, because thou wast pleased

with me.

65. And Esau took the present, and Jacob also gave unto Esau silver and gold and bdellium,

for he pressed him so much that he took them.

66. And Esau divided the cattle that were in the camp, and he gave the half to the men who

had come with him, for they had come on hire, and the other half he delivered unto the

hands of his children.

67. And the silver and gold and bdellium he gave in the hands of Eliphaz his eldest son, and

Esau said unto Jacob, Let us remain with thee, and we will go slowly along with thee

until thou comest to my place with me, that we may dwell there together.

68. And Jacob answered his brother and said, I would do as my lord speaketh unto me, but

my lord knoweth that the children are tender, and the flocks and herds with their young

who are with me, go but slowly, for if they went swiftly they would all die, for thou

knowest their burdens and their fatigue.

69. Therefore let my lord pass on before his servant, and I will go on slowly for the sake of

the children and the flock, until I come to my lord's place to Seir.

70. And Esau said unto Jacob, I will place with thee some of the people that are with me to

take care of thee in the road, and to bear thy fatigue and burden, and he said, What

needeth it my lord, if I may find grace in thy sight?

71. Behold I will come unto thee to Seir to dwell there together as thou hast spoken, go thou

then with thy people for I will follow thee.

72. And Jacob said this to Esau in order to remove Esau and his men from him, so that

Jacob might afterward go to his father's house to the land of Canaan.

73. And Esau hearkened to the voice of Jacob, and Esau returned with the four hundred

men that were with him on their road to Seir, and Jacob and all belonging to him went

that day as far as the extremity of the land of Canaan in its borders, and he remained

there some time.

 

Jasher Chapter 33

1. And in some time after Jacob went away from the borders of the land, and he came to

the land of Shalem, that is the city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, and he

rested in front of the city.

2. And he bought a parcel of the field which was there, from the children of Hamor the

people of the land, for five shekels.

3. And Jacob there built himself a house, and he pitched his tent there, and he made booths

for his cattle, therefore he called the name of that place Succoth.

4. And Jacob remained in Succoth a year and six months.

5. At that time some of the women of the inhabitants of the land went to the city of

Shechem to dance and rejoice with the daughters of the people of the city, and when

they went forth then Rachel and Leah the wives of Jacob with their families also went to

behold the rejoicing of the daughters of the city.

6. And Dinah the daughter of Jacob also went along with them and saw the daughters of

the city, and they remained there before these daughters whilst all the people of the city

were standing by them to behold their rejoicings, and all the great people of the city

were there.

7. And Shechem the son of Hamor, the prince of the land was also standing there to see

them.

8. And Shechem beheld Dinah the daughter of Jacob sitting with her mother before the

daughters of the city, and the damsel pleased him greatly, and he there asked his friends

and his people, saying, Whose daughter is that sitting amongst the women, whom I do

not know in this city?

9. And they said unto him, Surely this is the daughter of Jacob the son of Isaac the

Hebrew, who has dwelt in this city for some time, and when it was reported that the

daughters of the land were going forth to rejoice she went with her mother and maid

servants to sit amongst them as thou seest.

10. And Shechem beheld Dinah the daughter of Jacob, and when he looked at her his soul

became fixed upon Dinah.

11. And he sent and had her taken by force, and Dinah came to the house of Shechem and

he seized her forcibly and lay with her and humbled her, and he loved her exceedingly

and placed her in his house.

12. And they came and told the thing unto Jacob, and when Jacob heard that Shechem had

defiled his daughter Dinah, Jacob sent twelve of his servants to fetch Dinah from the

house of Shechem, and they went and came to the house of Shechem to take away

Dinah from there.

13. And when they came Shechem went out to them with his men and drove them from his

house, and he would not suffer them to come before Dinah, but Shechem was sitting

with Dinah kissing and embracing her before their eyes.

14. And the servants of Jacob came back and told him, saying, When we came, he and his

men drove us away, and thus did Shechem do unto Dinah before our eyes.

15. And Jacob knew moreover that Shechem had defiled his daughter, but he said nothing,

and his sons were feeding his cattle in the field, and Jacob remained silent till their

return.

16. And before his sons came home Jacob sent two maidens from his servants' daughters to

take care of Dinah in the house of Shechem, and to remain with her, and Shechem sent

three of his friends to his father Hamor the son of Chiddekem, the son of Pered, saying,

Get me this damsel for a wife.

17. And Hamor the son of Chiddekem the Hivite came to the house of Shechem his son,

and he sat before him, and Hamor said unto his son, Shechem, Is there then no woman

amongst the daughters of thy people that thou wilt take an Hebrew woman who is not of

thy people?

18. And Shechem said to him, Her only must thou get for me, for she is delightful in my

sight; and Hamor did according to the word of his son, for he was greatly beloved by

him.

19. And Hamor went forth to Jacob to commune with him concerning this matter, and when

he had gone from the house of his son Shechem, before he came to Jacob to speak unto

him, behold the sons of Jacob had come from the field, as soon as they heard the thing

that Shechem the son of Hamor had done.

20. And the men were very much grieved concerning their sister, and they all came home

fired with anger, before the time of gathering in their cattle.

21. And they came and sat before their father and they spoke unto him kindled with wrath,

saying, Surely death is due to this man and to his household, because the Lord God of

the whole earth commanded Noah and his children that man shall never rob, nor commit

adultery; now behold Shechem has both ravaged and committed fornication with our

sister, and not one of all the people of the city spoke a word to him.

22. Surely thou knowest and understandest that the judgment of death is due to Shechem,

and to his father, and to the whole city on account of the thing which he has done.

23. And whilst they were speaking before their father in this matter, behold Hamor the

father of Shechem came to speak to Jacob the words of his son concerning Dinah, and

he sat before Jacob and before his sons.

24. And Hamor spoke unto them, saying, The soul of my son Shechem longeth for your

daughter; I pray you give her unto him for a wife and intermarry with us; give us your

daughters and we will give you our daughters, and you shall dwell with us in our land

and we will be as one people in the land.

25. For our land is very extensive, so dwell ye and trade therein and get possessions in it,

and do therein as you desire, and no one shall prevent you by saying a word to you.

26. And Hamor ceased speaking unto Jacob and his sons, and behold Shechem his son had

come after him, and he sat before them.

27. And Shechem spoke before Jacob and his sons, saying, May I find favor in your sight

that you will give me your daughter, and whatever you say unto me that will I do for her.

28. Ask me for abundance of dowry and gift, and I will give it, and whatever you shall say

unto me that will I do, and whoever he be that will rebel against your orders, he shall

die; only give me the damsel for a wife.

29. And Simeon and Levi answered Hamor and Shechem his son deceitfully, saying, All

you have spoken unto us we will do for you.

30. And behold our sister is in your house, but keep away from her until we send to our

father Isaac concerning this matter, for we can do nothing without his consent.

31. For he knoweth the ways of our father Abraham, and whatever he sayeth unto us we

will tell you, we will conceal nothing from you.

32. And Simeon and Levi spoke this unto Shechem and his father in order to find a pretext,

and to seek counsel what was to be done to Shechem and to his city in this matter.

33. And when Shechem and his father heard the words of Simeon and Levi, it seemed good

in their sight, and Shechem and his father came forth to go home.

34. And when they had gone, the sons of Jacob said unto their father, saying, Behold, we

know that death is due to these wicked ones and to their city, because they transgressed

that which God had commanded unto Noah and his children and his seed after them.

35. And also because Shechem did this thing to our sister Dinah in defiling her, for such

vileness shall never be done amongst us.

36. Now therefore know and see what you will do, and seek counsel and pretext what is to

be done to them, in order to kill all the inhabitants of this city.

37. And Simeon said to them, Here is a proper advice for you: tell them to circumcise every

male amongst them as we are circumcised, and if they do not wish to do this, we shall

take our daughter from them and go away.

38. And if they consent to do this and will do it, then when they are sunk down with pain,

we will attack them with our swords, as upon one who is quiet and peaceable, and we

will slay every male person amongst them.

39. And Simeon's advice pleased them, and Simeon and Levi resolved to do unto them as it

was proposed.

40. And on the next morning Shechem and Hamor his father came again unto Jacob and his

sons, to speak concerning Dinah, and to hear what answer the sons of Jacob would give

to their words.

41. And the sons of Jacob spoke deceitfully to them, saying, We told our father Isaac all

your words, and your words pleased him.

42. But he spoke unto us, saying, Thus did Abraham his father command him from God the

Lord of the whole earth, that any man who is not of his descendants that should wish to

take one of his daughters, shall cause every male belonging to him to be circumcised, as

we are circumcised, and then we may give him our daughter for a wife.

43. Now we have made known to you all our ways that our father spoke unto us, for we

cannot do this of which you spoke unto us, to give our daughter to an uncircumcised

man, for it is a disgrace to us.

44. But herein will we consent to you, to give you our daughter, and we will also take unto

ourselves your daughters, and will dwell amongst you and be one people as you have

spoken, if you will hearken to us, and consent to be like us, to circumcise every male

belonging to you, as we are circumcised.

45. And if you will not hearken unto us, to have every male circumcised as we are

circumcised, as we have commanded, then we will come to you, and take our daughter

from you and go away.

46. And Shechem and his father Hamor heard the words of the sons of Jacob, and the thing

pleased them exceedingly, and Shechem and his father Hamor hastened to do the wishes

of the sons of Jacob, for Shechem was very fond of Dinah, and his soul was riveted to

her.

47. And Shechem and his father Hamor hastened to the gate of the city, and they assembled

all the men of their city and spoke unto them the words of the sons of Jacob, saying,

48. We came to these men, the sons of Jacob, and we spoke unto them concerning their

daughter, and these men will consent to do according to our wishes, and behold our land

is of great extent for them, and they will dwell in it, and trade in it, and we shall be one

people; we will take their daughters, and our daughters we will give unto them for

wives.

49. But only on this condition will these men consent to do this thing, that every male

amongst us be circumcised as they are circumcised, as their God commanded them, and

when we shall have done according to their instructions to be circumcised, then will

they dwell amongst us, together with their cattle and possessions, and we shall be as one

people with them.

50. And when all the men of the city heard the words of Shechem and his father Hamor,

then all the men of their city were agreeable to this proposal, and they obeyed to be

circumcised, for Shechem and his father Hamor were greatly esteemed by them, being

the princes of the land.

51. And on the next day, Shechem and Hamor his father rose up early in the morning, and

they assembled all the men of their city into the middle of the city, and they called for

the sons of Jacob, who circumcised every male belonging to them on that day and the

next.

52. And they circumcised Shechem and Hamor his father, and the five brothers of Shechem,

and then every one rose up and went home, for this thing was from the Lord against the

city of Shechem, and from the Lord was Simeon's counsel in this matter, in order that

the Lord might deliver the city of Shechem into the hands of Jacob's two sons.

 

Jasher Chapter 34

1. And the number of all the males that were circumcised, were six hundred and forty-five

men, and two hundred and forty-six children.

2. But Chiddekem, son of Pered, the father of Hamor, and his six brothers, would not

listen unto Shechem and his father Hamor, and they would not be circumcised, for the

proposal of the sons of Jacob was loathsome in their sight, and their anger was greatly

roused at this, that the people of the city had not hearkened to them.

3. And in the evening of the second day, they found eight small children who had not been

circumcised, for their mothers had concealed them from Shechem and his father Hamor,

and from the men of the city.

4. And Shechem and his father Hamor sent to have them brought before them to be

circumcised, when Chiddekem and his six brothers sprang at them with their swords,

and sought to slay them.

5. And they sought to slay also Shechem and his father Hamor and they sought to slay

Dinah with them on account of this matter.

6. And they said unto them, What is this thing that you have done? are there no women

amongst the daughters of your brethren the Canaanites, that you wish to take unto

yourselves daughters of the Hebrews, whom ye knew not before, and will do this act

which your fathers never commanded you?

7. Do you imagine that you will succeed through this act which you have done? and what

will you answer in this affair to your brethren the Canaanites, who will come tomorrow

and ask you concerning this thing?

8. And if your act shall not appear just and good in their sight, what will you do for your

lives, and me for our lives, in your not having hearkened to our voices?

9. And if the inhabitants of the land and all your brethren the children of Ham, shall hear

of your act, saying,

10. On account of a Hebrew woman did Shechem and Hamor his father, and all the

inhabitants of their city, do that with which they had been unacquainted and which their

ancestors never commanded them, where then will you fly or where conceal your

shame, all your days before your brethren, the inhabitants of the land of Canaan?

11. Now therefore we cannot bear up against this thing which you have done, neither can

we be burdened with this yoke upon us, which our ancestors did not command us.

12. Behold tomorrow we will go and assemble all our brethren, the Canaanitish brethren

who dwell in the land, and we will all come and smite you and all those who trust in

you, that there shall not be a remnant left from you or them.

13. And when Hamor and his son Shechem and all the people of the city heard the words of

Chiddekem and his brothers, they were terribly afraid of their lives at their words, and

they repented of what they had done.

14. And Shechem and his father Hamor answered their father Chiddekem and his brethren,

and they said unto them, All the words which you spoke unto us are true.

15. Now do not say, nor imagine in your hearts that on account of the love of the Hebrews

we did this thing that our ancestors did not command us.

16. But because we saw that it was not their intention and desire to accede to our wishes

concerning their daughter as to our taking her, except on this condition, so we

hearkened to their voices and did this act which you saw, in order to obtain our desire

from them.

17. And when we shall have obtained our request from them, we will then return to them

and do unto them that which you say unto us.

18. We beseech you then to wait and tarry until our flesh shall be healed and we again

become strong, and we will then go together against them, and do unto them that which

is in your hearts and in ours.

19. And Dinah the daughter of Jacob heard all these words which Chiddekem and his

brothers had spoken, and what Hamor and his son Shechem and the people of their city

had answered them.

20. And she hastened and sent one of her maidens, that her father had sent to take care of

her in the house of Shechem, to Jacob her father and to her brethren, saying:

21. Thus did Chiddekem and his brothers advise concerning you, and thus did Hamor and

Shechem and the people of the city answer them.

22. And when Jacob heard these words he was filled with wrath, and he was indignant at

them, and his anger was kindled against them.

23. And Simeon and Levi swore and said, As the Lord liveth, the God of the whole earth,

by this time tomorrow, there shall not be a remnant left in the whole city.

24. And twenty young men had concealed themselves who were not circumcised, and these

young men fought against Simeon and Levi, and Simeon and Levi killed eighteen of

them, and two fled from them and escaped to some lime pits that were in the city, and

Simeon and Levi sought for them, but could not find them.

25. And Simeon and Levi continued to go about in the city, and they killed all the people of

the city at the edge of the sword, and they left none remaining.

26. And there was a great consternation in the midst of the city, and the cry of the people of

the city ascended to heaven, and all the women and children cried aloud.

27. And Simeon and Levi slew all the city; they left not a male remaining in the whole city.

28. And they slew Hamor and Shechem his son at the edge of the sword, and they brought

away Dinah from the house of Shechem and they went from there.

29. And the sons of Jacob went and returned, and came upon the slain, and spoiled all their

property which was in the city and the field.

30. And whilst they were taking the spoil, three hundred men stood up and threw dust at

them and struck them with stones, when Simeon turned to them and he slew them all

with the edge of the sword, and Simeon turned before Levi, and came into the city.

31. And they took away their sheep and their oxen and their cattle, and also the remainder

of the women and little ones, and they led all these away, and they opened a gate and

went out and came unto their father Jacob with vigor.

32. And when Jacob saw all that they had done to the city, and saw the spoil that they took

from them, Jacob was very angry at them, and Jacob said unto them, What is this that

you have done to me? behold I obtained rest amongst the Canaanitish inhabitants of the

land, and none of them meddled with me.

33. And now you have done to make me obnoxious to the inhabitants of the land, amongst

the Canaanites and the Perizzites, and I am but of a small number, and they will all

assemble against me and slay me when they hear of your work with their brethren, and I

and my household will be destroyed.

34. And Simeon and Levi and all their brothers with them answered their father Jacob and

said unto him, Behold we live in the land, and shall Shechem do this to our sister? why

art thou silent at all that Shechem has done? and shall he deal with our sister as with a

harlot in the streets?

35. And the number of women whom Simeon and Levi took captives from the city of

Shechem, whom they did not slay, was eighty-five who had not known man.

36. And amongst them was a young damsel of beautiful appearance and well favored,

whose name was Bunah, and Simeon took her for a wife, and the number of the males

which they took captives and did not slay, was forty-seven men, and the rest they slew.

37. And all the young men and women that Simeon and Levi had taken captives from the

city of Shechem, were servants to the sons of Jacob and to their children after them,

until the day of the sons of Jacob going forth from the land of Egypt.

38. And when Simeon and Levi had gone forth from the city, the two young men that were

left, who had concealed themselves in the city, and did not die amongst the people of

the city, rose up, and these young men went into the city and walked about in it, and

found the city desolate without man, and only women weeping, and these young men

cried out and said, Behold, this is the evil which the sons of Jacob the Hebrew did to

this city in their having this day destroyed one of the Canaanitish cities, and were not

afraid of their lives of all the land of Canaan.

39. And these men left the city and went to the city of Tapnach, and they came there and

told the inhabitants of Tapnach all that had befallen them, and all that the sons of Jacob

had done to the city of Shechem.

40. And the information reached Jashub king of Tapnach, and he sent men to the city of

Shechem to see those young men, for the king did not believe them in this account,

saying, How could two men lay waste such a large town as Shechem?

41. And the messengers of Jashub came back and told him, saying, We came unto the city,

and it is destroyed, there is not a man there; only weeping women; neither is any flock

or cattle there, for all that was in the city the sons of Jacob took away.

42. And Jashub wondered at this, saying, How could two men do this thing, to destroy so

large a city, and not one man able to stand against them?

43. For the like has not been from the days of Nimrod, and not even from the remotest time,

has the like taken place; and Jashub, king of Tapnach, said to his people, Be courageous

and we will go and fight against these Hebrews, and do unto them as they did unto the

city, and we will avenge the cause of the people of the city.

44. And Jashub, king of Tapnach, consulted with his counsellors about this matter, and his

advisers said unto him, Alone thou wilt not prevail over the Hebrews, for they must be

powerful to do this work to the whole city.

45. If two of them laid waste the whole city, and no one stood against them, surely if thou

wilt go against them, they will all rise against us and destroy us likewise.

46. But if thou wilt send to all the kings that surround us, and let them come together, then

we will go with them and fight against the sons of Jacob; then wilt thou prevail against

them.

47. And Jashub heard the words of his counsellors, and their words pleased him and his

people, and he did so; and Jashub king of Tapnach sent to all the kings of the Amorites

that surrounded Shechem and Tapnach, saying,

48. Go up with me and assist me, and we will smite Jacob the Hebrew and all his sons, and

destroy them from the earth, for thus did he do to the city of Shechem, and do you not

know of it?

49. And all the kings of the Amorites heard the evil that the sons of Jacob had done to the

city of Shechem, and they were greatly astonished at them.

50. And the seven kings of the Amorites assembled with all their armies, about ten thousand

men with drawn swords, and they came to fight against the sons of Jacob; and Jacob

heard that the kings of the Amorites had assembled to fight against his sons, and Jacob

was greatly afraid, and it distressed him.

51. And Jacob exclaimed against Simeon and Levi, saying, What is this act that you did?

why have you injured me, to bring against me all the children of Canaan to destroy me

and my household? for I was at rest, even I and my household, and you have done this

thing to me, and provoked the inhabitants of the land against me by your proceedings.

52. And Judah answered his father, saying, Was it for naught my brothers Simeon and Levi

killed all the inhabitants of Shechem? Surely it was because Shechem had humbled our

sister, and transgressed the command of our God to Noah and his children, for Shechem

took our sister away by force, and committed adultery with her.

53. And Shechem did all this evil and not one of the inhabitants of his city interfered with

him, to say, Why wilt thou do this? surely for this my brothers went and smote the city,

and the Lord delivered it into their hands, because its inhabitants had transgressed the

commands of our God. Is it then for naught that they have done all this?

54. And now why art thou afraid or distressed, and why art thou displeased at my brothers,

and why is thine anger kindled against them?

55. Surely our God who delivered into their hand the city of Shechem and its people, he

will also deliver into our hands all the Canaanitish kings who are coming against us, and

we will do unto them as my brothers did unto Shechem.

56. Now be tranquil about them and cast away thy fears, but trust in the Lord our God, and

pray unto him to assist us and deliver us, and deliver our enemies into our hands.

57. And Judah called to one of his father's servants, Go now and see where those kings,

who are coming against us, are situated with their armies.

58. And the servant went and looked far off, and went up opposite Mount Sihon, and saw

all the camps of the kings standing in the fields, and he returned to Judah and said,

Behold the kings are situated in the field with all their camps, a people exceedingly

numerous, like unto the sand upon the sea shore.

59. And Judah said unto Simeon and Levi, and unto all his brothers, Strengthen yourselves

and be sons of valor, for the Lord our God is with us, do not fear them.

60. Stand forth each man, girt with his weapons of war, his bow and his sword, and we will

go and fight against these uncircumcised men; the Lord is our God, He will save us.

61. And they rose up, and each girt on his weapons of war, great and small, eleven sons of

Jacob, and all the servants of Jacob with them.

62. And all the servants of Isaac who were with Isaac in Hebron, all came to them equipped

in all sorts of war instruments, and the sons of Jacob and their servants, being one

hundred and twelve men, went towards these kings, and Jacob also went with them.

63. And the sons of Jacob sent unto their father Isaac the son of Abraham to Hebron, the

same is Kireath-arba, saying,

64. Pray we beseech thee for us unto the Lord our God, to protect us from the hands of the

Canaanites who are coming against us, and to deliver them into our hands.

65. And Isaac the son of Abraham prayed unto the Lord for his sons, and he said, O Lord

God, thou didst promise my father, saying, I will multiply thy seed as the stars of

heaven, and thou didst also promise me, and establish thou thy word, now that the kings

of Canaan are coming together, to make war with my children because they committed

no violence.

66. Now therefore, O Lord God, God of the whole earth, pervert, I pray thee, the counsel of

these kings that they may not fight against my sons.

67. And impress the hearts of these kings and their people with the terror of my sons and

bring down their pride, and that they may turn away from my sons.

68. And with thy strong hand and outstretched arm deliver my sons and their servants from

them, for power and might are in thy hands to do all this.

69. And the sons of Jacob and their servants went toward these kings, and they trusted in

the Lord their God, and whilst they were going, Jacob their father also prayed unto the

Lord and said, O Lord God, powerful and exalted God, who has reigned from days of

old, from thence till now and forever;

70. Thou art He who stirreth up wars and causeth them to cease, in thy hand are power and

might to exalt and to bring down; O may my prayer be acceptable before thee that thou

mayest turn to me with thy mercies, to impress the hearts of these kings and their people

with the terror of my sons, and terrify them and their camps, and with thy great kindness

deliver all those that trust in thee, for it is thou who canst bring people under us and

reduce nations under our power.

 

Jasher Chapter 35

1. And all the kings of the Amorites came and took their stand in the field to consult with

their counsellors what was to be done with the sons of Jacob, for they were still afraid

of them, saying, Behold, two of them slew the whole of the city of Shechem.

2. And the Lord heard the prayers of Isaac and Jacob, and he filled the hearts of all these

kings' advisers with great fear and terror that they unanimously exclaimed,

3. Are you silly this day, or is there no understanding in you, that you will fight with the

Hebrews, and why will you take a delight in your own destruction this day?

4. Behold two of them came to the city of Shechem without fear or terror, and they killed

all the inhabitants of the city, that no man stood up against them, and how will you be

able to fight with them all?

5. Surely you know that their God is exceedingly fond of them, and has done mighty

things for them, such as have not been done from days of old, and amongst all the gods

of nations, there is none can do like unto his mighty deeds.

6. Surely he delivered their father Abraham, the Hebrew, from the hand of Nimrod, and

from the hand of all his people who had many times sought to slay him.

7. He delivered him also from the fire in which king Nimrod had cast him, and his God

delivered him from it.

8. And who else can do the like? surely it was Abraham who slew the five kings of Elam,

when they had touched his brother's son who in those days dwelt in Sodom.

9. And took his servant that was faithful in his house and a few of his men, and they

pursued the kings of Elam in one night and killed them, and restored to his brother's son

all his property which they had taken from him.

10. And surely you know the God of these Hebrews is much delighted with them, and they

are also delighted with him, for they know that he delivered them from all their enemies.

11. And behold through his love toward his God, Abraham took his only and precious son

and intended to bring him up as a burnt offering to his God, and had it not been for God

who prevented him from doing this, he would then have done it through his love to his

God.

12. And God saw all his works, and swore unto him, and promised him that he would

deliver his sons and all his seed from every trouble that would befall them, because he

had done this thing, and through his love to his God stifled his compassion for his child.

13. And have you not heard what their God did to Pharaoh king of Egypt, and to Abimelech

king of Gerar, through taking Abraham's wife, who said of her, She is my sister, lest

they might slay him on account of her, and think of taking her for a wife? and God did

unto them and their people all that you heard of.

14. And behold, we ourselves saw with our eyes that Esau, the brother of Jacob, came to

him with four hundred men, with the intention of slaying him, for he called to mind that

he had taken away from him his father's blessing.

15. And he went to meet him when he came from Syria, to smite the mother with the

children, and who delivered him from his hands but his God in whom he trusted? he

delivered him from the hand of his brother and also from the hands of his enemies, and

surely he again will protect them.

16. Who does not know that it was their God who inspired them with strength to do to the

town of Shechem the evil which you heard of?

17. Could it then be with their own strength that two men could destroy such a large city as

Shechem had it not been for their God in whom they trusted? he said and did unto them

all this to slay the inhabitants of the city in their city.

18. And can you then prevail over them who have come forth together from your city to

fight with the whole of them, even if a thousand times as many more should come to

your assistance?

19. Surely you know and understand that you do not come to fight with them, but you come

to war with their God who made choice of them, and you have therefore all come this

day to be destroyed.

20. Now therefore refrain from this evil which you are endeavoring to bring upon

yourselves, and it will be better for you not to go to battle with them, although they are

but few in numbers, because their God is with them.

21. And when the kings of the Amorites heard all the words of their advisers, their hearts

were filled with terror, and they were afraid of the sons of Jacob and would not fight

against them.

22. And they inclined their ears to the words of their advisers, and they listened to all their

words, and the words of the counsellors greatly pleased the kings, and they did so.

23. And the kings turned and refrained from the sons of Jacob, for they durst not approach

them to make war with them, for they were greatly afraid of them, and their hearts

melted within them from their fear of them.

24. For this proceeded from the Lord to them, for he heard the prayers of his servants Isaac

and Jacob, for they trusted in him; and all these kings returned with their camps on that

day, each to his own city, and they did not at that time fight with the sons of Jacob.

25. And the sons of Jacob kept their station that day till evening opposite mount Sihon, and

seeing that these kings did not come to fight against them, the sons of Jacob returned

home.

 

Jasher Chapter 36

1. At that time the Lord appeared unto Jacob saying, Arise, go to Bethel and remain there,

and make there an altar to the Lord who appeareth unto thee, who delivered thee and thy

sons from affliction.

2. And Jacob rose up with his sons and all belonging to him, and they went and came to

Bethel according to the word of the Lord.

3. And Jacob was ninety-nine years old when he went up to Bethel, and Jacob and his sons

and all the people that were with him, remained in Bethel in Luz, and he there built an

altar to the Lord who appeared unto him, and Jacob and his sons remained in Bethel six

months.

4. At that time died Deborah the daughter of Uz, the nurse of Rebecca, who had been with

Jacob; and Jacob buried her beneath Bethel under an oak that was there.

5. And Rebecca the daughter of Bethuel, the mother of Jacob, also died at that time in

Hebron, the same is Kireath-arba, and she was buried in the cave of Machpelah which

Abraham had bought from the children of Heth.

6. And the life of Rebecca was one hundred and thirty-three years, and she died and when

Jacob heard that his mother Rebecca was dead he wept bitterly for his mother, and made

a great mourning for her, and for Deborah her nurse beneath the oak, and he called the

name of that place Allon-bachuth.

7. And Laban the Syrian died in those days, for God smote him because he transgressed

the covenant that existed between him and Jacob.

8. And Jacob was a hundred years old when the Lord appeared unto him, and blessed him

and called his name Israel, and Rachel the wife of Jacob conceived in those days.

9. And at that time Jacob and all belonging to him journeyed from Bethel to go to his

father's house, to Hebron.

10. And whilst they were going on the road, and there was yet but a little way to come to

Ephrath, Rachel bare a son and she had hard labor and she died.

11. And Jacob buried her in the way to Ephrath, which is Bethlehem, and he set a pillar

upon her grave, which is there unto this day; and the days of Rachel were forty-five

years and she died.

12. And Jacob called the name of his son that was born to him, which Rachel bare unto him,

Benjamin, for he was born to him in the land on the right hand.

13. And it was after the death of Rachel, that Jacob pitched his tent in the tent of her

handmaid Bilhah.

14. And Reuben was jealous for his mother Leah on account of this, and he was filled with

anger, and he rose up in his anger and went and entered the tent of Bilhah and he thence

removed his father's bed.

15. At that time the portion of birthright, together with the kingly and priestly offices, was

removed from the sons of Reuben, for he had profaned his father's bed, and the

birthright was given unto Joseph, the kingly office to Judah, and the priesthood unto

Levi, because Reuben had defiled his father's bed.

16. And these are the generations of Jacob who were born to him in Padan-aram, and the

sons of Jacob were twelve.

17. The sons of Leah were Reuben the first born, and Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar,

Zebulun, and their sister Dinah; and the sons of Rachel were Joseph and Benjamin.

18. The sons of Zilpah, Leah's handmaid, were Gad and Asher, and the sons of Bilhah,

Rachel's handmaid, were Dan and Naphtali; these are the sons of Jacob which were

born to him in Padan-aram.

19. And Jacob and his sons and all belonging to him journeyed and came to Mamre, which

is Kireath-arba, that is in Hebron, where Abraham and Isaac sojourned, and Jacob with

his sons and all belonging to him, dwelt with his father in Hebron.

20. And his brother Esau and his sons, and all belonging to him went to the land of Seir and

dwelt there, and had possessions in the land of Seir, and the children of Esau were

fruitful and multiplied exceedingly in the land of Seir.

21. And these are the generations of Esau that were born to him in the land of Canaan, and

the sons of Esau were five.

22. And Adah bare to Esau his first born Eliphaz, and she also bare to him Reuel, and

Ahlibamah bare to him Jeush, Yaalam and Korah.

23. These are the children of Esau who were born to him in the land of Canaan; and the

sons of Eliphaz the son of Esau were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, Kenaz and Amalex,

and the sons of Reuel were Nachath, Zerach, Shamah and Mizzah.

24. And the sons of Jeush were Timnah, Alvah, Jetheth; and the sons of Yaalam were Alah,

Phinor and Kenaz.

25. And the sons of Korah were Teman, Mibzar, Magdiel and Eram; these are the families

of the sons of Esau according to their dukedoms in the land of Seir.

26. And these are the names of the sons of Seir the Horite, inhabitants of the land of Seir,

Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishan, Ezer and Dishon, being seven sons.

27. And the children of Lotan were Hori, Heman and their sister Timna, that is Timna who

came to Jacob and his sons, and they would not give ear to her, and she went and

became a concubine to Eliphaz the son of Esau, and she bare to him Amalek.

28. And the sons of Shobal were Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho, and Onam, and the sons

of Zibeon were Ajah, and Anah, this was that Anah who found the Yemim in the

wilderness when he fed the asses of Zibeon his father.

29. And whilst he was feeding his father's asses he led them to the wilderness at different

times to feed them.

30. And there was a day that he brought them to one of the deserts on the sea shore,

opposite the wilderness of the people, and whilst he was feeding them, behold a very

heavy storm came from the other side of the sea and rested upon the asses that were

feeding there, and they all stood still.

31. And afterward about one hundred and twenty great and terrible animals came out from

the wilderness at the other side of the sea, and they all came to the place where the asses

were, and they placed themselves there.

32. And those animals, from their middle downward, were in the shape of the children of

men, and from their middle upward, some had the likeness of bears, and some the

likeness of the keephas, with tails behind them from between their shoulders reaching

down to the earth, like the tails of the ducheephath, and these animals came and

mounted and rode upon these asses, and led them away, and they went away unto this

day.

33. And one of these animals approached Anah and smote him with his tail, and then fled

from that place.

34. And when he saw this work he was exceedingly afraid of his life, and he fled and

escaped to the city.

35. And he related to his sons and brothers all that had happened to him, and many men

went to seek the asses but could not find them, and Anah and his brothers went no more

to that place from that day following, for they were greatly afraid of their lives.

36. And the children of Anah the son of Seir, were Dishon and his sister Ahlibamah, and

the children of Dishon were Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran and Cheran, and the children of

Ezer were Bilhan, Zaavan and Akan, and the children of Dishon were Uz and Aran.

37. These are the families of the children of Seir the Horite, according to their dukedoms in

the land of Seir.

38. And Esau and his children dwelt in the land of Seir the Horite, the inhabitant of the

land, and they had possessions in it and were fruitful and multiplied exceedingly, and

Jacob and his children and all belonging to them, dwelt with their father Isaac in the

land of Canaan, as the Lord had commanded Abraham their father.

 

Jasher Chapter 37

1. And in the one hundred and fifth year of the life of Jacob, that is the ninth year of

Jacob's dwelling with his children in the land of Canaan, he came from Padan-aram.

2. And in those days Jacob journeyed with his children from Hebron, and they went and

returned to the city of Shechem, they and all belonging to them, and they dwelt there,

for the children of Jacob obtained good and fat pasture land for their cattle in the city of

Shechem, the city of Shechem having then been rebuilt, and there were in it about three

hundred men and women.

3. And Jacob and his children and all belonging to him dwelt in the part of the field which

Jacob had bought from Hamor the father of Shechem, when he came from Padan-aram

before Simeon and Levi had smitten the city.

4. And all those kings of the Canaanites and Amorites that surrounded the city of

Shechem, heard that the sons of Jacob had again come to Shechem and dwelt there.

5. And they said, Shall the sons of Jacob the Hebrew again come to the city and dwell

therein, after that they have smitten its inhabitants and driven them out? shall they now

return and also drive out those who are dwelling in the city or slay them?

6. And all the kings of Canaan again assembled, and they came together to make war with

Jacob and his sons.

7. And Jashub king of Tapnach sent also to all his neighboring kings, to Elan king of

Gaash, and to Ihuri king of Shiloh, and to Parathon king of Chazar, and to Susi king of

Sarton, and to Laban king of Bethchoran, and to Shabir king of Othnay-mah, saying,

8. Come up to me and assist me, and let us smite Jacob the Hebrew and his sons, and all

belonging to him, for they are again come to Shechem to possess it and to slay its

inhabitants as before.

9. And all these kings assembled together and came with all their camps, a people

exceedingly plentiful like the sand upon the sea shore, and they were all opposite to

Tapnach.

10. And Jashub king of Tapnach went forth to them with all his army, and he encamped

with them opposite to Tapnach without the city, and all these kings they divided into

seven divisions, being seven camps against the sons of Jacob.

11. And they sent a declaration to Jacob and his son, saying, Come you all forth to us that

we may have an interview together in the plain, and revenge the cause of the men of

Shechem whom you slew in their city, and you will now again return to the city of

Shechem and dwell therein, and slay its inhabitants as before.

12. And the sons of Jacob heard this and their anger was kindled exceedingly at the words

of the kings of Canaan, and ten of the sons of Jacob hastened and rose up, and each of

them girt on his weapons of war; and there were one hundred and two of their servants

with them equipped in battle array.

13. And all these men, the sons of Jacob with their servants, went toward these kings, and

Jacob their father was with them, and they all stood upon the heap of Shechem.

14. And Jacob prayed to the Lord for his sons, and he spread forth his hands to the Lord,

and he said, O God, thou art an Almighty God, thou art our father, thou didst form us

and we are the works of thine hands; I pray thee deliver my sons through thy mercy

from the hand of their enemies, who are this day coming to fight with them and save

them from their hand, for in thy hand is power and might, to save the few from the

many.

15. And give unto my sons, thy servants, strength of heart and might to fight with their

enemies, to subdue them, and make their enemies fall before them, and let not my sons

and their servants die through the hands of the children of Canaan.

16. But if it seemeth good in thine eyes to take away the lives of my sons and their servants,

take them in thy great mercy through the hands of thy ministers, that they may not

perish this day by the hands of the kings of the Amorites.

17. And when Jacob ceased praying to the Lord the earth shook from its place, and the sun

darkened, and all these kings were terrified and a great consternation seized them.

18. And the Lord hearkened to the prayer of Jacob, and the Lord impressed the hearts of all

the kings and their hosts with the terror and awe of the sons of Jacob.

19. For the Lord caused them to hear the voice of chariots, and the voice of mighty horses

from the sons of Jacob, and the voice of a great army accompanying them.

20. And these kings were seized with great terror at the sons of Jacob, and whilst they were

standing in their quarters, behold the sons of Jacob advanced upon them, with one

hundred and twelve men, with a great and tremendous shouting.

21. And when the kings saw the sons of Jacob advancing toward them, they were still more

panic struck, and they were inclined to retreat from before the sons of Jacob as at first,

and not to fight with them.

22. But they did not retreat, saying, It would be a disgrace to us thus twice to retreat from

before the Hebrews.

23. And the sons of Jacob came near and advanced against all these kings and their armies,

and they saw, and behold it was a very mighty people, numerous as the sand of the sea.

24. And the sons of Jacob called unto the Lord and said, Help us O Lord, help us and

answer us, for we trust in thee, and let us not die by the hands of these uncircumcised

men, who this day have come against us.

25. And the sons of Jacob girt on their weapons of war, and they took in their hands each

man his shield and his javelin, and they approached to battle.

26. And Judah, the son of Jacob, ran first before his brethren, and ten of his servants with

him, and he went toward these kings.

27. And Jashub, king of Tapnach, also came forth first with his army before Judah, and

Judah saw Jashub and his army coming toward him, and Judah's wrath was kindled, and

his anger burned within him, and he approached to battle in which Judah ventured his

life.

28. And Jashub and all his army were advancing toward Judah, and he was riding upon a

very strong and powerful horse, and Jashub was a very valiant man, and covered with

iron and brass from head to foot.

29. And whilst he was upon the horse, he shot arrows with both hands from before and

behind, as was his manner in all his battles, and he never missed the place to which he

aimed his arrows.

30. And when Jashub came to fight with Judah, and was darting many arrows against

Judah, the Lord bound the hand of Jashub, and all the arrows that he shot rebounded

upon his own men.

31. And notwithstanding this, Jashub kept advancing toward Judah, to challenge him with

the arrows, but the distance between them was about thirty cubits, and when Judah saw

Jashub darting forth his arrows against him, he ran to him with his wrath-excited might.

32. And Judah took up a large stone from the ground, and its weight was sixty shekels, and

Judah ran toward Jashub, and with the stone struck him on his shield, that Jashub was

stunned with the blow, and fell off from his horse to the ground.

33. And the shield burst asunder out of the hand of Jashub, and through the force of the

blow sprang to the distance of about fifteen cubits, and the shield fell before the second

camp.

34. And the kings that came with Jashub saw at a distance the strength of Judah, the son of

Jacob, and what he had done to Jashub, and they were terribly afraid of Judah.

35. And they assembled near Jashub's camp, seeing his confusion, and Judah drew his

sword and smote forty-two men of the camp of Jashub, and the whole of Jashub's camp

fled before Judah, and no man stood against him, and they left Jashub and fled from

him, and Jashub was still prostrate upon the ground.

36. And Jashub seeing that all the men of his camp had fled from him, hastened and rose up

with terror against Judah, and stood upon his legs opposite Judah.

37. And Jashub had a single combat with Judah, placing shield toward shield, and Jashub's

men all fled, for they were greatly afraid of Judah.

38. And Jashub took his spear in his hand to strike Judah upon his head, but Judah had

quickly placed his shield to his head against Jashub's spear, so that the shield of Judah

received the blow from Jashub's spear, and the shield was split in too.

39. And when Judah saw that his shield was split, he hastily drew his sword and smote

Jashub at his ankles, and cut off his feet that Jashub fell upon the ground, and the spear

fell from his hand.

40. And Judah hastily picked up Jashub's spear, with which he severed his head and cast it

next to his feet.

41. And when the sons of Jacob saw what Judah had done to Jashub, they all ran into the

ranks of the other kings, and the sons of Jacob fought with the army of Jashub, and the

armies of all the kings that were there.

42. And the sons of Jacob caused fifteen thousand of their men to fall, and they smote them

as if smiting at gourds, and the rest fled for their lives.

43. And Judah was still standing by the body of Jashub, and stripped Jashub of his coat of

mail.

44. And Judah also took off the iron and brass that was about Jashub, and behold nine men

of the captains of Jashub came along to fight against Judah.

45. And Judah hastened and took up a stone from the ground, and with it smote one of them

upon the head, and his skull was fractured, and the body also fell from the horse to the

ground.

46. And the eight captains that remained, seeing the strength of Judah, were greatly afraid

and they fled, and Judah with his ten men pursued them, and they overtook them and

slew them.

47. And the sons of Jacob were still smiting the armies of the kings, and they slew many of

them, but those kings daringly kept their stand with their captains, and did not retreat

from their places, and they exclaimed against those of their armies that fled from before

the sons of Jacob, but none would listen to them, for they were afraid of their lives lest

they should die.

48. And all the sons of Jacob, after having smitten the armies of the kings, returned and

came before Judah, and Judah was still slaying the eight captains of Jashub, and

stripping off their garments.

49. And Levi saw Elon, king of Gaash, advancing toward him, with his fourteen captains to

smite him, but Levi did not know it for certain.

50. And Elon with his captains approached nearer, and Levi looked back and saw that battle

was given him in the rear, and Levi ran with twelve of his servants, and they went and

slew Elon and his captains with the edge of the sword.

 

Jasher Chapter 38

1. And Ihuri king of Shiloh came up to assist Elon, and he approached Jacob, when Jacob

drew his bow that was in his hand and with an arrow struck Ihuri which caused his

death.

2. And when Ihuri king of Shiloh was dead, the four remaining kings fled from their

station with the rest of the captains, and they endeavored to retreat, saying, We have no

more strength with the Hebrews after their having killed the three kings and their

captains who were more powerful than we are.

3. And when the sons of Jacob saw that the remaining kings had removed from their

station, they pursued them, and Jacob also came from the heap of Shechem from the

place where he was standing, and they went after the kings and they approached them

with their servants.

4. And the kings and the captains with the rest of their armies, seeing that the sons of

Jacob approached them, were afraid of their lives and fled till they reached the city of

Chazar.

5. And the sons of Jacob pursued them to the gate of the city of Chazar, and they smote a

great smiting amongst the kings and their armies, about four thousand men, and whilst

they were smiting the army of the kings, Jacob was occupied with his bow confining

himself to smiting the kings, and he slew them all.

6. And he slew Parathon king of Chazar at the gate of the city of Chazar, and he afterward

smote Susi king of Sarton, and Laban king of Bethchorin, and Shabir king of

Machnaymah, and he slew them all with arrows, an arrow to each of them, and they

died.

7. And the sons of Jacob seeing that all the kings were dead and that they were broken up

and retreating, continued to carry on the battle with the armies of the kings opposite the

gate of Chazar, and they still smote about four hundred of their men.

8. And three men of the servants of Jacob fell in that battle, and when Judah saw that three

of his servants had died, it grieved him greatly, and his anger burned within him against

the Amorites.

9. And all the men that remained of the armies of the kings were greatly afraid of their

lives, and they ran and broke the gate of the walls of the city of Chazar, and they all

entered the city for safety.

10. And they concealed themselves in the midst of the city of Chazar, for the city of Chazar

was very large and extensive, and when all these armies had entered the city, the sons of

Jacob ran after them to the city.

11. And four mighty men, experienced in battle, went forth from the city and stood against

the entrance of the city, with drawn swords and spears in their hands, and they placed

themselves opposite the sons of Jacob, and would not suffer them to enter the city.

12. And Naphtali ran and came between them and with his sword smote two of them, and

cut off their heads at one stroke.

13. And he turned to the other two, and behold they had fled, and he pursued them,

overtook them, smote them and slew them.

14. And the sons of Jacob came to the city and saw, and behold there was another wall to

the city, and they sought for the gate of the wall and could not find it, and Judah sprang

upon the top of the wall, and Simeon and Levi followed him, and they all three

descended from the wall into the city.

15. And Simeon and Levi slew all the men who ran for safety into the city, and also the

inhabitants of the city with their wives and little ones, they slew with the edge of the

sword, and the cries of the city ascended up to heaven.

16. And Dan and Naphtali sprang upon the wall to see what caused the noise of

lamentation, for the sons of Jacob felt anxious about their brothers, and they heard the

inhabitants of the city speaking with weeping and supplications, saying, Take all that we

possess in the city and go away, only do not put us to death.

17. And when Judah, Simeon, and Levi had ceased smiting the inhabitants of the city, they

ascended the wall and called to Dan and Naphtali, who were upon the wall, and to the

rest of their brothers, and Simeon and Levi informed them of the entrance into the city,

and all the sons of Jacob came to fetch the spoil.

18. And the sons of Jacob took the spoil of the city of Chazar, the flocks and herds, and the

property, and they took all that could be captured, and went away that day from the city.

19. And on the next day the sons of Jacob went to Sarton, for they heard that the men of

Sarton who had remained in the city were assembling to fight with them for having slain

their king, and Sarton was a very high and fortified city, and it had a deep rampart

surrounding the city.

20. And the pillar of the rampart was about fifty cubits and its breadth forty cubits, and

there was no place for a man to enter the city on account of the rampart, and the sons of

Jacob saw the rampart of the city, and they sought an entrance in it but could not find it.

21. For the entrance to the city was at the rear, and every man that wished to come into the

city came by that road and went around the whole city, and he afterwards entered the

city.

22. And the sons of Jacob seeing they could not find the way into the city, their anger was

kindled greatly, and the inhabitants of the city seeing that the sons of Jacob were

coming to them were greatly afraid of them, for they had heard of their strength and

what they had done to Chazar.

23. And the inhabitants of the city of Sarton could not go out toward the sons of Jacob after

having assembled in the city to fight against them, lest they might thereby get into the

city, but when they saw that they were coming toward them, they were greatly afraid of

them, for they had heard of their strength and what they had done to Chazar.

24. So the inhabitants of Sarton speedily took away the bridge of the road of the city, from

its place, before the sons of Jacob came, and they brought it into the city.

25. And the sons of Jacob came and sought the way into the city, and could not find it and

the inhabitants of the city went up to the top of the wall, and saw, and behold the sons of

Jacob were seeking an entrance into the city.

26. And the inhabitants of the city reproached the sons of Jacob from the top of the wall,

and they cursed them, and the sons of Jacob heard the reproaches, and they were greatly

incensed, and their anger burned within them.

27. And the sons of Jacob were provoked at them, and they all rose and sprang over the

rampart with the force of their strength, and through their might passed the forty cubits'

breadth of the rampart.

28. And when they had passed the rampart they stood under the wall of the city, and they

found all the gates of the city enclosed with iron doors.

29. And the sons of Jacob came near to break open the doors of the gates of the city, and the

inhabitants did not let them, for from the top of the wall they were casting stones and

arrows upon them.

30. And the number of the people that were upon the wall was about four hundred men, and

when the sons of Jacob saw that the men of the city would not let them open the gates of

the city, they sprang and ascended the top of the wall, and Judah went up first to the east

part of the city.

31. And Gad and Asher went up after him to the west corner of the city, and Simeon and

Levi to the north, and Dan and Reuben to the south.

32. And the men who were on the top of the wall, the inhabitants of the city, seeing that the

sons of Jacob were coming up to them, they all fled from the wall, descended into the

city, and concealed themselves in the midst of the city.

33. And Issachar and Naphtali that remained under the wall approached and broke the gates

of the city, and kindled a fire at the gates of the city, that the iron melted, and all the

sons of Jacob came into the city, they and all their men, and they fought with the

inhabitants of the city of Sarton, and smote them with the edge of the sword, and no

man stood up before them.

34. And about two hundred men fled from the city, and they all went and hid themselves in

a certain tower in the city, and Judah pursued them to the tower and he broke down the

tower, which fell upon the men, and they all died.

35. And the sons of Jacob went up the road of the roof of that tower, and they saw, and

behold there was another strong and high tower at a distance in the city, and the top of it

reached to heaven, and the sons of Jacob hastened and descended, and went with all

their men to that tower, and found it filled with about three hundred men, women and

little ones.

36. And the sons of Jacob smote a great smiting amongst those men in the tower and they

ran away and fled from them.

37. And Simeon and Levi pursued them, when twelve mighty and valiant men came out to

them from the place where they had concealed themselves.

38. And those twelve men maintained a strong battle against Simeon and Levi, and Simeon

and Levi could not prevail over them, and those valiant men broke the shields of

Simeon and Levi, and one of them struck at Levi's head with his sword, when Levi

hastily placed his hand to his head, for he was afraid of the sword, and the sword struck

Levi's hand, and it wanted but little to the hand of Levi being cut off.

39. And Levi seized the sword of the valiant man in his hand, and took it forcibly from the

man, and with it he struck at the head of the powerful man, and he severed his head.

40. And eleven men approached to fight with Levi, for they saw that one of them was

killed, and the sons of Jacob fought, but the sons of Jacob could not prevail over them,

for those men were very powerful.

41. And the sons of Jacob seeing that they could not prevail over them, Simeon gave a loud

and tremendous shriek, and the eleven powerful men were stunned at the voice of

Simeon's shrieking.

42. And Judah at a distance knew the voice of Simeon's shouting, and Naphtali and Judah

ran with their shields to Simeon and Levi, and found them fighting with those powerful

men, unable to prevail over them as their shields were broken.

43. And Naphtali saw that the shields of Simeon and Levi were broken, and he took two

shields from his servants and brought them to Simeon and Levi.

44. And Simeon, Levi and Judah on that day fought all three against the eleven mighty men

until the time of sunset, but they could not prevail over them.

45. And this was told unto Jacob, and he was sorely grieved, and he prayed unto the Lord,

and he and Naphtali his son went against these mighty men.

46. And Jacob approached and drew his bow, and came nigh unto the mighty men, and slew

three of their men with the bow, and the remaining eight turned back, and behold, the

war waged against them in the front and rear, and they were greatly afraid of their lives,

and could not stand before the sons of Jacob, and they fled from before them.

47. And in their flight they met Dan and Asher coming toward them, and they suddenly fell

upon them, and fought with them, and slew two of them, and Judah and his brothers

pursued them, and smote the remainder of them, and slew them.

48. And all the sons of Jacob returned and walked about the city, searching if they could

find any men, and they found about twenty young men in a cave in the city, and Gad

and Asher smote them all, and Dan and Naphtali lighted upon the rest of the men who

had fled and escaped from the second tower, and they smote them all.

49. And the sons of Jacob smote all the inhabitants of the city of Sarton, but the women and

little ones they left in the city and did not slay them.

50. And all the inhabitants of the city of Sarton were powerful men, one of them would

pursue a thousand, and two of them would not flee from ten thousand of the rest of men.

51. And the sons of Jacob slew all the inhabitants of the city of Sarton with the edge of the

sword, that no man stood up against them, and they left the women in the city.

52. And the sons of Jacob took all the spoil of the city, and captured what they desired, and

they took flocks and herds and property from the city, and the sons of Jacob did unto

Sarton and its inhabitants as they had done to Chazar and its inhabitants, and they

turned and went away.

 

Jasher Chapter 39

1. And when the sons of Jacob went from the city of Sarton, they had gone about two

hundred cubits when they met the inhabitants of Tapnach coming toward them, for they

went out to fight with them, because they had smitten the king of Tapnach and all his

men.

2. So all that remained in the city of Tapnach came out to fight with the sons of Jacob, and

they thought to retake from them the booty and the spoil which they had captured from

Chazar and Sarton.

3. And the rest of the men of Tapnach fought with the sons of Jacob in that place, and the

sons of Jacob smote them, and they fled before them, and they pursued them to the city

of Arbelan, and they all fell before the sons of Jacob.

4. And the sons of Jacob returned and came to Tapnach, to take away the spoil of

Tapnach, and when they came to Tapnach they heard that the people of Arbelan had

gone out to meet them to save the spoil of their brethren, and the sons of Jacob left ten

of their men in Tapnach to plunder the city, and they went out toward the people of

Arbelan.

5. And the men of Arbelan went out with their wives to fight with the sons of Jacob, for

their wives were experienced in battle, and they went out, about four hundred men and

women.

6. And all the sons of Jacob shouted with a loud voice, and they all ran toward the

inhabitants of Arbelan, and with a great and tremendous voice.

7. And the inhabitants of Arbelan heard the noise of the shouting of the sons of Jacob, and

their roaring like the noise of lions and like the roaring of the sea and its waves.

8. And fear and terror possessed their hearts on account of the sons of Jacob, and they

were terribly afraid of them, and they retreated and fled before them into the city, and

the sons of Jacob pursued them to the gate of the city, and they came upon them in the

city.

9. And the sons of Jacob fought with them in the city, and all their women were engaged

in slinging against the sons of Jacob, and the combat was very severe amongst them the

whole of that day till evening.

10. And the sons of Jacob could not prevail over them, and the sons of Jacob had almost

perished in that battle, and the sons of Jacob cried unto the Lord and greatly gained

strength toward evening, and the sons of Jacob smote all the inhabitants of Arbelan by

the edge of the sword, men, women and little ones.

11. And also the remainder of the people who had fled from Sarton, the sons of Jacob smote

them in Arbelan, and the sons of Jacob did unto Arbelan and Tapnach as they had done

to Chazar and Sarton, and when the women saw that all the men were dead, they went

upon the roofs of the city and smote the sons of Jacob by showering down stones like

rain.

12. And the sons of Jacob hastened and came into the city and seized all the women and

smote them with the edge of the sword, and the sons of Jacob captured all the spoil and

booty, flocks and herds and cattle.

13. And the sons of Jacob did unto Machnaymah as they had done to Tapnach, to Chazar

and to Shiloh, and they turned from there and went away.

14. And on the fifth day the sons of Jacob heard that the people of Gaash had gathered

against them to battle, because they had slain their king and their captains, for there had

been fourteen captains in the city of Gaash, and the sons of Jacob had slain them all in

the first battle.

15. And the sons of Jacob that day girt on their weapons of war, and they marched to battle

against the inhabitants of Gaash, and in Gaash there was a strong and mighty people of

the people of the Amorites, and Gaash was the strongest and best fortified city of all the

cities of the Amorites, and it had three walls.

16. And the sons of Jacob came to Gaash and they found the gates of the city locked, and

about five hundred men standing at the top of the outer-most wall, and a people

numerous as the sand upon the sea shore were in ambush for the sons of Jacob from

without the city at the rear thereof.

17. And the sons of Jacob approached to open the gates of the city, and whilst they were

drawing nigh, behold those who were in ambush at the rear of the city came forth from

their places and surrounded the sons of Jacob.

18. And the sons of Jacob were enclosed between the people of Gaash, and the battle was

both to their front and rear, and all the men that were upon the wall, were casting from

the wall upon them, arrows and stones.

19. And Judah, seeing that the men of Gaash were getting too heavy for them, gave a most

piercing and tremendous shriek and all the men of Gaash were terrified at the voice of

Judah's cry, and men fell from the wall at his powerful shriek, and all those that were

from without and within the city were greatly afraid of their lives.

20. And the sons of Jacob still came nigh to break the doors of the city, when the men of

Gaash threw stones and arrows upon them from the top of the wall, and made them flee

from the gate.

21. And the sons of Jacob returned against the men of Gaash who were with them from

without the city, and they smote them terribly, as striking against gourds, and they could

not stand against the sons of Jacob, for fright and terror had seized them at the shriek of

Judah.

22. And the sons of Jacob slew all those men who were without the city, and the sons of

Jacob still drew nigh to effect an entrance into the city, and to fight under the city walls,

but they could not for all the inhabitants of Gaash who remained in the city had

surrounded the walls of Gaash in every direction, so that the sons of Jacob were unable

to approach the city to fight with them.

23. And the sons of Jacob came nigh to one corner to fight under the wall, the inhabitants of

Gaash threw arrows and stones upon them like showers of rain, and they fled from

under the wall.

24. And the people of Gaash who were upon the wall, seeing that the sons of Jacob could

not prevail over them from under the wall, reproached the sons of Jacob in these words,

saying,

25. What is the matter with you in the battle that you cannot prevail? can you then do unto

the mighty city of Gaash and its inhabitants as you did to the cities of the Amorites that

were not so powerful? Surely to those weak ones amongst us you did those things, and

slew them in the entrance of the city, for they had no strength when they were terrified

at the sound of your shouting.

26. And will you now then be able to fight in this place? Surely here you will all die, and

we will avenge the cause of those cities that you have laid waste.

27. And the inhabitants of Gaash greatly reproached the sons of Jacob and reviled them

with their gods, and continued to cast arrows and stones upon them from the wall.

28. And Judah and his brothers heard the words of the inhabitants of Gaash and their anger

was greatly roused, and Judah was jealous of his God in this matter, and he called out

and said, O Lord, help, send help to us and our brothers.

29. And he ran at a distance with all his might, with his drawn sword in his hand, and he

sprang from the earth and by dint of his strength, mounted the wall, and his sword fell

from his hand.

30. And Judah shouted upon the wall, and all the men that were upon the wall were

terrified, and some of them fell from the wall into the city and died, and those who were

yet upon the wall, when they saw Judah's strength, they were greatly afraid and fled for

their lives into the city for safety.

31. And some were emboldened to fight with Judah upon the wall, and they came nigh to

slay him when they saw there was no sword in Judah's hand, and they thought of casting

him from the wall to his brothers, and twenty men of the city came up to assist them,

and they surrounded Judah and they all shouted over him, and approached him with

drawn swords, and they terrified Judah, and Judah cried out to his brothers from the

wall.

32. And Jacob and his sons drew the bow from under the wall, and smote three of the men

that were upon the top of the wall, and Judah continued to cry and he exclaimed, O Lord

help us, O Lord deliver us, and he cried out with a loud voice upon the wall, and the cry

was heard at a great distance.

33. And after this cry he again repeated to shout, and all the men who surrounded Judah on

the top of the wall were terrified, and they each threw his sword from his hand at the

sound of Judah's shouting and his tremor, and fled.

34. And Judah took the swords which had fallen from their hands, and Judah fought with

them and slew twenty of their men upon the wall.

35. And about eighty men and women still ascended the wall from the city and they all

surrounded Judah, and the Lord impressed the fear of Judah in their hearts, that they

were unable to approach him.

36. And Jacob and all who were with him drew the bow from under the wall, and they slew

ten men upon the wall, and they fell below the wall, before Jacob and his sons.

37. And the people upon the wall seeing that twenty of their men had fallen, they still ran

toward Judah with drawn swords, but they could not approach him for they were greatly

terrified at Judah's strength.

38. And one of their mighty men whose name was Arud approached to strike Judah upon

the head with his sword, when Judah hastily put his shield to his head, and the sword hit

the shield, and it was split in two.

39. And this mighty man after he had struck Judah ran for his life, at the fear of Judah, and

his feet slipped upon the wall and he fell amongst the sons of Jacob who were below the

wall, and the sons of Jacob smote him and slew him.

40. And Judah's head pained him from the blow of the powerful man, and Judah had nearly

died from it.

41. And Judah cried out upon the wall owing to the pain produced by the blow, when Dan

heard him, and his anger burned within him, and he also rose up and went at a distance

and ran and sprang from the earth and mounted the wall with his wrath-excited strength.

42. And when Dan came upon the wall near unto Judah all the men upon the wall fled, who

had stood against Judah, and they went up to the second wall, and they threw arrows

and stones upon Dan and Judah from the second wall, and endeavored to drive them

from the wall.

43. And the arrows and stones struck Dan and Judah, and they had nearly been killed upon

the wall, and wherever Dan and Judah fled from the wall, they were attacked with

arrows and stones from the second wall.

44. And Jacob and his sons were still at the entrance of the city below the first wall, and

they were not able to draw their bow against the inhabitants of the city, as they could

not be seen by them, being upon the second wall.

45. And Dan and Judah when they could no longer bear the stones and arrows that fell upon

them from the second wall, they both sprang upon the second wall near the people of

the city, and when the people of the city who were upon the second wall saw that Dan

and Judah had come to them upon the second wall, they all cried out and descended

below between the walls.

46. And Jacob and his sons heard the noise of the shouting from the people of the city, and

they were still at the entrance of the city, and they were anxious about Dan and Judah

who were not seen by them, they being upon the second wall.

47. And Naphtali went up with his wrath-excited might and sprang upon the first wall to see

what caused the noise of shouting which they had heard in the city, and Issachar and

Zebulun drew nigh to break the doors of the city, and they opened the gates of the city

and came into the city.

48. And Naphtali leaped from the first wall to the second, and came to assist his brothers,

and the inhabitants of Gaash who were upon the wall, seeing that Naphtali was the third

who had come up to assist his brothers, they all fled and descended into the city, and

Jacob and all his sons and all their young men came into the city to them.

49. And Judah and Dan and Naphtali descended from the wall into the city and pursued the

inhabitants of the city, and Simeon and Levi were from without the city and knew not

that the gate was opened, and they went up from there to the wall and came down to

their brothers into the city.

50. And the inhabitants of the city had all descended into the city, and the sons of Jacob

came to them in different directions, and the battle waged against them from the front

and the rear, and the sons of Jacob smote them terribly, and slew about twenty thousand

of them men and women, not one of them could stand up against the sons of Jacob.

51. And the blood flowed plentifully in the city, and it was like a brook of water, and the

blood flowed like a brook to the outer part of the city, and reached the desert of

Bethchorin.

52. And the people of Bethchorin saw at a distance the blood flowing from the city of

Gaash, and about seventy men from amongst them ran to see the blood, and they came

to the place where the blood was.

53. And they followed the track of the blood and came to the wall of the city of Gaash, and

they saw the blood issue from the city, and they heard the voice of crying from the

inhabitants of Gaash, for it ascended unto heaven, and the blood was continuing to flow

abundantly like a brook of water.

54. And all the sons of Jacob were still smiting the inhabitants of Gaash, and were engaged

in slaying them till evening, about twenty thousand men and women, and the people of

Chorin said, Surely this is the work of the Hebrews, for they are still carrying on war in

all the cities of the Amorites.

55. And those people hastened and ran to Bethchorin, and each took his weapons of war,

and they cried out to all the inhabitants of Bethchorin, who also girt on their weapons of

war to go and fight with the sons of Jacob.

56. And when the sons of Jacob had done smiting the inhabitants of Gaash, they walked

about the city to strip all the slain, and coming in the innermost part of the city and

farther on they met three very powerful men, and there was no sword in their hand.

57. And the sons of Jacob came up to the place where they were, and the powerful men ran

away, and one of them had taken Zebulun, who he saw was a young lad and of short

stature, and with his might dashed him to the ground.

58. And Jacob ran to him with his sword and Jacob smote him below his loins with the

sword, and cut him in two, and the body fell upon Zebulun.

59. And the second one approached and seized Jacob to fell him to the ground, and Jacob

turned to him and shouted to him, whilst Simeon and Levi ran and smote him on the

hips with the sword and felled him to the ground.

60. And the powerful man rose up from the ground with wrath-excited might, and Judah

came to him before he had gained his footing, and struck him upon the head with the

sword, and his head was split and he died.

61. And the third powerful man, seeing that his companions were killed, ran from before

the sons of Jacob, and the sons of Jacob pursued him in the city; and whilst the powerful

man was fleeing he found one of the swords of the inhabitants of the city, and he picked

it up and turned to the sons of Jacob and fought them with that sword.

62. And the powerful man ran to Judah to strike him upon the head with the sword, and

there was no shield in the hand of Judah; and whilst he was aiming to strike him,

Naphtali hastily took his shield and put it to Judah's head, and the sword of the powerful

man hit the shield of Naphtali and Judah escaped the sword.

63. And Simeon and Levi ran upon the powerful man with their swords and struck at him

forcibly with their swords, and the two swords entered the body of the powerful man

and divided it in two, length-wise.

64. And the sons of Jacob smote the three mighty men at that time, together with all the

inhabitants of Gaash, and the day was about to decline.

65. And the sons of Jacob walked about Gaash and took all the spoil of the city, even the

little ones and women they did not suffer to live, and the sons of Jacob did unto Gaash

as they had done to Sarton and Shiloh.

 

Jasher Chapter 40

1. And the sons of Jacob led away all the spoil of Gaash, and went out of the city by night.

2. They were going out marching toward the castle of Bethchorin, and the inhabitants of

Bethchorin were going to the castle to meet them, and on that night the sons of Jacob

fought with the inhabitants of Bethchorin, in the castle of Bethchorin.

3. And all the inhabitants of Bethchorin were mighty men, one of them would not flee

from before a thousand men, and they fought on that night upon the castle, and their

shouts were heard on that night from afar, and the earth quaked at their shouting.

4. And all the sons of Jacob were afraid of those men, as they were not accustomed to

fight in the dark, and they were greatly confounded, and the sons of Jacob cried unto the

Lord, saying, Give help to us O Lord, deliver us that we may not die by the hands of

these uncircumcised men.

5. And the Lord hearkened to the voice of the sons of Jacob, and the Lord caused great

terror and confusion to seize the people of Bethchorin, and they fought amongst

themselves the one with the other in the darkness of night, and smote each other in great

numbers.

6. And the sons of Jacob, knowing that the Lord had brought a spirit of perverseness

amongst those men, and that they fought each man with his neighbor, went forth from

among the bands of the people of Bethchorin and went as far as the descent of the castle

of Bethchorin, and farther, and they tarried there securely with their young men on that

night.

7. And the people of Bethchorin fought the whole night, one man with his brother, and the

other with his neighbor, and they cried out in every direction upon the castle, and their

cry was heard at a distance, and the whole earth shook at their voice, for they were

powerful above all the people of the earth.

8. And all the inhabitants of the cities of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the

Hivites and all the kings of Canaan, and also those who were on the other side of the

Jordan, heard the noise of the shouting on that night.

9. And they said, Surely these are the battles of the Hebrews who are fighting against the

seven cities, who came nigh unto them; and who can stand against those Hebrews?

10. And all the inhabitants of the cities of the Canaanites, and all those who were on the

other side of the Jordan, were greatly afraid of the sons of Jacob, for they said, Behold

the same will be done to us as was done to those cities, for who can stand against their

mighty strength?

11. And the cries of the Chorinites were very great on that night, and continued to increase;

and they smote each other till morning, and numbers of them were killed.

12. And the morning appeared, and all the sons of Jacob rose up at daybreak and went up to

the castle, and they smote those who remained of the Chorinites in a terrible manner,

and they were all killed in the castle.

13. And the sixth day appeared, and all the inhabitants of Canaan saw at a distance all the

people of Bethchorin lying dead in the castle of Bethchorin, and strewed about as the

carcasses of lambs and goats.

14. And the sons of Jacob led all the spoil which they had captured from Gaash and went to

Bethchorin, and they found the city full of people like the sand of the sea, and they

fought with them, and the sons of Jacob smote them there till evening time.

15. And the sons of Jacob did unto Bethchorin as they had done to Gaash and Tapnach, and

as they had done to Chazar, to Sarton and to Shiloh.

16. And the sons of Jacob took with them the spoil of Bethchorin and all the spoil of the

cities, and on that day they went home to Shechem.

17. And the sons of Jacob came home to the city of Shechem, and they remained without

the city, and they then rested there from the war, and tarried there all night.

18. And all their servants together with all the spoil that they had taken from the cities, they

left without the city, and they did not enter the city, for they said, Peradventure there

may be yet more fighting against us, and they may come to besiege us in Shechem.

19. And Jacob and his sons and their servants remained on that night and the next day in the

portion of the field which Jacob had purchased from Hamor for five shekels, and all that

they had captured was with them.

20. And all the booty which the sons of Jacob had captured, was in the portion of the field,

immense as the sand upon the sea shore.

21. And the inhabitants of the land observed them from afar, and all the inhabitants of the

land were afraid of the sons of Jacob who had done this thing, for no king from the days

of old had ever done the like.

22. And the seven kings of the Canaanites resolved to make peace with the sons of Jacob,

for they were greatly afraid of their lives, on account of the sons of Jacob.

23. And on that day, being the seventh day, Japhia king of Hebron sent secretly to the king

of Ai, and to the king of Gibeon, and to the king of Shalem, and to the king of Adulam,

and to the king of Lachish, and to the king of Chazar, and to all the Canaanitish kings

who were under their subjection, saying,

24. Go up with me, and come to me that we may go to the sons of Jacob, and I will make

peace with them, and form a treaty with them, lest all your lands be destroyed by the

swords of the sons of Jacob, as they did to Shechem and the cities around it, as you have

heard and seen.

25. And when you come to me, do not come with many men, but let every king bring his

three head captains, and every captain bring three of his officers.

26. And come all of you to Hebron, and we will go together to the sons of Jacob, and

supplicate them that they shall form a treaty of peace with us.

27. And all those kings did as the king of Hebron had sent to them, for they were all under

his counsel and command, and all the kings of Canaan assembled to go to the sons of

Jacob, to make peace with them; and the sons of Jacob returned and went to the portion

of the field that was in Shechem, for they did not put confidence in the kings of the land.

28. And the sons of Jacob returned and remained in the portion of the field ten days, and no

one came to make war with them.

29. And when the sons of Jacob saw that there was no appearance of war, they all

assembled and went to the city of Shechem, and the sons of Jacob remained in Shechem.

30. And at the expiration of forty days, all the kings of the Amorites assembled from all

their places and came to Hebron, to Japhia, king of Hebron.

31. And the number of kings that came to Hebron, to make peace with the sons of Jacob,

was twenty-one kings, and the number of captains that came with them was sixty-nine,

and their men were one hundred and eighty-nine, and all these kings and their men

rested by Mount Hebron.

32. And the king of Hebron went out with his three captains and nine men, and these kings

resolved to go to the sons of Jacob to make peace.

33. And they said unto the king of Hebron, Go thou before us with thy men, and speak for

us unto the sons of Jacob, and we will come after thee and confirm thy words, and the

king of Hebron did so.

34. And the sons of Jacob heard that all the kings of Canaan had gathered together and

rested in Hebron, and the sons of Jacob sent four of their servants as spies, saying, Go

and spy these kings, and search and examine their men whether they are few or many,

and if they are but few in number, number them all and come back.

35. And the servants of Jacob went secretly to these kings, and did as the sons of Jacob had

commanded them, and on that day they came back to the sons of Jacob, and said unto

them, We came unto those kings, and they are but few in number, and we numbered

them all, and behold, they were two hundred and eighty-eight, kings and men.

36. And the sons of Jacob said, They are but few in number, therefore we will not all go out

to them; and in the morning the sons of Jacob rose up and chose sixty two of their men,

and ten of the sons of Jacob went with them; and they girt on their weapons of war, for

they said, They are coming to make war with us, for they knew not that they were

coming to make peace with them.

37. And the sons of Jacob went with their servants to the gate of Shechem, toward those

kings, and their father Jacob was with them.

38. And when they had come forth, behold, the king of Hebron and his three captains and

nine men with him were coming along the road against the sons of Jacob, and the sons

of Jacob lifted up their eyes, and saw at a distance Japhia, king of Hebron, with his

captains, coming toward them, and the sons of Jacob took their stand at the place of the

gate of Shechem, and did not proceed.

39. And the king of Hebron continued to advance, he and his captains, until he came nigh to

the sons of Jacob, and he and his captains bowed down to them to the ground, and the

king of Hebron sat with his captains before Jacob and his sons.

40. And the sons of Jacob said unto him, What has befallen thee, O king of Hebron? why

hast thou come to us this day? what dost thou require from us? and the king of Hebron

said unto Jacob, I beseech thee my lord, all the kings of the Canaanites have this day

come to make peace with you.

41. And the sons of Jacob heard the words of the king of Hebron, and they would not

consent to his proposals, for the sons of Jacob had no faith in him, for they imagined

that the king of Hebron had spoken deceitfully to them.

42. And the king of Hebron knew from the words of the sons of Jacob, that they did not

believe his words, and the king of Hebron approached nearer to Jacob, and said unto

him, I beseech thee, my lord, to be assured that all these kings have come to you on

peaceable terms, for they have not come with all their men, neither did they bring their

weapons of war with them, for they have come to seek peace from my lord and his sons.

43. And the sons of Jacob answered the king of Hebron, saying, Send thou to all these

kings, and if thou speakest truth unto us, let them each come singly before us, and if

they come unto us unarmed, we shall then know that they seek peace from us.

44. And Japhia, king of Hebron, sent one of his men to the kings, and they all came before

the sons of Jacob, and bowed down to them to the ground, and these kings sat before

Jacob and his sons, and they spoke unto them, saying,

45. We have heard all that you did unto the kings of the Amorites with your sword and

exceedingly mighty arm, so that no man could stand up before you, and we were afraid

of you for the sake of our lives, lest it should befall us as it did to them.

46. So we have come unto you to form a treaty of peace between us, and now therefore

contract with us a covenant of peace and truth, that you will not meddle with us,

inasmuch as we have not meddled with you.

47. And the sons of Jacob knew that they had really come to seek peace from them, and the

sons of Jacob listened to them, and formed a covenant with them.

48. And the sons of Jacob swore unto them that they would not meddle with them, and all

the kings of the Canaanites swore also to them, and the sons of Jacob made them

tributary from that day forward.

49. And after this all the captains of these kings came with their men before Jacob, with

presents in their hands for Jacob and his sons, and they bowed down to him to the

ground.

50. And these kings then urged the sons of Jacob and begged of them to return all the spoil

they had captured from the seven cities of the Amorites, and the sons of Jacob did so,

and they returned all that they had captured, the women, the little ones, the cattle and all

the spoil which they had taken, and they sent them off, and they went away each to his

city.

51. And all these kings again bowed down to the sons of Jacob, and they sent or brought

them many gifts in those days, and the sons of Jacob sent off these kings and their men,

and they went peaceably away from them to their cities, and the sons of Jacob also

returned to their home, to Shechem.

52. And there was peace from that day forward between the sons of Jacob and the kings of

the Canaanites, until the children of Israel came to inherit the land of Canaan.

 

Jasher Chapter 41

1. And at the revolution of the year the sons of Jacob journeyed from Shechem, and they

came to Hebron, to their father Isaac, and they dwelt there, but their flocks and herds

they fed daily in Shechem, for there was there in those days good and fat pasture, and

Jacob and his sons and all their household dwelt in the valley of Hebron.

2. And it was in those days, in that year, being the hundred and sixth year of the life of

Jacob, in the tenth year of Jacob's coming from Padan-aram, that Leah the wife of Jacob

died; she was fifty-one years old when she died in Hebron.

3. And Jacob and his sons buried her in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which is in

Hebron, which Abraham had bought from the children of Heth, for the possession of a

burial place.

4. And the sons of Jacob dwelt with their father in the valley of Hebron, and all the

inhabitants of the land knew their strength and their fame went throughout the land.

5. And Joseph the son of Jacob, and his brother Benjamin, the sons of Rachel, the wife of

Jacob, were yet young in those days, and did not go out with their brethren during their

battles in all the cities of the Amorites.

6. And when Joseph saw the strength of his brethren, and their greatness, he praised them

and extolled them, but he ranked himself greater than them, and extolled himself above

them; and Jacob, his father, also loved him more than any of his sons, for he was a son

of his old age, and through his love toward him, he made him a coat of many colors.

7. And when Joseph saw that his father loved him more than his brethren, he continued to

exalt himself above his brethren, and he brought unto his father evil reports concerning

them.

8. And the sons of Jacob seeing the whole of Joseph's conduct toward them, and that their

father loved him more than any of them, they hated him and could not speak peaceably

to him all the days.

9. And Joseph was seventeen years old, and he was still magnifying himself above his

brethren, and thought of raising himself above them.

10. At that time he dreamed a dream, and he came unto his brothers and told them his

dream, and he said unto them, I dreamed a dream, and behold we were all binding

sheaves in the field, and my sheaf rose and placed itself upon the ground and your

sheaves surrounded it and bowed down to it.

11. And his brethren answered him and said unto him, What meaneth this dream that thou

didst dream? dost thou imagine in thy heart to reign or rule over us?

12. And he still came, and told the thing to his father Jacob, and Jacob kissed Joseph when

he heard these words from his mouth, and Jacob blessed Joseph.

13. And when the sons of Jacob saw that their father had blessed Joseph and had kissed

him, and that he loved him exceedingly, they became jealous of him and hated him the

more.

14. And after this Joseph dreamed another dream and related the dream to his father in the

presence of his brethren, and Joseph said unto his father and brethren, Behold I have

again dreamed a dream, and behold the sun and the moon and the eleven stars bowed

down to me.

15. And his father heard the words of Joseph and his dream, and seeing that his brethren

hated Joseph on account of this matter, Jacob therefore rebuked Joseph before his

brethren on account of this thing, saying, What meaneth this dream which thou hast

dreamed, and this magnifying thyself before thy brethren who are older than thou art?

16. Dost thou imagine in thy heart that I and thy mother and thy eleven brethren will come

and bow down to thee, that thou speakest these things?

17. And his brethren were jealous of him on account of his words and dreams, and they

continued to hate him, and Jacob reserved the dreams in his heart.

18. And the sons of Jacob went one day to feed their father's flock in Shechem, for they

were still herdsmen in those days; and whilst the sons of Jacob were that day feeding in

Shechem they delayed, and the time of gathering in the cattle was passed, and they had

not arrived.

19. And Jacob saw that his sons were delayed in Shechem, and Jacob said within himself,

Peradventure the people of Shechem have risen up to fight against them, therefore they

have delayed coming this day.

20. And Jacob called Joseph his son and commanded him, saying, Behold thy brethren are

feeding in Shechem this day, and behold they have not yet come back; go now therefore

and see where they are, and bring me word back concerning the welfare of thy brethren

and the welfare of the flock.

21. And Jacob sent his son Joseph to the valley of Hebron, and Joseph came for his brothers

to Shechem, and could not find them, and Joseph went about the field which was near

Shechem, to see where his brothers had turned, and he missed his road in the

wilderness, and knew not which way he should go.

22. And an angel of the Lord found him wandering in the road toward the field, and Joseph

said unto the angel of the Lord, I seek my brethren; hast thou not heard where they are

feeding? and the angel of the Lord said unto Joseph, I saw thy brethren feeding here,

and I heard them say they would go to feed in Dothan.

23. And Joseph hearkened to the voice of the angel of the Lord, and he went to his brethren

in Dothan and he found them in Dothan feeding the flock.

24. And Joseph advanced to his brethren, and before he had come nigh unto them, they had

resolved to slay him.

25. And Simeon said to his brethren, Behold the man of dreams is coming unto us this day,

and now therefore come and let us kill him and cast him in one of the pits that are in the

wilderness, and when his father shall seek him from us, we will say an evil beast has

devoured him.

26. And Reuben heard the words of his brethren concerning Joseph, and he said unto them,

You should not do this thing, for how can we look up to our father Jacob? Cast him into

this pit to die there, but stretch not forth a hand upon him to spill his blood; and Reuben

said this in order to deliver him from their hand, to bring him back to his father.

27. And when Joseph came to his brethren he sat before them, and they rose upon him and

seized him and smote him to the earth, and stripped the coat of many colors which he

had on.

28. And they took him and cast him into a pit, and in the pit there was no water, but

serpents and scorpions. And Joseph was afraid of the serpents and scorpions that were

in the pit. And Joseph cried out with a loud voice, and the Lord hid the serpents and

scorpions in the sides of the pit, and they did no harm unto Joseph.

29. And Joseph called out from the pit to his brethren, and said unto them, What have I

done unto you, and in what have I sinned? why do you not fear the Lord concerning

me? am I not of your bones and flesh, and is not Jacob your father, my father? why do

you do this thing unto me this day, and how will you be able to look up to our father

Jacob?

30. And he continued to cry out and call unto his brethren from the pit, and he said, O

Judah, Simeon, and Levi, my brethren, lift me up from the place of darkness in which

you have placed me, and come this day to have compassion on me, ye children of the

Lord, and sons of Jacob my father. And if I have sinned unto you, are you not the sons

of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob? if they saw an orphan they had compassion over him, or

one that was hungry, they gave him bread to eat, or one that was thirsty, they gave him

water to drink, or one that was naked, they covered him with garments!

31. And how then will you withhold your pity from your brother, for I am of your flesh and

bones, and if I have sinned unto you, surely you will do this on account of my father!

32. And Joseph spoke these words from the pit, and his brethren could not listen to him, nor

incline their ears to the words of Joseph, and Joseph was crying and weeping in the pit.

33. And Joseph said, O that my father knew, this day, the act which my brothers have done

unto me, and the words which they have this day spoken unto me.

34. And all his brethren heard his cries and weeping in the pit, and his brethren went and

removed themselves from the pit, so that they might not hear the cries of Joseph and his

weeping in the pit.

 

Jasher Chapter 42

1. And they went and sat on the opposite side, about the distance of a bow-shot, and they

sat there to eat bread, and whilst they were eating, they held counsel together what was

to be done with him, whether to slay him or to bring him back to his father.

2. They were holding the counsel, when they lifted up their eyes, and saw, and behold

there was a company of Ishmaelites coming at a distance by the road of Gilead, going

down to Egypt.

3. And Judah said unto them, What gain will it be to us if we slay our brother?

peradventure God will require him from us; this then is the counsel proposed

concerning him, which you shall do unto him: Behold this company of Ishmaelites

going down to Egypt,

4. Now therefore, come let us dispose of him to them, and let not our hand be upon him,

and they will lead him along with them, and he will be lost amongst the people of the

land, and we will not put him to death with our own hands. And the proposal pleased his

brethren and they did according to the word of Judah.

5. And whilst they were discoursing about this matter, and before the company of

Ishmaelites had come up to them, seven trading men of Midian passed by them, and as

they passed they were thirsty, and they lifted up their eyes and saw the pit in which

Joseph was immured, and they looked, and behold every species of bird was upon him.

6. And these Midianites ran to the pit to drink water, for they thought that it contained

water, and on coming before the pit they heard the voice of Joseph crying and weeping

in the pit, and they looked down into the pit, and they saw and behold there was a youth

of comely appearance and well favored.

7. And they called unto him and said, Who art thou and who brought thee hither, and who

placed thee in this pit, in the wilderness? and they all assisted to raise up Joseph and

they drew him out, and brought him up from the pit, and took him and went away on

their journey and passed by his brethren.

8. And these said unto them, Why do you do this, to take our servant from us and to go

away? surely we placed this youth in the pit because he rebelled against us, and you

come and bring him up and lead him away; now then give us back our servant.

9. And the Midianites answered and said unto the sons of Jacob, Is this your servant, or

does this man attend you? peradventure you are all his servants, for he is more comely

and well favored than any of you, and why do you all speak falsely unto us?

10. Now therefore we will not listen to your words, nor attend to you, for we found the

youth in the pit in the wilderness, and we took him; we will therefore go on.

11. And all the sons of Jacob approached them and rose up to them and said unto them,

Give us back our servant, and why will you all die by the edge of the sword? And the

Midianites cried out against them, and they drew their swords, and approached to fight

with the sons of Jacob.

12. And behold Simeon rose up from his seat against them, and sprang upon the ground and

drew his sword and approached the Midianites and he gave a terrible shout before them,

so that his shouting was heard at a distance, and the earth shook at Simeon's shouting.

13. And the Midianites were terrified on account of Simeon and the noise of his shouting,

and they fell upon their faces, and were excessively alarmed.

14. And Simeon said unto them, Verily I am Simeon, the son of Jacob the Hebrew, who

have, only with my brother, destroyed the city of Shechem and the cities of the

Amorites; so shall God moreover do unto me, that if all your brethren the people of

Midian, and also the kings of Canaan, were to come with you, they could not fight

against me.

15. Now therefore give us back the youth whom you have taken, lest I give your flesh to the

birds of the skies and the beasts of the earth.

16. And the Midianites were more afraid of Simeon, and they approached the sons of Jacob

with terror and fright, and with pathetic words, saying,

17. Surely you have said that the young man is your servant, and that he rebelled against

you, and therefore you placed him in the pit; what then will you do with a servant who

rebels against his master? Now therefore sell him unto us, and we will give you all that

you require for him; and the Lord was pleased to do this in order that the sons of Jacob

should not slay their brother.

18. And the Midianites saw that Joseph was of a comely appearance and well-favored; they

desired him in their hearts and were urgent to purchase him from his brethren.

19. And the sons of Jacob hearkened to the Midianites and they sold their brother Joseph to

them for twenty pieces of silver, and Reuben their brother was not with them, and the

Midianites took Joseph and continued their journey to Gilead.

20. They were going along the road, and the Midianites repented of what they had done, in

having purchased the young man, and one said to the other, What is this thing that we

have done, in taking this youth from the Hebrews, who is of comely appearance and

well favored.

21. Perhaps this youth is stolen from the land of the Hebrews, and why then have we done

this thing? and if he should be sought for and found in our hands we shall die through

him.

22. Now surely hardy and powerful men have sold him to us, the strength of one of whom

you saw this day; perhaps they stole him from his land with their might and with their

powerful arm, and have therefore sold him to us for the small value which we gave unto

them.

23. And whilst they were thus discoursing together, they looked, and behold the company

of Ishmaelites which was coming at first, and which the sons of Jacob saw, was

advancing toward the Midianites, and the Midianites said to each other, Come let us sell

this youth to the company of Ishmaelites who are coming toward us, and we will take

for him the little that we gave for him, and we will be delivered from his evil.

24. And they did so, and they reached the Ishmaelites, and the Midianites sold Joseph to the

Ishmaelites for twenty pieces of silver which they had given for him to his brethren.

25. And the Midianites went on their road to Gilead, and the Ishmaelites took Joseph and

they let him ride upon one of the camels, and they were leading him to Egypt.

26. And Joseph heard that the Ishmaelites were proceeding to Egypt, and Joseph lamented

and wept at this thing that he was to be so far removed from the land of Canaan, from

his father, and he wept bitterly whilst he was riding upon the camel, and one of their

men observed him, and made him go down from the camel and walk on foot, and

notwithstanding this Joseph continued to cry and weep, and he said, O my father, my

father.

27. And one of the Ishmaelites rose up and smote Joseph upon the cheek, and still he

continued to weep; and Joseph was fatigued in the road, and was unable to proceed on

account of the bitterness of his soul, and they all smote him and afflicted him in the

road, and they terrified him in order that he might cease from weeping.

28. And the Lord saw the ambition of Joseph and his trouble, and the Lord brought down

upon those men darkness and confusion, and the hand of every one that smote him

became withered.

29. And they said to each other, What is this thing that God has done to us in the road? and

they knew not that this befell them on account of Joseph. And the men proceeded on the

road, and they passed along the road of Ephrath where Rachel was buried.

30. And Joseph reached his mother's grave, and Joseph hastened and ran to his mother's

grave, and fell upon the grave and wept.

31. And Joseph cried aloud upon his mother's grave, and he said, O my mother, my mother,

O thou who didst give me birth, awake now, and rise and see thy son, how he has been

sold for a slave, and no one to pity him.

32. O rise and see thy son, weep with me on account of my troubles, and see the heart of my

brethren.

33. Arouse my mother, arouse, awake from thy sleep for me, and direct thy battles against

my brethren. O how have they stripped me of my coat, and sold me already twice for a

slave, and separated me from my father, and there is no one to pity me.

34. Arouse and lay thy cause against them before God, and see whom God will justify in

the judgment, and whom he will condemn.

35. Rise, O my mother, rise, awake from thy sleep and see my father how his soul is with

me this day, and comfort him and ease his heart.

36. And Joseph continued to speak these words, and Joseph cried aloud and wept bitterly

upon his mother's grave; and he ceased speaking, and from bitterness of heart he

became still as a stone upon the grave.

37. And Joseph heard a voice speaking to him from beneath the ground, which answered

him with bitterness of heart, and with a voice of weeping and praying in these words:

38. My son, my son Joseph, I have heard the voice of thy weeping and the voice of thy

lamentation; I have seen thy tears; I know thy troubles, my son, and it grieves me for

thy sake, and abundant grief is added to my grief.

39. Now therefore my son, Joseph my son, hope to the Lord, and wait for him and do not

fear, for the Lord is with thee, he will deliver thee from all trouble.

40. Rise my son, go down unto Egypt with thy masters, and do not fear, for the Lord is with

thee, my son. And she continued to speak like unto these words unto Joseph, and she

was still.

41. And Joseph heard this, and he wondered greatly at this, and he continued to weep; and

after this one of the Ishmaelites observed him crying and weeping upon the grave, and

his anger was kindled against him, and he drove him from there, and he smote him and

cursed him.

42. And Joseph said unto the men, May I find grace in your sight to take me back to my

father's house, and he will give you abundance of riches.

43. And they answered him, saying, Art thou not a slave, and where is thy father? and if

thou hadst a father thou wouldst not already twice have been sold for a slave for so little

value; and their anger was still roused against him, and they continued to smite him and

to chastise him, and Joseph wept bitterly.

44. And the Lord saw Joseph's affliction, and Lord again smote these men, and chastised

them, and the Lord caused darkness to envelope them upon the earth, and the lightning

flashed and the thunder roared, and the earth shook at the voice of the thunder and of

the mighty wind, and the men were terrified and knew not where they should go.

45. And the beasts and camels stood still, and they led them, but they would not go, they

smote them, and they crouched upon the ground; and the men said to each other, What

is this that God has done to us? what are our transgressions, and what are our sins that

this thing has thus befallen us?

46. And one of them answered and said unto them, Perhaps on account of the sin of

afflicting this slave has this thing happened this day to us; now therefore implore him

strongly to forgive us, and then we shall know on whose account this evil befalleth us,

and if God shall have compassion over us, then we shall know that all this cometh to us

on account of the sin of afflicting this slave.

47. And the men did so, and they supplicated Joseph and pressed him to forgive them; and

they said, We have sinned to the Lord and to thee, now therefore vouchsafe to request

of thy God that he shall put away this death from amongst us, for we have sinned to him.

48. And Joseph did according to their words, and the Lord hearkened to Joseph, and the

Lord put away the plague which he had inflicted upon those men on account of Joseph,

and the beasts rose up from the ground and they conducted them, and they went on, and

the raging storm abated and the earth became tranquilized, and the men proceeded on

their journey to go down to Egypt, and the men knew that this evil had befallen them on

account of Joseph.

49. And they said to each other, Behold we know that it was on account of his affliction that

this evil befell us; now therefore why shall we bring this death upon our souls? Let us

hold counsel what to do to this slave.

50. And one answered and said, Surely he told us to bring him back to his father; now

therefore come, let us take him back and we will go to the place that he will tell us, and

take from his family the price that we gave for him and we will then go away.

51. And one answered again and said, Behold this counsel is very good, but we cannot do

so for the way is very far from us, and we cannot go out of our road.

52. And one more answered and said unto them, This is the counsel to be adopted, we will

not swerve from it; behold we are this day going to Egypt, and when we shall have

come to Egypt, we will sell him there at a high price, and we will be delivered from his

evil.

53. And this thing pleased the men and they did so, and they continued their journey to

Egypt with Joseph.

 

Jasher Chapter 43

1. And when the sons of Jacob had sold their brother Joseph to the Midianites, their hearts

were smitten on account of him, and they repented of their acts, and they sought for him

to bring him back, but could not find him.

2. And Reuben returned to the pit in which Joseph had been put, in order to lift him out,

and restore him to his father, and Reuben stood by the pit, and he heard not a word, and

he called out Joseph! Joseph! and no one answered or uttered a word.

3. And Reuben said, Joseph has died through fright, or some serpent has caused his death;

and Reuben descended into the pit, and he searched for Joseph and could not find him in

the pit, and he came out again.

4. And Reuben tore his garments and he said, The child is not there, and how shall I

reconcile my father about him if he be dead? and he went to his brethren and found

them grieving on account of Joseph, and counseling together how to reconcile their

father about him, and Reuben said unto his brethren, I came to the pit and behold Joseph

was not there, what then shall we say unto our father, for my father will only seek the

lad from me.

5. And his brethren answered him saying, Thus and thus we did, and our hearts afterward

smote us on account of this act, and we now sit to seek a pretext how we shall reconcile

our father to it.

6. And Reuben said unto them, What is this you have done to bring down the grey hairs of

our father in sorrow to the grave? the thing is not good, that you have done.

7. And Reuben sat with them, and they all rose up and swore to each other not to tell this

thing unto Jacob, and they all said, The man who will tell this to our father or his

household, or who will report this to any of the children of the land, we will all rise up

against him and slay him with the sword.

8. And the sons of Jacob feared each other in this matter, from the youngest to the oldest,

and no one spoke a word, and they concealed the thing in their hearts.

9. And they afterward sat down to determine and invent something to say unto their father

Jacob concerning all these things.

10. And Issachar said unto them, Here is an advice for you if it seem good in your eyes to

do this thing, take the coat which belongeth to Joseph and tear it, and kill a kid of the

goats and dip it in its blood.

11. And send it to our father and when he seeth it he will say an evil beast has devoured

him, therefore tear ye his coat and behold his blood will be upon his coat, and by your

doing this we shall be free of our father's murmurings.

12. And Issachar's advice pleased them, and they hearkened unto him and they did

according to the word of Issachar which he had counselled them.

13. And they hastened and took Joseph's coat and tore it, and they killed a kid of the goats

and dipped the coat in the blood of the kid, and then trampled it in the dust, and they

sent the coat to their father Jacob by the hand of Naphtali, and they commanded him to

say these words:

14. We had gathered in the cattle and had come as far as the road to Shechem and farther,

when we found this coat upon the road in the wilderness dipped in blood and in dust;

now therefore know whether it be thy son's coat or not.

15. And Naphtali went and he came unto his father and he gave him the coat, and he spoke

unto him all the words which his brethren had commanded him.

16. And Jacob saw Joseph's coat and he knew it and he fell upon his face to the ground, and

became as still as a stone, and he afterward rose up and cried out with a loud and

weeping voice and he said, It is the coat of my son Joseph!

17. And Jacob hastened and sent one of his servants to his sons, who went to them and

found them coming along the road with the flock.

18. And the sons of Jacob came to their father about evening, and behold their garments

were torn and dust was upon their heads, and they found their father crying out and

weeping with a loud voice.

19. And Jacob said unto his sons, Tell me truly what evil have you this day suddenly

brought upon me? and they answered their father Jacob, saying, We were coming along

this day after the flock had been gathered in, and we came as far as the city of Shechem

by the road in the wilderness, and we found this coat filled with blood upon the ground,

and we knew it and we sent unto thee if thou couldst know it.

20. And Jacob heard the words of his sons and he cried out with a loud voice, and he said, It

is the coat of my son, an evil beast has devoured him; Joseph is rent in pieces, for I sent

him this day to see whether it was well with you and well with the flocks and to bring

me word again from you, and he went as I commanded him, and this has happened to

him this day whilst I thought my son was with you.

21. And the sons of Jacob answered and said, He did not come to us, neither have we seen

him from the time of our going out from thee until now.

22. And when Jacob heard their words he again cried out aloud, and he rose up and tore his

garments, and he put sackcloth upon his loins, and he wept bitterly and he mourned and

lifted up his voice in weeping and exclaimed and said these words,

23. Joseph my son, O my son Joseph, I sent thee this day after the welfare of thy brethren,

and behold thou hast been torn in pieces; through my hand has this happened to my son.

24. It grieves me for thee Joseph my son, it grieves me for thee; how sweet wast thou to me

during life, and now how exceedingly bitter is thy death to me.

25. 0 that I had died in thy stead Joseph my son, for it grieves me sadly for thee my son, O

my son, my son. Joseph my son, where art thou, and where hast thou been drawn?

arouse, arouse from thy place, and come and see my grief for thee, O my son Joseph.

26. Come now and number the tears gushing from my eyes down my cheeks, and bring

them up before the Lord, that his anger may turn from me.

27. 0 Joseph my son, how didst thou fall, by the hand of one by whom no one had fallen

from the beginning of the world unto this day; for thou hast been put to death by the

smiting of an enemy, inflicted with cruelty, but surely I know that this has happened to

thee, on account of the multitude of my sins.

28. Arouse now and see how bitter is my trouble for thee my son, although I did not rear

thee, nor fashion thee, nor give thee breath and soul, but it was God who formed thee

and built thy bones and covered them with flesh, and breathed in thy nostrils the breath

of life, and then he gave thee unto me.

29. Now truly God who gave thee unto me, he has taken thee from me, and such then has

befallen thee

30. And Jacob continued to speak like unto these words concerning Joseph, and he wept

bitterly; he fell to the ground and became still.

31. And all the sons of Jacob seeing their father's trouble, they repented of what they had

done, and they also wept bitterly.

32. And Judah rose up and lifted his father's head from the ground, and placed it upon his

lap, and he wiped his father's tears from his cheeks, and Judah wept an exceeding great

weeping, whilst his father's head was reclining upon his lap, still as a stone.

33. And the sons of Jacob saw their father's trouble, and they lifted up their voices and

continued to weep, and Jacob was yet lying upon the ground still as a stone.

34. And all his sons and his servants and his servant's children rose up and stood round him

to comfort him, and he refused to be comforted.

35. And the whole household of Jacob rose up and mourned a great mourning on account of

Joseph and their father's trouble, and the intelligence reached Isaac, the son of Abraham,

the father of Jacob, and he wept bitterly on account of Joseph, he and all his household,

and he went from the place where he dwelt in Hebron, and his men with him, and he

comforted Jacob his son, and he refused to be comforted.

36. And after this, Jacob rose up from the ground, and his tears were running down his

cheeks, and he said unto his sons, Rise up and take your swords and your bows, and go

forth into the field, and seek whether you can find my son's body and bring it unto me

that I may bury it.

37. Seek also, I pray you, among the beasts and hunt them, and that which shall come the

first before you seize and bring it unto me, perhaps the Lord will this day pity my

affliction, and prepare before you that which did tear my son in pieces, and bring it unto

me, and I will avenge the cause of my son.

38. And his sons did as their father had commanded them, and they rose up early in the

morning, and each took his sword and his bow in his hand, and they went forth into the

field to hunt the beasts.

39. And Jacob was still crying aloud and weeping and walking to and fro in the house, and

smiting his hands together, saying, Joseph my son, Joseph my son.

40. And the sons of Jacob went into the wilderness to seize the beasts, and behold a wolf

came toward them, and they seized him, and brought him unto their father, and they

said unto him, This is the first we have found, and we have brought him unto thee as

thou didst command us, and thy son's body we could not find.

41. And Jacob took the beast from the hands of his sons, and he cried out with a loud and

weeping voice, holding the beast in his hand, and he spoke with a bitter heart unto the

beast, Why didst thou devour my son Joseph, and how didst thou have no fear of the

God of the earth, or of my trouble for my son Joseph?

42. And thou didst devour my son for naught, because he committed no violence, and didst

thereby render me culpable on his account, therefore God will require him that is

persecuted.

43. And the Lord opened the mouth of the beast in order to comfort Jacob with its words,

and it answered Jacob and spoke these words unto him,

44. As God liveth who created us in the earth, and as thy soul liveth, my lord, I did not see

thy son, neither did I tear him to pieces, but from a distant land I also came to seek my

son who went from me this day, and I know not whether he be living or dead.

45. And I came this day into the field to seek my son, and your sons found me, and seized

me and increased my grief, and have this day brought me before thee, and I have now

spoken all my words to thee.

46. And now therefore, O son of man, I am in thy hands, and do unto me this day as it may

seem good in thy sight, but by the life of God who created me, I did not see thy son, nor

did I tear him to pieces, neither has the flesh of man entered my mouth all the days of

my life.

47. And when Jacob heard the words of the beast he was greatly astonished, and sent forth

the beast from his hand, and she went her way.

48. And Jacob was still crying aloud and weeping for Joseph day after day, and he mourned

for his son many days.

 

Jasher Chapter 44

1. And the sons of Ishmael who had bought Joseph from the Midianites, who had bought

him from his brethren, went to Egypt with Joseph, and they came upon the borders of

Egypt, and when they came near unto Egypt, they met four men of the sons of Medan

the son of Abraham, who had gone forth from the land of Egypt on their journey.

2. And the Ishmaelites said unto them, Do you desire to purchase this slave from us? and

they said, Deliver him over to us, and they delivered Joseph over to them, and they

beheld him, that he was a very comely youth and they purchased him for twenty shekels.

3. And the Ishmaelites continued their journey to Egypt and the Medanim also returned

that day to Egypt, and the Medanim said to each other, Behold we have heard that

Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, captain of the guard, seeketh a good servant who shall

stand before him to attend him, and to make him overseer over his house and all

belonging to him.

4. Now therefore come let us sell him to him for what we may desire, if he be able to give

unto us that which we shall require for him.

5. And these Medanim went and came to the house of Potiphar, and said unto him, We

have heard that thou seekest a good servant to attend thee, behold we have a servant that

will please thee, if thou canst give unto us that which we may desire, and we will sell

him unto thee.

6. And Potiphar said, Bring him before me, and I will see him, and if he please me I will

give unto you that which you may require for him.

7. And the Medanim went and brought Joseph and placed him before Potiphar, and he saw

him, and he pleased him exceedingly, and Potiphar said unto them, Tell me what you

require for this youth?

8. And they said, Four hundred pieces of silver we desire for him, and Potiphar said, I will

give it you if you bring me the record of his sale to you, and will tell me his history, for

perhaps he may be stolen, for this youth is neither a slave, nor the son of a slave, but I

observe in him the appearance of a goodly and handsome person.

9. And the Medanim went and brought unto him the Ishmaelites who had sold him to

them, and they told him, saying, He is a slave and we sold him to them.

10. And Potiphar heard the words of the Ishmaelites in his giving the silver unto the

Medanim, and the Medanim took the silver and went on their journey, and the

Ishmaelites also returned home.

11. And Potiphar took Joseph and brought him to his house that he might serve him, and

Joseph found favor in the sight of Potiphar, and he placed confidence in him, and made

him overseer over his house, and all that belonged to him he delivered over into his

hand.

12. And the Lord was with Joseph and he became a prosperous man, and the Lord blessed

the house of Potiphar for the sake of Joseph.

13. And Potiphar left all that he had in the hand of Joseph, and Joseph was one that caused

things to come in and go out, and everything was regulated by his wish in the house of

Potiphar.

14. And Joseph was eighteen years old, a youth with beautiful eyes and of comely

appearance, and like unto him was not in the whole land of Egypt.

15. At that time whilst he was in his master's house, going in and out of the house and

attending his master, Zelicah, his master's wife, lifted up her eyes toward Joseph and

she looked at him, and behold he was a youth comely and well favored.

16. And she coveted his beauty in her heart, and her soul was fixed upon Joseph, and she

enticed him day after day, and Zelicah persuaded Joseph daily, but Joseph did not lift up

his eyes to behold his master's wife.

17. And Zelicah said unto him, How goodly are thy appearance and form, truly I have

looked at all the slaves, and have not seen so beautiful a slave as thou art; and Joseph

said unto her, Surely he who created me in my mother's womb created all mankind.

18. And she said unto him, How beautiful are thine eyes, with which thou hast dazzled all

the inhabitants of Egypt, men and women; and he said unto her, How beautiful they are

whilst we are alive, but shouldst thou behold them in the grave, surely thou wouldst

move away from them.

19. And she said unto him, How beautiful and pleasing are all thy words; take now, I pray

thee, the harp which is in the house, and play with thy hands and let us hear thy words.

20. And he said unto her, How beautiful and pleasing are my words when I speak the praise

of my God and his glory; and she said unto him, How very beautiful is the hair of thy

head, behold the golden comb which is in the house, take it I pray thee, and curl the hair

of thy head.

21. And he said unto her, How long wilt thou speak these words? cease to utter these words

to me, and rise and attend to thy domestic affairs.

22. And she said unto him, There is no one in my house, and there is nothing to attend to

but to thy words and to thy wish; yet notwithstanding all this, she could not bring

Joseph unto her, neither did he place his eye upon her, but directed his eyes below to the

ground.

23. And Zelicah desired Joseph in her heart, that he should lie with her, and at the time that

Joseph was sitting in the house doing his work, Zelicah came and sat before him, and

she enticed him daily with her discourse to lie with her, or ever to look at her, but

Joseph would not hearken to her.

24. And she said unto him, If thou wilt not do according to my words, I will chastise thee

with the punishment of death, and put an iron yoke upon thee.

25. And Joseph said unto her, Surely God who created man looseth the fetters of prisoners,

and it is he who will deliver me from thy prison and from thy judgment.

26. And when she could not prevail over him, to persuade him, and her soul being still fixed

upon him, her desire threw her into a grievous sickness.

27. And all the women of Egypt came to visit her, and they said unto her, Why art thou in

this declining state? thou that lackest nothing; surely thy husband is a great and

esteemed prince in the sight of the king, shouldst thou lack anything of what thy heart

desireth?

28. And Zelicah answered them, saying, This day it shall be made known to you, whence

this disorder springs in which you see me, and she commanded her maid servants to

prepare food for all the women, and she made a banquet for them, and all the women ate

in the house of Zelicah.

29. And she gave them knives to peel the citrons to eat them, and she commanded that they

should dress Joseph in costly garments, and that he should appear before them, and

Joseph came before their eyes and all the women looked on Joseph, and could not take

their eyes from off him, and they all cut their hands with the knives that they had in

their hands, and all the citrons that were in their hands were filled with blood.

30. And they knew not what they had done but they continued to look at the beauty of

Joseph, and did not turn their eyelids from him.

31. And Zelicah saw what they had done, and she said unto them, What is this work that

you have done? behold I gave you citrons to eat and you have all cut your hands.

32. And all the women saw their hands, and behold they were full of blood, and their blood

flowed down upon their garments, and they said unto her, this slave in your house has

overcome us, and we could not turn our eyelids from him on account of his beauty.

33. And she said unto them, Surely this happened to you in the moment that you looked at

him, and you could not contain yourselves from him; how then can I refrain when he is

constantly in my house, and I see him day after day going in and out of my house? how

then can I keep from declining or even from perishing on account of this?

34. And they said unto her, the words are true, for who can see this beautiful form in the

house and refrain from him, and is he not thy slave and attendant in thy house, and why

dost thou not tell him that which is in thy heart, and sufferest thy soul to perish through

this matter?

35. And she said unto them, I am daily endeavoring to persuade him, and he will not

consent to my wishes, and I promised him everything that is good, and yet I could meet

with no return from him; I am therefore in a declining state as you see.

36. And Zelicah became very ill on account of her desire toward Joseph, and she was

desperately lovesick on account of him, and all the people of the house of Zelicah and

her husband knew nothing of this matter, that Zelicah was ill on account of her love to

Joseph.

37. And all the people of her house asked her, saying, Why art thou ill and declining, and

lackest nothing? and she said unto them, I know not this thing which is daily increasing

upon me.

38. And all the women and her friends came daily to see her, and they spoke with her, and

she said unto them, This can only be through the love of Joseph; and they said unto her,

Entice him and seize him secretly, perhaps he may hearken to thee, and put off this

death from thee.

39. And Zelicah became worse from her love to Joseph, and she continued to decline, till

she had scarce strength to stand.

40. And on a certain day Joseph was doing his master's work in the house, and Zelicah

came secretly and fell suddenly upon him, and Joseph rose up against her, and he was

more powerful than she, and he brought her down to the ground.

41. And Zelicah wept on account of the desire of her heart toward him, and she supplicated

him with weeping, and her tears flowed down her cheeks, and she spoke unto him in a

voice of supplication and in bitterness of soul, saying,

42. Hast thou ever heard, seen or known of so beautiful a woman as I am, or better than

myself, who speak daily unto thee, fall into a decline through love for thee, confer all

this honor upon thee, and still thou wilt not hearken to my voice?

43. And if it be through fear of thy master lest he punish thee, as the king liveth no harm

shall come to thee from thy master through this thing; now, therefore pray listen to me,

and consent for the sake of the honor which I have conferred upon thee, and put off this

death from me, and why should I die for thy sake? and she ceased to speak.

44. And Joseph answered her, saying, Refrain from me, and leave this matter to my master;

behold my master knoweth not what there is with me in the house, for all that belongeth

to him he has delivered into my hand, and how shall I do these things in my master's

house?

45. For he hath also greatly honored me in his house, and he hath also made me overseer

over his house, and he hath exalted me, and there is no one greater in this house than I

am, and my master hath refrained nothing from me, excepting thee who art his wife,

how then canst thou speak these words unto me, and how can I do this great evil and sin

to God and to thy husband?

46. Now therefore refrain from me, and speak no more such words as these, for I will not

hearken to thy words. But Zelicah would not hearken to Joseph when he spoke these

words unto her, but she daily enticed him to listen to her.

47. And it was after this that the brook of Egypt was filled above all its sides, and all the

inhabitants of Egypt went forth, and also the king and princes went forth with timbrels

and dances, for it was a great rejoicing in Egypt, and a holiday at the time of the

inundation of the sea Sihor, and they went there to rejoice all the day.

48. And when the Egyptians went out to the river to rejoice, as was their custom, all the

people of the house of Potiphar went with them, but Zelicah would not go with them,

for she said, I am indisposed, and she remained alone in the house, and no other person

was with her in the house.

49. And she rose up and ascended to her temple in the house, and dressed herself in princely

garments, and she placed upon her head precious stones of onyx stones, inlaid with

silver and gold, and she beautified her face and skin with all sorts of women's purifying

liquids, and she perfumed the temple and the house with cassia and frankincense, and

she spread myrrh and aloes, and she afterward sat in the entrance of the temple, in the

passage of the house, through which Joseph passed to do his work, and behold Joseph

came from the field, and entered the house to do his master's work.

50. And he came to the place through which he had to pass, and he saw all the work of

Zelicah, and he turned back.

51. And Zelicah saw Joseph turning back from her, and she called out to him, saying What

aileth thee Joseph? come to thy work, and behold I will make room for thee until thou

shalt have passed to thy seat.

52. And Joseph returned and came to the house, and passed from thence to the place of his

seat, and he sat down to do his master's work as usual and behold Zelicah came to him

and stood before him in princely garments, and the scent from her clothes was spread to

a distance.

53. And she hastened and caught hold of Joseph and his garments, and she said unto him,

As the king liveth if thou wilt not perform my request thou shalt die this day, and she

hastened and stretched forth her other hand and drew a sword from beneath her

garments, and she placed it upon Joseph's neck, and she said, Rise and perform my

request, and if not thou diest this day.

54. And Joseph was afraid of her at her doing this thing, and he rose up to flee from her,

and she seized the front of his garments, and in the terror of his flight the garment which

Zelicah seized was torn, and Joseph left the garment in the hand of Zelicah, and he fled

and got out, for he was in fear.

55. And when Zelicah saw that Joseph's garment was torn, and that he had left it in her

hand, and had fled, she was afraid of her life, lest the report should spread concerning

her, and she rose up and acted with cunning, and put off the garments in which she was

dressed, and she put on her other garments.

56. And she took Joseph's garment, and she laid it beside her, and she went and seated

herself in the place where she had sat in her illness, before the people of her house had

gone out to the river, and she called a young lad who was then in the house, and she

ordered him to call the people of the house to her.

57. And when she saw them she said unto them with a loud voice and lamentation, See

what a Hebrew your master has brought to me in the house, for he came this day to lie

with me.

58. For when you had gone out he came to the house, and seeing that there was no person in

the house, he came unto me, and caught hold of me, with intent to lie with me.

59. And I seized his garments and tore them and called out against him with a loud voice,

and when I had lifted up my voice he was afraid of his life and left his garment before

me, and fled.

60. And the people of her house spoke nothing, but their wrath was very much kindled

against Joseph, and they went to his master and told him the words of his wile.

61. And Potiphar came home enraged, and his wife cried out to him, saying, What is this

thing that thou hast done unto me in bringing a He. brew servant into my house, for he

came unto me this day to sport with me; thus did he do unto me this day.

62. And Potiphar heard the words of his wife, and he ordered Joseph to be punished with

severe stripes, and they did so to him.

63. And whilst they were smiting him, Joseph called out with a loud voice, and he lifted up

his eyes to heaven, and he said, O Lord God, thou knowest that I am innocent of all

these things, and why shall I die this day through falsehood, by the hand of these

uncircumcised wicked men, whom thou knowest?

64. And whilst Potiphar's men were beating Joseph, he continued to cry out and weep, and

there was a child there eleven months old, and the Lord opened the mouth of the child,

and he spake these words before Potiphar's men, who were smiting Joseph, saying,

65. What do you want of this man, and why do you do this evil unto him? my mother

speaketh falsely and uttereth lies; thus was the transaction.

66. And the child told them accurately all that happened, and all the words of Zelicah to

Joseph day after day did he declare unto them.

67. And all the men heard the words of the child and they wondered greatly at the child's

words, and the child ceased to speak and became still.

68. And Potiphar was very much ashamed at the words of his son, and he commanded his

men not to beat Joseph any more, and the men ceased beating Joseph.

69. And Potiphar took Joseph and ordered him to be brought to justice before the priests,

who were judges belonging to the king, in order to judge him concerning this affair.

70. And Potiphar and Joseph came before the priests who were the king's judges, and he

said unto them, Decide I pray you, what judgment is due to a servant, for thus has he

done.

71. And the priests said unto Joseph, Why didst thou do this thing to thy master? and Joseph

answered them, saying, Not so my lords, thus was the matter; and Potiphar said unto

Joseph, Surely I entrusted in thy hands all that belonged to me, and I withheld nothing

from thee but my wife, and how couldst thou do this evil?

72. And Joseph answered saying, Not so my lord, as the Lord liveth, and as thy soul liveth,

my lord, the word which thou didst hear from thy wife is untrue, for thus was the affair

this day.

73. A year has elapsed to me since I have been in thy house; hast thou seen any iniquity in

me, or any thing which might cause thee to demand my life?

74. And the priests said unto Potiphar, Send, we pray thee, and let them bring before us

Joseph's torn garment, and let us see the tear in it, and if it shall be that the tear is in

front of the garment, then his face must have been opposite to her and she must have

caught hold of him, to come to her, and with deceit did thy wife do all that she has

spoken.

75. And they brought Joseph's garment before the priests who were judges, and they saw

and behold the tear was in front of Joseph, and all the judging priests knew that she had

pressed him, and they said, The judgment of death is not due to this slave for he has

done nothing, but his judgment is, that he be placed in the prison house on account of

the report, which through him has gone forth against thy wife.

76. And Potiphar heard their words, and he placed him in the prison house, the place where

the king's prisoners are confined, and Joseph was in the house of confinement twelve

years.

77. And notwithstanding this, his master's wife did not turn from him, and she did not cease

from speaking to him day after day to hearken to her, and at the end of three months

Zelicah continued going to Joseph to the house of confinement day by day, and she

enticed him to hearken to her, and Zelicah said unto Joseph, How long wilt thou remain

in this house? but hearken now to my voice, and I will bring thee out of this house.

78. And Joseph answered her, saying, It is better for me to remain in this house than to

hearken to thy words, to sin against God; and she said unto him, If thou wilt not perform

my wish, I will pluck out thine eyes, add fetters to thy feet, and will deliver thee into the

hands of them whom thou didst not know before.

79. And Joseph answered her and said, Behold the God of the whole earth is able to deliver

me from all that thou canst do unto me, for he openeth the eyes of the blind, and looseth

those that are bound, and preserveth all strangers who are unacquainted with the land.

80. And when Zelicah was unable to persuade Joseph to hearken to her, she left off going to

entice him; and Joseph was still confined in the house of confinement. And Jacob the

father of Joseph, and all his brethren who were in the land of Canaan still mourned and

wept in those days on account of Joseph, for Jacob refused to be comforted for his son

Joseph, and Jacob cried aloud, and wept and mourned all those days.

 

Jasher Chapter 45

1. And it was at that time in that year, which is the year of Joseph's going down to Egypt

after his brothers had sold him, that Reuben the son of Jacob went to Timnah and took

unto him for a wife Eliuram, the daughter of Avi the Canaanite, and he came to her.

2. And Eliuram the wife of Reuben conceived and bare him Hanoch, Palu, Chetzron and

Carmi, four sons; and Simeon his brother took his sister Dinah for a wife, and she bare

unto him Memuel, Yamin, Ohad, Jachin and Zochar, five sons.

3. And he afterward came to Bunah the Canaanitish woman, the same is Bunah whom

Simeon took captive from the city of Shechem, and Bunah was before Dinah and

attended upon her, and Simeon came to her, and she bare unto him Saul.

4. And Judah went at that time to Adulam, and he came to a man of Adulam, and his name

was Hirah, and Judah saw there the daughter of a man from Canaan, and her name was

Aliyath, the daughter of Shua, and he took her, and came to her, and Aliyath bare unto

Judah, Er, Onan and Shiloh; three sons.

5. And Levi and Issachar went to the land of the east, and they took unto themselves for

wives the daughters of Jobab the son of Yoktan, the son of Eber; and Jobab the son of

Yoktan had two daughters; the name of the elder was Adinah, and the name of the

younger was Aridah.

6. And Levi took Adinah, and Issachar took Aridah, and they came to the land of Canaan,

to their father's house, and Adinah bare unto Levi, Gershon, Kehath and Merari; three

sons.

7. And Aridah bare unto Issachar Tola, Puvah, Job and Shomron, four sons; and Dan went

to the land of Moab and took for a wife Aphlaleth, the daughter of Chamudan the

Moabite, and he brought her to the land of Canaan.

8. And Aphlaleth was barren, she had no offspring, and God afterward remembered

Aphlaleth the wife of Dan, and she conceived and bare a son, and she called his name

Chushim.

9. And Gad and Naphtali went to Haran and took from thence the daughters of Amuram

the son of Uz, the son of Nahor, for wives.

10. And these are the names of the daughters of Amuram; the name of the elder was

Merimah, and the name of the younger Uzith; and Naphtali took Merimah, and Gad

took Uzith; and brought them to the land of Canaan, to their father's house.

11. And Merimah bare unto Naphtali Yachzeel, Guni, Jazer and Shalem, four sons; and

Uzith bare unto Gad Zephion, Chagi, Shuni, Ezbon, Eri, Arodi and Arali, seven sons.

12. And Asher went forth and took Adon the daughter of Aphlal, the son of Hadad, the son

of Ishmael, for a wife, and he brought her to the land of Canaan.

13. And Adon the wife of Asher died in those days: she had no offspring; and it was after

the death of Adon that Asher went to the other side of the river and took for a wife

Hadurah the daughter of Abimael, the son of Eber, the son of Shem.

14. And the young woman was of a comely appearance, and a woman of sense, and she had

been the wife of Malkiel the son of Elam, the son of Shem.

15. And Hadurah bare a daughter unto Malkiel, and he called her name Serach, and Malkiel

died after this, and Hadurah went and remained in her father's house.

16. And after the death of the wife at Asher he went and took Hadurah for a wife, and

brought her to the land of Canaan, and Serach her daughter he also brought with them,

and she was three years old, and the damsel was brought up in Jacob's house.

17. And the damsel was of a comely appearance, and she went in the sanctified ways of the

children of Jacob; she lacked nothing, and the Lord gave her wisdom and understanding.

18. And Hadurah the wife of Asher conceived and bare unto him Yimnah, Yishvah, Yishvi

and Beriah; four sons.

19. And Zebulun went to Midian, and took for a wife Merishah the daughter of Molad, the

son of Abida, the son of Midian, and brought her to the land of Canaan.

20. And Merushah bare unto Zebulun Sered, Elon and Yachleel; three sons.

21. And Jacob sent to Aram, the son of Zoba, the son of Terah, and he took for his son

Benjamin Mechalia the daughter of Aram, and she came to the land of Canaan to the

house of Jacob; and Benjamin was ten years old when he took Mechalia the daughter of

Aram for a wife.

22. And Mechalia conceived and bare unto Benjamin Bela, Becher, Ashbel, Gera and

Naaman, five sons; and Benjamin went afterward and took for a wife Aribath, the

daughter of Shomron, the son of Abraham, in addition to his first wife, and he was

eighteen years old; and Aribath bare unto Benjamin Achi, Vosh, Mupim, Chupim, and

Ord; five sons.

23. And in those days Judah went to the house of Shem and took Tamar the daughter of

Elam, the son of Shem, for a wife for his first born Er.

24. And Er came to his wife Tamar, and she became his wife, and when he came to her he

outwardly destroyed his seed, and his work was evil in the sight of the Lord, and the

Lord slew him.

25. And it was after the death of Er, Judah's first born, that Judah said unto Onan, go to thy

brother's wife and marry her as the next of kin, and raise up seed to thy brother.

26. And Onan took Tamar for a wife and he came to her, and Onan also did like unto the

work of his brother, and his work was evil in the sight of the Lord, and he slew him also.

27. And when Onan died, Judah said unto Tamar, Remain in thy father's house until my son

Shiloh shall have grown up, and Judah did no more delight in Tamar, to give her unto

Shiloh, for he said, Peradventure he will also die like his brothers.

28. And Tamar rose up and went and remained in her father's house, and Tamar was in her

father's house for some time.

29. And at the revolution of the year, Aliyath the wife of Judah died; and Judah was

comforted for his wife, and after the death of Aliyath, Judah went up with his friend

Hirah to Timnah to shear their sheep.

30. And Tamar heard that Judah had gone up to Timnah to shear the sheep, and that Shiloh

was grown up, and Judah did not delight in her.

31. And Tamar rose up and put off the garments of her widowhood, and she put a vail upon

her, and she entirely covered herself, and she went and sat in the public thoroughfare,

which is upon the road to Timnah.

32. And Judah passed and saw her and took her and he came to her, and she conceived by

him, and at the time of being delivered, behold, there were twins in her womb, and he

called the name of the first Perez, and the name of the second Zarah.

 

Jasher Chapter 46

1. In those days Joseph was still confined in the prison house in the land of Egypt.

2. At that time the attendants of Pharaoh were standing before him, the chief of the butlers

and the chief of the bakers which belonged to the king of Egypt.

3. And the butler took wine and placed it before the king to drink, and the baker placed

bread before the king to eat, and the king drank of the wine and ate of the bread, he and

his servants and ministers that ate at the king's table.

4. And whilst they were eating and drinking, the butler and the baker remained there, and

Pharaoh's ministers found many flies in the wine, which the butler had brought, and

stones of nitre were found in the baker's bread.

5. And the captain of the guard placed Joseph as an attendant on Pharaoh's officers, and

Pharaoh's officers were in confinement one year.

6. And at the end of the year, they both dreamed dreams in one night, in the place of

confinement where they were, and in the morning Joseph came to them to attend upon

them as usual, and he saw them, and behold their countenances were dejected and sad.

7. And Joseph asked them, Why are your countenances sad and dejected this day? and

they said unto him, We dreamed a dream, and there is no one to interpret it; and Joseph

said unto them, Relate, I pray you, your dream unto me, and God shall give you an

answer of peace as you desire.

8. And the butler related his dream unto Joseph, and he said, I saw in my dream, and

behold a large vine was before me, and upon that vine I saw three branches, and the

vine speedily blossomed and reached a great height, and its clusters were ripened and

became grapes.

9. And I took the grapes and pressed them in a cup, and placed it in Pharaoh's hand and he

drank; and Joseph said unto him, The three branches that were upon the vine are three

days.

10. Yet within three days, the king will order thee to be brought out and he will restore thee

to thy office, and thou shalt give the king his wine to drink as at first when thou wast his

butler; but let me find favor in thy sight, that thou shalt remember me to Pharaoh when

it will be well with thee, and do kindness unto me, and get me brought forth from this

prison, for I was stolen away from the land of Canaan and was sold for a slave in this

place.

11. And also that which was told thee concerning my master's wife is false, for they placed

me in this dungeon for naught; and the butler answered Joseph, saying, If the king deal

well with me as at first, as thou last interpreted to me, I will do all that thou desirest, and

get thee brought out of this dungeon.

12. And the baker, seeing that Joseph had accurately interpreted the butler's dream, also

approached, and related the whole of his dream to Joseph.

13. And he said unto him, In my dream I saw and behold three white baskets upon my head,

and I looked, and behold there were in the upper-most basket all manner of baked meats

for Pharaoh, and behold the birds were eating them from off my head.

14. And Joseph said unto him, The three baskets which thou didst see are three days, yet

within three days Pharaoh will take off thy head, and hang thee upon a tree, and the

birds will eat thy flesh from off thee, as thou sawest in thy dream.

15. In those days the queen was about to be delivered, and upon that day she bare a son unto

the king of Egypt, and they proclaimed that the king had gotten his first born son and all

the people of Egypt together with the officers and servants of Pharaoh rejoiced greatly.

16. And upon the third day of his birth Pharaoh made a feast for his officers and servants,

for the hosts of the land of Zoar and of the land of Egypt.

17. And all the people of Egypt and the servants of Pharaoh came to eat and drink with the

king at the feast of his son, and to rejoice at the king's rejoicing.

18. And all the officers of the king and his servants were rejoicing at that time for eight

days at the feast, and they made merry with all sorts of musical instruments, with

timbrels and with dances in the king's house for eight days.

19. And the butler, to whom Joseph had interpreted his dream, forgot Joseph, and he did not

mention him to the king as he had promised, for this thing was from the Lord in order to

punish Joseph because he had trusted in man.

20. And Joseph remained after this in the prison house two years, until he had completed

twelve years.

 

Jasher Chapter 47

1. And Isaac the son of Abraham was still living in those days in the land of Canaan; he

was very aged, one hundred and eighty years old, and Esau his son, the brother of

Jacob, was in the land of Edom, and he and his sons had possessions in it amongst the

children of Seir.

2. And Esau heard that his father's time was drawing nigh to die, and he and his sons and

household came unto the land of Canaan, unto his father's house, and Jacob and his sons

went forth from the place where they dwelt in Hebron, and they all came to their father

Isaac, and they found Esau and his sons in the tent.

3. And Jacob and his sons sat before his father Isaac, and Jacob was still mourning for his

son Joseph.

4. And Isaac said unto Jacob, Bring me hither thy sons and I will bless them; and Jacob

brought his eleven children before his father Isaac.

5. And Isaac placed his hands upon all the sons of Jacob, and he took hold of them and

embraced them, and kissed them one by one, and Isaac blessed them on that day, and he

said unto them, May the God of your fathers bless you and increase your seed like the

stars of heaven for number.

6. And Isaac also blessed the sons of Esau, saying, May God cause you to be a dread and a

terror to all that will behold you, and to all your enemies.

7. And Isaac called Jacob and his sons, and they all came and sat before Isaac, and Isaac

said unto Jacob, The Lord God of the whole earth said unto me, Unto thy seed will I

give this land for an inheritance if thy children keep my statutes and my ways, and I will

perform unto them the oath which I swore unto thy father Abraham.

8. Now therefore my son, teach thy children and thy children's children to fear the Lord,

and to go in the good way which will please the Lord thy God, for if you keep the ways

of the Lord and his statutes the Lord will also keep unto you his covenant with

Abraham, and will do well with you and your seed all the days.

9. And when Isaac had finished commanding Jacob and his children, he gave up the ghost

and died, and was gathered unto his people.

10. And Jacob and Esau fell upon the face of their father Isaac, and they wept, and Isaac

was one hundred and eighty years old when he died in the land of Canaan, in Hebron,

and his sons carried him to the cave of Machpelah, which Abraham had bought from the

children of Heth for a possession of a burial place.

11. And all the kings of the land of Canaan went with Jacob and Esau to bury Isaac, and all

the kings of Canaan showed Isaac great honor at his death.

12. And the sons of Jacob and the sons of Esau went barefooted round about, walking and

lamenting until they reached Kireath-arba.

13. And Jacob and Esau buried their father Isaac in the cave of Machpelah, which is in

Kireath-arba in Hebron, and they buried him with very great honor, as at the funeral of

kings.

14. And Jacob and his sons, and Esau and his sons, and all the kings of Canaan made a

great and heavy mourning, and they buried him and mourned for him many days.

15. And at the death of Isaac, he left his cattle and his possessions and all belonging to him

to his sons; and Esau said unto Jacob, Behold I pray thee, all that our father has left we

will divide it in two parts, and I will have the choice, and Jacob said, We will do so.

16. And Jacob took all that Isaac had left in the land of Canaan, the cattle and the property,

and he placed them in two parts before Esau and his sons, and he said unto Esau,

Behold all this is before thee, choose thou unto thyself the half which thou wilt take.

17. And Jacob said unto Esau, Hear thou I pray thee what I will speak unto thee, saying,

The Lord God of heaven and earth spoke unto our fathers Abraham and Isaac, saying,

Unto thy seed will I give this land for an inheritance forever.

18. Now therefore all that our father has left is before thee, and behold all the land is before

thee; choose thou from them what thou desirest.

19. If thou desirest the whole land take it for thee and thy children forever, and I will take

this riches, and it thou desirest the riches take it unto thee, and I will take this land for

me and for my children to inherit it forever.

20. And Nebayoth, the son of Ishmael, was then in the land with his children, and Esau

went on that day and consulted with him, saying.

21. Thus has Jacob spoken unto me, and thus has he answered me, now give thy advice and

we will hear.

22. And Nebayoth said, What is this that Jacob hath spoken unto thee? behold all the

children of Canaan are dwelling securely in their land, and Jacob sayeth he will inherit

it with his seed all the days.

23. Go now therefore and take all thy father's riches and leave Jacob thy brother in the land,

as he has spoken.

24. And Esau rose up and returned to Jacob, and did all that Nebayoth the son of Ishmael

had advised; and Esau took all the riches that Isaac had left, the souls, the beasts, the

cattle and the property, and all the riches; he gave nothing to his brother Jacob; and

Jacob took all the land of Canaan, from the brook of Egypt unto the river Euphrates, and

he took it for an everlasting possession, and for his children and for his seed after him

forever.

25. Jacob also took from his brother Esau the cave of Machpelah, which is in Hebron,

which Abraham had bought from Ephron for a possession of a burial place for him and

his seed forever.

26. And Jacob wrote all these things in the book of purchase, and he signed it, and he

testified all this with four faithful witnesses.

27. And these are the words which Jacob wrote in the book, saying: The land of Canaan and

all the cities of the Hittites, the Hivites, the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Perizzites, and

the Gergashites, all the seven nations from the river of Egypt unto the river Euphrates.

28. And the city of Hebron Kireath-arba, and the cave which is in it, the whole did Jacob

buy from his brother Esau for value, for a possession and for an inheritance for his seed

after him forever.

29. And Jacob took the book of purchase and the signature, the command and the statutes

and the revealed book, and he placed them in an earthen vessel in order that they should

remain for a long time, and he delivered them into the hands of his children.

30. Esau took all that his father had left him after his death from his brother Jacob, and he

took all the property, from man and beast, camel and ass, ox and lamb, silver and gold,

stones and bdellium, and all the riches which had belonged to Isaac the son of Abraham;

there was nothing left which Esau did not take unto himself, from all that Isaac had left

after his death.

31. And Esau took all this, and he and his children went home to the land of Seir the Horite,

away from his brother Jacob and his children.

32. And Esau had possessions amongst the children of Seir, and Esau returned not to the

land of Canaan from that day forward.

33. And the whole land of Canaan became an inheritance to the children of Israel for an

everlasting inheritance, and Esau with all his children inherited the mountain of Seir.

 

Jasher Chapter 48

1. In those days, after the death of Isaac, the Lord commanded and caused a famine upon

the whole earth.

2. At that time Pharaoh king of Egypt was sitting upon his throne in the land of Egypt, and

lay in his bed and dreamed dreams, and Pharaoh saw in his dream that he was standing

by the side of the river of Egypt.

3. And whilst he was standing he saw and behold seven fat fleshed and well favored kine

came up out of the river.

4. And seven other kine, lean fleshed and ill favored, came up after them, and the seven ill

favored ones swallowed up the well favored ones, and still their appearance was ill as at

first.

5. And he awoke, and he slept again and he dreamed a second time, and he saw and behold

seven ears of corn came up upon one stalk, rank and good, and seven thin ears blasted

with the east wind sprang, up after them, and the thin ears swallowed up the full ones,

and Pharaoh awoke out of his dream.

6. And in the morning the king remembered his dreams, and his spirit was sadly troubled

on account of his dreams, and the king hastened and sent and called for all the

magicians of Egypt, and the wise men, and they came and stood before Pharaoh.

7. And the king said unto them, I have dreamed dreams, and there is none to interpret

them; and they said unto the king, relate thy dreams to thy servants and let us hear them.

8. And the king related his dreams to them, and they all answered and said with one voice

to the king, may the king live forever; and this is the interpretation of thy dreams.

9. The seven good kine which thou didst see denote seven daughters that will be born unto

thee in the latter days, and the seven kine which thou sawest come up after them, and

swallowed them up, are for a sign that the daughters which will be born unto thee will

all die in the life-time of the king.

10. And that which thou didst see in the second dream of seven full good ears of corn

coming up upon one stalk, this is their interpretation, that thou wilt build unto thyself in

the latter days seven cities throughout the land of Egypt; and that which thou sawest of

the seven blasted ears of corn springing up after them and swallowing them up whilst

thou didst behold them with thine eyes, is for a sign that the cities which thou wilt build

will all be destroyed in the latter days, in the life-time of the king.

11. And when they spoke these words the king did not incline his ear to their words, neither

did he fix his heart upon them, for the king knew in his wisdom that they did not give a

proper interpretation of the dreams; and when they had finished speaking before the

king, the king answered them, saying, What is this thing that you have spoken unto me?

surely you have uttered falsehood and spoken lies; therefore now give the proper

interpretation of my dreams, that you may not die.

12. And the king commanded after this, and he sent and called again for other wise men,

and they came and stood before the king, and the king related his dreams to them, and

they all answered him according to the first interpretation, and the king's anger was

kindled and he was very wroth, and the king said unto them, Surely you speak lies and

utter falsehood in what you have said.

13. And the king commanded that a proclamation should be issued throughout the land of

Egypt, saying, It is resolved by the king and his great men, that any wise man who

knoweth and understandeth the interpretation of dreams, and will not come this day

before the king, shall die.

14. And the man that will declare unto the king the proper interpretation of his dreams,

there shall be given unto him all that he will require from the king. And all the wise men

of the land of Egypt came before the king, together with all the magicians and sorcerers

that were in Egypt and in Goshen, in Rameses, in Tachpanches, in Zoar, and in all the

places on the borders of Egypt, and they all stood before the king.

15. And all the nobles and the princes, and the attendants belonging to the king, came

together from all the cities of Egypt, and they all sat before the king, and the king

related his dreams before the wise men, and the princes, and all that sat before the king

were astonished at the vision.

16. And all the wise men who were before the king were greatly divided in their

interpretation of his dreams; some of them interpreted them to the king, saying, The

seven good kine are seven kings, who from the king's issue will be raised over Egypt.

17. And the seven bad kine are seven princes, who will stand up against them in the latter

days and destroy them; and the seven ears of corn are the seven great princes belonging

to Egypt, who will fall in the hands of the seven less powerful princes of their enemies,

in the wars of our lord the king.

18. And some of them interpreted to the king in this manner, saying, The seven good kine

are the strong cities of Egypt, and the seven bad kine are the seven nations of the land of

Canaan, who will come against the seven cities of Egypt in the latter days and destroy

them.

19. And that which thou sawest in the second dream, of seven good and bad ears of corn, is

a sign that the government of Egypt will again return to thy seed as at first.

20. And in his reign the people of the cities of Egypt will turn against the seven cities of

Canaan who are stronger than they are, and will destroy them, and the government of

Egypt will return to thy seed.

21. And some of them said unto the king, This is the interpretation of thy dreams; the seven

good kine are seven queens, whom thou wilt take for wives in the latter days, and the

seven bad kine denote that those women will all die in the lifetime of the king.

22. And the seven good and bad ears of corn which thou didst see in the second dream are

fourteen children, and it will be in the latter days that they will stand up and fight

amongst themselves, and seven of them will smite the seven that are more powerful.

23. And some of them said these words unto the king, saying, The seven good kine denote

that seven children will be born to thee, and they will slay seven of thy children's

children in the latter days; and the seven good ears of corn which thou didst see in the

second dream, are those princes against whom seven other less powerful princes will

fight and destroy them in the latter days, and avenge thy children's cause, and the

government will again return to thy seed.

24. And the king heard all the words of the wise men of Egypt and their interpretation of his

dreams, and none of them pleased the king.

25. And the king knew in his wisdom that they did not altogether speak correctly in all

these words, for this was from the Lord to frustrate the words of the wise men of Egypt,

in order that Joseph might go forth from the house of confinement, and in order that he

should become great in Egypt.

26. And the king saw that none amongst all the wise men and magicians of Egypt spoke

correctly to him, and the king's wrath was kindled, and his anger burned within him.

27. And the king commanded that all the wise men and magicians should go out from

before him, and they all went out from before the king with shame and disgrace.

28. And the king commanded that a proclamation be sent throughout Egypt to slay all the

magicians that were in Egypt, and not one of them should be suffered to live.

29. And the captains of the guards belonging to the king rose up, and each man drew his

sword, and they began to smite the magicians of Egypt, and the wise men.

30. And after this Merod, chief butler to the king, came and bowed down before the king

and sat before him.

31. And the butler said unto the king, May the king live forever, and his government be

exalted in the land.

32. Thou wast angry with thy servant in those days, now two years past, and didst place me

in the ward, and I was for some time in the ward, I and the chief of the bakers.

33. And there was with us a Hebrew servant belonging to the captain of the guard, his name

was Joseph, for his master had been angry with him and placed him in the house of

confinement, and he attended us there.

34. And in some time after when we were in the ward, we dreamed dreams in one night, I

and the chief of the bakers; we dreamed, each man according to the interpretation of his

dream.

35. And we came in the morning and told them to that servant, and he interpreted to us our

dreams, to each man according to his dream, did he correctly interpret.

36. And it came to pass as he interpreted to us, so was the event; there fell not to the ground

any of his words.

37. And now therefore my lord and king do not slay the people of Egypt for naught; behold

that slave is still confined in the house by the captain of the guard his master, in the

house of confinement.

38. If it pleaseth the king let him send for him that he may come before thee and he will

make known to thee, the correct interpretation of the dream which thou didst dream.

39. And the king heard the words of the chief butler, and the king ordered that the wise men

of Egypt should not be slain.

40. And the king ordered his servants to bring Joseph before him, and the king said unto

them, Go to him and do not terrify him lest he be confused and will not know to speak

properly.

41. And the servants of the king went to Joseph, and they brought him hastily out of the

dungeon, and the king's servants shaved him, and he changed his prison garment and he

came before the king.

42. And the king was sitting upon his royal throne in a princely dress girt around with a

golden ephod, and the fine gold which was upon it sparkled, and the carbuncle and the

ruby and the emerald, together with all the precious stones that were upon the king's

head, dazzled the eye, and Joseph wondered greatly at the king.

43. And the throne upon which the king sat was covered with gold and silver, and with

onyx stones, and it had seventy steps.

44. And it was their custom throughout the land of Egypt, that every man who came to

speak to the king, if he was a prince or one that was estimable in the sight of the king,

he ascended to the king's throne as far as the thirty-first step, and the king would

descend to the thirty-sixth step, and speak with him.

45. If he was one of the common people, he ascended to the third step, and the king would

descend to the fourth and speak to him, and their custom was, moreover, that any man

who understood to speak in all the seventy languages, he ascended the seventy steps,

and went up and spoke till he reached the king.

46. And any man who could not complete the seventy, he ascended as many steps as the

languages which he knew to speak in.

47. And it was customary in those days in Egypt that no one should reign over them, but

who understood to speak in the seventy languages.

48. And when Joseph came before the king he bowed down to the ground before the king,

and he ascended to the third step, and the king sat upon the fourth step and spoke with

Joseph.

49. And the king said unto Joseph, I dreamed a dream, and there is no interpreter to

interpret it properly, and I commanded this day that all the magicians of Egypt and the

wise men thereof, should come before me, and I related my dreams to them, and no one

has properly interpreted them to me.

50. And after this I this day heard concerning thee, that thou art a wise man, and canst

correctly interpret every dream that thou hearest.

51. And Joseph answered Pharaoh, saying, Let Pharaoh relate his dreams that he dreamed;

surely the interpretations belong to God; and Pharaoh related his dreams to Joseph, the

dream of the kine, and the dream of the ears of corn, and the king left off speaking.

52. And Joseph was then clothed with the spirit of God before the king, and he knew all the

things that would befall the king from that day forward, and he knew the proper

interpretation of the king's dream, and he spoke before the king.

53. And Joseph found favor in the sight of the king, and the king inclined his ears and his

heart, and he heard all the words of Joseph. And Joseph said unto the king, Do not

imagine that they are two dreams, for it is only one dream, for that which God has

chosen to do throughout the land he has shown to the king in his dream, and this is the

proper interpretation of thy dream:

54. The seven good kine and ears of corn are seven years, and the seven bad kine and ears

of corn are also seven years; it is one dream.

55. Behold the seven years that are coming there will be a great plenty throughout the land,

and after that the seven years of famine will follow them, a very grievous famine; and

all the plenty will be forgotten from the land, and the famine will consume the

inhabitants of the land.

56. The king dreamed one dream, and the dream was therefore repeated unto Pharaoh

because the thing is established by God, and God will shortly bring it to pass.

57. Now therefore I will give thee counsel and deliver thy soul and the souls of the

inhabitants of the land from the evil of the famine, that thou seek throughout thy

kingdom for a man very discreet and wise, who knoweth all the affairs of government,

and appoint him to superintend over the land of Egypt.

58. And let the man whom thou placest over Egypt appoint officers under him, that they

gather in all the food of the good years that are coming, and let them lay up corn and

deposit it in thy appointed stores.

59. And let them keep that food for the seven years of famine, that it may be found for thee

and thy people and thy whole land, and that thou and thy land be not cut off by the

famine.

60. Let all the inhabitants of the land be also ordered that they gather in, every man the

produce of his field, of all sorts of food, during the seven good years, and that they

place it in their stores, that it may be found for them in the days of the famine and that

they may live upon it.

61. This is the proper interpretation of thy dream, and this is the counsel given to save thy

soul and the souls of all thy subjects.

62. And the king answered and said unto Joseph, Who sayeth and who knoweth that thy

words are correct? And he said unto the king, This shall be a sign for thee respecting all

my words, that they are true and that my advice is good for thee.

63. Behold thy wife sitteth this day upon the stool of delivery, and she will bear thee a son

and thou wilt rejoice with him; when thy child shall have gone forth from his mother's

womb, thy first born son that has been born these two years back shall die, and thou wilt

be comforted in the child that will be born unto thee this day.

64. And Joseph finished speaking these words to the king, and he bowed down to the king

and he went out, and when Joseph had gone out from the king's presence, those signs

which Joseph had spoken unto the king came to pass on that day.

65. And the queen bare a son on that day and the king heard the glad tidings about his son,

and he rejoiced, and when the reporter had gone forth from the king's presence, the

king's servants found the first born son of the king fallen dead upon the ground.

66. And there was great lamentation and noise in the king's house, and the king heard it, and

he said, What is the noise and lamentation that I have heard in the house? and they told

the king that his first born son had died; then the king knew that all Joseph's words that

he had spoken were correct, and the king was consoled for his son by the child that was

born to him on that day as Joseph had spoken.

 

Jasher Chapter 49

1. After these things the king sent and assembled all his officers and servants, and all the

princes and nobles belonging to the king, and they all came before the king.

2. And the king said unto them, Behold you have seen and heard all the words of this

Hebrew man, and all the signs which he declared would come to pass, and not any of

his words have fallen to the ground.

3. You know that he has given a proper interpretation of the dream, and it will surely come

to pass, now therefore take counsel, and know what you will do and how the land will

be delivered from the famine.

4. Seek now and see whether the like can be found, in whose heart there is wisdom and

knowledge, and I will appoint him over the land.

5. For you have heard what the Hebrew man has advised concerning this to save the land

therewith from the famine, and I know that the land will not be delivered from the

famine but with the advice of the Hebrew man, him that advised me.

6. And they all answered the king and said, The counsel which the Hebrew has given

concerning this is good; now therefore, our lord and king, behold the whole land is in

thy hand, do that which seemeth good in thy sight.

7. Him whom thou chooses, and whom thou in thy wisdom knowest to be wise and

capable of delivering the land with his wisdom, him shall the king appoint to be under

him over the land.

8. And the king said to all the officers: I have thought that since God has made known to

the Hebrew man all that he has spoken, there is none so discreet and wise in the whole

land as he is; if it seem good in your sight I will place him over the land, for he will

save the land with his wisdom.

9. And all the officers answered the king and said, But surely it is written in the laws of

Egypt, and it should not be violated, that no man shall reign over Egypt, nor be the

second to the king, but one who has knowledge in all the languages of the sons of men.

10. Now therefore our lord and king, behold this Hebrew man can only speak the Hebrew

language, and how then can he be over us the second under government, a man who not

even knoweth our language?

11. Now we pray thee send for him, and let him come before thee, and prove him in all

things, and do as thou see fit.

12. And the king said, It shall be done tomorrow, and the thing that you have spoken is

good; and all the officers came on that day before the king.

13. And on that night the Lord sent one of his ministering angels, and he came into the land

of Egypt unto Joseph, and the angel of the Lord stood over Joseph, and behold Joseph

was lying in the bed at night in his master's house in the dungeon, for his master had put

him back into the dungeon on account of his wife.

14. And the angel roused him from his sleep, and Joseph rose up and stood upon his legs,

and behold the angel of the Lord was standing opposite to him; and the angel of the

Lord spoke with Joseph, and he taught him all the languages of man in that night, and

he called his name Jehoseph.

15. And the angel of the Lord went from him, and Joseph returned and lay upon his bed,

and Joseph was astonished at the vision which he saw.

16. And it came to pass in the morning that the king sent for all his officers and servants,

and they all came and sat before the king, and the king ordered Joseph to be brought,

and the king's servants went and brought Joseph before Pharaoh.

17. And the king came forth and ascended the steps of the throne, and Joseph spoke unto

the king in all languages, and Joseph went up to him and spoke unto the king until he

arrived before the king in the seventieth step, and he sat before the king.

18. And the king greatly rejoiced on account of Joseph, and all the king's officers rejoiced

greatly with the king when they heard all the words of Joseph.

19. And the thing seemed good in the sight of the king and the officers, to appoint Joseph to

be second to the king over the whole land of Egypt, and the king spoke to Joseph,

saying,

20. Now thou didst give me counsel to appoint a wise man over the land of Egypt, in order

with his wisdom to save the land from the famine; now therefore, since God has made

all this known to thee, and all the words which thou hast spoken, there is not throughout

the land a discreet and wise man like unto thee.

21. And thy name no more shall be called Joseph, but Zaphnath Paaneah shall be thy name;

thou shalt be second to me, and according to thy word shall be all the affairs of my

government, and at thy word shall my people go out and come in.

22. Also from under thy hand shall my servants and officers receive their salary which is

given to them monthly, and to thee shall all the people of the land bow down; only in

my throne will I be greater than thou.

23. And the king took off his ring from his hand and put it upon the hand of Joseph, and the

king dressed Joseph in a princely garment, and he put a golden crown upon his head,

and he put a golden chain upon his neck.

24. And the king commanded his servants, and they made him ride in the second chariot

belonging to the king, that went opposite to the king's chariot, and he caused him to ride

upon a great and strong horse from the king's horses, and to be conducted through the

streets of the land of Egypt.

25. And the king commanded that all those that played upon timbrels, harps and other

musical instruments should go forth with Joseph; one thousand timbrels, one thousand

mecholoth, and one thousand nebalim went after him.

26. And five thousand men, with drawn swords glittering in their hands, and they went

marching and playing before Joseph, and twenty thousand of the great men of the king

girt with girdles of skin covered with gold, marched at the right hand of Joseph, and

twenty thousand at his left, and all the women and damsels went upon the roofs or stood

in the streets playing and rejoicing at Joseph, and gazed at the appearance of Joseph and

at his beauty.

27. And the king's people went before him and behind him, perfuming the road with

frankincense and with cassia, and with all sorts of fine perfume, and scattered myrrh

and aloes along the road, and twenty men proclaimed these words before him

throughout the land in a loud voice:

28. Do you see this man whom the king has chosen to be his second? all the affairs of

government shall be regulated by him, and he that transgresses his orders, or that does

not bow down before him to the ground, shall die, for he rebels against the king and his

second.

29. And when the heralds had ceased proclaiming, all the people of Egypt bowed down to

the ground before Joseph and said, May the king live, also may his second live; and all

the inhabitants of Egypt bowed down along the road, and when the heralds approached

them, they bowed down, and they rejoiced with all sorts of timbrels, mechol and nebal

before Joseph.

30. And Joseph upon his horse lifted up his eyes to heaven, and called out and said, He

raiseth the poor man from the dust, He lifteth up the needy from the dunghill. O Lord of

Hosts, happy is the man who trusteth in thee.

31. And Joseph passed throughout the land of Egypt with Pharaoh's servants and officers,

and they showed him the whole land of Egypt and all the king's treasures.

32. And Joseph returned and came on that day before Pharaoh, and the king gave unto

Joseph a possession in the land of Egypt, a possession of fields and vineyards, and the

king gave unto Joseph three thousand talents of silver and one thousand talents of gold,

and onyx stones and bdellium and many gifts.

33. And on the next day the king commanded all the people of Egypt to bring unto Joseph

offerings and gifts, and that he that violated the command of the king should die; and

they made a high place in the street of the city, and they spread out garments there, and

whoever brought anything to Joseph put it into the high place.

34. And all the people of Egypt cast something into the high place, one man a golden ear-

ring, and the other rings and ear-rings, and different vessels of gold and silver work, and

onyx stones and bdellium did he cast upon the high place; every one gave something of

what he possessed.

35. And Joseph took all these and placed them in his treasuries, and all the officers and

nobles belonging to the king exalted Joseph, and they gave him many gifts, seeing that

the king had chosen him to be his second.

36. And the king sent to Potiphera, the son of Ahiram priest of On, and he took his young

daughter Osnath and gave her unto Joseph for a wife.

37. And the damsel was very comely, a virgin, one whom man had not known, and Joseph

took her for a wife; and the king said unto Joseph, I am Pharaoh, and beside thee none

shall dare to lift up his hand or his foot to regulate my people throughout the land of

Egypt.

38. And Joseph was thirty years old when he stood before Pharaoh, and Joseph went out

from before the king, and he became the king's second in Egypt.

39. And the king gave Joseph a hundred servants to attend him in his house, and Joseph also

sent and purchased many servants and they remained in the house of Joseph.

40. Joseph then built for himself a very magnificent house like unto the houses of kings,

before the court of the king's palace, and he made in the house a large temple, very

elegant in appearance and convenient for his residence; three years was Joseph in

erecting his house.

41. And Joseph made unto himself a very elegant throne of abundance of gold and silver,

and he covered it with onyx stones and bdellium, and he made upon it the likeness of

the whole land of Egypt, and the likeness of the river of Egypt that watereth the whole

land of Egypt; and Joseph sat securely upon his throne in his house and the Lord

increased Joseph's wisdom.

42. And all the inhabitants of Egypt and Pharaoh's servants and his princes loved Joseph

exceedingly, for this thing was from the Lord to Joseph.

43. And Joseph had an army that made war, going out in hosts and troops to the number of

forty thousand six hundred men, capable of bearing arms to assist the king and Joseph

against the enemy, besides the king's officers and his servants and inhabitants of Egypt

without number.

44. And Joseph gave unto his mighty men, and to all his host, shields and javelins, and caps

and coats of mail and stones for slinging.

 

Jasher Chapter 50

1. At that time the children of Tarshish came against the sons of Ishmael, and made war

with them, and the children of Tarshish spoiled the Ishmaelites for a long time.

2. And the children of Ishmael were small in number in those days, and they could not

prevail over the children of Tarshish, and they were sorely oppressed.

3. And the old men of the Ishmaelites sent a record to the king of Egypt, saying, Send I

pray thee unto thy servants officers and hosts to help us to fight against the children of

Tarshish, for we have been consuming away for a long time.

4. And Pharaoh sent Joseph with the mighty men and host which were with him, and also

his mighty men from the king's house.

5. And they went to the land of Havilah to the children of Ishmael, to assist them against

the children of Tarshish, and the children of Ishmael fought with the children of

Tarshish, and Joseph smote the Tarshishites and he subdued all their land, and the

children of Ishmael dwell therein unto this day.

6. And when the land of Tarshish was subdued, all the Tarshishites ran away, and came on

the border of their brethren the children of Javan, and Joseph with all his mighty men

and host returned to Egypt, not one man of them missing.

7. And at the revolution of the year, in the second year of Joseph's reigning over Egypt, the

Lord gave great plenty throughout the land for seven years as Joseph had spoken, for

the Lord blessed all the produce of the earth in those days for seven years, and they ate

and were greatly satisfied.

8. And Joseph at that time had officers under him, and they collected all the food of the

good years, and heaped corn year by year, and they placed it in the treasuries of Joseph.

9. And at any time when they gathered the food Joseph commanded that they should bring

the corn in the ears, and also bring with it some of the soil of the field, that it should not

spoil.

10. And Joseph did according to this year by year, and he heaped up corn like the sand of

the sea for abundance, for his stores were immense and could not be numbered for

abundance.

11. And also all the inhabitants of Egypt gathered all sorts of food in their stores in great

abundance during the seven good years, but they did not do unto it as Joseph did.

12. And all the food which Joseph and the Egyptians had gathered during the seven years of

plenty, was secured for the land in stores for the seven years of famine, for the support

of the whole land.

13. And the inhabitants of Egypt filled each man his store and his concealed place with

corn, to be for support during the famine.

14. And Joseph placed all the food that he had gathered in all the cities of Egypt, and he

closed all the stores and placed sentinels over them.

15. And Joseph's wife Osnath the daughter of Potiphera bare him two sons, Manasseh and

Ephraim, and Joseph was thirty-four years old when he begat them.

16. And the lads grew up and they went in his ways and in his instructions, they did not

deviate from the way which their father taught them, either to the right or left.

17. And the Lord was with the lads, and they grew up and had understanding and skill in all

wisdom and in all the affairs of government, and all the king's officers and his great

men of the inhabitants of Egypt exalted the lads, and they were brought up amongst the

king's children.

18. And the seven years of plenty that were throughout the land were at an end, and the

seven years of famine came after them as Joseph had spoken, and the famine was

throughout the land.

19. And all the people of Egypt saw that the famine had commenced in the land of Egypt,

and all the people of Egypt opened their stores of corn for the famine prevailed over

them.

20. And they found all the food that was in their stores, full of vermin and not fit to eat, and

the famine prevailed throughout the land, and all the inhabitants of Egypt came and

cried before Pharaoh, for the famine was heavy upon them.

21. And they said unto Pharaoh, Give food unto thy servants, and wherefore shall we die

through hunger before thy eyes, even we and our little ones?

22. And Pharaoh answered them, saying, And wherefore do you cry unto me? did not

Joseph command that the corn should be laid up during the seven years of plenty for the

years of famine? and wherefore did you not hearken to his voice?

23. And the people of Egypt answered the king, saying, As thy soul liveth, our lord, thy

servants have done all that Joseph ordered, for thy servants also gathered in all the

produce of their fields during the seven years of plenty and laid it in the stores unto this

day.

24. And when the famine prevailed over thy servants we opened our stores, and behold all

our produce was filled with vermin and was not fit for food.

25. And when the king heard all that had befallen the inhabitants of Egypt, the king was

greatly afraid on account of the famine, and he was much terrified; and the king

answered the people of Egypt, saying, Since all this has happened unto you, go unto

Joseph, do whatever he shall say unto you, transgress not his commands.

26. And all the people of Egypt went forth and came unto Joseph, and said unto him, Give

unto us food, and wherefore shall we die before thee through hunger? for we gathered in

our produce during the seven years as thou didst command, and we put it in store, and

thus has it befallen us.

27. And when Joseph heard all the words of the people of Egypt and what had befallen

them, Joseph opened all his stores of the produce and he sold it unto the people of Egypt.

28. And the famine prevailed throughout the land, and the famine was in all countries, but

in the land of Egypt there was produce for sale.

29. And all the inhabitants of Egypt came unto Joseph to buy corn, for the famine prevailed

over them, and all their corn was spoiled, and Joseph daily sold it to all the people of

Egypt.

30. And all the inhabitants of the land of Canaan and the Philistines, and those beyond the

Jordan, and the children of the east and all the cities of the lands far and nigh heard that

there was corn in Egypt, and they all came to Egypt to buy corn, for the famine

prevailed over them.

31. And Joseph opened the stores of corn and placed officers over them, and they daily

stood and sold to all that came.

32. And Joseph knew that his brethren also would come to Egypt to buy corn, for the

famine prevailed throughout the earth. And Joseph commanded all his people that they

should cause it to be proclaimed throughout the land of Egypt, saying,

33. It is the pleasure of the king, of his second and of their great men, that any person who

wishes to buy corn in Egypt shall not send his servants to Egypt to purchase, but his

sons, and also any Egyptian or Canaanite, who shall come from any of the stores from

buying corn in Egypt, and shall go and sell it throughout the land, he shall die, for no

one shall buy but for the support of his household.

34. And any man leading two or three beasts shall die, for a man shall only lead his own

beast.

35. And Joseph placed sentinels at the gates of Egypt, and commanded them, saying, Any

person who may come to buy corn, suffer him not to enter until his name, and the name

of his father, and the name of his father's father be written down, and whatever is

written by day, send their names unto me in the evening that I may know their names.

36. And Joseph placed officers throughout the land of Egypt, and he commanded them to

do all these things.

37. And Joseph did all these things, and made these statutes, in order that he might know

when his brethren should come to Egypt to buy corn; and Joseph's people caused it

daily to be proclaimed in Egypt according to these words and statutes which Joseph had

commanded.

38. And all the inhabitants of the east and west country, and of all the earth, heard of the

statutes and regulations which Joseph had enacted in Egypt, and the inhabitants of the

extreme parts of the earth came and they bought corn in Egypt day after day, and then

went away.

39. And all the officers of Egypt did as Joseph had commanded, and all that came to Egypt

to buy corn, the gate keepers would write their names, and their fathers' names, and

daily bring them in the evening before Joseph.

 

Jasher Chapter 51

1. And Jacob afterward heard that there was corn in Egypt, and he called unto his sons to

go to Egypt to buy corn, for upon them also did the famine prevail, and he called unto

his sons, saying,

2. Behold I hear that there is corn in Egypt, and all the people of the earth go there to

purchase, now therefore why will you show yourselves satisfied before the whole earth?

go you also down to Egypt and buy us a little corn amongst those that come there, that

we may not die.

3. And the sons of Jacob hearkened to the voice of their father, and they rose up to go

down to Egypt in order to buy corn amongst the rest that came there.

4. And Jacob their father commanded them, saying, When you come into the city do not

enter together in one gate, on account of the inhabitants of the land.

5. And the sons of Jacob went forth and they went to Egypt, and the sons of Jacob did all

as their father had commanded them, and Jacob did not send Benjamin, for he said, Lest

an accident might befall him on the road like his brother; and ten of Jacob's sons went

forth.

6. And whilst the sons of Jacob were going on the road, they repented of what they had

done to Joseph, and they spoke to each other, saying, We know that our brother Joseph

went down to Egypt, and now we will seek him where we go, and if we find him we

will take him from his master for a ransom, and if not, by force, and we will die for him.

7. And the sons of Jacob agreed to this thing and strengthened themselves on account of

Joseph, to deliver him from the hand of his master, and the sons of Jacob went to Egypt;

and when they came near to Egypt they separated from each other, and they came

through ten gates of Egypt, and the gate keepers wrote their names on that day, and

brought them to Joseph in the evening.

8. And Joseph read the names from the hand of the gate-keepers of the city, and he found

that his brethren had entered at the ten gates of the city, and Joseph at that time

commanded that it should be proclaimed throughout the land of Egypt, saying,

9. Go forth all ye store guards, close all the corn stores and let only one remain open, that

those who come may purchase from it.

10. And all the officers of Joseph did so at that time, and they closed all the stores and left

only one open.

11. And Joseph gave the written names of his brethren to him that was set over the open

store, and he said unto him, Whosoever shall come to thee to buy corn, ask his name,

and when men of these names shall come before thee, seize them and send them, and

they did so.

12. And when the sons of Jacob came into the city, they joined together in the city to seek

Joseph before they bought themselves corn.

13. And they went to the walls of the harlots, and they sought Joseph in the walls of the

harlots for three days, for they thought that Joseph would come in the walls of the

harlots, for Joseph was very comely and well favored, and the sons of Jacob sought

Joseph for three days, and they could not find him.

14. And the man who was set over the open store sought for those names which Joseph had

given him, and he did not find them.

15. And he sent to Joseph, saying, These three days have passed, and those men whose

names thou didst give unto me have not come; and Joseph sent servants to seek the men

in all Egypt, and to bring them before Joseph.

16. And Joseph's servants went and came into Egypt and could not find them, and went to

Goshen and they were not there, and then went to the city of Rameses and could not

find them.

17. And Joseph continued to send sixteen servants to seek his brothers, and they went and

spread themselves in the four corners of the city, and four of the servants went into the

house of the harlots, and they found the ten men there seeking their brother.

18. And those four men took them and brought them before him, and they bowed down to

him to the ground, and Joseph was sitting upon his throne in his temple, clothed with

princely garments, and upon his head was a large crown of gold, and all the mighty men

were sitting around him.

19. And the sons of Jacob saw Joseph, and his figure and comeliness and dignity of

countenance seemed wonderful in their eyes, and they again bowed down to him to the

ground.

20. And Joseph saw his brethren, and he knew them, but they knew him not, for Joseph was

very great in their eyes, therefore they knew him not.

21. And Joseph spoke to them, saying, From whence come ye? and they all answered and

said, Thy servants have come from the land of Canaan to buy corn, for the famine

prevails throughout the earth, and thy servants heard that there was corn in Egypt, so

they have come amongst the other comers to buy corn for their support.

22. And Joseph answered them, saying, If you have come to purchase as you say, why do

you come through ten gates of the city? it can only be that you have come to spy

through the land.

23. And they all together answered Joseph, and said, Not so my lord, we are right, thy

servants are not spies, but we have come to buy corn, for thy servants are all brothers,

the sons of one man in the land of Canaan, and our father commanded us, saying, When

you come to the city do not enter together at one gate on account of the inhabitants of

the land.

24. And Joseph again answered them and said, That is the thing which I spoke unto you,

you have come to spy through the land, therefore you all came through ten gates of the

city; you have come to see the nakedness of the land.

25. Surely every one that cometh to buy corn goeth his way, and you are already three days

in the land, and what do you do in the walls of harlots in which you have been for these

three days? surely spies do like unto these things.

26. And they said unto Joseph, Far be it from our lord to speak thus, for we are twelve

brothers, the sons of our father Jacob, in the land of Canaan, the son of Isaac, the son of

Abraham, the Hebrew, and behold the youngest is with our father this day in the land of

Canaan, and one is not, for he was lost from us, and we thought perhaps he might be in

this land, so we are seeking him throughout the land, and have come even to the houses

of harlots to seek him there.

27. And Joseph said unto them, And have you then sought him throughout the earth, that

there only remained Egypt for you to seek him in? And what also should your brother

do in the houses of harlots, although he were in Egypt? have you not said, That you are

from the sons of Isaac, the son of Abraham, and what shall the sons of Jacob do then in

the houses of harlots?

28. And they said unto him, Because we heard that Ishmaelites stole him from us, and it

was told unto us that they sold him in Egypt, and thy servant, our brother, is very

comely and well favored, so we thought he would surely be in the houses of harlots,

therefore thy servants went there to seek him and give ransom for him.

29. And Joseph still answered them, saying, Surely you speak falsely and utter lies, to say

of yourselves that you are the sons of Abraham; as Pharaoh liveth you are spies,

therefore have you come to the houses of harlots that you should not be known.

30. And Joseph said unto them, And now if you find him, and his master requireth of you a

great price, will you give it for him? and they said, It shall be given.

31. And he said unto them, And if his master will not consent to part with him for a great

price, what will you do unto him on his account? and they answered him, saying, If he

will not give him unto us we will slay him, and take our brother and go away.

32. And Joseph said unto them, That is the thing which I have spoken to you; you are spies,

for you are come to slay the inhabitants of the land, for we heard that two of your

brethren smote all the inhabitants of Shechem, in the land of Canaan, on account of your

sister, and you now come to do the like in Egypt on account of your brother.

33. Only hereby shall I know that you are true men; if you will send home one from

amongst you to fetch your youngest brother from your father, and to bring him here

unto me, and by doing this thing I will know that you are right.

34. And Joseph called to seventy of his mighty men, and he said unto them, Take these men

and bring them into the ward.

35. And the mighty men took the ten men, they laid hold of them and put them into the

ward, and they were in the ward three days.

36. And on the third day Joseph had them brought out of the ward, and he said unto them,

Do this for yourselves if you be true men, so that you may live, one of your brethren

shall be confined in the ward whilst you go and take home the corn for your household

to the land of Canaan, and fetch your youngest brother, and bring him here unto me, that

I may know that you are true men when you do this thing.

37. And Joseph went out from them and came into the chamber, and wept a great weeping,

for his pity was excited for them, and he washed his face, and returned to them again,

and he took Simeon from them and ordered him to be bound, but Simeon was not

willing to be done so, for he was a very powerful man and they could not bind him.

38. And Joseph called unto his mighty men and seventy valiant men came before him with

drawn swords in their hands, and the sons of Jacob were terrified at them.

39. And Joseph said unto them, Seize this man and confine him in prison until his brethren

come to him, and Joseph's valiant men hastened and they all laid hold of Simeon to bind

him, and Simeon gave a loud and terrible shriek and the cry was heard at a distance.

40. And all the valiant men of Joseph were terrified at the sound of the shriek, that they fell

upon their faces, and they were greatly afraid and fled.

41. And all the men that were with Joseph fled, for they were greatly afraid of their lives,

and only Joseph and Manasseh his son remained there, and Manassah the son of Joseph

saw the strength of Simeon, and he was exceedingly wroth.

42. And Manassah the son of Joseph rose up to Simeon, and Manassah smote Simeon a

heavy blow with his fist against the back of his neck, and Simeon was stilled of his rage.

43. And Manassah laid hold of Simeon and he seized him violently and he bound him and

brought him into the house of confinement, and all the sons of Jacob were astonished at

the act of the youth.

44. And Simeon said unto his brethren, None of you must say that this is the smiting of an

Egyptian, but it is the smiting of the house of my father.

45. And after this Joseph ordered him to be called who was set over the storehouse, to fill

their sacks with corn as much as they could carry, and to restore every man's money

into his sack, and to give them provision for the road, and thus did he unto them.

46. And Joseph commanded them, saying, Take heed lest you transgress my orders to bring

your brother as I have told you, and it shall be when you bring your brother hither unto

me, then will I know that you are true men, and you shall traffic in the land, and I will

restore unto you your brother, and you shall return in peace to your father.

47. And they all answered and said, According as our lord speaketh so will we do, and they

bowed down to him to the ground.

48. And every man lifted his corn upon his ass, and they went out to go to the land of

Canaan to their father; and they came to the inn and Levi spread his sack to give

provender to his ass, when he saw and behold his money in full weight was still in his

sack.

49. And the man was greatly afraid, and he said unto his brethren, My money is restored,

and lo, it is even in my sack, and the men were greatly afraid, and they said, What is this

that God hath done unto us?

50. And they all said, And where is the Lord's kindness with our fathers, with Abraham,

Isaac, end Jacob, that the Lord has this day delivered us into the hands of the king of

Egypt to contrive against us?

51. And Judah said unto them, Surely we are guilty sinners before the Lord our God in

having sold our brother, our own flesh, and wherefore do you say, Where is the Lord's

kindness with our fathers?

52. And Reuben said unto them, Said I not unto you, do not sin against the lad, and you

would not listen to me? now God requireth him from us, and how dare you say, Where

is the Lord's kindness with our fathers, whilst you have sinned unto the Lord?

53. And they tarried over night in that place, and they rose up early in the morning and

laded their asses with their corn, and they led them and went on and came to their

father's house in the land of Canaan.

54. And Jacob and his household went out to meet his sons, and Jacob saw and behold their

brother Simeon was not with them, and Jacob said unto his sons, Where is your brother

Simeon, whom I do not see? and his sons told him all that had befallen them in Egypt.

 

Jasher Chapter 52

1. And they entered their house, and every man opened his sack and they saw and behold

every man's bundle of money was there, at which they and their father were greatly

terrified.

2. And Jacob said unto them, What is this that you have done to me? I sent your brother

Joseph to inquire after your welfare and you said unto me. A wild beast did devour him.

3. And Simeon went with you to buy food and you say the king of Egypt hath confined

him in prison, and you wish to take Benjamin to cause his death also, and bring down

my grey hairs with sorrow to the grave on account of Benjamin and his brother Joseph.

4. Now therefore my son shall not go down with you, for his brother is dead and he is left

alone, and mischief may befall him by the way in which you go, as it befell his brother.

5. And Reuben said unto his father, Thou shalt slay my two sons if I do not bring thy son

and place him before thee; and Jacob said unto his sons, Abide ye here and do not go

down to Egypt, for my son shall not go down with you to Egypt, nor die like his brother.

6. And Judah said unto them, refrain ye from him until the corn is finished, and he will

then say, Take down your brother, when he will find his own life and the life of his

household in danger from the famine.

7. And in those days the famine was sore throughout the land, and all the people of the

earth went and came to Egypt to buy food, for the famine prevailed greatly amongst

them, and the sons of Jacob remained in Canaan a year and two months until their corn

was finished.

8. And it came to pass after their corn was finished, the whole household of Jacob was

pinched with hunger, and all the infants of the sons of Jacob came together and they

approached Jacob, and they all surrounded him, and they said unto him, Give unto us

bread, and wherefore shall we all perish through hunger in thy presence?

9. Jacob heard the words of his son's children, and he wept a great weeping, and his pity

was roused for them, and Jacob called unto his sons and they all came and sat before

him.

10. And Jacob said unto them, And have you not seen how your children have been

weeping over me this day, saying, Give unto us bread, and there is none? now therefore

return and buy for us a little food.

11. And Judah answered and said unto his father, If thou wilt send our brother with us we

will go down and buy corn for thee, and if thou wilt not send him then we will not go

down, for surely the king of Egypt particularly enjoined us, saying, You shall not see

my face unless your brother be with you, for the king of Egypt is a strong and mighty

king, and behold if we shall go to him without our brother we shall all be put to death.

12. Dost thou not know and hast thou not heard that this king is very powerful and wise,

and there is not like unto him in all the earth? behold we have seen all the kings of the

earth and we have not seen one like that king, the king of Egypt; surely amongst all the

kings of the earth there is none greater than Abimelech king of the Philistines, yet the

king of Egypt is greater and mightier than he, and Abimelech can only be compared to

one of his officers.

13. Father, thou hast not seen his palace and his throne, and all his servants standing before

him; thou hast not seen that king upon his throne in his pomp and royal appearance,

dressed in his kingly robes with a large golden crown upon his head; thou hast not seen

the honor and glory which God has given unto him, for there is not like unto him in all

the earth.

14. Father, thou hast not seen the wisdom, the understanding and the knowledge which God

has given in his heart, nor heard his sweet voice when he spake unto us.

15. We know not, father, who made him acquainted with our names and all that befell us,

yet he asked also after thee, saying, Is your father still living, and is it well with him?

16. Thou hast not seen the affairs of the government of Egypt regulated by him, without

inquiring of Pharaoh his lord; thou hast not seen the awe and fear which he impressed

upon all the Egyptians.

17. And also when we went from him, we threatened to do unto Egypt like unto the rest of

the cities of the Amorites, and we were exceedingly wroth against all his words which

he spoke concerning us as spies, and now when we shall again come before him his

terror will fall upon us all, and not one of us will be able to speak to him either a little or

a great thing.

18. Now therefore father, send we pray thee the lad with us, and we will go down and buy

thee food for our support, and not die through hunger. And Jacob said, Why have you

dealt so ill with me to tell the king you had a brother? what is this thing that you have

done unto me?

19. And Judah said unto Jacob his father, Give the lad into my care and we will rise up and

go down to Egypt and buy corn, and then return, and it shall be when we return if the

lad be not with us, then let me bear thy blame forever.

20. Hast thou seen all our infants weeping over thee through hunger and there is no power

in thy hand to satisfy them? now let thy pity be roused for them and send our brother

with us and we will go.

21. For how will the Lord's kindness to our ancestors be manifested to thee when thou

sayest that the king of Egypt will take away thy son? as the Lord liveth I will not leave

him until I bring him and place him before thee; but pray for us unto the Lord, that he

may deal kindly with us, to cause us to be received favorably and kindly before the king

of Egypt and his men, for had we not delayed surely now we had returned a second time

with thy son.

22. And Jacob said unto his sons, I trust in the Lord God that he may deliver you and give

you favor in the sight of the king of Egypt, and in the sight of all his men.

23. Now therefore rise up and go to the man, and take for him in your hands a present from

what can be obtained in the land and bring it before him, and may the Almighty God

give you mercy before him that he may send Benjamin and Simeon your brethren with

you.

24. And all the men rose up, and they took their brother Benjamin, and they took in their

hands a large present of the best of the land, and they also took a double portion of

silver.

25. And Jacob strictly commanded his sons concerning Benjamin, Saying, Take heed of

him in the way in which you are going, and do not separate yourselves from him in the

road, neither in Egypt.

26. And Jacob rose up from his sons and spread forth his hands and he prayed unto the Lord

on account of his sons, saying, O Lord God of heaven and earth, remember thy

covenant with our father Abraham, remember it with my father Isaac and deal kindly

with my sons and deliver them not into the hands of the king of Egypt; do it I pray thee

O God for the sake of thy mercies and redeem all my children and rescue them from

Egyptian power, and send them their two brothers.

27. And all the wives of the sons of Jacob and their children lifted up their eyes to heaven

and they all wept before the Lord, and cried unto him to deliver their fathers from the

hand of the king of Egypt.

28. And Jacob wrote a record to the king of Egypt and gave it into the hand of Judah and

into the hands of his sons for the king of Egypt, saying,

29. From thy servant Jacob, son of Isaac, son of Abraham the Hebrew, the prince of God, to

the powerful and wise king, the revealer of secrets, king of Egypt, greeting.

30. Be it known to my lord the king of Egypt, the famine was sore upon us in the land of

Canaan, and I sent my sons to thee to buy us a little food from thee for our support.

31. For my sons surrounded me and I being very old cannot see with my eyes, for my eyes

have become very heavy through age, as well as with daily weeping for my son, for

Joseph who was lost from before me, and I commanded my sons that they should not

enter the gates of the city when they came to Egypt, on account of the inhabitants of the

land.

32. And I also commanded them to go about Egypt to seek for my son Joseph, perhaps they

might find him there, and they did so, and thou didst consider them as spies of the land.

33. Have we not heard concerning thee that thou didst interpret Pharaoh's dream and didst

speak truly unto him? how then dost thou not know in thy wisdom whether my sons are

spies or not?

34. Now therefore, my lord and king, behold I have sent my son before thee, as thou didst

speak unto my sons; I beseech thee to put thy eyes upon him until he is returned to me

in peace with his brethren.

35. For dost thou not know, or hast thou not heard that which our God did unto Pharaoh

when he took my mother Sarah, and what he did unto Abimelech king of the Philistines

on account of her, and also what our father Abraham did unto the nine kings of Elam,

how he smote them all with a few men that were with him?

36. And also what my two sons Simeon and Levi did unto the eight cities of the Amorites,

how they destroyed them on account of their sister Dinah?

37. And also on account of their brother Benjamin they consoled themselves for the loss of

his brother Joseph; what will they then do for him when they see the hand of any people

prevailing over them, for his sake?

38. Dost thou not know, O king of Egypt, that the power of God is with us, and that also

God ever heareth our prayers and forsaketh us not all the days?

39. And when my sons told me of thy dealings with them, I called not unto the Lord on

account of thee, for then thou wouldst have perished with thy men before my son

Benjamin came before thee, but I thought that as Simeon my son was in thy house,

perhaps thou mightest deal kindly with him, therefore I did not this thing unto thee.

40. Now therefore behold Benjamin my son cometh unto thee with my sons, take heed of

him and put thy eyes upon him, and then will God place his eyes over thee and

throughout thy kingdom.

41. Now I have told thee all that is in my heart, and behold my sons are coming to thee with

their brother, examine the face of the whole earth for their sake and send them back in

peace with their brethren.

42. And Jacob gave the record to his sons into the care of Judah to give it unto the king of

Egypt.

 

Jasher Chapter 53

1. And the sons of Jacob rose up and took Benjamin and the whole of the presents, and

they went and came to Egypt and they stood before Joseph.

2. And Joseph beheld his brother Benjamin with them and he saluted them, and these men

came to Joseph's house.

3. And Joseph commanded the superintendent of his house to give to his brethren to eat,

and he did so unto them.

4. And at noon time Joseph sent for the men to come before him with Benjamin, and the

men told the superintendent of Joseph's house concerning the silver that was returned in

their sacks, and he said unto them, It will be well with you, fear not, and he brought

their brother Simeon unto them.

5. And Simeon said unto his brethren, The lord of the Egyptians has acted very kindly

unto me, he did not keep me bound, as you saw with your eyes, for when you went out

from the city he let me free and dealt kindly with me in his house.

6. And Judah took Benjamin by the hand, and they came before Joseph, and they bowed

down to him to the ground.

7. And the men gave the present unto Joseph and they all sat before him, and Joseph said

unto them, Is it well with you, is it well with your children, is it well with your aged

father? and they said, It is well, and Judah took the record which Jacob had sent and

gave it into the hand of Joseph.

8. And Joseph read the letter and knew his father's writing, and he wished to weep and he

went into an inner room and he wept a great weeping; and he went out.

9. And he lifted up his eyes and beheld his brother Benjamin, and he said, Is this your

brother of whom you spoke unto me? And Benjamin approached Joseph, and Joseph

placed his hand upon his head and he said unto him, May God be gracious unto thee my

son.

10. And when Joseph saw his brother, the son of his mother, he again wished to weep, and

he entered the chamber, and he wept there, and he washed his face, and went out and

refrained from weeping, and he said, Prepare food.

11. And Joseph had a cup from which he drank, and it was of silver beautifully inlaid with

onyx stones and bdellium, and Joseph struck the cup in the sight of his brethren whilst

they were sitting to eat with him.

12. And Joseph said unto the men, I know by this cup that Reuben the first born, Simeon

and Levi and Judah, Issachar and Zebulun are children from one mother, seat yourselves

to eat according to your births.

13. And he also placed the others according to their births, and he said, I know that this

your youngest brother has no brother, and I, like him, have no brother, he shall therefore

sit down to eat with me.

14. And Benjamin went up before Joseph and sat upon the throne, and the men beheld the

acts of Joseph, and they were astonished at them; and the men ate and drank at that time

with Joseph, and he then gave presents unto them, and Joseph gave one gift unto

Benjamin, and Manasseh and Ephraim saw the acts of their father, and they also gave

presents unto him, and Osnath gave him one present, and they were five presents in the

hand of Benjamin.

15. And Joseph brought them out wine to drink, and they would not drink, and they said,

From the day on which Joseph was lost we have not drunk wine, nor eaten any

delicacies.

16. And Joseph swore unto them, and he pressed them hard, and they drank plentifully with

him on that day, and Joseph afterward turned to his brother Benjamin to speak with him,

and Benjamin was still sitting upon the throne before Joseph.

17. And Joseph said unto him, Hast thou begotten any children? and he said, Thy servant

has ten sons, and these are their names, Bela, Becher, Ashbal, Gera, Naaman, Achi,

Rosh, Mupim, Chupim, and Ord, and I called their names after my brother whom I have

not seen.

18. And he ordered them to bring before him his map of the stars, whereby Joseph knew all

the times, and Joseph said unto Benjamin, I have heard that the Hebrews are acquainted

with all wisdom, dost thou know anything of this?

19. And Benjamin said, Thy servant is knowing also in all the wisdom which my father

taught me, and Joseph said unto Benjamin, Look now at this instrument and understand

where thy brother Joseph is in Egypt, who you said went down to Egypt.

20. And Benjamin beheld that instrument with the map of the stars of heaven, and he was

wise and looked therein to know where his brother was, and Benjamin divided the

whole land of Egypt into four divisions, and he found that he who was sitting upon the

throne before him was his brother Joseph, and Benjamin wondered greatly, and when

Joseph saw that his brother Benjamin was so much astonished, he said unto Benjamin,

What hast thou seen, and why art thou astonished?

21. And Benjamin said unto Joseph, I can see by this that Joseph my brother sitteth here

with me upon the throne, and Joseph said unto him, I am Joseph thy brother, reveal not

this thing unto thy brethren; behold I will send thee with them when they go away, and I

will command them to be brought back again into the city, and I will take thee away

from them.

22. And if they dare their lives and fight for thee, then shall I know that they have repented

of what they did unto me, and I will make myself known to them, and if they forsake

thee when I take thee, then shalt thou remain with me, and I will wrangle with them,

and they shall go away, and I will not become known to them.

23. At that time Joseph commanded his officer to fill their sacks with food, and to put each

man's money into his sack, and to put the cup in the sack of Benjamin, and to give them

provision for the road, and they did so unto them.

24. And on the next day the men rose up early in the morning, and they loaded their asses

with their corn, and they went forth with Benjamin, and they went to the land of Canaan

with their brother Benjamin.

25. They had not gone far from Egypt when Joseph commanded him that was set over his

house, saying, Rise, pursue these men before they get too far from Egypt, and say unto

them, Why have you stolen my master's cup?

26. And Joseph's officer rose up and he reached them, and he spoke unto them all the words

of Joseph; and when they heard this thing they became exceedingly wroth, and they

said, He with whom thy master's cup shall be found shall die, and we will also become

slaves.

27. And they hastened and each man brought down his sack from his ass, and they looked

in their bags and the cup was found in Benjamin's bag, and they all tore their garments

and they returned to the city, and they smote Benjamin in the road, continually smiting

him until he came into the city, and they stood before Joseph.

28. And Judah's anger was kindled, and he said, This man has only brought me back to

destroy Egypt this day.

29. And the men came to Joseph's house, and they found Joseph sitting upon his throne, and

all the mighty men standing at his right and left.

30. And Joseph said unto them, What is this act that you have done, that you took away my

silver cup and went away? but I know that you took my cup in order to know thereby in

what part of the land your brother was.

31. And Judah said, What shall we say to our lord, what shall we speak and how shall we

justify ourselves, God has this day found the iniquity of all thy servants, therefore has

he done this thing to us this day.

32. And Joseph rose up and caught hold of Benjamin and took him from his brethren with

violence, and he came to the house and locked the door at them, and Joseph commanded

him that was set over his house that he should say unto them, Thus saith the king, Go in

peace to your father, behold I have taken the man in whose hand my cup was found.

 

Jasher Chapter 54

1. And when Judah saw the dealings of Joseph with them, Judah approached him and

broke open the door, and came with his brethren before Joseph.

2. And Judah said unto Joseph, Let it not seem grievous in the sight of my lord, may thy

servant I pray thee speak a word before thee? and Joseph said unto him, Speak.

3. And Judah spoke before Joseph, and his brethren were there standing before them; and

Judah said unto Joseph, Surely when we first came to our lord to buy food, thou didst

consider us as spies of the land, and we brought Benjamin before thee, and thou still

makest sport of us this day.

4. Now therefore let the king hear my words, and send I pray thee our brother that he may

go along with us to our father, lest thy soul perish this day with all the souls of the

inhabitants of Egypt.

5. Dost thou not know what two of my brethren, Simeon and Levi, did unto the city of

Shechem, and unto seven cities of the Amorites, on account of our sister Dinah, and

also what they would do for the sake of their brother Benjamin?

6. And I with my strength, who am greater and mightier than both of them, come this day

upon thee and thy land if thou art unwilling to send our brother.

7. Hast thou not heard what our God who made choice of us did unto Pharaoh on account

of Sarah our mother, whom he took away from our father, that he smote him and his

household with heavy plagues, that even unto this day the Egyptians relate this wonder

to each other? so will our God do unto thee on account of Benjamin whom thou hast

this day taken from his father, and on account of the evils which thou this day heapest

over us in thy land; for our God will remember his covenant with our father Abraham

and bring evil upon thee, because thou hast grieved the soul of our father this day.

8. Now therefore hear my words that I have this day spoken unto thee, and send our

brother that he may go away lest thou and the people of thy land die by the sword, for

you cannot all prevail over me.

9. And Joseph answered Judah, saying, Why hast thou opened wide thy mouth and why

dost thou boast over us, saying, Strength is with thee? as Pharaoh liveth, if I command

all my valiant men to fight with you, surely thou and these thy brethren would sink in

the mire.

10. And Judah said unto Joseph, Surely it becometh thee and thy people to fear me; as the

Lord liveth if I once draw my sword I shall not sheathe it again until I shall this day

have slain all Egypt, and I will commence with thee and finish with Pharaoh thy master.

11. And Joseph answered and said unto him, Surely strength belongeth not alone to thee; I

am stronger and mightier than thou, surely if thou drawest thy sword I will put it to thy

neck and the necks of all thy brethren.

12. And Judah said unto him, Surely if I this day open my mouth against thee I would

swallow thee up that thou be destroyed from off the earth and perish this day from thy

kingdom. And Joseph said, Surely if thou openest thy mouth I have power and might to

close thy mouth with a stone until thou shalt not be able to utter a word; see how many

stones are before us, truly I can take a stone, and force it into thy mouth and break thy

jaws.

13. And Judah said, God is witness between us, that we have not hitherto desired to battle

with thee, only give us our brother and we will go from thee; and Joseph answered and

said, As Pharaoh liveth, if all the kings of Canaan came together with you, you should

not take him from my hand.

14. Now therefore go your way to your father, and your brother shall be unto me for a slave,

for he has robbed the king's house. And Judah said, What is it to thee or to the character

of the king, surely the king sendeth forth from his house, throughout the land, silver and

gold either in gifts or expenses, and thou still talkest about thy cup which thou didst

place in our brother's bag and sayest that he has stolen it from thee?

15. God forbid that our brother Benjamin or any of the seed of Abraham should do this

thing to steal from thee, or from any one else, whether king, prince, or any man.

16. Now therefore cease this accusation lest the whole earth hear thy words, saying, For a

little silver the king of Egypt wrangled with the men, and he accused them and took

their brother for a slave.

17. And Joseph answered and said, Take unto you this cup and go from me and leave your

brother for a slave, for it is the judgment of a thief to be a slave.

18. And Judah said, Why art thou not ashamed of thy words, to leave our brother and to

take thy cup? Surely if thou givest us thy cup, or a thousand times as much, we will not

leave our brother for the silver which is found in the hand of any man, that we will not

die over him.

19. And Joseph answered, And why did you forsake your brother and sell him for twenty

pieces of silver unto this day, and why then will you not do the same to this your

brother?

20. And Judah said, the Lord is witness between me and thee that we desire not thy battles;

now therefore give us our brother and we will go from thee without quarreling.

21. And Joseph answered and said, If all the kings of the land should assemble they will not

be able to take your brother from my hand; and Judah said, What shall we say unto our

father, when he seeth that our brother cometh not with us, and will grieve over him?

22. And Joseph answered and said, This is the thing which you shall tell unto your father,

saying, The rope has gone after the bucket.

23. And Judah said, Surely thou art a king, and why speakest thou these things, giving a

false judgment? woe unto the king who is like unto thee.

24. And Joseph answered and said, There is no false judgment in the word that I spoke on

account of your brother Joseph, for all of you sold him to the Midianites for twenty

pieces of silver, and you all denied it to your father and said unto him, An evil beast has

devoured him, Joseph has been torn to pieces.

25. And Judah said, Behold the fire of Shem burneth in my heart, now I will burn all your

land with fire; and Joseph answered and said, Surely thy sister-in-law Tamar, who killed

your sons, extinguished the fire of Shechem.

26. And Judah said, If I pluck out a single hair from my flesh, I will fill all Egypt with its

blood.

27. And Joseph answered and said, Such is your custom to do as you did to your brother

whom you sold, and you dipped his coat in blood and brought it to your father in order

that he might say an evil beast devoured him and here is his blood.

28. And when Judah heard this thing he was exceedingly wroth and his anger burned within

him, and there was before him in that place a stone, the weight of which was about four

hundred shekels, and Judah's anger was kindled and he took the stone in one hand and

cast it to the heavens and caught it with his left hand.

29. And he placed it afterward under his legs, and he sat upon it with all his strength and the

stone was turned into dust from the force of Judah.

30. And Joseph saw the act of Judah and he was very much afraid, but he commanded

Manassah his son and he also did with another stone like unto the act of Judah, and

Judah said unto his brethren, Let not any of you say, this man is an Egyptian, but by his

doing this thing he is of our father's family.

31. And Joseph said, Not to you only is strength given, for we are also powerful men, and

why will you boast over us all? and Judah said unto Joseph, Send I pray thee our brother

and ruin not thy country this day.

32. And Joseph answered and said unto them, Go and tell your father, an evil beast hath

devoured him as you said concerning your brother Joseph.

33. And Judah spoke to his brother Naphtali, and he said unto him, Make haste, go now and

number all the streets of Egypt and come and tell me; and Simeon said unto him, Let

not this thing be a trouble to thee; now I will go to the mount and take up one large

stone from the mount and level it at every one in Egypt, and kill all that are in it.

34. And Joseph heard all these words that his brethren spoke before him, and they did not

know that Joseph understood them, for they imagined that he knew not to speak Hebrew.

35. And Joseph was greatly afraid at the words of his brethren lest they should destroy

Egypt, and he commanded his son Manasseh, saying, Go now make haste and gather

unto me all the inhabitants of Egypt, and all the valiant men together, and let them come

to me now upon horseback and on foot and with all sorts of musical instruments, and

Manasseh went and did so.

36. And Naphtali went as Judah had commanded him, for Naphtali was lightfooted as one

of the swift stags, and he would go upon the ears of corn and they would not break

under him.

37. And he went and numbered all the streets of Egypt, and found them to be twelve, and he

came hastily and told Judah, and Judah said unto his brethren, Hasten you and put on

every man his sword upon his loins and we will come over Egypt, and smite them all,

and let not a remnant remain.

38. And Judah said, Behold, I will destroy three of the streets with my strength, and you

shall each destroy one street; and when Judah was speaking this thing, behold the

inhabitants of Egypt and all the mighty men came toward them with all sorts of musical

instruments and with loud shouting.

39. And their number was five hundred cavalry and ten thousand infantry, and four hundred

men who could fight without sword or spear, only with their hands and strength.

40. And all the mighty men came with great storming and shouting, and they all surrounded

the sons of Jacob and terrified them, and the ground quaked at the sound of their

shouting.

41. And when the sons of Jacob saw these troops they were greatly afraid of their lives, and

Joseph did so in order to terrify the sons of Jacob to become tranquilized.

42. And Judah, seeing some of his brethren terrified, said unto them, Why are you afraid

whilst the grace of God is with us? and when Judah saw all the people of Egypt

surrounding them at the command of Joseph to terrify them, only Joseph commanded

them, saying, Do not touch any of them.

43. Then Judah hastened and drew his sword, and uttered a loud and bitter scream, and he

smote with his sword, and he sprang upon the ground and he still continued to shout

against all the people.

44. And when he did this thing the Lord caused the terror of Judah and his brethren to fall

upon the valiant men and all the people that surrounded them.

45. And they all fled at the sound of the shouting, and they were terrified and fell one upon

the other, and many of them died as they fell, and they all fled from before Judah and

his brethren and from before Joseph.

46. And whilst they were fleeing, Judah and his brethren pursued them unto the house of

Pharaoh, and they all escaped, and Judah again sat before Joseph and roared at him like

a lion, and gave a great and tremendous shriek at him.

47. And the shriek was heard at a distance, and all the inhabitants of Succoth heard it, and

all Egypt quaked at the sound of the shriek, and also the walls of Egypt and of the land

of Goshen fell in from the shaking of the earth, and Pharaoh also fell from his throne

upon the ground, and also all the pregnant women of Egypt and Goshen miscarried

when they heard the noise of the shaking, for they were terribly afraid.

48. And Pharaoh sent word, saying, What is this thing that has this day happened in the land

of Egypt? and they came and told him all the things from beginning to end, and Pharaoh

was alarmed and he wondered and was greatly afraid.

49. And his fright increased when he heard all these things, and he sent unto Joseph, saying,

Thou hast brought unto me the Hebrews to destroy all Egypt; what wilt thou do with

that thievish slave? send him away and let him go with his brethren, and let us not

perish through their evil, even we, you and all Egypt.

50. And if thou desirest not to do this thing, cast off from thee all my valuable things, and

go with them to their land, if thou delightest in it, for they will this day destroy my

whole country and slay all my people; even all the women of Egypt have miscarried

through their screams; see what they have done merely by their shouting and speaking,

moreover if they fight with the sword, they will destroy the land; now therefore choose

that which thou desirest, whether me or the Hebrews, whether Egypt or the land of the

Hebrews.

51. And they came and told Joseph all the words of Pharaoh that he had said concerning

him, and Joseph was greatly afraid at the words of Pharaoh and Judah and his brethren

were still standing before Joseph indignant and enraged, and all the sons of Jacob roared

at Joseph, like the roaring of the sea and its waves.

52. And Joseph was greatly afraid of his brethren and on account of Pharaoh, and Joseph

sought a pretext to make himself known unto his brethren, lest they should destroy all

Egypt.

53. And Joseph commanded his son Manasseh, and Manasseh went and approached Judah,

and placed his hand upon his shoulder, and the anger of Judah was stilled.

54. And Judah said unto his brethren, Let no one of you say that this is the act of an

Egyptian youth for this is the work of my father's house.

55. And Joseph seeing and knowing that Judah's anger was stilled, he approached to speak

unto Judah in the language of mildness.

56. And Joseph said unto Judah, Surely you speak truth and have this day verified your

assertions concerning your strength, and may your God who delighteth in you, increase

your welfare; but tell me truly why from amongst all thy brethren dost thou wrangle

with me on account of the lad, as none of them have spoken one word to me concerning

him.

57. And Judah answered Joseph, saying, Surely thou must know that I was security for the

lad to his father, saying, If I brought him not unto him I should bear his blame forever.

58. Therefore have I approached thee from amongst all my brethren, for I saw that thou

wast unwilling to suffer him to go from thee; now therefore may I find grace in thy sight

that thou shalt send him to go with us, and behold I will remain as a substitute for him,

to serve thee in whatever thou desirest, for wheresoever thou shalt send me I will go to

serve thee with great energy.

59. Send me now to a mighty king who has rebelled against thee, and thou shalt know what

I will do unto him and unto his land; although he may have cavalry and infantry or an

exceeding mighty people, I will slay them all and bring the king's head before thee.

60. Dost thou not know or hast thou not heard that our father Abraham with his servant

Eliezer smote all the kings of Elam with their hosts in one night, they left not one

remaining? and ever since that day our father's strength was given unto us for an

inheritance, for us and our seed forever.

61. And Joseph answered and said, You speak truth, and falsehood is not in your mouth, for

it was also told unto us that the Hebrews have power and that the Lord their God

delighteth much in them, and who then can stand before them?

62. However, on this condition will I send your brother, if you will bring before me his

brother the son of his mother, of whom you said that he had gone from you down to

Egypt; and it shall come to pass when you bring unto me his brother I will take him in

his stead, because not one of you was security for him to your father, and when he shall

come unto me, I will then send with you his brother for whom you have been security.

63. And Judah's anger was kindled against Joseph when he spoke this thing, and his eyes

dropped blood with anger, and he said unto his brethren, How doth this man this day

seek his own destruction and that of all Egypt!

64. And Simeon answered Joseph, saying, Did we not tell thee at first that we knew not the

particular spot to which he went, and whether he be dead or alive, and wherefore

speaketh my lord like unto these things?

65. And Joseph observing the countenance of Judah discerned that his anger began to kindle

when he spoke unto him, saying, Bring unto me your other brother instead of this

brother.

66. And Joseph said unto his brethren, Surely you said that your brother was either dead or

lost, now if I should call him this day and he should come before you, would you give

him unto me instead of his brother?

67. And Joseph began to speak and call out, Joseph, Joseph, come this day before me, and

appear to thy brethren and sit before them.

68. And when Joseph spoke this thing before them, they looked each a different way to see

from whence Joseph would come before them.

69. And Joseph observed all their acts, and said unto them, Why do you look here and

there? I am Joseph whom you sold to Egypt, now therefore let it not grieve you that you

sold me, for as a support during the famine did God send me before you.

70. And his brethren were terrified at him when they heard the words of Joseph, and Judah

was exceedingly terrified at him.

71. And when Benjamin heard the words of Joseph he was before them in the inner part of

the house, and Benjamin ran unto Joseph his brother, and embraced him and fell upon

his neck, and they wept.

72. And when Joseph's brethren saw that Benjamin had fallen upon his brother's neck and

wept with him, they also fell upon Joseph and embraced him, and they wept a great

weeping with Joseph.

73. And the voice was heard in the house of Joseph that they were Joseph's brethren, and it

pleased Pharaoh exceedingly, for he was afraid of them lest they should destroy Egypt.

74. And Pharaoh sent his servants unto Joseph to congratulate him concerning his brethren

who had come to him, and all the captains of the armies and troops that were in Egypt

came to rejoice with Joseph, and all Egypt rejoiced greatly about Joseph's brethren.

75. And Pharaoh sent his servants to Joseph, saying, Tell thy brethren to fetch all belonging

to them and let them come unto me, and I will place them in the best part of the land of

Egypt, and they did so.

76. And Joseph commanded him that was set over his house to bring out to his brethren

gifts and garments, and he brought out to them many garments being robes of royalty

and many gifts, and Joseph divided them amongst his brethren.

77. And he gave unto each of his brethren a change of garments of gold and silver, and

three hundred pieces of silver, and Joseph commanded them all to be dressed in these

garments, and to be brought before Pharaoh.

78. And Pharaoh seeing that all Joseph's brethren were valiant men, and of beautiful

appearance, he greatly rejoiced.

79. And they afterward went out from the presence of Pharaoh to go to the land of Canaan,

to their father, and their brother Benjamin was with them.

80. And Joseph rose up and gave unto them eleven chariots from Pharaoh, and Joseph gave

unto them his chariot, upon which he rode on the day of his being crowned in Egypt, to

fetch his father to Egypt; and Joseph sent to all his brothers' children, garments

according to their numbers, and a hundred pieces of silver to each of them, and he also

sent garments to the wives of his brethren from the garments of the king's wives, and he

sent them.

81. And he gave unto each of his brethren ten men to go with them to the land of Canaan to

serve them, to serve their children and all belonging to them in coming to Egypt.

82. And Joseph sent by the hand of his brother Benjamin ten suits of garments for his ten

sons, a portion above the rest of the children of the sons of Jacob.

83. And he sent to each fifty pieces of silver, and ten chariots on the account of Pharaoh,

and he sent to his father ten asses laden with all the luxuries of Egypt, and ten she asses

laden with corn and bread and nourishment for his father, and to all that were with him

as provisions for the road.

84. And he sent to his sister Dinah garments of silver and gold, and frankincense and myrrh,

and aloes and women's ornaments in great plenty, and he sent the same from the wives

of Pharaoh to the wives of Benjamin.

85. And he gave unto all his brethren, also to their wives, all sorts of onyx stones and

bdellium, and from all the valuable things amongst the great people of Egypt, nothing of

all the costly things was left but what Joseph sent of to his father's household.

86. And he sent his brethren away, and they went, and he sent his brother Benjamin with

them.

87. And Joseph went out with them to accompany them on the road unto the borders of

Egypt, and he commanded them concerning his father and his household, to come to

Egypt.

88. And he said unto them, Do not quarrel on the road, for this thing was from the Lord to

keep a great people from starvation, for there will be yet five years of famine in the land.

89. And he commanded them, saying, When you come unto the land of Canaan, do not

come suddenly before my father in this affair, but act in your wisdom.

90. And Joseph ceased to command them, and he turned and went back to Egypt, and the

sons of Jacob went to the land of Canaan with joy and cheerfulness to their father Jacob.

91. And they came unto the borders of the land, and they said to each other, What shall we

do in this matter before our father, for if we come suddenly to him and tell him the

matter, he will be greatly alarmed at our words and will not believe us.

92. And they went along until they came nigh unto their houses, and they found Serach, the

daughter of Asher, going forth to meet them, and the damsel was very good and subtle,

and knew how to play upon the harp.

93. And they called unto her and she came before them, and she kissed them, and they took

her and gave unto her a harp, saying, Go now before our father, and sit before him, and

strike upon the harp, and speak these words.

94. And they commanded her to go to their house, and she took the harp and hastened

before them, and she came and sat near Jacob.

95. And she played well and sang, and uttered in the sweetness of her words, Joseph my

uncle is living, and he ruleth throughout the land of Egypt, and is not dead.

96. And she continued to repeat and utter these words, and Jacob heard her words and they

were agreeable to him.

97. He listened whilst she repeated them twice and thrice, and joy entered the heart of Jacob

at the sweetness of her words, and the spirit of God was upon him, and he knew all her

words to be true.

98. And Jacob blessed Serach when she spoke these words before him, and he said unto her,

My daughter, may death never prevail over thee, for thou hast revived my spirit; only

speak yet before me as thou hast spoken, for thou hast gladdened me with all thy words.

99. And she continued to sing these words, and Jacob listened and it pleased him, and he

rejoiced, and the spirit of God was upon him.

100. Whilst he was yet speaking with her, behold his sons came to him with horses and

chariots and royal garments and servants running before them.

101. And Jacob rose up to meet them, and saw his sons dressed in royal garments and he saw

all the treasures that Joseph had sent to them.

102. And they said unto him, Be informed that our brother Joseph is living, and it is he who

ruleth throughout the land of Egypt, and it is he who spoke unto us as we told thee.

103. And Jacob heard all the words of his sons, and his heart palpitated at their words, for he

could not believe them until he saw all that Joseph had given them and what he had sent

him, and all the signs which Joseph had spoken unto them.

104. And they opened out before him, and showed him all that Joseph had sent, they gave

unto each what Joseph had sent him, and he knew that they had spoken the truth, and he

rejoiced exceedingly an account of his son.

105. And Jacob said, It is enough for me that my son Joseph is still living, I will go and see

him before I die.

106. And his sons told him all that had befallen them, and Jacob said, I will go down to

Egypt to see my son and his offspring.

107. And Jacob rose up and put on the garments which Joseph had sent him, and after he had

washed, and shaved his hair, he put upon his head the turban which Joseph had sent him.

108. And all the people of Jacob's house and their wives put on the garments which Joseph

had sent to them, and they greatly rejoiced at Joseph that he was still living and that he

was ruling in Egypt,

109. And all the inhabitants of Canaan heard of this thing, and they came and rejoiced much

with Jacob that he was still living.

110. And Jacob made a feast for them for three days, and all the kings of Canaan and nobles

of the land ate and drank and rejoiced in the house of Jacob.

 

Jasher Chapter 55

1. And it came to pass after this that Jacob said, I will go and see my son in Egypt and will

then come back to the land of Canaan of which God had spoken unto Abraham, for I

cannot leave the land of my birth-place.

2. Behold the word of the Lord came unto him, saying, Go down to Egypt with all thy

household and remain there, fear not to go down to Egypt for I will there make thee a

great nation.

3. And Jacob said within himself, I will go and see my son whether the fear of his God is

yet in his heart amidst all the inhabitants of Egypt.

4. And the Lord said unto Jacob, Fear not about Joseph, for he still retaineth his integrity

to serve me, as will seem good in thy sight, and Jacob rejoiced exceedingly concerning

his son.

5. At that time Jacob commanded his sons and household to go to Egypt according to the

word of the Lord unto him, and Jacob rose up with his sons and all his household, and

he went out from the land of Canaan from Beersheba, with joy and gladness of heart,

and they went to the land of Egypt.

6. And it came to pass when they came near Egypt, Jacob sent Judah before him to Joseph

that he might show him a situation in Egypt, and Judah did according to the word of his

father, and he hastened and ran and came to Joseph, and they assigned for them a place

in the land of Goshen for all his household, and Judah returned and came along the road

to his father.

7. And Joseph harnessed the chariot, and he assembled all his mighty men and his servants

and all the officers of Egypt in order to go and meet his father Jacob, and Joseph's

mandate was proclaimed in Egypt, saying, All that do not go to meet Jacob shall die.

8. And on the next day Joseph went forth with all Egypt a great and mighty host, all

dressed in garments of fine linen and purple and with instruments of silver and gold and

with their instruments of war with them.

9. And they all went to meet Jacob with all sorts of musical instruments, with drums and

timbrels, strewing myrrh and aloes all along the road, and they all went after this

fashion, and the earth shook at their shouting.

10. And all the women of Egypt went upon the roofs of Egypt and upon the walls to meet

Jacob, and upon the head of Joseph was Pharaoh's regal crown, for Pharaoh had sent it

unto him to put on at the time of his going to meet his father.

11. And when Joseph came within fifty cubits of his father, he alighted from the chariot and

he walked toward his father, and when all the officers of Egypt and her nobles saw that

Joseph had gone on foot toward his father, they also alighted and walked on foot toward

Jacob.

12. And when Jacob approached the camp of Joseph, Jacob observed the camp that was

coming toward him with Joseph, and it gratified him and Jacob was astonished at it.

13. And Jacob said unto Judah, Who is that man whom I see in the camp of Egypt dressed

in kingly robes with a very red garment upon him and a royal crown upon his head, who

has alighted from his chariot and is coming toward us? and Judah answered his father,

saying, He is thy son Joseph the king; and Jacob rejoiced in seeing the glory of his son.

14. And Joseph came nigh unto his father and he bowed to his father, and all the men of the

camp bowed to the ground with him before Jacob.

15. And behold Jacob ran and hastened to his son Joseph and fell upon his neck and kissed

him, and they wept, and Joseph also embraced his father and kissed him, and they wept

and all the people of Egypt wept with them.

16. And Jacob said unto Joseph, Now I will die cheerfully after I have seen thy face, that

thou art still living and with glory.

17. And the sons of Jacob and their wives and their children and their servants, and all the

household of Jacob wept exceedingly with Joseph, and they kissed him and wept greatly

with him.

18. And Joseph and all his people returned afterward home to Egypt, and Jacob and his sons

and all the children of his household came with Joseph to Egypt, and Joseph placed

them in the best part of Egypt, in the land of Goshen.

19. And Joseph said unto his father and unto his brethren, I will go up and tell Pharaoh,

saying, My brethren and my father's household and all belonging to them have come

unto me, and behold they are in the land of Goshen.

20. And Joseph did so and took from his brethren Reuben, Issachar Zebulun and his brother

Benjamin and he placed them before Pharaoh.

21. And Joseph spoke unto Pharaoh, saying, My brethren and my father's household and all

belonging to them, together with their flocks and cattle have come unto me from the

land of Canaan, to sojourn in Egypt; for the famine was sore upon them.

22. And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Place thy father and brethren in the best part of the land,

withhold not from them all that is good, and cause them to eat of the fat of the land.

23. And Joseph answered, saying, Behold I have stationed them in the land of Goshen, for

they are shepherds, therefore let them remain in Goshen to feed their flocks apart from

the Egyptians.

24. And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Do with thy brethren all that they shall say unto thee;

and the sons of Jacob bowed down to Pharaoh, and they went forth from him in peace,

and Joseph afterward brought his father before Pharaoh.

25. And Jacob came and bowed down to Pharaoh, and Jacob blessed Pharaoh, and he then

went out; and Jacob and all his sons, and all his household dwelt in the land of Goshen.

26. In the second year, that is in the hundred and thirtieth year of the life of Jacob, Joseph

maintained his father and his brethren, and all his father's household, with bread

according to their little ones, all the days of the famine; they lacked nothing.

27. And Joseph gave unto them the best part of the whole land; the best of Egypt had they

all the days of Joseph; and Joseph also gave unto them and unto the whole of his father's

household, clothes and garments year by year; and the sons of Jacob remained securely

in Egypt all the days of their brother.

28. And Jacob always ate at Joseph's table, Jacob and his sons did not leave Joseph's table

day or night, besides what Jacob's children consumed in their houses.

29. And all Egypt ate bread during the days of the famine from the house of Joseph, for all

the Egyptians sold all belonging to them on account of the famine.

30. And Joseph purchased all the lands and fields of Egypt for bread on the account of

Pharaoh, and Joseph supplied all Egypt with bread all the days of the famine, and

Joseph collected all the silver and gold that came unto him for the corn which they

bought throughout the land, and he accumulated much gold and silver, besides an

immense quantity of onyx stones, bdellium and valuable garments which they brought

unto Joseph from every part of the land when their money was spent.

31. And Joseph took all the silver and gold that came into his hand, about seventy two

talents of gold and silver, and also onyx stones and bdellium in great abundance, and

Joseph went and concealed them in four parts, and he concealed one part in the

wilderness near the Red sea, and one part by the river Perath, and the third and fourth

part he concealed in the desert opposite to the wilderness of Persia and Media.

32. And he took part of the gold and silver that was left, and gave it unto all his brothers

and unto all his father's household, and unto all the women of his father's household,

and the rest he brought to the house of Pharaoh, about twenty talents of gold and silver.

33. And Joseph gave all the gold and silver that was left unto Pharaoh, and Pharaoh placed

it in the treasury, and the days of the famine ceased after that in the land, and they

sowed and reaped in the whole land, and they obtained their usual quantity year by year;

they lacked nothing.

34. And Joseph dwelt securely in Egypt, and the whole land was under his advice, and his

father and all his brethren dwelt in the land of Goshen and took possession of it.

35. And Joseph was very aged, advanced in days, and his two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh,

remained constantly in the house of Jacob, together with the children of the sons of

Jacob their brethren, to learn the ways of the Lord and his law.

36. And Jacob and his sons dwelt in the land of Egypt in the land of Goshen, and they took

possession in it, and they were fruitful and multiplied in it.

 

Jasher Chapter 56

1. And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years, and the days of Jacob, and the

years of his life were a hundred and forty seven years.

2. At that time Jacob was attacked with that illness of which he died and he sent and called

for his son Joseph from Egypt, and Joseph his son came from Egypt and Joseph came

unto his father.

3. And Jacob said unto Joseph and unto his sons, Behold I die, and the God of your

ancestors will visit you, and bring you back to the land, which the Lord sware to give

unto you and unto your children after you, now therefore when I am dead, bury me in

the cave which is in Machpelah in Hebron in the land of Canaan, near my ancestors.

4. And Jacob made his sons swear to bury him in Machpelah, in Hebron, and his sons

swore unto him concerning this thing.

5. And he commanded them, saying, Serve the Lord your God, for he who delivered your

fathers will also deliver you from all trouble.

6. And Jacob said, Call all your children unto me, and all the children of Jacob's sons came

and sat before him, and Jacob blessed them, and he said unto them, The Lord God of

your fathers shall grant you a thousand times as much and bless you, and may he give

you the blessing of your father Abraham; and all the children of Jacob's sons went forth

on that day after he had blessed them.

7. And on the next day Jacob again called for his sons, and they all assembled and came to

him and sat before him, and Jacob on that day blessed his sons before his death, each

man did he bless according to his blessing; behold it is written in the book of the law of

the Lord appertaining to Israel.

8. And Jacob said unto Judah, I know my son that thou art a mighty man for thy brethren;

reign over them, and thy sons shall reign over their sons forever.

9. Only teach thy sons the bow and all the weapons of war, in order that they may fight the

battles of their brother who will rule over his enemies.

10. And Jacob again commanded his sons on that day, saying, Behold I shall be this day

gathered unto my people; carry me up from Egypt, and bury me in the cave of

Machpelah as I have commanded you.

11. Howbeit take heed I pray you that none of your sons carry me, only yourselves, and this

is the manner you shall do unto me, when you carry my body to go with it to the land of

Canaan to bury me,

12. Judah, Issachar and Zebulun shall carry my bier at the eastern side; Reuben, Simeon and

Gad at the south, Ephraim, Manasseh and Benjamin at the west, Dan, Asher and

Naphtali at the north.

13. Let not Levi carry with you, for he and his sons will carry the ark of the covenant of the

Lord with the Israelites in the camp, neither let Joseph my son carry, for as a king so let

his glory be; howbeit, Ephraim and Manasseh shall be in their stead.

14. Thus shall you do unto me when you carry me away; do not neglect any thing of all that

I command you; and it shall come to pass when you do this unto me, that the Lord will

remember you favorably and your children after you forever.

15. And you my sons, honor each his brother and his relative, and command your children

and your children's children after you to serve the Lord God of your ancestors all the

days.

16. In order that you may prolong your days in the land, you and your children and your

children's children for ever, when you do what is good and upright in the sight of the

Lord your God, to go in all his ways.

17. And thou, Joseph my son, forgive I pray thee the prongs of thy brethren and all their

misdeeds in the injury that they heaped upon thee, for God intended it for thine and thy

children's benefit.

18. And O my son leave not thy brethren to the inhabitants of Egypt, neither hurt their

feelings, for behold I consign them to the hand of God and in thy hand to guard them

from the Egyptians; and the sons of Jacob answered their father saying, O, our father,

all that thou hast commanded us, so will we do; may God only be with us.

19. And Jacob said unto his sons, So may God be with you when you keep all his ways;

turn not from his ways either to the right or the left in performing what is good and

upright in his sight.

20. For I know that many and grievous troubles will befall you in the latter days in the land,

yea your children and children's children, only serve the Lord and he will save you from

all trouble.

21. And it shall come to pass when you shall go after God to serve him and will teach your

children after you, and your children's children, to know the Lord, then will the Lord

raise up unto you and your children a servant from amongst your children, and the Lord

will deliver you through his hand from all affliction, and bring you out of Egypt and

bring you back to the land of your fathers to inherit it securely.

22. And Jacob ceased commanding his sons, and he drew his feet into the bed, he died and

was gathered to his people.

23. And Joseph fell upon his father and he cried out and wept over him and he kissed him,

and he called out in a bitter voice, and he said, O my father, my father.

24. And his son's wives and all his household came and fell upon Jacob, and they wept over

him, and cried in a very loud voice concerning Jacob.

25. And all the sons of Jacob rose up together, and they tore their garments, and they all put

sackcloth upon their loins, and they fell upon their faces, and they cast dust upon their

heads toward the heavens.

26. And the thing was told unto Osnath Joseph's wife, and she rose up and put on a sack and

she with all the Egyptian women with her came and mourned and wept for Jacob.

27. And also all the people of Egypt who knew Jacob came all on that day when they heard

this thing, and all Egypt wept for many days.

28. And also from the land of Canaan did the women come unto Egypt when they heard

that Jacob was dead, and they wept for him in Egypt for seventy days.

29. And it came to pass after this that Joseph commanded his servants the doctors to

embalm his father with myrrh and frankincense and all manner of incense and perfume,

and the doctors embalmed Jacob as Joseph had commanded them.

30. And all the people of Egypt and the elders and all the inhabitants of the land of Goshen

wept and mourned over Jacob, and all his sons and the children of his household

lamented and mourned over their father Jacob many days.

31. And after the days of his weeping had passed away, at the end of seventy days, Joseph

said unto Pharaoh, I will go up and bury my father in the land of Canaan as he made me

swear, and then I will return.

32. And Pharaoh sent Joseph, saying, Go up and bury thy father as he said, and as he made

thee swear; and Joseph rose up with all his brethren to go to the land of Canaan to bury

their father Jacob as he had commanded them.

33. And Pharaoh commanded that it should be proclaimed throughout Egypt, saying,

Whoever goeth not up with Joseph and his brethren to the land of Canaan to bury Jacob,

shall die.

34. And all Egypt heard of Pharaoh's proclamation, and they all rose up together, and all the

servants of Pharaoh, and the elders of his house, and all the elders of the land of Egypt

went up with Joseph, and all the officers and nobles of Pharaoh went up as the servants

of Joseph, and they went to bury Jacob in the land of Canaan.

35. And the sons of Jacob carried the bier upon which he lay; according to all that their

father commanded them, so did his sons unto him.

36. And the bier was of pure gold, and it was inlaid round about with onyx stones and

bdellium; and the covering of the bier was gold woven work, joined with threads, and

over them were hooks of onyx stones and bdellium.

37. And Joseph placed upon the head of his father Jacob a large golden crown, and he put a

golden scepter in his hand, and they surrounded the bier as was the custom of kings

during their lives.

38. And all the troops of Egypt went before him in this array, at first all the mighty men of

Pharaoh, and the mighty men of Joseph, and after them the rest of the inhabitants of

Egypt, and they were all girded with swords and equipped with coats of mail, and the

trappings of war were upon them.

39. And all the weepers and mourners went at a distance opposite to the bier, going and

weeping and lamenting, and the rest of the people went after the bier.

40. And Joseph and his household went together near the bier barefooted and weeping, and

the rest of Joseph's servants went around him; each man had his ornaments upon him,

and they were all armed with their weapons of war.

41. And fifty of Jacob's servants went in front of the bier, and they strewed along the road

myrrh and aloes, and all manner of perfume, and all the sons of Jacob that carried the

bier walked upon the perfumery, and the servants of Jacob went before them strewing

the perfume along the road.

42. And Joseph went up with a heavy camp, and they did after this manner every day until

they reached the land of Canaan, and they came to the threshing floor of Atad, which

was on the other side of Jordan, and they mourned an exceeding great and heavy

mourning in that place.

43. And all the kings of Canaan heard of this thing and they all went forth, each man from

his house, thirty-one kings of Canaan, and they all came with their men to mourn and

weep over Jacob.

44. And all these kings beheld Jacob's bier, and behold Joseph's crown was upon it, and

they also put their crowns upon the bier, and encircled it with crowns.

45. And all these kings made in that place a great and heavy mourning with the sons of

Jacob and Egypt over Jacob, for all the kings of Canaan knew the valor of Jacob and his

sons.

46. And the report reached Esau, saying, Jacob died in Egypt, and his sons and all Egypt are

conveying him to the land of Canaan to bury him.

47. And Esau heard this thing, and he was dwelling in mount Seir, and he rose up with his

sons and all his people and all his household, a people exceedingly great, and they came

to mourn and weep over Jacob.

48. And it came to pass, when Esau came he mourned for his brother Jacob, and all Egypt

and all Canaan again rose up and mourned a great mourning with Esau over Jacob in

that place

49. And Joseph and his brethren brought their father Jacob from that place, and they went to

Hebron to bury Jacob in the cave by his fathers.

50. And they came unto Kireath-arba, to the cave, and as they came Esau stood with his

sons against Joseph and his brethren as a hindrance in the cave, saying, Jacob shall not

be buried therein, for it belongeth to us and to our father.

51. And Joseph and his brethren heard the words of Esau's sons, and they were exceedingly

wroth, and Joseph approached unto Esau, saying, What is this thing which they have

spoken? surely my father Jacob bought it from thee for great riches after the death of

Isaac, now five and twenty years ago, and also all the land of Canaan he bought from

thee and from thy sons, and thy seed after thee.

52. And Jacob bought it for his sons and his seed after him for an inheritance for ever, and

why speakest thou these things this day?

53. And Esau answered, saying, Thou speakest falsely and utterest lies, for I sold not

anything belonging to me in all this land, as thou sayest, neither did my brother Jacob

buy aught belonging to me in this land.

54. And Esau spoke these things in order to deceive Joseph with his words, for Esau knew

that Joseph was not present in those days when Esau sold all belonging to him in the

land of Canaan to Jacob.

55. And Joseph said unto Esau, Surely my father inserted these things with thee in the

record of purchase, and testified the record with witnesses, and behold it is with us in

Egypt.

56. And Esau answered, saying unto him, Bring the record, all that thou wilt find in the

record, so will we do.

57. And Joseph called unto Naphtali his brother, and he said, Hasten quickly, stay not, and

run I pray thee to Egypt and bring all the records; the record of the purchase, the sealed

record and the open record, and also all the first records in which all the transactions of

the birth-right are written, fetch thou.

58. And thou shalt bring them unto us hither, that we may know from them all the words of

Esau and his sons which they spoke this day.

59. And Naphtali hearkened to the voice of Joseph and he hastened and ran to go down to

Egypt, and Naphtali was lighter on foot than any of the stags that were upon the

wilderness, for he would go upon ears of corn without crushing them.

60. And when Esau saw that Naphtali had gone to fetch the records, he and his sons

increased their resistance against the cave, and Esau and all his people rose up against

Joseph and his brethren to battle.

61. And all the sons of Jacob and the people of Egypt fought with Esau and his men, and

the sons of Esau and his people were smitten before the sons of Jacob, and the sons of

Jacob slew of Esau's people forty men.

62. And Chushim the son of Dan, the son of Jacob, was at that time with Jacob's sons, but

he was about a hundred cubits distant from the place of battle, for he remained with the

children of Jacob's sons by Jacob's bier to guard it.

63. And Chushim was dumb and deaf, still he understood the voice of consternation

amongst men.

64. And he asked, saying, Why do you not bury the dead, and what is this great

consternation? and they answered him the words of Esau and his sons; and he ran to

Esau in the midst of the battle, and he slew Esau with a sword, and he cut off his head,

and it sprang to a distance, and Esau fell amongst the people of the battle.

65. And when Chushim did this thing the sons of Jacob prevailed over the sons of Esau, and

the sons of Jacob buried their father Jacob by force in the cave, and the sons of Esau

beheld it.

66. And Jacob was buried in Hebron, in the cave of Machpelah which Abraham had bought

from the sons of Heth for the possession of a burial place, and he was buried in very

costly garments.

67. And no king had such honor paid him as Joseph paid unto his father at his death, for he

buried him with great honor like unto the burial of kings.

68. And Joseph and his brethren made a mourning of seven days for their father.

 

Jasher Chapter 57

1. And it was after this that the sons of Esau waged war with the sons of Jacob, and the

sons of Esau fought with the sons of Jacob in Hebron, and Esau was still lying dead, and

not buried.

2. And the battle was heavy between them, and the sons of Esau were smitten before the

sons of Jacob, and the sons of Jacob slew of the sons of Esau eighty men, and not one

died of the people of the sons of Jacob; and the hand of Joseph prevailed over all the

people of the sons of Esau, and he took Zepho, the son of Eliphaz, the son of Esau, and

fifty of his men captive, and he bound them with chains of iron, and gave them into the

hand of his servants to bring them to Egypt.

3. And it came to pass when the sons of Jacob had taken Zepho and his people captive, all

those that remained were greatly afraid of their lives from the house of Esau, lest they

should also be taken captive, and they all fled with Eliphaz the son of Esau and his

people, with Esau's body, and they went on their road to Mount Seir.

4. And they came unto Mount Seir and they buried Esau in Seir, but they had not brought

his head with them to Seir, for it was buried in that place where the battle had been in

Hebron.

5. And it came to pass when the sons of Esau had fled from before the sons of Jacob, the

sons of Jacob pursued them unto the borders of Seir, but they did not slay a single man

from amongst them when they pursued them, for Esau's body which they carried with

them excited their confusion, so they fled and the sons of Jacob turned back from them

and came up to the place where their brethren were in Hebron, and they remained there

on that day, and on the next day until they rested from the battle.

6. And it came to pass on the third day they assembled all the sons of Seir the Horite, and

they assembled all the children of the east, a multitude of people like the sand of the sea,

and they went and came down to Egypt to fight with Joseph and his brethren, in order to

deliver their brethren.

7. And Joseph and all the sons of Jacob heard that the sons of Esau and the children of the

east had come upon them to battle in order to deliver their brethren.

8. And Joseph and his brethren and the strong men of Egypt went forth and fought in the

city of Rameses, and Joseph and his brethren dealt out a tremendous blow amongst the

sons of Esau and the children of the east.

9. And they slew of them six hundred thousand men, and they slew amongst them all the

mighty men of the children of Seir the Horite; there were only a few of them left, and

they slew also a great many of the children of the east, and of the children of Esau; and

Eliphaz the son of Esau, and the children of the east all fled before Joseph and his

brethren.

10. And Joseph and his brethren pursued them until they came unto Succoth, and they yet

slew of them in Succoth thirty men, and the rest escaped and they fled each to his city.

11. And Joseph and his brethren and the mighty men of Egypt turned back from them with

joy and cheerfulness of heart, for they had smitten all their enemies.

12. And Zepho the son of Eliphaz and his men were still slaves in Egypt to the sons of

Jacob, and their pains increased.

13. And when the sons of Esau and the sons of Seir returned to their land, the sons of Seir

saw that they had all fallen into the hands of the sons of Jacob, and the people of Egypt,

on account of the battle of the sons of Esau.

14. And the sons of Seir said unto the sons of Esau, You have seen andtherefore you know

that this camp was on your account, and not one mighty man or an adept in war

remaineth.

15. Now therefore go forth from our land, go from us to the land of Canaan to the land of

the dwelling of your fathers; wherefore shall your children inherit the effects of our

children in latter days?

16. And the children of Esau would not listen to the children of Seir, and the children of

Seir considered to make war with them.

17. And the children of Esau sent secretly to Angeas king of Africa, the same is Dinhabah,

saying,

18. Send unto us some of thy men and let them come unto us, and we will fight together

with the children of Seir the Horite, for they have resolved to fight with us to drive us

away from the land.

19. And Angeas king of Dinhabah did so, for he was in those days friendly to the children

of Esau, and Angeas sent five hundred valiant infantry to the children of Esau, and eight

hundred cavalry.

20. And the children of Seir sent unto the children of the east and unto the children of

Midian, saying, You have seen what the children of Esau have done unto us, upon

whose account we are almost all destroyed, in their battle with the sons of Jacob.

21. Now therefore come unto us and assist us, and we will fight them together, and we will

drive them from the land and be avenged of the cause of our brethren who died for their

sakes in their battle with their brethren the sons of Jacob.

22. And all the children of the east listened to the children of Seir, and they came unto them

about eight hundred men with drawn swords, and the children of Esau fought with the

children of Seir at that time in the wilderness of Paran.

23. And the children of Seir prevailed then over the sons of Esau, and the children of Seir

slew on that day of the children of Esau in that battle about two hundred men of the

people of Angeas king of Dinhabah.

24. And on the second day the children of Esau came again to fight a second time with the

children of Seir, and the battle was sore upon the children of Esau this second time, and

it troubled them greatly on account of the children of Seir.

25. And when the children of Esau saw that the children of Seir were more powerful than

they were, some men of the children of Esau turned and assisted the children of Seir

their enemies.

26. And there fell yet of the people of the children of Esau in the second battle fifty-eight

men of the people at Angeas king of Dinhabah.

27. And on the third day the children of Esau heard that some of their brethren had turned

from them to fight against them in the second battle; and the children of Esau mourned

when they heard this thing.

28. And they said, What shall we do unto our brethren who turned from us to assist the

children of Seir our enemies? and the children of Esau again sent to Angeas king of

Dinhabah, saying,

29. Send unto us again other men that with them we may fight with the children of Seir, for

they have already twice been heavier than we were.

30. And Angeas again sent to the children of Esau about six hundred valiant men, and they

came to assist the children of Esau.

31. And in ten days' time the children of Esau again waged war with the children of Seir in

the wilderness of Paran, and the battle was very severe upon the children of Seir, and

the children of Esau prevailed at this time over the children of Seir, and the children of

Seir were smitten before the children of Esau, and the children of Esau slew from them

about two thousand men.

32. And all the mighty men of the children of Seir died in this battle, and there only

remained their young children that were left in their cities.

33. And all Midian and the children of the east betook themselves to flight from the battle,

and they left the children of Seir and fled when they saw that the battle was severe upon

them, and the children of Esau pursued all the children of the east until they reached

their land.

34. And the children of Esau slew yet of them about two hundred and fifty men and from

the people of the children of Esau there fell in that battle about thirty men, but this evil

came upon them through their brethren turning from them to assist the children of Seir

the Horite, and the children of Esau again heard of the evil doings of their brethren, and

they again mourned on account of this thing.

35. And it came to pass after the battle, the children of Esau turned back and came home

unto Seir, and the children of Esau slew those who had remained in the land of the

children of Seir; they slew also their wives and little ones, they left not a soul alive

except fifty young lads and damsels whom they suffered to live, and the children of

Esau did not put them to death, and the lads became their slaves, and the damsels they

took for wives.

36. And the children of Esau dwelt in Seir in the place of the children of Seir, and they

inherited their land and took possession of it.

37. And the children of Esau took all belonging in the land to the children of Seir, also their

flocks, their bullocks and their goods, and all belonging to the children of Seir, did the

children of Esau take, and the children of Esau dwelt in Seir in the place of the children

of Seir unto this day, and the children of Esau divided the land into divisions to the five

sons of Esau, according to their families.

38. And it came to pass in those days, that the children of Esau resolved to crown a king

over them in the land of which they became possessed. And they said to each other, Not

so, for he shall reign over us in our land, and we shall be under his counsel and he shall

fight our battles, against our enemies, and they did so.

39. And all the children of Esau swore, saying, That none of their brethren should ever

reign over them, but a strange man who is not of their brethren, for the souls of all the

children of Esau were embittered every man against his son, brother and friend, on

account of the evil they sustained from their brethren when they fought with the

children of Seir.

40. Therefore the sons of Esau swore, saying, From that day forward they would not choose

a king from their brethren, but one from a strange land unto this day.

41. And there was a man there from the people of Angeas king of Dinhabah; his name was

Bela the son of Beor, who was a very valiant man, beautiful and comely and wise in all

wisdom, and a man of sense and counsel; and there was none of the people of Angeas

like unto him.

42. And all the children of Esau took him and anointed him and they crowned him for a

king, and they bowed down to him, and they said unto him, May the king live, may the

king live.

43. And they spread out the sheet, and they brought him each man earrings of gold and

silver or rings or bracelets, and they made him very rich in silver and in gold, in onyx

stones and bdellium, and they made him a royal throne, and they placed a regal crown

upon his head, and they built a palace for him and he dwelt therein, and he became king

over all the children of Esau.

44. And the people of Angeas took their hire for their battle from the children of Esau, and

they went and returned at that time to their master in Dinhabah.

45. And Bela reigned over the children of Esau thirty years, and the children of Esau dwelt

in the land instead of the children of Seir, and they dwelt securely in their stead unto

this day.

 

Jasher Chapter 58

1. And it came to pass in the thirty-second year of the Israelites going down to Egypt, that

is in the seventy-first year of the life of Joseph, in that year died Pharaoh king of Egypt,

and Magron his son reigned in his stead.

2. And Pharaoh commanded Joseph before his death to be a father to his son, Magron, and

that Magron should be under the care of Joseph and under his counsel.

3. And all Egypt consented to this thing that Joseph should be king over them, for all the

Egyptians loved Joseph as of heretofore, only Magron the son of Pharaoh sat upon, his

father's throne, and he became king in those days in his father's stead.

4. Magron was forty-one years old when he began to reign, and forty years he reigned in

Egypt, and all Egypt called his name Pharaoh after the name of his father, as it was their

custom to do in Egypt to every king that reigned over them.

5. And it came to pass when Pharaoh reigned in his father's stead, he placed the laws of

Egypt and all the affairs of government in the hand of Joseph, as his father had

commanded him.

6. And Joseph became king over Egypt, for he superintended over all Egypt, and all Egypt

was under his care and under his counsel, for all Egypt inclined to Joseph after the death

of Pharaoh, and they loved him exceedingly to reign over them.

7. But there were some people amongst them, who did not like him, saying, No stranger

shall reign over us; still the whole government of Egypt devolved in those days upon

Joseph, after the death of Pharaoh, he being the regulator, doing as he liked throughout

the land without any one interfering.

8. And all Egypt was under the care of Joseph, and Joseph made war with all his

surrounding enemies, and he subdued them; also all the land and all the Philistines, unto

the borders of Canaan, did Joseph subdue, and they were all under his power and they

gave a yearly tax unto Joseph.

9. And Pharaoh king of Egypt sat upon his throne in his father's stead, but he was under

the control and counsel of Joseph, as he was at first under the control of his father.

10. Neither did he reign but in the land of Egypt only, under the counsel of Joseph, but

Joseph reigned over the whole country at that time, from Egypt unto the great river

Perath.

11. And Joseph was successful in all his ways, and the Lord was with him, and the Lord

gave Joseph additional wisdom, and honor, and glory, and love toward him in the hearts

of the Egyptians and throughout the land, and Joseph reigned over the whole country

forty years.

12. And all the countries of the Philistines and Canaan and Zidon, and on the other side of

Jordan, brought presents unto Joseph all his days, and the whole country was in the

hand of Joseph, and they brought unto him a yearly tribute as it was regulated, for

Joseph had fought against all his surrounding enemies and subdued them, and the whole

country was in the hand of Joseph, and Joseph sat securely upon his throne in Egypt.

13. And also all his brethren the sons of Jacob dwelt securely in the land, all the days of

Joseph, and they were fruitful and multiplied exceedingly in the land, and they served

the Lord all their days, as their father Jacob had commanded them.

14. And it came to pass at the end of many days and years, when the children of Esau were

dwelling quietly in their land with Bela their king, that the children of Esau were fruitful

and multiplied in the land, and they resolved to go and fight with the sons of Jacob and

all Egypt, and to deliver their brother Zepho, the son of Eliphaz, and his men, for they

were yet in those days slaves to Joseph.

15. And the children of Esau sent unto all the children of the east, and they made peace with

them, and all the children of the east came unto them to go with the children of Esau to

Egypt to battle.

16. And there came also unto them of the people of Angeas, king of Dinhabah, and they

also sent unto the children of Ishmael and they also came unto them.

17. And all this people assembled and came unto Seir to assist the children of Esau in their

battle, and this camp was very large and heavy with people, numerous as the sand of the

sea, about eight hundred thousand men, infantry and cavalry, and all these troops went

down to Egypt to fight with the sons of Jacob, and they encamped by Rameses.

18. And Joseph went forth with his brethren with the mighty men of Egypt, about six

hundred men, and they fought with them in the land of Rameses; and the sons of Jacob

at that time again fought with the children of Esau, in the fiftieth year of the sons of

Jacob going down to Egypt, that is the thirtieth year of the reign of Bela over the

children of Esau in Seir.

19. And the Lord gave all the mighty men of Esau and the children of the east into the hand

of Joseph and his brethren, and the people of the children of Esau and the children of

the east were smitten before Joseph.

20. And of the people of Esau and the children of the east that were slain, there fell before

the sons of Jacob about two hundred thousand men, and their king Bela the son of Beor

fell with them in the battle, and when the children of Esau saw that their king had fallen

in battle and was dead, their hands became weak in the combat.

21. And Joseph and his brethren and all Egypt were still smiting the people of the house of

Esau, and all Esau's people were afraid of the sons of Jacob and fled from before them.

22. And Joseph and his brethren and all Egypt pursued them a day's journey, and they slew

yet from them about three hundred men, continuing to smite them in the road; and they

afterward turned back from them.

23. And Joseph and all his brethren returned to Egypt, not one man was missing from them,

but of the Egyptians there fell twelve men.

24. And when Joseph returned to Egypt he ordered Zepho and his men to be additionally

bound, and they bound them in irons and they increased their grief.

25. And all the people of the children of Esau, and the children of the east, returned in

shame each unto his city, for all the mighty men that were with them had fallen in battle.

26. And when the children of Esau saw that their king had died in battle they hastened and

took a man from the people of the children of the east; his name was Jobab the son of

Zarach, from the land of Botzrah, and they caused him to reign over them instead of

Bela their king.

27. And Jobab sat upon the throne of Bela as king in his stead, and Jobab reigned in Edom

over all the children of Esau ten years, and the children of Esau went no more to fight

with the sons of Jacob from that day forward, for the sons of Esau knew the valor of the

sons of Jacob, and they were greatly afraid of them.

28. But from that day forward the children of Esau hated the sons of Jacob, and the hatred

and enmity were very strong between them all the days, unto this day.

29. And it came to pass after this, at the end of ten years, Jobab, the son of Zarach, from

Botzrah, died, and the children of Esau took a man whose name was Chusham, from the

land of Teman, and they made him king over them instead of Jobab, and Chusham

reigned in Edom over all the children of Esau for twenty years.

30. And Joseph, king of Egypt, and his brethren, and all the children of Israel dwelt

securely in Egypt in those days, together with all the children of Joseph and his

brethren, having no hindrance or evil accident and the land of Egypt was at that time at

rest from war in the days of Joseph and his brethren.

 

Jasher Chapter 59

1. And these are the names of the sons of Israel who dwelt in Egypt, who had come with

Jacob, all the sons of Jacob came unto Egypt, every man with his household.

2. The children of Leah were Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar and Zebulun, and

their sister Dinah.

3. And the sons of Rachel were Joseph and Benjamin.

4. And the sons of Zilpah, the handmaid of Leah, were Gad and Asher.

5. And the sons of Bilhah, the handmaid of Rachel, were Dan and Naphtali.

6. And these were their offspring that were born unto them in the land of Canaan, before

they came unto Egypt with their father Jacob.

7. The sons of Reuben were Chanoch, Pallu, Chetzron and Carmi.

8. And the sons of Simeon were Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jachin, Zochar and Saul, the son of

the Canaanitish woman.

9. And the children of Levi were Gershon, Kehath and Merari, and their sister Jochebed,

who was born unto them in their going down to Egypt.

10. And the sons of Judah were Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez and Zarach.

11. And Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan; and the sons of Perez were Chezron and

Chamul.

12. And the sons of Issachar were Tola, Puvah, Job and Shomron.

13. And the sons of Zebulun were Sered, Elon and Jachleel, and the son of Dan was

Chushim.

14. And the sons of Naphtali were Jachzeel, Guni, Jetzer and Shilam.

15. And the sons of Gad were Ziphion, Chaggi, Shuni, Ezbon, Eri, Arodi and Areli.

16. And the children of Asher were Jimnah, Jishvah, Jishvi, Beriah and their sister Serach;

and the sons of Beriah were Cheber and Malchiel.

17. And the sons of Benjamin were Bela, Becher, Ashbel, Gera, Naaman, Achi, Rosh,

Mupim, Chupim and Ord.

18. And the sons of Joseph, that were born unto him in Egypt, were Manasseh and Ephraim.

19. And all the souls that went forth from the loins of Jacob, were seventy souls; these are

they who came with Jacob their father unto Egypt to dwell there: and Joseph and all his

brethren dwelt securely in Egypt, and they ate of the best of Egypt all the days of the

life of Joseph.

20. And Joseph lived in the land of Egypt ninety-three years, and Joseph reigned over all

Egypt eighty years.

21. And when the days of Joseph drew nigh that he should die, he sent and called for his

brethren and all his father's household, and they all came together and sat before him.

22. And Joseph said unto his brethren and unto the whole of his father's household, Behold

I die, and God will surely visit you and bring you up from this land to the land which he

swore to your fathers to give unto them.

23. And it shall be when God shall visit you to bring you up from here to the land of your

fathers, then bring up my bones with you from here.

24. And Joseph made the sons of Israel to swear for their seed after them, saying, God will

surely visit you and you shall bring up my bones with you from here.

25. And it came to pass after this that Joseph died in that year, the seventy-first year of the

Israelites going down to Egypt.

26. And Joseph was one hundred and ten years old when he died in the land of Egypt, and

all his brethren and all his servants rose up and they embalmed Joseph, as was their

custom, and his brethren and all Egypt mourned over him for seventy days.

27. And they put Joseph in a coffin filled with spices and all sorts of perfume, and they

buried him by the side of the river, that is Sihor, and his sons and all his brethren, and

the whole of his father's household made a seven day's mourning for him.

28. And it came to pass after the death of Joseph, all the Egyptians began in those days to

rule over the children of Israel, and Pharaoh, king of Egypt, who reigned in his father's

stead, took all the laws of Egypt and conducted the whole government of Egypt under

his counsel, and he reigned securely over his people.

 

Jasher Chapter 60

1. And when the year came round, being the seventy-second year from the Israelites going

down to Egypt, after the death of Joseph, Zepho, the son of Eliphaz, the son of Esau,

fled from Egypt, he and his men, and they went away.

2. And he came to Africa, which is Dinhabah, to Angeas king of Africa, and Angeas

received them with great honor, and he made Zepho the captain of his host.

3. And Zepho found favor in the sight of Angeas and in the sight of his people, and Zepho

was captain of the host to Angeas king of Africa for many days.

4. And Zepho enticed Angeas king of Africa to collect all his army to go and fight with the

Egyptians, and with the sons of Jacob, and to avenge of them the cause of his brethren.

5. But Angeas would not listen to Zepho to do this thing, for Angeas knew the strength of

the sons of Jacob, and what they had done to his army in their warfare with the children

of Esau.

6. And Zepho was in those days very great in the sight of Angeas and in the sight of all his

people, and he continually enticed them to make war against Egypt, but they would not.

7. And it came to pass in those days there was in the land of Chittim a man in the city of

Puzimna, whose name was Uzu, and he became degenerately deified by the children of

Chittim, and the man died and had no son, only one daughter whose name was Jania.

8. And the damsel was exceedingly beautiful, comely and intelligent, there was none seen

like unto her for beauty and wisdom throughout the land.

9. And the people of Angeas king of Africa saw her and they came and praised her unto

him, and Angeas sent to the children of Chittim, and he requested to take her unto

himself for a wife, and the people of Chittim consented to give her unto him for a wife.

10. And when the messengers of Angeas were going forth from the land of Chittim to take

their journey, behold the messengers of Turnus king of Bibentu came unto Chittim, for

Turnus king of Bibentu also sent his messengers to request Jania for him, to take unto

himself for a wife, for all his men had also praised her to him, therefore he sent all his

servants unto her.

11. And the servants of Turnus came to Chittim, and they asked for Jania, to be taken unto

Turnus their king for a wife.

12. And the people of Chittim said unto them, We cannot give her, because Angeas king of

Africa desired her to take her unto him for a wife before you came, and that we should

give her unto him, and now therefore we cannot do this thing to deprive Angeas of the

damsel in order to give her unto Turnus.

13. For we are greatly afraid of Angeas lest he come in battle against us and destroy us, and

Turnus your master will not be able to deliver us from his hand.

14. And when the messengers of Turnus heard all the words of the children of Chittim, they

turned back to their master and told him all the words of the children of Chittim.

15. And the children of Chittim sent a memorial to Angeas, saying, Behold Turnus has sent

for Jania to take her unto him for a wife, and thus have we answered him; and we heard

that he has collected his whole army to go to war against thee, and he intends to pass by

the road of Sardunia to fight against thy brother Lucus, and after that he will come to

fight against thee.

16. And Angeas heard the words of the children of Chittim which they sent to him in the

record, and his anger was kindled and he rose up and assembled his whole army and

came through the islands of the sea, the road to Sardunia, unto his brother Lucus king of

Sardunia.

17. And Niblos, the son of Lucus, heard that his uncle Angeas was coming, and he went out

to meet him with a heavy army, and he kissed him and embraced him, and Niblos said

unto Angeas, When thou askest my father after his welfare, when I shall go with thee to

fight with Turnus, ask of him to make me captain of his host, and Angeas did so, and he

came unto his brother and his brother came to meet him, and he asked him after his

welfare.

18. And Angeas asked his brother Lucus after his welfare, and to make his son Niblos

captain of his host, and Lucus did so, and Angeas and his brother Lucus rose up and

they went toward Turnus to battle, and there was with them a great army and a heavy

people.

19. And he came in ships, and they came into the province of Ashtorash, and behold Turnus

came toward them, for he went forth to Sardunia, and intended to destroy it and

afterward to pass on from there to Angeas to fight with him.

20. And Angeas and Lucus his brother met Turnus in the valley of Canopia, and the battle

was strong and mighty between them in that place.

21. And the battle was severe upon Lucus king of Sardunia, and all his army fell, and

Niblos his son fell also in that battle.

22. And his uncle Angeas commanded his servants and they made a golden coffin for

Niblos and they put him into it, and Angeas again waged battle toward Turnus, and

Angeas was stronger than he, and he slew him, and he smote all his people with the

edge of the sword, and Angeas avenged the cause of Niblos his brother's son and the

cause of the army of his brother Lucus.

23. And when Turnus died, the hands of those that survived the battle became weak, and

they fled from before Angeas and Lucus his brother.

24. And Angeas and his brother Lucus pursued them unto the highroad, which is between

Alphanu and Romah, and they slew the whole army of Turnus with the edge of the

sword.

25. And Lucus king of Sardunia commanded his servants that they should make a coffin of

brass, and that they should place therein the body of his son Niblos, and they buried him

in that place.

26. And they built upon it a high tower there upon the highroad, and they called its name

after the name of Niblos unto this day, and they also buried Turnus king of Bibentu

there in that place with Niblos.

27. And behold upon the highroad between Alphanu and Romah the grave of Niblos is on

one side and the grave of Turnus on the other, and a pavement between them unto this

day.

28. And when Niblos was buried, Lucus his father returned with his army to his land

Sardunia, and Angeas his brother king of Africa went with his people unto the city of

Bibentu, that is the city of Turnus.

29. And the inhabitants of Bibentu heard of his fame and they were greatly afraid of him,

and they went forth to meet him with weeping and supplication, and the inhabitants of

Bibentu entreated of Angeas not to slay them nor destroy their city; and he did so, for

Bibentu was in those days reckoned as one of the cities of the children of Chittim;

therefore he did not destroy the city.

30. But from that day forward the troops of the king of Africa would go to Chittim to spoil

and plunder it, and whenever they went, Zepho the captain of the host of Angeas would

go with them.

31. And it was after this that Angeas turned with his army and they came to the city of

Puzimna, and Angeas took thence Jania the daughter of Uzu for a wife and brought her

unto his city unto Africa.

 

Jasher Chapter 61

1. And it came to pass at that time Pharaoh king of Egypt commanded all his people to

make for him a strong palace in Egypt.

2. And he also commanded the sons of Jacob to assist the Egyptians in the building, and

the Egyptians made a beautiful and elegant palace for a royal habitation, and he dwelt

therein and he renewed his government and he reigned securely.

3. And Zebulun the son of Jacob died in that year, that is the seventy-second year of the

going down of the Israelites to Egypt, and Zebulun died a hundred and fourteen years

old, and was put into a coffin and given into the hands of his children.

4. And in the seventy-fifth year died his brother Simeon, he was a hundred and twenty

years old at his death, and he was also put into a coffin and given into the hands of his

children.

5. And Zepho the son of Eliphaz the son of Esau, captain of the host to Angeas king of

Dinhabah, was still daily enticing Angeas to prepare for battle to fight with the sons of

Jacob in Egypt, and Angeas was unwilling to do this thing, for his servants had related

to him all the might of the sons of Jacob, what they had done unto them in their battle

with the children of Esau.

6. And Zepho was in those days daily enticing Angeas to fight with the sons of Jacob in

those days.

7. And after some time Angeas hearkened to the words of Zepho and consented to him to

fight with the sons of Jacob in Egypt, and Angeas got all his people in order, a people

numerous as the sand which is upon the sea shore, and he formed his resolution to go to

Egypt to battle.

8. And amongst the servants of Angeas was a youth fifteen years old, Balaam the son of

Beor was his name and the youth was very wise and understood the art of witchcraft.

9. And Angeas said unto Balaam, Conjure for us, I pray thee, with the witchcraft, that we

may know who will prevail in this battle to which we are now proceeding.

10. And Balaam ordered that they should bring him wax, and he made thereof the likeness

of chariots and horsemen representing the army of Angeas and the army of Egypt, and

he put them in the cunningly prepared waters that he had for that purpose, and he took

in his hand the boughs of myrtle trees, and he exercised his cunning, and he joined them

over the water, and there appeared unto him in the water the resembling images of the

hosts of Angeas falling before the resembling images of the Egyptians and the sons of

Jacob.

11. And Balaam told this thing to Angeas, and Angeas despaired and did not arm himself to

go down to Egypt to battle, and he remained in his city.

12. And when Zepho the son of Eliphaz saw that Angeas despaired of going forth to battle

with the Egyptians, Zepho fled from Angeas from Africa, and he went and came unto

Chittim.

13. And all the people of Chittim received him with great honor, and they hired him to fight

their battles all the days, and Zepho became exceedingly rich in those days, and the

troops of the king of Africa still spread themselves in those days, and the children of

Chittim assembled and went to Mount Cuptizia on account of the troops of Angeas king

of Africa, who were advancing upon them.

14. And it was one day that Zepho lost a young heifer, and he went to seek it, and he heard

it lowing round about the mountain.

15. And Zepho went and he saw and behold there was a large cave at the bottom of the

mountain, and there was a great stone there at the entrance of the cave, and Zepho split

the stone and he came into the cave and he looked and behold, a large animal was

devouring the ox; from the middle upward it resembled a man, and from the middle

downward it resembled an animal, and Zepho rose up against the animal and slew it

with his swords.

16. And the inhabitants of Chittim heard of this thing, and they rejoiced exceedingly, and

they said, What shall we do unto this man who has slain this animal that devoured our

cattle?

17. And they all assembled to consecrate one day in the year to him, and they called the

name thereof Zepho after his name, and they brought unto him drink offerings year after

year on that day, and they brought unto him gifts.

18. At that time Jania the daughter of Uzu wife of king Angeas became ill, and her illness

was heavily felt by Angeas and his officers, and Angeas said unto his wise men, What

shall I do to Jania and how shall I heal her from her illness? And his wise men said unto

him, Because the air of our country is not like the air of the land of Chittim, and our

water is not like their water, therefore from this has the queen become ill.

19. For through the change of air and water she became ill, and also because in her country

she drank only the water which came from Purmah, which her ancestors had brought up

with bridges.

20. And Angeas commanded his servants, and they brought unto him in vessels of the

waters of Purmah belonging to Chittim, and they weighed those waters with all the

waters of the land of Africa, and they found those waters lighter than the waters of

Africa.

21. And Angeas saw this thing, and he commanded all his officers to assemble the hewers

of stone in thousands and tens of thousands, and they hewed stone without number, and

the builders came and they built an exceedingly strong bridge, and they conveyed the

spring of water from the land of Chittim unto Africa, and those waters were for Jania

the queen and for all her concerns, to drink from and to bake, wash and bathe therewith,

and also to water therewith all seed from which food can be obtained, and all fruit of the

ground.

22. And the king commanded that they should bring of the soil of Chittim in large ships,

and they also brought stones to build therewith, and the builders built palaces for Jania

the queen, and the queen became healed of her illness.

23. And at the revolution of the year the troops of Africa continued coming to the land of

Chittim to plunder as usual, and Zepho son of Eliphaz heard their report, and he gave

orders concerning them and he fought with them, and they fled before him, and he

delivered the land of Chittim from them.

24. And the children of Chittim saw the valor of Zepho, and the children of Chittim

resolved and they made Zepho king over them, and he became king over them, and

whilst he reigned they went to subdue the children of Tubal, and all the surrounding

islands.

25. And their king Zepho went at their head and they made war with Tubal and the islands,

and they subdued them, and when they returned from the battle they renewed his

government for him, and they built for him a very large palace for his royal habitation

and seat, and they made a large throne for him, and Zepho reigned over the whole land

of Chittim and over the land of Italia fifty years.

 

Jasher Chapter 62

1. In that year, being the seventy-ninth year of the Israelites going down to Egypt, died

Reuben the son of Jacob, in the land of Egypt; Reuben was a hundred and twenty-five

years old when he died, and they put him into a coffin, and he was given into the hands

of his children.

2. And in the eightieth year died his brother Dan; he was a hundred and twenty years at his

death, and he was also put into a coffin and given into the hands of his children.

3. And in that year died Chusham king of Edom, and after him reigned Hadad the son of

Bedad, for thirty-five years; and in the eighty-first year died Issachar the son of Jacob,

in Egypt, and Issachar was a hundred and twenty-two years old at his death, and he was

put into a coffin in Egypt, and given into the hands of his children.

4. And in the eighty-second year died Asher his brother, he was a hundred and twenty-

three years old at his death, and he was placed in a coffin in Egypt, and given into the

hands of his children.

5. And in the eighty-third year died Gad, he was a hundred and twenty-five years old at his

death, and he was put into a coffin in Egypt, and given into the hands of his children.

6. And it came to pass in the eighty-fourth year, that is the fiftieth year of the reign of

Hadad, son of Bedad, king of Edom, that Hadad assembled all the children of Esau, and

he got his whole army in readiness, about four hundred thousand men, and he directed

his way to the land of Moab, and he went to fight with Moab and to make them tributary

to him.

7. And the children of Moab heard this thing, and they were very much afraid, and they

sent to the children of Midian to assist them in fighting with Hadad, son of Bedad, king

of Edom.

8. And Hadad came unto the land of Moab, and Moab and the children of Midian went out

to meet him, and they placed themselves in battle array against him in the field of Moab.

9. And Hadad fought with Moab, and there fell of the children of Moab and the children of

Midian many slain ones, about two hundred thousand men.

10. And the battle was very severe upon Moab, and when the children of Moab saw that the

battle was sore upon them, they weakened their hands and turned their backs, and left

the children of Midian to carry on the battle.

11. And the children of Midian knew not the intentions of Moab, but they strengthened

themselves in battle and fought with Hadad and all his host, and all Midian fell before

him.

12. And Hadad smote all Midian with a heavy smiting, and he slew them with the edge of

the sword, he left none remaining of those who came to assist Moab.

13. And when all the children of Midian had perished in battle, and the children at Moab

had escaped, Hadad made all Moab at that time tributary to him, and they became under

his hand, and they gave a yearly tax as it was ordered, and Hadad turned and went back

to his land.

14. And at the revolution of the year, when the rest of the people of Midian that were in the

land heard that all their brethren had fallen in battle with Hadad for the sake of Moab,

because the children of Moab had turned their backs in battle and left Midian to fight,

then five of the princes of Midian resolved with the rest of their brethren who remained

in their land, to fight with Moab to avenge the cause of their brethren.

15. And the children of Midian sent to all their brethren the children of the east, and all their

brethren, all the children of Keturah came to assist Midian to fight with Moab.

16. And the children of Moab heard this thing, and they were greatly afraid that all the

children of the east had assembled together against them for battle, and they the children

of Moab sent a memorial to the land of Edom to Hadad the son of Bedad, saying,

17. Come now unto us and assist us and we will smite Midian, for they all assembled

together and have come against us with all their brethren the children of the east to

battle, to avenge the cause of Midian that fell in battle.

18. And Hadad, son of Bedad, king of Edom, went forth with his whole army and went to

the land of Moab to fight with Midian, and Midian and the children of the east fought

with Moab in the field of Moab, and the battle was very fierce between them.

19. And Hadad smote all the children of Midian and the children of the east with the edge

of the sword, and Hadad at that time delivered Moab from the hand of Midian, and

those that remained of Midian and of the children of the east fled before Hadad and his

army, and Hadad pursued them to their land, and smote them with a very heavy

slaughter, and the slain fell in the road.

20. And Hadad delivered Moab from the hand of Midian, for all the children of Midian had

fallen by the edge of the sword, and Hadad turned and went back to his land.

21. And from that day forth, the children of Midian hated the children of Moab, because

they had fallen in battle for their sake, and there was a great and mighty enmity between

them all the days.

22. And all that were found of Midian in the road of the land of Moab perished by the

sword of Moab, and all that were found of Moab in the road of the land of Midian,

perished by the sword of Midian; thus did Midian unto Moab and Moab unto Midian for

many days.

23. And it came to pass at that time that Judah the son of Jacob died in Egypt, in the eighty-

sixth year of Jacob's going down to Egypt, and Judah was a hundred and twenty-nine

years old at his death, and they embalmed him and put him into a coffin, and he was

given into the hands of his children.

24. And in the eighty-ninth year died Naphtali, he was a hundred and thirty-two years old,

and he was put into a coffin and given into the hands of his children.

25. And it came to pass in the ninety-first year of the Israelites going down to Egypt, that is

in the thirtieth year of the reign of Zepho the son of Eliphaz, the son of Esau, over the

children of Chittim, the children of Africa came upon the children of Chittim to plunder

them as usual, but they had not come upon them for these thirteen years.

26. And they came to them in that year, and Zepho the son of Eliphaz went out to them with

some of his men and smote them desperately, and the troops of Africa fled from before

Zepho and the slain fell before him, and Zepho and his men pursued them, going on and

smiting them until they were near unto Africa.

27. And Angeas king of Africa heard the thing which Zepho had done, and it vexed him

exceedingly, and Angeas was afraid of Zepho all the days.

 

Jasher Chapter 63

1. And in the ninety-third year died Levi, the son of Jacob, in Egypt, and Levi was a

hundred and thirty-seven years old when he died, and they put him into a coffin and he

was given into the hands of his children.

2. And it came to pass after the death of Levi, when all Egypt saw that the sons of Jacob

the brethren of Joseph were dead, all the Egyptians began to afflict the children of

Jacob, and to embitter their lives from that day unto the day of their going forth from

Egypt, and they took from their hands all the vineyards and fields which Joseph had

given unto them, and all the elegant houses in which the people of Israel lived, and all

the fat of Egypt, the Egyptians took all from the sons of Jacob in those days.

3. And the hand of all Egypt became more grievous in those days against the children of

Israel, and the Egyptians injured the Israelites until the children of Israel were wearied

of their lives on account of the Egyptians.

4. And it came to pass in those days, in the hundred and second year of Israel's going

down to Egypt, that Pharaoh king of Egypt died, and Melol his son reigned in his stead,

and all the mighty men of Egypt and all that generation which knew Joseph and his

brethren died in those days.

5. And another generation rose up in their stead, which had not known the sons of Jacob

and all the good which they had done to them, and all their might in Egypt.

6. Therefore all Egypt began from that day forth to embitter the lives of the sons of Jacob,

and to afflict them with all manner of hard labor, because they had not known their

ancestors who had delivered them in the days of the famine.

7. And this was also from the Lord, for the children of Israel, to benefit them in their latter

days, in order that all the children of Israel might know the Lord their God.

8. And in order to know the signs and mighty wonders which the Lord would do in Egypt

on account of his people Israel, in order that the children of Israel might fear the Lord

God of their ancestors, and walk in all his ways, they and their seed after them all the

days.

9. Melol was twenty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned ninety-four years,

and all Egypt called his name Pharaoh after the name of his father, as it was their

custom to do to every king who reigned over them in Egypt.

10. At that time all the troops of Angeas king of Africa went forth to spread along the land

of Chittim as usual for plunder.

11. And Zepho the son of Eliphaz the son of Esau heard their report, and he went forth to

meet them with his army, and he fought them there in the road.

12. And Zepho smote the troops of the king of Africa with the edge of the sword, and left

none remaining of them, and not even one returned to his master in Africa.

13. And Angeas heard of this which Zepho the son of Eliphaz had done to all his troops,

that he had destroyed them, and Angeas assembled all his troops, all the men of the land

of Africa, a people numerous like the sand by the sea shore.

14. And Angeas sent to Lucus his brother, saying, Come to me with all thy men and help

me to smite Zepho and all the children of Chittim who have destroyed my men, and

Lucus came with his whole army, a very great force, to assist Angeas his brother to

fight with Zepho and the children of Chittim.

15. And Zepho and the children of Chittim heard this thing, and they were greatly afraid

and a great terror fell upon their hearts.

16. And Zepho also sent a letter to the land of Edom to Hadad the son of Bedad king of

Edom and to all the children of Esau, saying,

17. I have heard that Angeas king of Africa is coming to us with his brother for battle

against us, and we are greatly afraid of him, for his army is very great, particularly as he

comes against us with his brother and his army likewise.

18. Now therefore come you also up with me and help me, and we will fight together

against Angeas and his brother Lucus, and you will save us out of their hands, but if not,

know ye that we shall all die.

19. And the children of Esau sent a letter to the children of Chittim and to Zepho their king,

saying, We cannot fight against Angeas and his people for a covenant of peace has been

between us these many years, from the days of Bela the first king, and from the days of

Joseph the son of Jacob king of Egypt, with whom we fought on the other side of Jordan

when he buried his father.

20. And when Zepho heard the words of his brethren the children of Esau he refrained from

them, and Zepho was greatly afraid of Angeas.

21. And Angeas and Lucus his brother arrayed all their forces, about eight hundred

thousand men, against the children of Chittim.

22. And all the children of Chittim said unto Zepho, Pray for us to the God of thy ancestors,

peradventure he may deliver us from the hand of Angeas and his army, for we have

heard that he is a great God and that he delivers all who trust in him.

23. And Zepho heard their words, and Zepho sought the Lord and he said,

24. 0 Lord God of Abraham and Isaac my ancestors, this day I know that thou art a true

God, and all the gods of the nations are vain and useless.

25. Remember now this day unto me thy covenant with Abraham our father, which our

ancestors related unto us, and do graciously with me this day for the sake of Abraham

and Isaac our fathers, and save me and the children of Chittim from the hand of the king

of Africa who comes against us for battle.

26. And the Lord hearkened to the voice of Zepho, and he had regard for him on account of

Abraham and Isaac, and the Lord delivered Zepho and the children of Chittim from the

hand of Angeas and his people.

27. And Zepho fought Angeas king of Africa and all his people on that day, and the Lord

gave all the people of Angeas into the hands of the children of Chittim.

28. And the battle was severe upon Angeas, and Zepho smote all the men of Angeas and

Lucus his brother, with the edge of the sword, and there fell from them unto the evening

of that day about four hundred thousand men.

29. And when Angeas saw that all his men perished, he sent a letter to all the inhabitants of

Africa to come to him, to assist him in the battle, and he wrote in the letter, saying, All

who are found in Africa let them come unto me from ten years old and upward; let them

all come unto me, and behold if he comes not he shall die, and all that he has, with his

whole household, the king will take.

30. And all the rest of the inhabitants of Africa were terrified at the words of Angeas, and

there went out of the city about three hundred thousand men and boys, from ten years

upward, and they came to Angeas.

31. And at the end of ten days Angeas renewed the battle against Zepho and the children of

Chittim, and the battle was very great and strong between them.

32. And from the army of Angeas and Lucus, Zepho sent many of the wounded unto his

hand, about two thousand men, and Sosiphtar the captain of the host of Angeas fell in

that battle.

33. And when Sosiphtar had fallen, the African troops turned their backs to flee, and they

fled, and Angeas and Lucus his brother were with them.

34. And Zepho and the children of Chittim pursued them, and they smote them still heavily

on the road, about two hundred men, and they pursued Azdrubal the son of Angeas who

had fled with his father, and they smote twenty of his men in the road, and Azdrubal

escaped from the children of Chittim, and they did not slay him.

35. And Angeas and Lucus his brother fled with the rest of their men, and they escaped and

came into Africa with terror and consternation, and Angeas feared all the days lest

Zepho the son of Eliphaz should go to war with him.

 

Jasher Chapter 64

1. And Balaam the son of Beor was at that time with Angeas in the battle, and when he

saw that Zepho prevailed over Angeas, he fled from there and came to Chittim.

2. And Zepho and the children of Chittim received him with great honor, for Zepho knew

Balaam's wisdom, and Zepho gave unto Balaam many gifts and he remained with him.

3. And when Zepho had returned from the war, he commanded all the children of Chittim

to be numbered who had gone into battle with him, and behold not one was missed.

4. And Zepho rejoiced at this thing, and he renewed his kingdom, and he made a feast to

all his subjects.

5. But Zepho remembered not the Lord and considered not that the Lord had helped him in

battle, and that he had delivered him and his people from the hand of the king of Africa,

but still walked in the ways of the children of Chittim and the wicked children of Esau,

to serve other gods which his brethren the children of Esau had taught him; it is

therefore said, From the wicked goes forth wickedness.

6. And Zepho reigned over all the children of Chittim securely, but knew not the Lord who

had delivered him and all his people from the hand of the king of Africa; and the troops

of Africa came no more to Chittim to plunder as usual, for they knew of the power of

Zepho who had smitten them all at the edge of the sword, so Angeas was afraid of

Zepho the son of Eliphaz, and of the children of Chittim all the days.

7. At that time when Zepho had returned from the war, and when Zepho had seen how he

prevailed over all the people of Africa and had smitten them in battle at the edge of the

sword, then Zepho advised with the children of Chittim, to go to Egypt to fight with the

sons of Jacob and with Pharaoh king of Egypt.

8. For Zepho heard that the mighty men of Egypt were dead and that Joseph and his

brethren the sons at Jacob were dead, and that all their children the children of Israel

remained in Egypt.

9. And Zepho considered to go to fight against them and all Egypt, to avenge the cause of

his brethren the children of Esau, whom Joseph with his brethren and all Egypt had

smitten in the land of Canaan, when they went up to bury Jacob in Hebron.

10. And Zepho sent messengers to Hadad, son of Bedad, king of Edom, and to all his

brethren the children of Esau, saying,

11. Did you not say that you would not fight against the king of Africa for he is a member

of your covenant? behold I fought with him and smote him and all his people.

12. Now therefore I have resolved to fight against Egypt and the children of Jacob who are

there, and I will be revenged of them for what Joseph, his brethren and ancestors did to

us in the land of Canaan when they went up to bury their father in Hebron.

13. Now then if you are willing to come to me to assist me in fighting against them and

Egypt, then shall we avenge the cause of our brethren.

14. And the children of Esau hearkened to the words of Zepho, and the children of Esau

gathered themselves together, a very great people, and they went to assist Zepho and the

children of Chittim in battle.

15. And Zepho sent to all the children of the east and to all the children of Ishmael with

words like unto these, and they gathered themselves and came to the assistance of

Zepho and the children of Chittim in the war upon Egypt.

16. And all these kings, the king of Edom and the children of the east, and all the children

of Ishmael, and Zepho the king of Chittim went forth and arrayed all their hosts in

Hebron.

17. And the camp was very heavy, extending in length a distance of three days' journey, a

people numerous as the sand upon the sea shore which can not be counted.

18. And all these kings and their hosts went down and came against all Egypt in battle, and

encamped together in the valley of Pathros.

19. And all Egypt heard their report, and they also gathered themselves together, all the

people of the land of Egypt, and of all the cities belonging to Egypt, about three

hundred thousand men.

20. And the men of Egypt sent also to the children of Israel who were in those days in the

land of Goshen, to come to them in order to go and fight with these kings.

21. And the men of Israel assembled and were about one hundred and fifty men, and they

went into battle to assist the Egyptians.

22. And the men of Israel and of Egypt went forth, about three hundred thousand men and

one hundred and fifty men, and they went toward these kings to battle, and they placed

themselves from without the land of Goshen opposite Pathros.

23. And the Egyptians believed not in Israel to go with them in their camps together for

battle, for all the Egyptians said, Perhaps the children of Israel will deliver us into the

hand of the children of Esau and Ishmael, for they are their brethren.

24. And all the Egyptians said unto the children of Israel, Remain you here together in your

stand and we will go and fight against the children of Esau and Ishmael, and if these

kings should prevail over us, then come you altogether upon them and assist us, and the

children of Israel did so.

25. And Zepho the son of Eliphaz the son of Esau king of Chittim, and Hadad the son of

Bedad king of Edom, and all their camps, and all the children of the east, and children

of Ishmael, a people numerous as sand, encamped together in the valley of Pathros

opposite Tachpanches.

26. And Balaam the son of Beor the Syrian was there in the camp of Zepho, for he came

with the children of Chittim to the battle, and Balaam was a man highly honored in the

eyes of Zepho and his men.

27. And Zepho said unto Balaam, Try by divination for us that we may know who will

prevail in the battle, we or the Egyptians.

28. And Balaam rose up and tried the art of divination, and he was skillful in the knowledge

of it, but he was confused and the work was destroyed in his hand.

29. And he tried it again but it did not succeed, and Balaam despaired of it and left it and

did not complete it, for this was from the Lord, in order to cause Zepho and his people

to fall into the hand of the children of Israel, who had trusted in the Lord, the God of

their ancestors, in their war.

30. And Zepho and Hadad put their forces in battle array, and all the Egyptians went alone

against them, about three hundred thousand men, and not one man of Israel was with

them.

31. And all the Egyptians fought with these kings opposite Pathros and Tachpanches, and

the battle was severe against the Egyptians.

32. And the kings were stronger than the Egyptians in that battle, and about one hundred

and eighty men of Egypt fell on that day, and about thirty men of the forces of the

kings, and all the men of Egypt fled from before the kings, so the children of Esau and

Ishmael pursued the Egyptians, continuing to smite them unto the place where was the

camp of the children of Israel.

33. And all the Egyptians cried unto the children of Israel, saying, Hasten to us and assist us

and save us from the hand of Esau, Ishmael and the children of Chittim.

34. And the hundred and fifty men of the children of Israel ran from their station to the

camps of these kings, and the children of Israel cried unto the Lord their God to deliver

them.

35. And the Lord hearkened to Israel, and the Lord gave all the men of the kings into their

hand, and the children of Israel fought against these kings, and the children of Israel

smote about four thousand of the kings' men.

36. And the Lord threw a great consternation in the camp of the kings, so that the fear of the

children of Israel fell upon them.

37. And all the hosts of the kings fled from before the children of Israel and the children of

Israel pursued them continuing to smite them unto the borders of the land of Cush.

38. And the children of Israel slew of them in the road yet two thousand men, and of the

children of Israel not one fell.

39. And when the Egyptians saw that the children of Israel had fought with such few men

with the kings, and that the battle was so very severe against them,

40. All the Egyptians were greatly afraid of their lives on account of the strong battle, and

all Egypt fled, every man hiding himself from the arrayed forces, and they hid

themselves in the road, and they left the Israelites to fight.

41. And the children of Israel inflicted a terrible blow upon the kings' men, and they

returned from them after they had driven them to the border of the land of Cush.

42. And all Israel knew the thing which the men of Egypt had done to them, that they had

fled from them in battle, and had left them to fight alone.

43. So the children of Israel also acted with cunning, and as the children of Israel returned

from battle, they found some of the Egyptians in the road and smote them there.

44. And whilst they slew them, they said unto them these words:

45. Wherefore did you go from us and leave us, being a few people, to fight against these

kings who had a great people to smite us, that you might thereby deliver your own

souls?

46. And of some which the Israelites met on the road, they the children of Israel spoke to

each other, saying, Smite, smite, for he is an Ishmaelite, or an Edomite, or from the

children of Chittim, and they stood over him and slew him, and they knew that he was

an Egyptian.

47. And the children of Israel did these things cunningly against the Egyptians, because

they had deserted them in battle and had fled from them.

48. And the children of Israel slew of the men of Egypt in the road in this manner, about

two hundred men.

49. And all the men of Egypt saw the evil which the children of Israel had done to them, so

all Egypt feared greatly the children of Israel, for they had seen their great power, and

that not one man of them had fallen.

50. So all the children of Israel returned with joy on their road to Goshen, and the rest of

Egypt returned each man to his place.

 

Jasher Chapter 65

1. And it came to pass after these things, that all the counsellors of Pharaoh, king of Egypt,

and all the elders of Egypt assembled and came before the king and bowed down to the

ground, and they sat before him.

2. And the counsellors and elders of Egypt spoke unto the king, saying,

3. Behold the people of the children of Israel is greater and mightier than we are, and thou

knowest all the evil which they did to us in the road when we returned from battle.

4. And thou hast also seen their strong power, for this power is unto them from their

fathers, for but a few men stood up against a people numerous as the sand, and smote

them at the edge of the sword, and of themselves not one has fallen, so that if they had

been numerous they would then have utterly destroyed them.

5. Now therefore give us counsel what to do with them, until we gradually destroy them

from amongst us, lest they become too numerous for us in the land.

6. For if the children of Israel should increase in the land, they will become an obstacle to

us, and if any war should happen to take place, they with their great strength will join

our enemy against us, and fight against us, destroy us from the land and go away from it.

7. So the king answered the elders of Egypt and said unto them, This is the plan advised

against Israel, from which we will not depart,

8. Behold in the land are Pithom and Rameses, cities unfortified against battle, it behooves

you and us to build them, and to fortify them.

9. Now therefore go you also and act cunningly toward them, and proclaim a voice in

Egypt and in Goshen at the command of the king, saying,

10. All ye men of Egypt, Goshen, Pathros and all their inhabitants! the king has

commanded us to build Pithom and Rameses, and to fortify them for battle; who

amongst you of all Egypt, of the children of Israel and of all the inhabitants of the cities,

are willing to build with us, shall each have his wages given to him daily at the king's

order; so go you first and do cunningly, and gather yourselves and come to Pithom and

Rameses to build.

11. And whilst you are building, cause a proclamation of this kind to be made throughout

Egypt every day at the command of the king.

12. And when some of the children of Israel shall come to build with you, you shall give

them their wages daily for a few days.

13. And after they shall have built with you for their daily hire, drag yourselves away from

them daily one by one in secret, and then you shall rise up and become their task-

masters and officers, and you shall leave them afterward to build without wages, and

should they refuse, then force them with all your might to build.

14. And if you do this it will be well with us to strengthen our land against the children of

Israel, for on account of the fatigue of the building and the work, the children of Israel

will decrease, because you will deprive them from their wives day by day.

15. And all the elders of Egypt heard the counsel of the king, and the counsel seemed good

in their eyes and in the eyes of the servants of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of all Egypt, and

they did according to the word of the king.

16. And all the servants went away from the king, and they caused a proclamation to be

made in all Egypt, in Tachpanches and in Goshen, and in all the cities which surrounded

Egypt, saying,

17. You have seen what the children of Esau and Ishmael did to us, who came to war

against us and wished to destroy us.

18. Now therefore the king commanded us to fortify the land, to build the cities Pithom and

Rameses, and to fortify them for battle, if they should again come against us.

19. Whosoever of you from all Egypt and from the children of Israel will come to build

with us, he shall have his daily wages given by the king, as his command is unto us.

20. And when Egypt and all the children of Israel heard all that the servants of Pharaoh had

spoken, there came from the Egyptians, and the children of Israel to build with the

servants of Pharaoh, Pithom and Rameses, but none of the children of Levi came with

their brethren to build.

21. And all the servants of Pharaoh and his princes came at first with deceit to build with all

Israel as daily hired laborers, and they gave to Israel their daily hire at the beginning.

22. And the servants of Pharaoh built with all Israel, and were employed in that work with

Israel for a month.

23. And at the end of the month, all the servants of Pharaoh began to withdraw secretly

from the people of Israel daily.

24. And Israel went on with the work at that time, but they then received their daily hire,

because some of the men of Egypt were yet carrying on the work with Israel at that

time; therefore the Egyptians gave Israel their hire in those days, in order that they, the

Egyptians their fellow-workmen, might also take the pay for their labor.

25. And at the end of a year and four months all the Egyptians had withdrawn from the

children of Israel, so that the children of Israel were left alone engaged in the work.

26. And after all the Egyptians had withdrawn from the children of Israel they returned and

became oppressors and officers over them, and some of them stood over the children of

Israel as task masters, to receive from them all that they gave them for the pay of their

labor.

27. And the Egyptians did in this manner to the children of Israel day by day, in order to

afflict in their work.

28. And all the children of Israel were alone engaged in the labor, and the Egyptians

refrained from giving any pay to the children of Israel from that time forward.

29. And when some of the men of Israel refused to work on account of the wages not being

given to them, then the exactors and the servants of Pharaoh oppressed them and smote

them with heavy blows, and made them return by force, to labor with their brethren;

thus did all the Egyptians unto the children of Israel all the days.

30. And all the children of Israel were greatly afraid of the Egyptians in this matter, and all

the children of Israel returned and worked alone without pay.

31. And the children of Israel built Pithom and Rameses, and all the children of Israel did

the work, some making bricks, and some building, and the children of Israel built and

fortified all the land of Egypt and its walls, and the children of Israel were engaged in

work for many years, until the time came when the Lord remembered them and brought

them out of Egypt.

32. But the children of Levi were not employed in the work with their brethren of Israel,

from the beginning unto the day of their going forth from Egypt.

33. For all the children of Levi knew that the Egyptians had spoken all these words with

deceit to the Israelites, therefore the children of Levi refrained from approaching to the

work with their brethren.

34. And the Egyptians did not direct their attention to make the children of Levi work

afterward, since they had not been with their brethren at the beginning, therefore the

Egyptians left them alone.

35. And the hands of the men of Egypt were directed with continued severity against the

children of Israel in that work, and the Egyptians made the children of Israel work with

rigor.

36. And the Egyptians embittered the lives of the children of Israel with hard work, in

mortar and bricks, and also in all manner of work in the field.

37. And the children of Israel called Melol the king of Egypt "Meror, king of Egypt,"

because in his days the Egyptians had embittered their lives with all manner of work.

38. And all the work wherein the Egyptians made the children of Israel labor, they exacted

with rigor, in order to afflict the children of Israel, but the more they afflicted them, the

more they increased and grew, and the Egyptians were grieved because of the children

of Israel.

 

Jasher Chapter 66

1. At that time died Hadad the son of Bedad king of Edom, and Samlah from Mesrekah,

from the country of the children of the east, reigned in his place.

2. In the thirteenth year of the reign of Pharaoh king of Egypt, which was the hundred and

twenty-fifth year of the Israelites going down into Egypt, Samlah had reigned over

Edom eighteen years.

3. And when he reigned, he drew forth his hosts to go and fight against Zepho the son of

Eliphaz and the children of Chittim, because they had made war against Angeas king of

Africa, and they destroyed his whole army.

4. But he did not engage with him, for the children of Esau prevented him, saying, He was

their brother, so Samlah listened to the voice of the children of Esau, and turned back

with all his forces to the land of Edom, and did not proceed to fight against Zepho the

son of Eliphaz.

5. And Pharaoh king of Egypt heard this thing, saying, Samlah king of Edom has resolved

to fight the children of Chittim, and afterward he will come to fight against Egypt.

6. And when the Egyptians heard this matter, they increased the labor upon the children of

Israel, lest the Israelites should do unto them as they did unto them in their war with the

children of Esau in the days of Hadad.

7. So the Egyptians said unto the children of Israel, Hasten and do your work, and finish

your task, and strengthen the land, lest the children of Esau your brethren should come

to fight against us, for on your account will they come against us.

8. And the children of Israel did the work of the men of Egypt day by day, and the

Egyptians afflicted the children of Israel in order to lessen them in the land.

9. But as the Egyptians increased the labor upon the children of Israel, so did the children

of Israel increase and multiply, and all Egypt was filled with the children of Israel.

10. And in the hundred and twenty-fifth year of Israel's going down into Egypt, all the

Egyptians saw that their counsel did not succeed against Israel, but that they increased

and grew, and the land of Egypt and the land of Goshen were filled with the children of

Israel.

11. So all the elders of Egypt and its wise men came before the king and bowed down to

him and sat before him.

12. And all the elders of Egypt and the wise men thereof said unto the king, May the king

live forever; thou didst counsel us the counsel against the children of Israel, and we did

unto them according to the word of the king.

13. But in proportion to the increase of the labor so do they increase and grow in the land,

and behold the whole country is filled with them.

14. Now therefore our lord and king, the eyes of all Egypt are upon thee to give them

advice with thy wisdom, by which they may prevail over Israel to destroy them, or to

diminish them from the land; and the king answered them saying, Give you counsel in

this matter that we may know what to do unto them.

15. And an officer, one of the king's counsellors, whose name was Job, from Mesopotamia,

in the land of Uz, answered the king, saying,

16. If it please the king, let him hear the counsel of his servant; and the king said unto him,

Speak.

17. And Job spoke before the king, the princes, and before all the elders of Egypt, saying,

18. Behold the counsel of the king which he advised formerly respecting the labor of the

children of Israel is very good, and you must not remove from them that labor forever.

19. But this is the advice counselled by which you may lessen them, if it seems good to the

king to afflict them.

20. Behold we have feared war for a long time, and we said, When Israel becomes fruitful

in the land, they will drive us from the land if a war should take place.

21. If it please the king, let a royal decree go forth, and let it be written in the laws of Egypt

which shall not be revoked, that every male child born to the Israelites, his blood shall

be spilled upon the ground.

22. And by your doing this, when all the male children of Israel shall have died, the evil of

their wars will cease; let the king do so and send for all the Hebrew midwives and order

them in this matter to execute it; so the thing pleased the king and the princes, and the

king did according to the word of Job.

23. And the king sent for the Hebrew midwives to be called, of which the name of one was

Shephrah, and the name of the other Puah.

24. And the midwives came before the king, and stood in his presence.

25. And the king said unto them, When you do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew

women, and see them upon the stools, if it be a son, then you shall kill him, but if it be a

daughter, then she shall live.

26. But if you will not do this thing, then will I burn you up and all your houses with fire.

27. But the midwives feared God and did not hearken to the king of Egypt nor to his words,

and when the Hebrew women brought forth to the midwife son or daughter, then did the

midwife do all that was necessary to the child and let it live; thus did the midwives all

the days.

28. And this thing was told to the king, and he sent and called for the midwives and he said

to them, Why have you done this thing and have saved the children alive?

29. And the midwives answered and spoke together before the king, saying,

30. Let not the king think that the Hebrew women are as the Egyptian women, for all the

children of Israel are hale, and before the midwife comes to them they are delivered,

and as for us thy handmaids, for many days no Hebrew woman has brought forth upon

us, for all the Hebrew women are their own midwives, because they are hale.

31. And Pharaoh heard their words and believed them in this matter, and the midwives went

away from the king, and God dealt well with them, and the people multiplied and waxed

exceedingly.

 

Jasher Chapter 67

1. There was a man in the land of Egypt of the seed of Levi, whose name was Amram, the

son of Kehath, the son of Levi, the son of Israel.

2. And this man went and took a wife, namely Jochebed the daughter of Levi his father's

sister, and she was one hundred and twenty-six years old, and he came unto her.

3. And the woman conceived and bare a daughter, and she called her name Miriam,

because in those days the Egyptians had embittered the lives of the children of Israel.

4. And she conceived again and bare a son and she called his name Aaron, for in the days

of her conception, Pharaoh began to spill the blood of the male children of Israel.

5. In those days died Zepho the son of Eliphaz, son of Esau, king of Chittim, and Janeas

reigned in his stead.

6. And the time that Zepho reigned over the children of Chittim was fifty years, and he

died and was buried in the city of Nabna in the land of Chittim.

7. And Janeas, one of the mighty men of the children of Chittim, reigned after him and he

reigned fifty years.

8. And it was after the death of the king of Chittim that Balaam the son of Beor fled from

the land of Chittim, and he went and came to Egypt to Pharaoh king of Egypt.

9. And Pharaoh received him with great honor, for he had heard of his wisdom, and he

gave him presents and made him for a counsellor, and aggrandized him.

10. And Balaam dwelt in Egypt, in honor with all the nobles of the king, and the nobles

exalted him, because they all coveted to learn his wisdom.

11. And in the hundred and thirtieth year of Israel's going down to Egypt, Pharaoh dreamed

that he was sitting upon his kingly throne, and lifted up his eyes and saw an old man

standing before him, and there were scales in the hands of the old man, such scales as

are used by merchants.

12. And the old man took the scales and hung them before Pharaoh.

13. And the old man took all the elders of Egypt and all its nobles and great men, and he

tied them together and put them in one scale.

14. And he took a milk kid and put it into the other scale, and the kid preponderated over all.

15. And Pharaoh was astonished at this dreadful vision, why the kid should preponderate

over all, and Pharaoh awoke and behold it was a dream.

16. And Pharaoh rose up early in the morning and called all his servants and related to them

the dream, and the men were greatly afraid.

17. And the king said to all his wise men, Interpret I pray you the dream which I dreamed,

that I may know it.

18. And Balaam the son of Beor answered the king and said unto him, This means nothing

else but a great evil that will spring up against Egypt in the latter days.

19. For a son will be born to Israel who will destroy all Egypt and its inhabitants, and bring

forth the Israelites from Egypt with a mighty hand.

20. Now therefore, O king, take counsel upon this matter, that you may destroy the hope of

the children of Israel and their expectation, before this evil arise against Egypt.

21. And the king said unto Balaam, And what shall we do unto Israel? surely after a certain

manner did we at first counsel against them and could not prevail over them.

22. Now therefore give you also advice against them by which we may prevail over them.

23. And Balaam answered the king, saying, Send now and call thy two counsellors, and we

will see what their advice is upon this matter and afterward thy servant will speak.

24. And the king sent and called his two counsellors Reuel the Midianite and Job the Uzite,

and they came and sat before the king.

25. And the king said to them, Behold you have both heard the dream which I have

dreamed, and the interpretation thereof; now therefore give counsel and know and see

what is to be done to the children of Israel, whereby we may prevail over them, before

their evil shall spring up against us.

26. And Reuel the Midianite answered the king and said, May the king live, may the king

live forever.

27. If it seem good to the king, let him desist from the Hebrews and leave them, and let him

not stretch forth his hand against them.

28. For these are they whom the Lord chose in days of old, and took as the lot of his

inheritance from amongst all the nations of the earth and the kings of the earth; and who

is there that stretched his hand against them with impunity, of whom their God was not

avenged?

29. Surely thou knowest that when Abraham went down to Egypt, Pharaoh, the former king

of Egypt, saw Sarah his wife, and took her for a wife, because Abraham said, She is my

sister, for he was afraid, lest the men of Egypt should slay him on account of his wife.

30. And when the king of Egypt had taken Sarah then God smote him and his household

with heavy plagues, until he restored unto Abraham his wife Sarah, then was he healed.

31. And Abimelech the Gerarite, king of the Philistines, God punished on account of Sarah

wife of Abraham, in stopping up every womb from man to beast.

32. When their God came to Abimelech in the dream of night and terrified him in order that

he might restore to Abraham Sarah whom he had taken, and afterward all the people of

Gerar were punished on account of Sarah, and Abraham prayed to his God for them,

and he was entreated of him, and he healed them.

33. And Abimelech feared all this evil that came upon him and his people, and he returned

to Abraham his wife Sarah, and gave him with her many gifts.

34. He did so also to Isaac when he had driven him from Gerar, and God had done

wonderful things to him, that all the water courses of Gerar were dried up, and their

productive trees did not bring forth.

35. Until Abimelech of Gerar, and Ahuzzath one of his friends, and Pichol the captain of his

host, went to him and they bent and bowed down before him to the ground.

36. And they requested of him to supplicate for them, and he prayed to the Lord for them,

and the Lord was entreated of him and he healed them.

37. Jacob also, the plain man, was delivered through his integrity from the hand of his

brother Esau, and the hand of Laban the Syrian his mother's brother, who had sought his

life; likewise from the hand of all the kings of Canaan who had come together against

him and his children to destroy them, and the Lord delivered them out of their hands,

that they turned upon them and smote them, for who had ever stretched forth his hand

against them with impunity?

38. Surely Pharaoh the former, thy father's father, raised Joseph the son of Jacob above all

the princes of the land of Egypt, when he saw his wisdom, for through his wisdom he

rescued all the inhabitants of the land from the famine.

39. After which he ordered Jacob and his children to come down to Egypt, in order that

through their virtue, the land of Egypt and the land of Goshen might be delivered from

the famine.

40. Now therefore if it seem good in thine eyes, cease from destroying the children of

Israel, but if it be not thy will that they shall dwell in Egypt, send them forth from here,

that they may go to the land of Canaan, the land where their ancestors sojourned.

41. And when Pharaoh heard the words of Jethro he was very angry with him, so that he

rose with shame from the king's presence, and went to Midian, his land, and took

Joseph's stick with him.

42. And the king said to Job the Uzite, What sayest thou Job, and what is thy advice

respecting the Hebrews?

43. So Job said to the king, Behold all the inhabitants of the land are in thy power, let the

king do as it seems good in his eyes.

44. And the king said unto Balaam, What dost thou say, Balaam, speak thy word that we

may hear it.

45. And Balaam said to the king, Of all that the king has counselled against the Hebrews

will they be delivered, and the king will not be able to prevail over them with any

counsel.

46. For if thou thinkest to lessen them by the flaming fire, thou canst not prevail over them,

for surely their God delivered Abraham their father from Ur of the Chaldeans; and if

thou thinkest to destroy them with a sword, surely Isaac their father was delivered from

it, and a ram was placed in his stead.

47. And if with hard and rigorous labor thou thinkest to lessen them, thou wilt not prevail

even in this, for their father Jacob served Laban in all manner of hard work, and

prospered.

48. Now therefore, O King, hear my words, for this is the counsel which is counselled

against them, by which thou wilt prevail over them, and from which thou shouldst not

depart.

49. If it please the king let him order all their children which shall be born from this day

forward, to be thrown into the water, for by this canst thou wipe away their name, for

none of them, nor of their fathers, were tried in this manner.

50. And the king heard the words of Balaam, and the thing pleased the king and the princes,

and the king did according to the word of Balaam.

51. And the king ordered a proclamation to be issued and a law to be made throughout the

land of Egypt, saying, Every male child born to the Hebrews from this day forward shall

be thrown into the water.

52. And Pharaoh called unto all his servants, saying, Go now and seek throughout the land

of Goshen where the children of Israel are, and see that every son born to the Hebrews

shall be cast into the river, but every daughter you shall let live.

53. And when the children of Israel heard this thing which Pharaoh had commanded, to cast

their male children into the river, some of the people separated from their wives and

others adhered to them.

54. And from that day forward, when the time of delivery arrived to those women of Israel

who had remained with their husbands, they went to the field to bring forth there, and

they brought forth in the field, and left their children upon the field and returned home.

55. And the Lord who had sworn to their ancestors to multiply them, sent one of his

ministering angels which are in heaven to wash each child in water, to anoint and

swathe it and to put into its hands two smooth stones from one of which it sucked milk

and from the other honey, and he caused its hair to grow to its knees, by which it might

cover itself; to comfort it and to cleave to it, through his compassion for it.

56. And when God had compassion over them and had desired to multiply them upon the

face of the land, he ordered his earth to receive them to be preserved therein till the time

of their growing up, after which the earth opened its mouth and vomited them forth and

they sprouted forth from the city like the herb of the earth, and the grass of the forest,

and they returned each to his family and to his father's house, and they remained with

them.

57. And the babes of the children of Israel were upon the earth like the herb of the field,

through God's grace to them.

58. And when all the Egyptians saw this thing, they went forth, each to his field with his

yoke of oxen and his ploughshare, and they ploughed it up as one ploughs the earth at

seed time.

59. And when they ploughed they were unable to hurt the infants of the children of Israel,

so the people increased and waxed exceedingly.

60. And Pharaoh ordered his officers daily to go to Goshen to seek for the babes of the

children of Israel.

61. And when they had sought and found one, they took it from its mother's bosom by

force, and threw it into the river, but the female child they left with its mother; thus did

the Egyptians do to the Israelites all the days.

 

Jasher Chapter 68

1. And it was at that time the spirit of God was upon Miriam the daughter of Amram the

sister of Aaron, and she went forth and prophesied about the house, saying, Behold a

son will be born unto us from my father and mother this time, and he will save Israel

from the hands of Egypt.

2. And when Amram heard the words of his daughter, he went and took his wife back to

the house, after he had driven her away at the time when Pharaoh ordered every male

child of the house of Jacob to be thrown into the water.

3. So Amram took Jochebed his wife, three years after he had driven her away, and he

came to her and she conceived.

4. And at the end of seven months from her conception she brought forth a son, and the

whole house was filled with great light as of the light of the sun and moon at the time of

their shining.

5. And when the woman saw the child that it was good and pleasing to the sight, she hid it

for three months in an inner room.

6. In those days the Egyptians conspired to destroy all the Hebrews there.

7. And the Egyptian women went to Goshen where the children of Israel were, and they

carried their young ones upon their shoulders, their babes who could not yet speak.

8. And in those days, when the women of the children of Israel brought forth, each woman

had hidden her son from before the Egyptians, that the Egyptians might not know of

their bringing forth, and might not destroy them from the land.

9. And the Egyptian women came to Goshen and their children who could not speak were

upon their shoulders, and when an Egyptian woman came into the house of a Hebrew

woman her babe began to cry.

10. And when it cried the child that was in the inner room answered it, so the Egyptian

women went and told it at the house of Pharaoh.

11. And Pharaoh sent his officers to take the children and slay them; thus did the Egyptians

to the Hebrew women all the days.

12. And it was at that time, about three months from Jochebed's concealment of her son,

that the thing was known in Pharaoh's house.

13. And the woman hastened to take away her son before the officers came, and she took

for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child

therein, and she laid it in the flags by the river's brink.

14. And his sister Miriam stood afar off to know what would be done to him, and what

would become of her words.

15. And God sent forth at that time a terrible heat in the land of Egypt, which burned up the

flesh of man like the sun in his circuit, and it greatly oppressed the Egyptians.

16. And all the Egyptians went down to bathe in the river, on account of the consuming heat

which burned up their flesh.

17. And Bathia, the daughter of Pharaoh, went also to bathe in the river, owing to the

consuming heat, and her maidens walked at the river side, and all the women of Egypt

as well.

18. And Bathia lifted up her eyes to the river, and she saw the ark upon the water, and sent

her maid to fetch it.

19. And she opened it and saw the child, and behold the babe wept, and she had compassion

on him, and she said, This is one of the Hebrew children.

20. And all the women of Egypt walking on the river side desired to give him suck, but he

would not suck, for this thing was from the Lord, in order to restore him to his mother's

breast.

21. And Miriam his sister was at that time amongst the Egyptian women at the river side,

and she saw this thing and she said to Pharaoh's daughter, Shall I go and fetch a nurse of

the Hebrew women, that she may nurse the child for thee?

22. And Pharaoh's daughter said to her, Go, and the young woman went and called the

child's mother.

23. And Pharaoh's daughter said to Jochebed, Take this child away and suckle it for me, and

I will pay thee thy wages, two bits of silver daily; and the woman took the child and

nursed it.

24. And at the end of two years, when the child grew up, she brought him to the daughter of

Pharaoh, and he was unto her as a son, and she called his name Moses, for she said,

Because I drew him out of the water.

25. And Amram his father called his name Chabar, for he said, It was for him that he

associated with his wife whom he had turned away.

26. And Jochebed his mother called his name Jekuthiel, Because, she said, I have hoped for

him to the Almighty, and God restored him unto me.

27. And Miriam his sister called him Jered, for she descended after him to the river to know

what his end would be.

28. And Aaron his brother called his name Abi Zanuch, saying, My father left my mother

and returned to her on his account.

29. And Kehath the father of Amram called his name Abigdor, because on his account did

God repair the breach of the house of Jacob, that they could no longer throw their male

children into the water.

30. And their nurse called him Abi Socho, saying, In his tabernacle was he hidden for three

months, on account of the children of Ham.

31. And all Israel called his name Shemaiah, son of Nethanel, for they said, In his days has

God heard their cries and rescued them from their oppressors.

32. And Moses was in Pharaoh's house, and was unto Bathia, Pharaoh's daughter, as a son,

and Moses grew up amongst the king's children.

 

Jasher Chapter 69

1. And the king of Edom died in those days, in the eighteenth year of his reign, and was

buried in his temple which he had built for himself as his royal residence in the land of

Edom.

2. And the children of Esau sent to Pethor, which is upon the river, and they fetched from

there a young man of beautiful eyes and comely aspect, whose name was Saul, and they

made him king over them in the place of Samlah.

3. And Saul reigned over all the children of Esau in the land of Edom for forty years.

4. And when Pharaoh king of Egypt saw that the counsel which Balaam had advised

respecting the children of Israel did not succeed, but that still they were fruitful,

multiplied and increased throughout the land of Egypt,

5. Then Pharaoh commanded in those days that a proclamation should be issued

throughout Egypt to the children of Israel, saying, No man shall diminish any thing of

his daily labor.

6. And the man who shall be found deficient in his labor which he performs daily, whether

in mortar or in bricks, then his youngest son shall be put in their place.

7. And the labor of Egypt strengthened upon the children of Israel in those days, and

behold if one brick was deficient in any man's daily labor, the Egyptians took his

youngest boy by force from his mother, and put him into the building in the place of the

brick which his father had left wanting.

8. And the men of Egypt did so to all the children of Israel day by day, all the days for a

long period.

9. But the tribe of Levi did not at that time work with the Israelites their brethren, from the

beginning, for the children of Levi knew the cunning of the Egyptians which they

exercised at first toward the Israelites.

 

Jasher Chapter 70

1. And in the third year from the birth of Moses, Pharaoh was sitting at a banquet, when

Alparanith the queen was sitting at his right and Bathia at his left, and the lad Moses

was lying upon her bosom, and Balaam the son of Beor with his two sons, and all the

princes of the kingdom were sitting at table in the king's presence.

2. And the lad stretched forth his hand upon the king's head, and took the crown from the

king's head and placed it on his own head.

3. And when the king and princes saw the work which the boy had done, the king and

princes were terrified, and one man to his neighbor expressed astonishment.

4. And the king said unto the princes who were before him at table, What speak you and

what say you, O ye princes, in this matter, and what is to be the judgment against the

boy on account of this act?

5. And Balaam the son of Beor the magician answered before the king and princes, and he

said, Remember now, O my lord and king, the dream which thou didst dream many

days since, and that which thy servant interpreted unto thee.

6. Now therefore this is a child from the Hebrew children, in whom is the spirit of God,

and let not my lord the king imagine that this youngster did this thing without

knowledge.

7. For he is a Hebrew boy, and wisdom and understanding are with him, although he is yet

a child, and with wisdom has he done this and chosen unto himself the kingdom of

Egypt.

8. For this is the manner of all the Hebrews to deceive kings and their nobles, to do all

these things cunningly, in order to make the kings of the earth and their men tremble.

9. Surely thou knowest that Abraham their father acted thus, who deceived the army of

Nimrod king of Babel, and Abimelech king of Gerar, and that he possessed himself of

the land of the children of Heth and all the kingdoms of Canaan.

10. And that he descended into Egypt and said of Sarah his wife, she is my sister, in order

to mislead Egypt and her king.

11. His son Isaac also did so when he went to Gerar and dwelt there, and his strength

prevailed over the army of Abimelech king of the Philistines.

12. He also thought of making the kingdom of the Philistines stumble, in saying that

Rebecca his wife was his sister.

13. Jacob also dealt treacherously with his brother, and took from his hand his birthright

and his blessing.

14. He went then to Padan-aram to the house of Laban his mother's brother, and cunningly

obtained from him his daughter, his cattle, and all belonging to him, and fled away and

returned to the land of Canaan to his father.

15. His sons sold their brother Joseph, who went down into Egypt and became a slave, and

was placed in the prison house for twelve years.

16. Until the former Pharaoh dreamed dreams, and withdrew him from the prison house,

and magnified him above all the princes in Egypt on account of his interpreting his

dreams to him.

17. And when God caused a famine throughout the land he sent for and brought his father

and all his brothers, and the whole of his father's household, and supported them

without price or reward, and bought the Egyptians for slaves.

18. Now therefore my lord king behold this child has risen up in their stead in Egypt, to do

according to their deeds and to trifle with every king, prince and judge.

19. If it please the king, let us now spill his blood upon the ground, lest he grow up and take

away the government from thy hand, and the hope of Egypt perish after he shall have

reigned.

20. And Balaam said to the king, Let us moreover call for all the judges of Egypt and the

wise men thereof, and let us know if the judgment of death is due to this boy as thou

didst say, and then we will slay him.

21. And Pharaoh sent and called for all the wise men of Egypt and they came before the

king, and an angel of the Lord came amongst them, and he was like one of the wise men

of Egypt.

22. And the king said to the wise men, Surely you have heard what this Hebrew boy who is

in the house has done, and thus has Balaam judged in the matter.

23. Now judge you also and see what is due to the boy for the act he has committed.

24. And the angel, who seemed like one of the wise men of Pharaoh, answered and said as

follows, before all the wise men of Egypt and before the king and the princes:

25. If it please the king let the king send for men who shall bring before him an onyx stone

and a coal of fire, and place them before the child, and if the child shall stretch forth his

hand and take the onyx stone, then shall we know that with wisdom has the youth done

all that he has done, and we must slay him.

26. But if he stretch forth his hand upon the coal, then shall we know that it was not with

knowledge that he did this thing, and he shall live.

27. And the thing seemed good in the eyes of the king and the princes, so the king did

according to the word of the angel of the Lord.

28. And the king ordered the onyx stone and coal to be brought and placed before Moses.

29. And they placed the boy before them, and the lad endeavored to stretch forth his hand to

the onyx stone, but the angel of the Lord took his hand and placed it upon the coal, and

the coal became extinguished in his hand, and he lifted it up and put it into his mouth,

and burned part of his lips and part of his tongue, and he became heavy in mouth and

tongue.

30. And when the king and princes saw this, they knew that Moses had not acted with

wisdom in taking off the crown from the king's head.

31. So the king and princes refrained from slaying the child, so Moses remained in

Pharaoh's house, growing up, and the Lord was with him.

32. And whilst the boy was in the king's house, he was robed in purple and he grew

amongst the children of the king.

33. And when Moses grew up in the king's house, Bathia the daughter of Pharaoh

considered him as a son, and all the household of Pharaoh honored him, and all the men

of Egypt were afraid of him.

34. And he daily went forth and came into the land of Goshen, where his brethren the

children of Israel were, and Moses saw them daily in shortness of breath and hard labor.

35. And Moses asked them, saying, Wherefore is this labor meted out unto you day by day?

36. And they told him all that had befallen them, and all the injunctions which Pharaoh had

put upon them before his birth.

37. And they told him all the counsels which Balaam the son of Beor had counselled against

them, and what he had also counselled against him in order to slay him when he had

taken the king's crown from off his head.

38. And when Moses heard these things his anger was kindled against Balaam, and he

sought to kill him, and he was in ambush for him day by day.

39. And Balaam was afraid of Moses, and he and his two sons rose up and went forth from

Egypt, and they fled and delivered their souls and betook themselves to the land of Cush

to Kikianus, king of Cush.

40. And Moses was in the king's house going out and coming in, the Lord gave him favor in

the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of all his servants, and in the eyes of all the people

of Egypt, and they loved Moses exceedingly.

41. And the day arrived when Moses went to Goshen to see his brethren, that he saw the

children of Israel in their burdens and hard labor, and Moses was grieved on their

account.

42. And Moses returned to Egypt and came to the house of Pharaoh, and came before the

king, and Moses bowed down before the king.

43. And Moses said unto Pharaoh, I pray thee my lord, I have come to seek a small request

from thee, turn not away my face empty; and Pharaoh said unto him, Speak.

44. And Moses said unto Pharaoh, Let there be given unto thy servants the children of Israel

who are in Goshen, one day to rest therein from their labor.

45. And the king answered Moses and said, Behold I have lifted up thy face in this thing to

grant thy request.

46. And Pharaoh ordered a proclamation to be issued throughout Egypt and Goshen, saying,

47. To you, all the children of Israel, thus says the king, for six days you shall do your work

and labor, but on the seventh day you shall rest, and shall not preform any work, thus

shall you do all the days, as the king and Moses the son of Bathia have commanded.

48. And Moses rejoiced at this thing which the king had granted to him, and all the children

of Israel did as Moses ordered them.

49. For this thing was from the Lord to the children of Israel, for the Lord had begun to

remember the children of Israel to save them for the sake of their fathers.

50. And the Lord was with Moses and his fame went throughout Egypt.

51. And Moses became great in the eyes of all the Egyptians, and in the eyes of all the

children of Israel, seeking good for his people Israel and speaking words of peace

regarding them to the king.

 

Jasher Chapter 71

1. And when Moses was eighteen years old, he desired to see his father and mother and he

went to them to Goshen, and when Moses had come near Goshen, he came to the place

where the children of Israel were engaged in work, and he observed their burdens, and

he saw an Egyptian smiting one of his Hebrew brethren.

2. And when the man who was beaten saw Moses he ran to him for help, for the man

Moses was greatly respected in the house of Pharaoh, and he said to him, My lord

attend to me, this Egyptian came to my house in the night, bound me, and came to my

wife in my presence, and now he seeks to take my life away.

3. And when Moses heard this wicked thing, his anger was kindled against the Egyptian,

and he turned this way and the other, and when he saw there was no man there he smote

the Egyptian and hid him in the sand, and delivered the Hebrew from the hand of him

that smote him.

4. And the Hebrew went to his house, and Moses returned to his home, and went forth and

came back to the king's house.

5. And when the man had returned home, he thought of repudiating his wife, for it was not

right in the house of Jacob, for any man to come to his wife after she had been defiled.

6. And the woman went and told her brothers, and the woman's brothers sought to slay

him, and he fled to his house and escaped.

7. And on the second day Moses went forth to his brethren, and saw, and behold two men

were quarreling, and he said to the wicked one, Why dost thou smite thy neighbor?

8. And he answered him and said to him, Who has set thee for a prince and judge over us?

dost thou think to slay me as thou didst slay the Egyptian? and Moses was afraid and he

said, Surely the thing is known?

9. And Pharaoh heard of this affair, and he ordered Moses to be slain, so God sent his

angel, and he appeared unto Pharaoh in the likeness of a captain of the guard.

10. And the angel of the Lord took the sword from the hand of the captain of the guard, and

took his head off with it, for the likeness of the captain of the guard was turned into the

likeness of Moses.

11. And the angel of the Lord took hold of the right hand of Moses, and brought him forth

from Egypt, and placed him from without the borders of Egypt, a distance of forty days'

journey.

12. And Aaron his brother alone remained in the land of Egypt, and he prophesied to the

children of Israel, saying,

13. Thus says the Lord God of your ancestors, Throw away, each man, the abominations of

his eyes, and do not defile yourselves with the idols of Egypt.

14. And the children of Israel rebelled and would not hearken to Aaron at that time.

15. And the Lord thought to destroy them, were it not that the Lord remembered the

covenant which he had made with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

16. In those days the hand of Pharaoh continued to be severe against the children of Israel,

and he crushed and oppressed them until the time when God sent forth his word and

took notice of them.

 

Jasher Chapter 72

1. And it was in those days that there was a great war between the children of Cush and

the children of the east and Aram, and they rebelled against the king of Cush in whose

hands they were.

2. So Kikianus king of Cush went forth with all the children of Cush, a people numerous

as the sand, and he went to fight against Aram and the children of the east, to bring

them under subjection.

3. And when Kikianus went out, he left Balaam the magician, with his two sons, to guard

the city, and the lowest sort of the people of the land.

4. So Kikianus went forth to Aram and the children of the east, and he fought against them

and smote them, and they all fell down wounded before Kikianus and his people.

5. And he took many of them captives and he brought them under subjection as at first,

and he encamped upon their land to take tribute from them as usual.

6. And Balaam the son of Beor, when the king of Cush had left him to guard the city and

the poor of the city, he rose up and advised with the people of the land to rebel against

king Kikianus, not to let him enter the city when he should come home.

7. And the people of the land hearkened to him, and they swore to him and made him king

over them, and his two sons for captains of the army.

8. So they rose up and raised the walls of the city at the two corners, and they built an

exceeding strong building.

9. And at the third corner they dug ditches without number, between the city and the river

which surrounded the whole land of Cush, and they made the waters of the river burst

forth there.

10. At the fourth corner they collected numerous serpents by their incantations and

enchantments, and they fortified the city and dwelt therein, and no one went out or in

before them.

11. And Kikianus fought against Aram and the children of the east and he subdued them as

before, and they gave him their usual tribute, and he went and returned to his land.

12. And when Kikianus the king of Cush approached his city and all the captains of the

forces with him, they lifted up their eyes and saw that the walls of the city were built up

and greatly elevated, so the men were astonished at this.

13. And they said one to the other, It is because they saw that we were delayed, in battle,

and were greatly afraid of us, therefore have they done this thing and raised the city

walls and fortified them so that the kings of Canaan might not come in battle against

them.

14. So the king and the troops approached the city door and they looked up and behold, all

the gates of the city were closed, and they called out to the sentinels, saying, Open unto

us, that we may enter the city.

15. But the sentinels refused to open to them by the order of Balaam the magician, their

king, they suffered them not to enter their city.

16. So they raised a battle with them opposite the city gate, and one hundred and thirty men

of the army at Kikianus fell on that day.

17. And on the next day they continued to fight and they fought at the side of the river; they

endeavored to pass but were not able, so some of them sank in the pits and died.

18. So the king ordered them to cut down trees to make rafts, upon which they might pass

to them, and they did so.

19. And when they came to the place of the ditches, the waters revolved by mills, and two

hundred men upon ten rafts were drowned.

20. And on the third day they came to fight at the side where the serpents were, but they

could not approach there, for the serpents slew of them one hundred and seventy men,

and they ceased fighting against Cush, and they besieged Cush for nine years, no person

came out or in.

21. At that time that the war and the siege were against Cush, Moses fled from Egypt from

Pharaoh who sought to kill him for having slain the Egyptian.

22. And Moses was eighteen years old when he fled from Egypt from the presence of

Pharaoh, and he fled and escaped to the camp of Kikianus, which at that time was

besieging Cush.

23. And Moses was nine years in the camp of Kikianus king of Cush, all the time that they

were besieging Cush, and Moses went out and came in with them.

24. And the king and princes and all the fighting men loved Moses, for he was great and

worthy, his stature was like a noble lion, his face was like the sun, and his strength was

like that of a lion, and he was counsellor to the king.

25. And at the end of nine years, Kikianus was seized with a mortal disease, and his illness

prevailed over him, and he died on the seventh day.

26. So his servants embalmed him and carried him and buried him opposite the city gate to

the north of the land of Egypt.

27. And they built over him an elegant strong and high building, and they placed great

stones below.

28. And the king's scribes engraved upon those stones all the might of their king Kikianus,

and all his battles which he had fought, behold they are written there at this day.

29. Now after the death of Kikianus king of Cush it grieved his men and troops greatly on

account of the war.

30. So they said one to the other, Give us counsel what we are to do at this time, as we have

resided in the wilderness nine years away from our homes.

31. If we say we will fight against the city many of us will fall wounded or killed, and if we

remain here in the siege we shall also die.

32. For now all the kings of Aram and of the children of the east will hear that our king is

dead, and they will attack us suddenly in a hostile manner, and they will fight against us

and leave no remnant of us.

33. Now therefore let us go and make a king over us, and let us remain in the siege until the

city is delivered up to us.

34. And they wished to choose on that day a man for king from the army of Kikianus, and

they found no object of their choice like Moses to reign over them.

35. And they hastened and stripped off each man his garments and cast them upon the

ground, and they made a great heap and placed Moses thereon.

36. And they rose up and blew with trumpets and called out before him, and said, May the

king live, may the king live!

37. And all the people and nobles swore unto him to give him for a wife Adoniah the queen,

the Cushite, wife of Kikianus, and they made Moses king over them on that day.

38. And all the people of Cush issued a proclamation on that day, saying, Every man must

give something to Moses of what is in his possession.

39. And they spread out a sheet upon the heap, and every man cast into it something of

what he had, one a gold earring and the other a coin.

40. Also of onyx stones, bdellium, pearls and marble did the children of Cush cast unto

Moses upon the heap, also silver and gold in great abundance.

41. And Moses took all the silver and gold, all the vessels, and the bdellium and onyx

stones, which all the children of Cush had given to him, and he placed them amongst his

treasures.

42. And Moses reigned over the children of Cush on that day, in the place of Kikianus king

of Cush.

 

Jasher Chapter 73

1. In the fifty-fifth year of the reign of Pharaoh king of Egypt, that is in the hundred and

fifty-seventh year of the Israelites going down into Egypt, reigned Moses in Cush.

2. Moses was twenty-seven years old when he began to reign over Cush, and forty years

did he reign.

3. And the Lord granted Moses favor and grace in the eyes of all the children of Cush, and

the children of Cush loved him exceedingly, so Moses was favored by the Lord and by

men.

4. And in the seventh day of his reign, all the children of Cush assembled and came before

Moses and bowed down to him to the ground.

5. And all the children spoke together in the presence of the king, saying, Give us counsel

that we may see what is to be done to this city.

6. For it is now nine years that we have been besieging round about the city, and have not

seen our children and our wives.

7. So the king answered them, saying, If you will hearken to my voice in all that I shall

command you, then will the Lord give the city into our hands and we shall subdue it.

8. For if we fight with them as in the former battle which we had with them before the

death of Kikianus, many of us will fall down wounded as before.

9. Now therefore behold here is counsel for you in this matter; if you will hearken to my

voice, then will the city be delivered into our hands.

10. So all the forces answered the king, saying, All that our lord shall command that will we

do.

11. And Moses said unto them, Pass through and proclaim a voice in the whole camp unto

all the people, saying,

12. Thus says the king, Go into the forest and bring with you of the young ones of the stork,

each man a young one in his hand.

13. And any person transgressing the word of the king, who shall not bring his young one,

he shall die, and the king will take all belonging to him.

14. And when you shall bring them they shall be in your keeping, you shall rear them until

they grow up, and you shall teach them to dart upon, as is the way of the young ones of

the hawk.

15. So all the children of Cush heard the words of Moses, and they rose up and caused a

proclamation to be issued throughout the camp, saying,

16. Unto you, all the children of Cush, the king's order is, that you go all together to the

forest, and catch there the young storks each man his young one in his hand, and you

shall bring them home.

17. And any person violating the order of the king shall die, and the king will take all that

belongs to him.

18. And all the people did so, and they went out to the wood and they climbed the fir trees

and caught, each man a young one in his hand, all the young of the storks, and they

brought them into the desert and reared them by order of the king, and they taught them

to dart upon, similar to the young hawks.

19. And after the young storks were reared, the king ordered them to be hungered for three

days, and all the people did so.

20. And on the third day, the king said unto them, strengthen yourselves and become valiant

men, and put on each man his armor and gird on his sword upon him, and ride each man

his horse and take each his young stork in his hand.

21. And we will rise up and fight against the city at the place where the serpents are; and all

the people did as the king had ordered.

22. And they took each man his young one in his hand, and they went away, and when they

came to the place of the serpents the king said to them, Send forth each man his young

stork upon the serpents.

23. And they sent forth each man his young stork at the king's order, and the young storks

ran upon the serpents and they devoured them all and destroyed them out of that place.

24. And when the king and people had seen that all the serpents were destroyed in that

place, all the people set up a great shout.

25. And they approached and fought against the city and took it and subdued it, and they

entered the city.

26. And there died on that day one thousand and one hundred men of the people of the city,

all that inhabited the city, but of the people besieging not one died.

27. So all the children of Cush went each to his home, to his wife and children and to all

belonging to him.

28. And Balaam the magician, when he saw that the city was taken, he opened the gate and

he and his two sons and eight brothers fled and returned to Egypt to Pharaoh king of

Egypt.

29. They are the sorcerers and magicians who are mentioned in the book of the law,

standing against Moses when the Lord brought the plagues upon Egypt.

30. So Moses took the city by his wisdom, and the children of Cush placed him on the

throne instead of Kikianus king of Cush.

31. And they placed the royal crown upon his head, and they gave him for a wife Adoniah

the Cushite queen, wife of Kikianus.

32. And Moses feared the Lord God of his fathers, so that he came not to her, nor did he

turn his eyes to her.

33. For Moses remembered how Abraham had made his servant Eliezer swear, saying unto

him, Thou shalt not take a woman from the daughters of Canaan for my son Isaac.

34. Also what Isaac did when Jacob had fled from his brother, when he commanded him,

saying, Thou shalt not take a wife from the daughters of Canaan, nor make alliance with

any of the children of Ham.

35. For the Lord our God gave Ham the son of Noah, and his children and all his seed, as

slaves to the children of Shem and to the children of Japheth, and unto their seed after

them for slaves, forever.

36. Therefore Moses turned not his heart nor his eyes to the wife of Kikianus all the days

that he reigned over Cush.

37. And Moses feared the Lord his God all his life, and Moses walked before the Lord in

truth, with all his heart and soul, he turned not from the right way all the days of his life;

he declined not from the way either to the right or to the left, in which Abraham, Isaac

and Jacob had walked.

38. And Moses strengthened himself in the kingdom of the children of Cush, and he guided

the children of Cush with his usual wisdom, and Moses prospered in his kingdom.

39. And at that time Aram and the children of the east heard that Kikianus king of Cush had

died, so Aram and the children of the east rebelled against Cush in those days.

40. And Moses gathered all the children of Cush, a people very mighty, about thirty

thousand men, and he went forth to fight with Aram and the children of the east.

41. And they went at first to the children of the east, and when the children of the east heard

their report, they went to meet them, and engaged in battle with them.

42. And the war was severe against the children of the east, so the Lord gave all the

children of the east into the hand of Moses, and about three hundred men fell down slain.

43. And all the children of the east turned back and retreated, so Moses and the children of

Cush followed them and subdued them, and put a tax upon them, as was their custom.

44. So Moses and all the people with him passed from there to the land of Aram for battle.

45. And the people of Aram also went to meet them, and they fought against them, and the

Lord delivered them into the hand of Moses, and many of the men of Aram fell down

wounded.

46. And Aram also were subdued by Moses and the people of Cush, and also gave their

usual tax.

47. And Moses brought Aram and the children of the east under subjection to the children

of Cush, and Moses and all the people who were with him, turned to the land of Cush.

48. And Moses strengthened himself in the kingdom of the children of Cush, and the Lord

was with him, and all the children of Cush were afraid of him.

 

Jasher Chapter 74

1. In the end of years died Saul king of Edom, and Baal Chanan the son of Achbor reigned

in his place.

2. In the sixteenth year of the reign of Moses over Cush, Baal Chanan the son of Achbor

reigned in the land of Edom over all the children of Edom for thirty-eight years.

3. In his days Moab rebelled against the power of Edom, having been under Edom since

the days of Hadad the son of Bedad, who smote them and Midian, and brought Moab

under subjection to Edom.

4. And when Baal Chanan the son of Achbor reigned over Edom, all the children of Moab

withdrew their allegiance from Edom.

5. And Angeas king of Africa died in those days, and Azdrubal his son reigned in his stead.

6. And in those days died Janeas king of the children of Chittim, and they buried him in

his temple which he had built for himself in the plain of Canopia for a residence, and

Latinus reigned in his stead.

7. In the twenty-second year of the reign of Moses over the children of Cush, Latinus

reigned over the children of Chittim forty-five years.

8. And he also built for himself a great and mighty tower, and he built therein an elegant

temple for his residence, to conduct his government, as was the custom.

9. In the third year of his reign he caused a proclamation to be made to all his skilful men,

who made many ships for him.

10. And Latinus assembled all his forces, and they came in ships, and went therein to fight

with Azdrubal son of Angeas king of Africa, and they came to Africa and engaged in

battle with Azdrubal and his army.

11. And Latinus prevailed over Azdrubal, and Latinus took from Azdrubal the aqueduct

which his father had brought from the children of Chittim, when he took Janiah the

daughter of Uzi for a wife, so Latinus overthrew the bridge of the aqueduct, and smote

the whole army of Azdrubal a severe blow.

12. And the remaining strong men of Azdrubal strengthened themselves, and their hearts

were filled with envy, and they courted death, and again engaged in battle with Latinus

king of Chittim.

13. And the battle was severe upon all the men of Africa, and they all fell wounded before

Latinus and his people, and Azdrubal the king also fell in that battle.

14. And the king Azdrubal had a very beautiful daughter, whose name was Ushpezena, and

all the men of Africa embroidered her likeness on their garments, on account of her

great beauty and comely appearance.

15. And the men of Latinus saw Ushpezena, the daughter of Azdrubal, and praised her unto

Latinus their king.

16. And Latinus ordered her to be brought to him, and Latinus took Ushpezena for a wife,

and he turned back on his way to Chittim.

17. And it was after the death of Azdrubal son of Angeas, when Latinus had turned back to

his land from the battle, that all the inhabitants of Africa rose up and took Anibal the

son of Angeas, the younger brother of Azdrubal, and made him king instead at his

brother over the whole land at Africa.

18. And when he reigned, he resolved to go to Chittim to fight with the children of Chittim,

to avenge the cause of Azdrubal his brother, and the cause of the inhabitants of Africa,

and he did so.

19. And he made many ships, and he came therein with his whole army, and he went to

Chittim.

20. So Anibal fought with the children of Chittim, and the children of Chittim fell wounded

before Anibal and his army, and Anibal avenged his brother's cause.

21. And Anibal continued the war for eighteen years with the children of Chittim, and

Anibal dwelt in the land of Chittim and encamped there for a long time.

22. And Anibal smote the children of Chittim very severely, and he slew their great men

and princes, and of the rest of the people he smote about eighty thousand men.

23. And at the end of days and years, Anibal returned to his land of Africa, and he reigned

securely in the place of Azdrubal his brother.

 

Jasher Chapter 75

1. At that time, in the hundred and eightieth year of the Israelites going down into Egypt,

there went forth from Egypt valiant men, thirty thousand on foot, from the children of

Israel, who were all of the tribe of Joseph, of the children of Ephraim the son of Joseph.

2. For they said the period was completed which the Lord had appointed to the children of

Israel in the times of old, which he had spoken to Abraham.

3. And these men girded themselves, and they put each man his sword at his side, and

every man his armor upon him, and they trusted to their strength, and they went out

together from Egypt with a mighty hand.

4. But they brought no provision for the road, only silver and gold, not even bread for that

day did they bring in their hands, for they thought of getting their provision for pay

from the Philistines, and if not they would take it by force.

5. And these men were very mighty and valiant men, one man could pursue a thousand

and two could rout ten thousand, so they trusted to their strength and went together as

they were.

6. And they directed their course toward the land of Gath, and they went down and found

the shepherds of Gath feeding the cattle of the children of Gath.

7. And they said to the shepherds, Give us some of the sheep for pay, that we may eat, for

we are hungry, for we have eaten no bread this day.

8. And the shepherds said, Are they our sheep or cattle that we should give them to you

even for pay? so the children of Ephraim approached to take them by force.

9. And the shepherds of Gath shouted over them that their cry was heard at a distance, so

all the children of Gath went out to them.

10. And when the children of Gath saw the evil doings of the children of Ephraim, they

returned and assembled the men of Gath, and they put on each man his armor, and came

forth to the children of Ephraim for battle.

11. And they engaged with them in the valley of Gath, and the battle was severe, and they

smote from each other a great many on that day.

12. And on the second day the children of Gath sent to all the cities of the Philistines that

they should come to their help, saying,

13. Come up unto us and help us, that we may smite the children of Ephraim who have

come forth from Egypt to take our cattle, and to fight against us without cause.

14. Now the souls of the children of Ephraim were exhausted with hunger and thirst, for

they had eaten no bread for three days. And forty thousand men went forth from the

cities of the Philistines to the assistance of the men of Gath.

15. And these men were engaged in battle with the children of Ephraim, and the Lord

delivered the children of Ephraim into the hands of the Philistines.

16. And they smote all the children of Ephraim, all who had gone forth from Egypt, none

were remaining but ten men who had run away from the engagement.

17. For this evil was from the Lord against the children of Ephraim, for they transgressed

the word of the Lord in going forth from Egypt, before the period had arrived which the

Lord in the days of old had appointed to Israel.

18. And of the Philistines also there fell a great many, about twenty thousand men, and their

brethren carried them and buried them in their cities.

19. And the slain of the children of Ephraim remained forsaken in the valley of Gath for

many days and years, and were not brought to burial, and the valley was filled with

men's bones.

20. And the men who had escaped from the battle came to Egypt, and told all the children

of Israel all that had befallen them.

21. And their father Ephraim mourned over them for many days, and his brethren came to

console him.

22. And he came unto his wife and she bare a son, and he called his name Beriah, for she

was unfortunate in his house.

 

Jasher Chapter 76

1. And Moses the son of Amram was still king in the land of Cush in those days, and he

prospered in his kingdom, and he conducted the government of the children of Cush in

justice, in righteousness, and integrity.

2. And all the children of Cush loved Moses all the days that he reigned over them, and all

the inhabitants of the land of Cush were greatly afraid of him.

3. And in the fortieth year of the reign of Moses over Cush, Moses was sitting on the royal

throne whilst Adoniah the queen was before him, and all the nobles were sitting around

him.

4. And Adoniah the queen said before the king and the princes, What is this thing which

you, the children of Cush, have done for this long time?

5. Surely you know that for forty years that this man has reigned over Cush he has not

approached me, nor has he served the gods of the children of Cush.

6. Now therefore hear, O ye children of Cush, and let this man no more reign over you as

he is not of our flesh.

7. Behold Menacrus my son is grown up, let him reign over you, for it is better for you to

serve the son of your lord, than to serve a stranger, slave of the king of Egypt.

8. And all the people and nobles of the children of Cush heard the words which Adoniah

the queen had spoken in their ears.

9. And all the people were preparing until the evening, and in the morning they rose up

early and made Menacrus, son of Kikianus, king over them.

10. And all the children of Cush were afraid to stretch forth their hand against Moses, for

the Lord was with Moses, and the children of Cush remembered the oath which they

swore unto Moses, therefore they did no harm to him.

11. But the children of Cush gave many presents to Moses, and sent him from them with

great honor.

12. So Moses went forth from the land of Cush, and went home and ceased to reign over

Cush, and Moses was sixty-six years old when he went out of the land of Cush, for the

thing was from the Lord, for the period had arrived which he had appointed in the days

of old, to bring forth Israel from the affliction of the children of Ham.

13. So Moses went to Midian, for he was afraid to return to Egypt on account of Pharaoh,

and he went and sat at a well of water in Midian.

14. And the seven daughters of Reuel the Midianite went out to feed their father's flock.

15. And they came to the well and drew water to water their father's flock.

16. So the shepherds of Midian came and drove them away, and Moses rose up and helped

them and watered the flock.

17. And they came home to their father Reuel, and told him what Moses did for them.

18. And they said, An Egyptian man has delivered us from the hands of the shepherds, he

drew up water for us and watered the flock.

19. And Reuel said to his daughters, And where is he? wherefore have you left the man?

20. And Reuel sent for him and fetched him and brought him home, and he ate bread with

him.

21. And Moses related to Reuel that he had fled from Egypt and that he reigned forty years

over Cush, and that they afterward had taken the government from him, and had sent

him away in peace with honor and with presents.

22. And when Reuel had heard the words of Moses, Reuel said within himself, I will put

this man into the prison house, whereby I shall conciliate the children of Cush, for he

has fled from them.

23. And they took and put him into the prison house, and Moses was in prison ten years,

and whilst Moses was in the prison house, Zipporah the daughter of Reuel took pity

over him, and supported him with bread and water all the time.

24. And all the children of Israel were yet in the land of Egypt serving the Egyptians in all

manner of hard work, and the hand of Egypt continued in severity over the children of

Israel in those days.

25. At that time the Lord smote Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he afflicted with the plague of

leprosy from the sole of his foot to the crown of his head; owing to the cruel treatment

of the children of Israel was this plague at that time from the Lord upon Pharaoh king of

Egypt.

26. For the Lord had hearkened to the prayer of his people the children of Israel, and their

cry reached him on account of their hard work.

27. Still his anger did not turn from them, and the hand of Pharaoh was still stretched out

against the children of Israel, and Pharaoh hardened his neck before the Lord, and he

increased his yoke over the children of Israel, and embittered their lives with all manner

of hard work.

28. And when the Lord had inflicted the plague upon Pharaoh king of Egypt, he asked his

wise men and sorcerers to cure him.

29. And his wise men and sorcerers said unto him, That if the blood of little children were

put into the wounds he would be healed.

30. And Pharaoh hearkened to them, and sent his ministers to Goshen to the children of

Israel to take their little children.

31. And Pharaoh's ministers went and took the infants of the children of Israel from the

bosoms of their mothers by force, and they brought them to Pharaoh daily, a child each

day, and the physicians killed them and applied them to the plague; thus did they all the

days.

32. And the number of the children which Pharaoh slew was three hundred and seventy-five.

33. But the Lord hearkened not to the physicians of the king of Egypt, and the plague went

on increasing mightily.

34. And Pharaoh was ten years afflicted with that plague, still the heart of Pharaoh was

more hardened against the children of Israel.

35. And at the end of ten years the Lord continued to afflict Pharaoh with destructive

plagues.

36. And the Lord smote him with a bad tumor and sickness at the stomach, and that plague

turned to a severe boil.

37. At that time the two ministers of Pharaoh came from the land of Goshen where all the

children of Israel were, and went to the house of Pharaoh and said to him, We have seen

the children of Israel slacken in their work and negligent in their labor.

38. And when Pharaoh heard the words of his ministers, his anger was kindled against the

children of Israel exceedingly, for he was greatly grieved at his bodily pain.

39. And he answered and said, Now that the children of Israel know that I am ill, they turn

and scoff at us, now therefore harness my chariot for me, and I will betake myself to

Goshen and will see the scoff of the children of Israel with which they are deriding me;

so his servants harnessed the chariot for him.

40. And they took and made him ride upon a horse, for he was not able to ride of himself;

41. And he took with him ten horsemen and ten footmen, and went to the children of Israel

to Goshen.

42. And when they had come to the border of Egypt, the king's horse passed into a narrow

place, elevated in the hollow part of the vineyard, fenced on both sides, the low, plain

country being on the other side.

43. And the horses ran rapidly in that place and pressed each other, and the other horses

pressed the king's horse.

44. And the king's horse fell into the low plain whilst the king was riding upon it, and when

he fell the chariot turned over the king's face and the horse lay upon the king, and the

king cried out, for his flesh was very sore.

45. And the flesh of the king was torn from him, and his bones were broken and he could

not ride, for this thing was from the Lord to him, for the Lord had heard the cries of his

people the children of Israel and their affliction.

46. And his servants carried him upon their shoulders, a little at a time, and they brought

him back to Egypt, and the horsemen who were with him came also back to Egypt.

47. And they placed him in his bed, and the king knew that his end was come to die, so

Aparanith the queen his wife came and cried before the king, and the king wept a great

weeping with her.

48. And all his nobles and servants came on that day and saw the king in that affliction, and

wept a great weeping with him.

49. And the princes of the king and all his counselors advised the king to cause one to reign

in his stead in the land, whomsoever he should choose from his sons.

50. And the king had three sons and two daughters which Aparanith the queen his wife had

borne to him, besides the king's children of concubines.

51. And these were their names, the firstborn Othri, the second Adikam, and the third

Morion, and their sisters, the name of the elder Bathia and of the other Acuzi.

52. And Othri the first born of the king was an idiot, precipitate and hurried in his words.

53. But Adikam was a cunning and wise man and knowing in all the wisdom of Egypt, but

of unseemly aspect, thick in flesh, and very short in stature; his height was one cubit.

54. And when the king saw Adikam his son intelligent and wise in all things, the king

resolved that he should be king in his stead after his death.

55. And he took for him a wife Gedudah daughter of Abilot, and he was ten years old, and

she bare unto him four sons.

56. And he afterward went and took three wives and begat eight sons and three daughters.

57. And the disorder greatly prevailed over the king, and his flesh stank like the flesh of a

carcass cast upon the field in summer time, during the heat of the sun.

58. And when the king saw that his sickness had greatly strengthened itself over him, he

ordered his son Adikam to be brought to him, and they made him king over the land in

his place.

59. And at the end of three years, the king died, in shame, disgrace, and disgust, and his

servants carried him and buried him in the sepulcher of the kings of Egypt in Zoan

Mizraim.

60. But they embalmed him not as was usual with kings, for his flesh was putrid, and they

could not approach to embalm him on account of the stench, so they buried him in haste.

61. For this evil was from the Lord to him, for the Lord had requited him evil for the evil

which in his days he had done to Israel.

62. And he died with terror and with shame, and his son Adikam reigned in his place.<

 

Jasher Chapter 77

1. Adikam was twenty years old when he reigned over Egypt, he reigned four years.

2. In the two hundred and sixth year of Israel's going down to Egypt did Adikam reign

over Egypt, but he continued not so long in his reign over Egypt as his fathers had

continued their reigns.

3. For Melol his father reigned ninety-four years in Egypt, but he was ten years sick and

died, for he had been wicked before the Lord.

4. And all the Egyptians called the name of Adikam Pharaoh like the name of his fathers,

as was their custom to do in Egypt.

5. And all the wise men of Pharaoh called the name of Adikam Ahuz, for short is called

Ahuz in the Egyptian language.

6. And Adikam was exceedingly ugly, and he was a cubit and a span and he had a great

beard which reached to the soles of his feet.

7. And Pharaoh sat upon his father's throne to reign over Egypt, and he conducted the

government of Egypt in his wisdom.

8. And whilst he reigned he exceeded his father and all the preceding kings in wickedness,

and he increased his yoke over the children of Israel.

9. And he went with his servants to Goshen to the children of Israel, and he strengthened

the labor over them and he said unto them, Complete your work, each day's task, and let

not your hands slacken from our work from this day forward as you did in the days of

my father.

10. And he placed officers over them from amongst the children of Israel, and over these

officers he placed taskmasters from amongst his servants.

11. And he placed over them a measure of bricks for them to do according to that number,

day by day, and he turned back and went to Egypt.

12. At that time the task-masters of Pharaoh ordered the officers of the children of Israel

according to the command of Pharaoh, saying,

13. Thus says Pharaoh, Do your work each day, and finish your task, and observe the daily

measure of bricks; diminish not anything.

14. And it shall come to pass that if you are deficient in your daily bricks, I will put your

young children in their stead.

15. And the task-masters of Egypt did so in those days as Pharaoh had ordered them.

16. And whenever any deficiency was found in the children of Israel's measure of their

daily bricks, the task-masters of Pharaoh would go to the wives of the children of Israel

and take infants of the children of Israel to the number of bricks deficient, they would

take them by force from their mother's laps, and put them in the building instead of the

bricks;

17. Whilst their fathers and mothers were crying over them and weeping when they heard

the weeping voices of their infants in the wall of the building.

18. And the task-masters prevailed over Israel, that the Israelites should place their children

in the building, so that a man placed his son in the wall and put mortar over him, whilst

his eyes wept over him, and his tears ran down upon his child.

19. And the task-masters of Egypt did so to the babes of Israel for many days, and no one

pitied or had compassion over the babes of the children of Israel.

20. And the number of all the children killed in the building was two hundred and seventy,

some whom they had built upon instead of the bricks which had been left deficient by

their fathers, and some whom they had drawn out dead from the building.

21. And the labor imposed upon the children of Israel in the days of Adikam exceeded in

hardship that which they performed in the days of his father.

22. And the children of Israel sighed every day on account of their heavy work, for they had

said to themselves, Behold when Pharaoh shall die, his son will rise up and lighten our

work!

23. But they increased the latter work more than the former, and the children of Israel

sighed at this and their cry ascended to God on account of their labor.

24. And God heard the voice of the children of Israel and their cry, in those days, and God

remembered to them his covenant which he had made with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

25. And God saw the burden of the children of Israel, and their heavy work in those days,

and he determined to deliver them.

26. And Moses the son of Amram was still confined in the dungeon in those days, in the

house of Reuel the Midianite, and Zipporah the daughter of Reuel did support him with

food secretly day by day.

27. And Moses was confined in the dungeon in the house of Reuel for ten years.

28. And at the end of ten years which was the first year of the reign of Pharaoh over Egypt,

in the place of his father,

29. Zipporah said to her father Reuel, No person inquires or seeks after the Hebrew man,

whom thou didst bind in prison now ten years.

30. Now therefore, if it seem good in thy sight, let us send and see whether he is living or

dead, but her father knew not that she had supported him.

31. And Reuel her father answered and said to her, Has ever such a thing happened that a

man should be shut up in a prison without food for ten years, and that he should live?

32. And Zipporah answered her father, saying, Surely thou hast heard that the God of the

Hebrews is great and awful, and does wonders for them at all times.

33. He it was who delivered Abraham from Ur of the Chaldeans, and Isaac from the sword

of his father, and Jacob from the angel of the Lord who wrestled with him at the ford of

Jabbuk.

34. Also with this man has he done many things, he delivered him from the river in Egypt

and from the sword of Pharaoh, and from the children of Cush, so also can he deliver

him from famine and make him live.

35. And the thing seemed good in the sight of Reuel, and he did according to the word of

his daughter, and sent to the dungeon to ascertain what became of Moses.

36. And he saw, and behold the man Moses was living in the dungeon, standing upon his

feet, praising and praying to the God of his ancestors.

37. And Reuel commanded Moses to be brought out of the dungeon, so they shaved him

and he changed his prison garments and ate bread.

38. And afterward Moses went into the garden of Reuel which was behind the house, and

he there prayed to the Lord his God, who had done mighty wonders for him.

39. And it was that whilst he prayed he looked opposite to him, and behold a sapphire stick

was placed in the ground, which was planted in the midst of the garden.

40. And he approached the stick and he looked, and behold the name of the Lord God of

hosts was engraved thereon, written and developed upon the stick.

41. And he read it and stretched forth his hand and he plucked it like a forest tree from the

thicket, and the stick was in his hand.

42. And this is the stick with which all the works of our God were performed, after he had

created heaven and earth, and all the host of them, seas, rivers and all their fishes.

43. And when God had driven Adam from the garden of Eden, he took the stick in his hand

and went and tilled the ground from which he was taken.

44. And the stick came down to Noah and was given to Shem and his descendants, until it

came into the hand of Abraham the Hebrew.

45. And when Abraham had given all he had to his son Isaac, he also gave to him this stick.

46. And when Jacob had fled to Padan-aram, he took it into his hand, and when he returned

to his father he had not left it behind him.

47. Also when he went down to Egypt he took it into his hand and gave it to Joseph, one

portion above his brethren, for Jacob had taken it by force from his brother Esau.

48. And after the death of Joseph, the nobles of Egypt came into the house of Joseph, and

the stick came into the hand of Reuel the Midianite, and when he went out of Egypt, he

took it in his hand and planted it in his garden.

49. And all the mighty men of the Kinites tried to pluck it when they endeavored to get

Zipporah his daughter, but they were unsuccessful.

50. So that stick remained planted in the garden of Reuel, until he came who had a right to

it and took it.

51. And when Reuel saw the stick in the hand of Moses, he wondered at it, and he gave him

his daughter Zipporah for a wife.

 

Jasher Chapter 78

1. At that time died Baal Channan son of Achbor, king of Edom, and was buried in his

house in the land of Edom.

2. And after his death the children of Esau sent to the land of Edom, and took from there a

man who was in Edom, whose name was Hadad, and they made him king over them in

the place of Baal Channan, their king.

3. And Hadad reigned over the children of Edom forty-eight years.

4. And when he reigned he resolved to fight against the children of Moab, to bring them

under the power of the children of Esau as they were before, but he was not able,

because the children of Moab heard this thing, and they rose up and hastened to elect a

king over them from amongst their brethren.

5. And they afterward gathered together a great people, and sent to the children of Ammon

their brethren for help to fight against Hadad king of Edom.

6. And Hadad heard the thing which the children of Moab had done, and was greatly

afraid of them, and refrained from fighting against them.

7. In those days Moses, the son of Amram, in Midian, took Zipporah, the daughter of

Reuel the Midianite, for a wife.

8. And Zipporah walked in the ways of the daughters of Jacob, she was nothing short of

the righteousness of Sarah, Rebecca, Rachel and Leah.

9. And Zipporah conceived and bare a son and he called his name Gershom, for he said, I

was a stranger in a foreign land; but he circumcised not his foreskin, at the command of

Reuel his father-in-law.

10. And she conceived again and bare a son, but circumcised his foreskin, and called his

name Eliezer, for Moses said, Because the God of my fathers was my help, and

delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh.

11. And Pharaoh king of Egypt greatly increased the labor of the children of Israel in those

days, and continued to make his yoke heavier upon the children of Israel.

12. And he ordered a proclamation to be made in Egypt, saying, Give no more straw to the

people to make bricks with, let them go and gather themselves straw as they can find it.

13. Also the tale of bricks which they shall make let them give each day, and diminish

nothing from them, for they are idle in their work.

14. And the children of Israel heard this, and they mourned and sighed, and they cried unto

the Lord on account of the bitterness of their souls.

15. And the Lord heard the cries of the children of Israel, and saw the oppression with

which the Egyptians oppressed them.

16. And the Lord was jealous of his people and his inheritance, and heard their voice, and

he resolved to take them out of the affliction of Egypt, to give them the land of Canaan

for a possession.

 

Jasher Chapter 79

1. And in those days Moses was feeding the flock of Reuel the Midianite his father-in-law,

beyond the wilderness of Sin, and the stick which he took from his father-in-law was in

his hand.

2. And it came to pass one day that a kid of goats strayed from the flock, and Moses

pursued it and it came to the mountain of God to Horeb.

3. And when he came to Horeb, the Lord appeared there unto him in the bush, and he

found the bush burning with fire, but the fire had no power over the bush to consume it.

4. And Moses was greatly astonished at this sight, wherefore the bush was not consumed,

and he approached to see this mighty thing, and the Lord called unto Moses out of the

fire and commanded him to go down to Egypt, to Pharaoh king of Egypt, to send the

children of Israel from his service.

5. And the Lord said unto Moses, Go, return to Egypt, for all those men who sought thy

life are dead, and thou shalt speak unto Pharaoh to send forth the children of Israel from

his land.

6. And the Lord showed him to do signs and wonders in Egypt before the eyes of Pharaoh

and the eyes of his subjects, in order that they might believe that the Lord had sent him.

7. And Moses hearkened to all that the Lord had commanded him, and he returned to his

father-in-law and told him the thing, and Reuel said to him, Go in peace.

8. And Moses rose up to go to Egypt, and he took his wife and sons with him, and he was

at an inn in the road, and an angel of God came down, and sought an occasion against

him.

9. And he wished to kill him on account of his first born son, because he had not

circumcised him, and had transgressed the covenant which the Lord had made with

Abraham.

10. For Moses had hearkened to the words of his father-in-law which he had spoken to him,

not to circumcise his first born son, therefore he circumcised him not.

11. And Zipporah saw the angel of the Lord seeking an occasion against Moses, and she

knew that this thing was owing to his not having circumcised her son Gershom.

12. And Zipporah hastened and took of the sharp rock stones that were there, and she

circumcised her son, and delivered her husband and her son from the hand of the angel

of the Lord.

13. And Aaron the son of Amram, the brother of Moses, was in Egypt walking at the river

side on that day.

14. And the Lord appeared to him in that place, and he said to him, Go now toward Moses

in the wilderness, and he went and met him in the mountain of God, and he kissed him.

15. And Aaron lifted up his eyes, and saw Zipporah the wife of Moses and her children, and

he said unto Moses, Who are these unto thee?

16. And Moses said unto him, They are my wife and sons, which God gave to me in

Midian; and the thing grieved Aaron on account of the woman and her children.

17. And Aaron said to Moses, Send away the woman and her children that they may go to

her father's house, and Moses hearkened to the words of Aaron, and did so.

18. And Zipporah returned with her children, and they went to the house of Reuel, and

remained there until the time arrived when the Lord had visited his people, and brought

them forth from Egypt from the hand at Pharaoh.

19. And Moses and Aaron came to Egypt to the community of the children of Israel, and

they spoke to them all the words of the Lord, and the people rejoiced an exceeding great

rejoicing.

20. And Moses and Aaron rose up early on the next day, and they went to the house of

Pharaoh, and they took in their hands the stick of God.

21. And when they came to the king's gate, two young lions were confined there with iron

instruments, and no person went out or came in from before them, unless those whom

the king ordered to come, when the conjurors came and withdrew the lions by their

incantations, and this brought them to the king.

22. And Moses hastened and lifted up the stick upon the lions, and he loosed them, and

Moses and Aaron came into the king's house.

23. The lions also came with them in joy, and they followed them and rejoiced as a dog

rejoices over his master when he comes from the field.

24. And when Pharaoh saw this thing he was astonished at it, and he was greatly terrified at

the report, for their appearance was like the appearance of the children of God.

25. And Pharaoh said to Moses, What do you require? and they answered him, saying, The

Lord God of the Hebrews has sent us to thee, to say, Send forth my people that they

may serve me.

26. And when Pharaoh heard their words he was greatly terrified before them, and he said

to them, Go today and come back to me tomorrow, and they did according to the word

of the king.

27. And when they had gone Pharaoh sent for Balaam the magician and to Jannes and

Jambres his sons, and to all the magicians and conjurors and counsellors which

belonged to the king, and they all came and sat before the king.

28. And the king told them all the words which Moses and his brother Aaron had spoken to

him, and the magicians said to the king, But how came the men to thee, on account of

the lions which were confined at the gate?

29. And the king said, Because they lifted up their rod against the lions and loosed them,

and came to me, and the lions also rejoiced at them as a dog rejoices to meet his master.

30. And Balaam the son of Beor the magician answered the king, saying, These are none

else than magicians like ourselves.

31. Now therefore send for them, and let them come and we will try them, and the king did

so.

32. And in the morning Pharaoh sent for Moses and Aaron to come before the king, and

they took the rod of God, and came to the king and spoke to him, saying,

33. Thus said the Lord God of the Hebrews, Send my people that they may serve me.

34. And the king said to them, But who will believe you that you are the messengers of God

and that you come to me by his order?

35. Now therefore give a wonder or sign in this matter, and then the words which you speak

will be believed.

36. And Aaron hastened and threw the rod out of his hand before Pharaoh and before his

servants, and the rod turned into a serpent.

37. And the sorcerers saw this and they cast each man his rod upon the ground and they

became serpents.

38. And the serpent of Aaron's rod lifted up its head and opened its mouth to swallow the

rods of the magicians.

39. And Balaam the magician answered and said, This thing has been from the days of old,

that a serpent should swallow its fellow, and that living things devour each other.

40. Now therefore restore it to a rod as it was at first, and we will also restore our rods as

they were at first, and if thy rod shall swallow our rods, then shall we know that the

spirit of God is in thee, and if not, thou art only an artificer like unto ourselves.

41. And Aaron hastened and stretched forth his hand and caught hold of the serpent's tail

and it became a rod in his hand, and the sorcerers did the like with their rods, and they

got hold, each man of the tail of his serpent, and they became rods as at first.

42. And when they were restored to rods, the rod of Aaron swallowed up their rods.

43. And when the king saw this thing, he ordered the book of records that related to the

kings of Egypt, to be brought, and they brought the book of records, the chronicles of

the kings of Egypt, in which all the idols of Egypt were inscribed, for they thought of

finding therein the name of Jehovah, but they found it not.

44. And Pharaoh said to Moses and Aaron, Behold I have not found the name of your God

written in this book, and his name I know not.

45. And the counsellors and wise men answered the king, We have heard that the God of

the Hebrews is a son of the wise, the son of ancient kings.

46. And Pharaoh turned to Moses and Aaron and said to them, I know not the Lord whom

you have declared, neither will I send his people.

47. And they answered and said to the king, The Lord God of Gods is his name, and he

proclaimed his name over us from the days of our ancestors, and sent us, saying, Go to

Pharaoh and say unto him, Send my people that they may serve me.

48. Now therefore send us, that we may take a journey for three days in the wilderness, and

there may sacrifice to him, for from the days of our going down to Egypt, he has not

taken from our hands either burnt offering, oblation or sacrifice, and if thou wilt not

send us, his anger will be kindled against thee, and he will smite Egypt either with the

plague or with the sword.

49. And Pharaoh said to them, Tell me now his power and his might; and they said to him,

He created the heaven and the earth, the seas and all their fishes, he formed the light,

created the darkness, caused rain upon the earth and watered it, and made the herbage

and grass to sprout, he created man and beast and the animals of the forest, the birds of

the air and the fish of the sea, and by his mouth they live and die.

50. Surely he created thee in thy mother's womb, and put into thee the breath of life, and

reared thee and placed thee upon the royal throne of Egypt, and he will take thy breath

and soul from thee, and return thee to the ground whence thou wast taken.

51. And the anger of the king was kindled at their words, and he said to them, But who

amongst all the Gods of nations can do this? my river is mine own, and I have made it

for myself.

52. And he drove them from him, and he ordered the labor upon Israel to be more severe

than it was yesterday and before.

53. And Moses and Aaron went out from the king's presence, and they saw the children of

Israel in an evil condition for the task-masters had made their labor exceedingly heavy.

54. And Moses returned to the Lord and said, Why hast thou ill treated thy people? for since

I came to speak to Pharaoh what thou didst send me for, he has exceedingly ill used the

children of Israel.

55. And the Lord said to Moses, Behold thou wilt see that with an outstretched hand and

heavy plagues, Pharaoh will send the children of Israel from his land.

56. And Moses and Aaron dwelt amongst their brethren the children of Israel in Egypt.

57. And as for the children of Israel the Egyptians embittered their lives, with the heavy

work which they imposed upon them.

 

Jasher Chapter 80

1. And at the end of two years, the Lord again sent Moses to Pharaoh to bring forth the

children of Israel, and to send them out of the land of Egypt.

2. And Moses went and came to the house of Pharaoh, and he spoke to him the words of

the Lord who had sent him, but Pharaoh would not hearken to the voice of the Lord, and

God roused his might in Egypt upon Pharaoh and his subjects, and God smote Pharaoh

and his people with very great and sore plagues.

3. And the Lord sent by the hand of Aaron and turned all the waters of Egypt into blood,

with all their streams and rivers.

4. And when an Egyptian came to drink and draw water, he looked into his pitcher, and

behold all the water was turned into blood; and when he came to drink from his cup the

water in the cup became blood.

5. And when a woman kneaded her dough and cooked her victuals, their appearance was

turned to that of blood.

6. And the Lord sent again and caused all their waters to bring forth frogs, and all the frogs

came into the houses of the Egyptians.

7. And when the Egyptians drank, their bellies were filled with frogs and they danced in

their bellies as they dance when in the river.

8. And all their drinking water and cooking water turned to frogs, also when they lay in

their beds their perspiration bred frogs.

9. Notwithstanding all this the anger of the Lord did not turn from them, and his hand was

stretched out against all the Egyptians to smite them with every heavy plague.

10. And he sent and smote their dust to lice, and the lice became in Egypt to the height of

two cubits upon the earth.

11. The lice were also very numerous, in the flesh of man and beast, in all the inhabitants of

Egypt, also upon the king and queen the Lord sent the lice, and it grieved Egypt

exceedingly on account of the lice.

12. Notwithstanding this, the anger of the Lord did not turn away, and his hand was still

stretched out over Egypt.

13. And the Lord sent all kinds of beasts of the field into Egypt, and they came and

destroyed all Egypt, man and beast, and trees, and all things that were in Egypt.

14. And the Lord sent fiery serpents, scorpions, mice, weasels, toads, together with others

creeping in dust.

15. Flies, hornets, fleas, bugs and gnats, each swarm according to its kind.

16. And all reptiles and winged animals according to their kind came to Egypt and grieved

the Egyptians exceedingly.

17. And the fleas and flies came into the eyes and ears of the Egyptians.

18. And the hornet came upon them and drove them away, and they removed from it into

their inner rooms, and it pursued them.

19. And when the Egyptians hid themselves on account of the swarm of animals, they

locked their doors after them, and God ordered the Sulanuth which was in the sea, to

come up and go into Egypt.

20. And she had long arms, ten cubits in length of the cubit of a man.

21. And she went upon the roofs and uncovered the raftering and flooring and cut them, and

stretched forth her arm into the house and removed the lock and the bolt, and opened the

houses of Egypt.

22. Afterward came the swarm of animals into the houses of Egypt, and the swarm of

animals destroyed the Egyptians, and it grieved them exceedingly.

23. Notwithstanding this the anger of the Lord did not turn away from the Egyptians, and

his hand was yet stretched forth against them.

24. And God sent the pestilence, and the pestilence pervaded Egypt, in the horses and asses,

and in the camels, in herds of oxen and sheep and in man.

25. And when the Egyptians rose up early in the morning to take their cattle to pasture they

found all their cattle dead.

26. And there remained of the cattle of the Egyptians only one in ten, and of the cattle

belonging to Israel in Goshen not one died.

27. And God sent a burning inflammation in the flesh of the Egyptians, which burst their

skins, and it became a severe itch in all the Egyptians from the soles of their feet to the

crowns of their heads.

28. And many boils were in their flesh, that their flesh wasted away until they became

rotten and putrid.

29. Notwithstanding this the anger of the Lord did not turn away, and his hand was still

stretched out over all Egypt.

30. And the Lord sent a very heavy hail, which smote their vines and broke their fruit trees

and dried them up that they fell upon them.

31. Also every green herb became dry and perished, for a mingling fire descended amidst

the hail, therefore the hail and the fire consumed all things.

32. Also men and beasts that were found abroad perished of the flames of fire and of the

hail, and all the young lions were exhausted.

33. And the Lord sent and brought numerous locusts into Egypt, the Chasel, Salom,

Chargol, and Chagole, locusts each of its kind, which devoured all that the hail had left

remaining.

34. Then the Egyptians rejoiced at the locusts, although they consumed the produce of the

field, and they caught them in abundance and salted them for food.

35. And the Lord turned a mighty wind of the sea which took away all the locusts, even

those that were salted, and thrust them into the Red Sea; not one locust remained within

the boundaries of Egypt.

36. And God sent darkness upon Egypt, that the whole land of Egypt and Pathros became

dark for three days, so that a man could not see his hand when he lifted it to his mouth.

37. At that time died many of the people of Israel who had rebelled against the Lord and

who would not hearken to Moses and Aaron, and believed not in them that God had sent

them.

38. And who had said, We will not go forth from Egypt lest we perish with hunger in a

desolate wilderness, and who would not hearken to the voice of Moses.

39. And the Lord plagued them in the three days of darkness, and the Israelites buried them

in those days, without the Egyptians knowing of them or rejoicing over them.

40. And the darkness was very great in Egypt for three days, and any person who was

standing when the darkness came, remained standing in his place, and he that was

sitting remained sitting, and he that was lying continued lying in the same state, and he

that was walking remained sitting upon the ground in the same spot; and this thing

happened to all the Egyptians, until the darkness had passed away.

41. And the days of darkness passed away, and the Lord sent Moses and Aaron to the

children of Israel, saying, Celebrate your feast and make your Passover, for behold I

come in the midst of the night amongst all the Egyptians, and I will smite all their first

born, from the first born of a man to the first born of a beast, and when I see your

Passover, I will pass over you.

42. And the children of Israel did according to all that the Lord had commanded Moses and

Aaron, thus did they in that night.

43. And it came to pass in the middle of the night, that the Lord went forth in the midst of

Egypt, and smote all the first born of the Egyptians, from the first born of man to the

first born of beast.

44. And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he and all his servants and all the Egyptians, and there

was a great cry throughout Egypt in that night, for there was not a house in which there

was not a corpse.

45. Also the likenesses of the first born of Egypt, which were carved in the walls at their

houses, were destroyed and fell to the ground.

46. Even the bones of their first born who had died before this and whom they had buried in

their houses, were raked up by the dogs of Egypt on that night and dragged before the

Egyptians and cast before them.

47. And all the Egyptians saw this evil which had suddenly come upon them, and all the

Egyptians cried out with a loud voice.

48. And all the families of Egypt wept upon that night, each man for his son and each man

for his daughter, being the first born, and the tumult of Egypt was heard at a distance on

that night.

49. And Bathia the daughter of Pharaoh went forth with the king on that night to seek

Moses and Aaron in their houses, and they found them in their houses, eating and

drinking and rejoicing with all Israel.

50. And Bathia said to Moses, Is this the reward for the good which I have done to thee,

who have reared thee and stretched thee out, and thou hast brought this evil upon me

and my father's house?

51. And Moses said to her, Surely ten plagues did the Lord bring upon Egypt; did any evil

accrue to thee from any of them? did one of them affect thee? and she said, No.

52. And Moses said to her, Although thou art the first born to thy mother, thou shalt not die,

and no evil shall reach thee in the midst of Egypt.

53. And she said, What advantage is it to me, when I see the king, my brother, and all his

household and subjects in this evil, whose first born perish with all the first born of

Egypt?

54. And Moses said to her, Surely thy brother and his household, and subjects, the families

of Egypt, would not hearken to the words of the Lord, therefore did this evil come upon

them.

55. And Pharaoh king of Egypt approached Moses and Aaron, and some of the children of

Israel who were with them in that place, and he prayed to them, saying,

56. Rise up and take your brethren, all the children of Israel who are in the land, with their

sheep and oxen, and all belonging to them, they shall leave nothing remaining, only

pray for me to the Lord your God.

57. And Moses said to Pharaoh, Behold though thou art thy mother's first born, yet fear not,

for thou wilt not die, for the Lord has commanded that thou shalt live, in order to show

thee his great might and strong stretched out arm.

58. And Pharaoh ordered the children of Israel to be sent away, and all the Egyptians

strengthened themselves to send them, for they said, We are all perishing.

59. And all the Egyptians sent the Israelites forth, with great riches, sheep and oxen and

precious things, according to the oath of the Lord between him and our Father Abraham.

60. And the children of Israel delayed going forth at night, and when the Egyptians came to

them to bring them out, they said to them, Are we thieves, that we should go forth at

night?

61. And the children of Israel asked of the Egyptians, vessels of silver, and vessels of gold,

and garments, and the children of Israel stripped the Egyptians.

62. And Moses hastened and rose up and went to the river of Egypt, and brought up from

thence the coffin of Joseph and took it with him.

63. The children of Israel also brought up, each man his father's coffin with him, and each

man the coffins of his tribe.

 

Jasher Chapter 81

1. And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred

thousand men on foot, besides the little ones and their wives.

2. Also a mixed multitude went up with them, and flocks and herds, even much cattle.

3. And the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in the land of Egypt in hard

labor, was two hundred and ten years.

4. And at the end of two hundred and ten years, the Lord brought forth the children of

Israel from Egypt with a strong hand.

5. And the children of Israel traveled from Egypt and from Goshen and from Rameses, and

encamped in Succoth on the fifteenth day of the first month.

6. And the Egyptians buried all their first born whom the Lord had smitten, and all the

Egyptians buried their slain for three days.

7. And the children of Israel traveled from Succoth and encamped in Ethom, at the end of

the wilderness.

8. And on the third day after the Egyptians had buried their first born, many men rose up

from Egypt and went after Israel to make them return to Egypt, for they repented that

they had sent the Israelites away from their servitude.

9. And one man said to his neighbor, Surely Moses and Aaron spoke to Pharaoh, saying,

We will go a three days' journey in the wilderness and sacrifice to the Lord our God.

10. Now therefore let us rise up early in the morning and cause them to return, and it shall

be that if they return with us to Egypt to their masters, then shall we know that there is

faith in them, but if they will not return, then will we fight with them, and make them

come back with great power and a strong hand.

11. And all the nobles of Pharaoh rose up in the morning, and with them about seven

hundred thousand men, and they went forth from Egypt on that day, and came to the

place where the children of Israel were.

12. And all the Egyptians saw and behold Moses and Aaron and all the children of Israel

were sitting before Pi-hahiroth, eating and drinking and celebrating the feast of the Lord.

13. And all the Egyptians said to the children of Israel, Surely you said, We will go a

journey for three days in the wilderness and sacrifice to our God and return.

14. Now therefore this day makes five days since you went, why do you not return to your

masters?

15. And Moses and Aaron answered them, saying, Because the Lord our God has testified

in us, saying, You shall no more return to Egypt, but we will betake ourselves to a land

flowing with milk and honey, as the Lord our God had sworn to our ancestors to give to

us.

16. And when the nobles of Egypt saw that the children of Israel did not hearken to them, to

return to Egypt, they girded themselves to fight with Israel.

17. And the Lord strengthened the hearts of the children of Israel over the Egyptians, that

they gave them a severe beating, and the battle was sore upon the Egyptians, and all the

Egyptians fled from before the children of Israel, for many of them perished by the hand

of Israel.

18. And the nobles of Pharaoh went to Egypt and told Pharaoh, saying, The children of

Israel have fled, and will no more return to Egypt, and in this manner did Moses and

Aaron speak to us.

19. And Pharaoh heard this thing, and his heart and the hearts of all his subjects were turned

against Israel, and they repented that they had sent Israel; and all the Egyptians advised

Pharaoh to pursue the children of Israel to make them come back to their burdens.

20. And they said each man to his brother, What is this which we have done, that we have

sent Israel from our servitude?

21. And the Lord strengthened the hearts of all the Egyptians to pursue the Israelites, for the

Lord desired to overthrow the Egyptians in the Red Sea.

22. And Pharaoh rose up and harnessed his chariot, and he ordered all the Egyptians to

assemble, not one man was left excepting the little ones and the women.

23. And all the Egyptians went forth with Pharaoh to pursue the children of Israel, and the

camp of Egypt was an exceedingly large and heavy camp, about ten hundred thousand

men.

24. And the whole of this camp went and pursued the children of Israel to bring them back

to Egypt, and they reached them encamping by the Red Sea.

25. And the children of Israel lifted up their eyes, and beheld all the Egyptians pursuing

them, and the children of Israel were greatly terrified at them, and the children of Israel

cried to the Lord.

26. And on account of the Egyptians, the children of Israel divided themselves into four

divisions, and they were divided in their opinions, for they were afraid of the Egyptians,

and Moses spoke to each of them.

27. The first division was of the children of Reuben, Simeon, and Issachar, and they

resolved to cast themselves into the sea, for they were exceedingly afraid of the

Egyptians.

28. And Moses said to them, Fear not, stand still and see the salvation of the Lord which He

will effect this day for you.

29. The second division was of the children of Zebulun, Benjamin and Naphtali, and they

resolved to go back to Egypt with the Egyptians.

30. And Moses said to them, Fear not, for as you have seen the Egyptians this day, so shall

you see them no more for ever.

31. The third division was of the children of Judah and Joseph, and they resolved to go to

meet the Egyptians to fight with them.

32. And Moses said to them, Stand in your places, for the Lord will fight for you, and you

shall remain silent.

33. And the fourth division was of the children of Levi, Gad, and Asher, and they resolved

to go into the midst of the Egyptians to confound them, and Moses said to them,

Remain in your stations and fear not, only call unto the Lord that he may save you out

of their hands.

34. After this Moses rose up from amidst the people, and he prayed to the Lord and said,

35. O Lord God of the whole earth, save now thy people whom thou didst bring forth from

Egypt, and let not the Egyptians boast that power and might are theirs.

36. So the Lord said to Moses, Why dost thou cry unto me? speak to the children of Israel

that they shall proceed, and do thou stretch out thy rod upon the sea and divide it, and

the children of Israel shall pass through it.

37. And Moses did so, and he lifted up his rod upon the sea and divided it.

38. And the waters of the sea were divided into twelve parts, and the children of Israel

passed through on foot, with shoes, as a man would pass through a prepared road.

39. And the Lord manifested to the children of Israel his wonders in Egypt and in the sea by

the hand of Moses and Aaron.

40. And when the children of Israel had entered the sea, the Egyptians came after them, and

the waters of the sea resumed upon them, and they all sank in the water, and not one

man was left excepting Pharaoh, who gave thanks to the Lord and believed in him,

therefore the Lord did not cause him to perish at that time with the Egyptians.

41. And the Lord ordered an angel to take him from amongst the Egyptians, who cast him

upon the land of Ninevah and he reigned over it for a long time.

42. And on that day the Lord saved Israel from the hand of Egypt, and all the children of

Israel saw that the Egyptians had perished, and they beheld the great hand of the Lord,

in what he had performed in Egypt and in the sea.

43. Then sang Moses and the children of Israel this song unto the Lord, on the day when the

Lord caused the Egyptians to fall before them.

44. And all Israel sang in concert, saying, I will sing to the Lord for He is greatly exalted,

the horse and his rider has he cast into the sea; behold it is written in the book of the law

of God.

45. After this the children of Israel proceeded on their journey, and encamped in Marah,

and the Lord gave to the children of Israel statutes and judgments in that place in

Marah, and the Lord commanded the children of Israel to walk in all his ways and to

serve him.

46. And they journeyed from Marah and came to Elim, and in Elim were twelve springs of

water and seventy date trees, and the children encamped there by the waters.

47. And they journeyed from Elim and came to the wilderness of Sin, on the fifteenth day

of the second month after their departure from Egypt.

48. At that time the Lord gave the manna to the children of Israel to eat, and the Lord

caused food to rain from heaven for the children of Israel day by day.

49. And the children of Israel ate the manna for forty years, all the days that they were in

the wilderness, until they came to the land of Canaan to possess it.

50. And they proceeded from the wilderness of Sin and encamped in Alush.

51. And they proceeded from Alush and encamped in Rephidim.

52. And when the children of Israel were in Rephidim, Amalek the son of Eliphaz, the son

of Esau, the brother of Zepho, came to fight with Israel.

53. And he brought with him eight hundred and one thousand men, magicians and

conjurers, and he prepared for battle with Israel in Rephidim.

54. And they carried on a great and severe battle against Israel, and the Lord delivered

Amalek and his people into the hands of Moses and the children of Israel, and into the

hand of Joshua, the son of Nun, the Ephrathite, the servant of Moses.

55. And the children of Israel smote Amalek and his people at the edge of the sword, but

the battle was very sore upon the children of Israel.

56. And the Lord said to Moses, Write this thing as a memorial for thee in a book, and place

it in the hand of Joshua, the son of Nun, thy servant, and thou shalt command the

children of Israel, saying, When thou shalt come to the land of Canaan, thou shalt

utterly efface the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven.

57. And Moses did so, and he took the book and wrote upon it these words, saying,

58. Remember what Amalek has done to thee in the road when thou wentest forth from

Egypt.

59. Who met thee in the road and smote thy rear, even those that were feeble behind thee

when thou wast faint and weary.

60. Therefore it shall be when the Lord thy God shall have given thee rest from all thine

enemies round about in the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee for an inheritance,

to possess it, that thou shalt blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven,

thou shalt not forget it.

61. And the king who shall have pity on Amalek, or upon his memory or upon his seed,

behold I will require it of him, and I will cut him off from amongst his people.

62. And Moses wrote all these things in a book, and he enjoined the children of Israel

respecting all these matters.

 

Jasher Chapter 82

1. And the children of Israel proceeded from Rephidim and they encamped in the

wilderness of Sinai, in the third month from their going forth from Egypt.

2. At that time came Reuel the Midianite, the father-in-law of Moses, with Zipporah his

daughter and her two sons, for he had heard of the wonders of the Lord which he had

done to Israel, that he had delivered them from the hand of Egypt.

3. And Reuel came to Moses to the wilderness where he was encamped, where was the

mountain of God.

4. And Moses went forth to meet his father-in-law with great honor, and all Israel was

with him.

5. And Reuel and his children remained amongst the Israelites for many days, and Reuel

knew the Lord from that day forward.

6. And in the third month from the children of Israel's departure from Egypt, on the sixth

day thereof, the Lord gave to Israel the ten commandments on Mount Sinai.

7. And all Israel heard all these commandments, and all Israel rejoiced exceedingly in the

Lord on that day.

8. And the glory of the Lord rested upon Mount Sinai, and he called to Moses, and Moses

came in the midst of a cloud and ascended the mountain.

9. And Moses was upon the mount forty days and forty nights; he ate no bread and drank

no water, and the Lord instructed him in the statutes and judgments in order to teach the

children of Israel.

10. And the Lord wrote the ten commandments which he had commanded the children of

Israel upon two tablets of stone, which he gave to Moses to command the children of

Israel.

11. And at the end of forty days and forty nights, when the Lord had finished speaking to

Moses on Mount Sinai, then the Lord gave to Moses the tablets of stone, written with

the finger of God.

12. And when the children of Israel saw that Moses tarried to come down from the mount,

they gathered round Aaron, and said, As for this man Moses we know not what has

become of him.

13. Now therefore rise up, make unto us a god who shall go before us, so that thou shalt not

die.

14. And Aaron was greatly afraid of the people, and he ordered them to bring him gold and

he made it into a molten calf for the people.

15. And the Lord said to Moses, before he had come down from the mount, Get thee down,

for thy people whom thou didst bring forth from Egypt have corrupted themselves.

16. They have made to themselves a molten calf, and have bowed down to it, now therefore

leave me, that I may consume them from off the earth, for they are a stiffnecked people.

17. And Moses besought the countenance of the Lord, and he prayed to the Lord for the

people on account of the calf which they had made, and he afterward descended from

the mount and in his hands were the two tablets of stone, which God had given him to

command the Israelites.

18. And when Moses approached the camp and saw the calf which the people had made, the

anger of Moses was kindled and he broke the tablets under the mount.

19. And Moses came to the camp and he took the calf and burned it with fire, and ground it

till it became fine dust, and strewed it upon the water and gave it to the Israelites to

drink.

20. And there died of the people by the swords of each other about three thousand men who

had made the calf.

21. And on the morrow Moses said to the people, I will go up to the Lord, peradventure I

may make atonement for your sins which you have sinned to the Lord.

22. And Moses again went up to the Lord, and he remained with the Lord forty days and

forty nights.

23. And during the forty days did Moses entreat the Lord in behalf of the children of Israel,

and the Lord hearkened to the prayer of Moses, and the Lord was entreated of him in

behalf of Israel.

24. Then spake the Lord to Moses to hew two stone tablets and to bring them up to the

Lord, who would write upon them the ten commandments.

25. Now Moses did so, and he came down and hewed the two tablets and went up to Mount

Sinai to the Lord, and the Lord wrote the ten commandments upon the tablets.

26. And Moses remained yet with the Lord forty days and forty nights, and the Lord

instructed him in statutes and judgments to impart to Israel.

27. And the Lord commanded him respecting the children of Israel that they should make a

sanctuary for the Lord, that his name might rest therein, and the Lord showed him the

likeness of the sanctuary and the likeness of all its vessels.

28. And at the end of the forty days, Moses came down from the mount and the two tablets

were in his hand.

29. And Moses came to the children of Israel and spoke to them all the words of the Lord,

and he taught them laws, statutes and judgments which the Lord had taught him.

30. And Moses told the children of Israel the word of the Lord, that a sanctuary should be

made for him, to dwell amongst the children of Israel.

31. And the people rejoiced greatly at all the good which the Lord had spoken to them,

through Moses, and they said, We will do all that the Lord has spoken to thee.

32. And the people rose up like one man and they made generous offerings to the sanctuary

of the Lord, and each man brought the offering of the Lord for the work of the

sanctuary, and for all its service.

33. And all the children of Israel brought each man of all that was found in his possession

for the work of the sanctuary of the Lord, gold, silver and brass, and every thing that

was serviceable for the sanctuary.

34. And all the wise men who were practiced in work came and made the sanctuary of the

Lord, according to all that the Lord had commanded, every man in the work in which he

had been practiced; and all the wise men in heart made the sanctuary, and its furniture

and all the vessels for the holy service, as the Lord had commanded Moses.

35. And the work of the sanctuary of the tabernacle was completed at the end of five

months, and the children of Israel did all that the Lord had commanded Moses.

36. And they brought the sanctuary and all its furniture to Moses; like unto the

representation which the Lord had shown to Moses, so did the children of Israel.

37. And Moses saw the work, and behold they did it as the Lord had commanded him, so

Moses blessed them.

 

Jasher Chapter 83

1. And in the twelfth month, in the twenty-third day of the month, Moses took Aaron and

his sons, and he dressed them in their garments, and anointed them and did unto them as

the Lord had commanded him, and Moses brought up all the offerings which the Lord

had on that day commanded him.

2. Moses afterward took Aaron and his sons and said to them, For seven days shall you

remain at the door of the tabernacle, for thus am I commanded.

3. And Aaron and his sons did all that the Lord had commanded them through Moses, and

they remained for seven days at the door of the tabernacle.

4. And on the eighth day, being the first day of the first month, in the second year from the

Israelites' departure from Egypt, Moses erected the sanctuary, and Moses put up all the

furniture of the tabernacle and all the furniture of the sanctuary, and he did all that the

Lord had commanded him.

5. And Moses called to Aaron and his sons, and they brought the burnt offering and the sin

offering for themselves and the children of Israel, as the Lord had commanded Moses.

6. On that day the two sons of Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, took strange fire and brought it

before the Lord who had not commanded them, and a fire went forth from before the

Lord, and consumed them, and they died before the Lord on that day.

7. Then on the day when Moses had completed to erect the sanctuary, the princes of the

children of Israel began to bring their offerings before the Lord for the dedication of the

altar.

8. And they brought up their offerings each prince for one day, a prince each day for

twelve days.

9. And all the offerings which they brought, each man in his day, one silver charger

weighing one hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels after the

shekel of the sanctuary, both of them full of fine flour, mingled with oil for a meat

offering.

10. One spoon, weighing ten shekels of gold, full of incense.

11. One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year for a burnt offering.

12. And one kid of the goats for a sin offering.

13. And for a sacrifice of peace offering, two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, five lambs of a

year old.

14. Thus did the twelve princes of Israel day by day, each man in his day.

15. And it was after this, in the thirteenth day of the month, that Moses commanded the

children of Israel to observe the Passover.

16. And the children of Israel kept the Passover in its season in the fourteenth day of the

month, as the Lord had commanded Moses, so did the children of Israel.

17. And in the second month, on the first day thereof, the Lord spoke unto Moses, saying,

18. Number the heads of all the males of the children of Israel from twenty years old and

upward, thou and thy brother Aaron and the twelve princes of Israel.

19. And Moses did so, and Aaron came with the twelve princes of Israel, and they

numbered the children of Israel in the wilderness of Sinai.

20. And the numbers of the children of Israel by the houses of their fathers, from twenty

years old and upward, were six hundred and three thousand, five hundred and fifty.

21. But the children of Levi were not numbered amongst their brethren the children of

Israel.

22. And the number of all the males of the children of Israel from one month old and

upward, was twenty-two thousand, two hundred and seventy-three.

23. And the number of the children of Levi from one month old and above, was twenty-two

thousand.

24. And Moses placed the priests and the Levites each man to his service and to his burden

to serve the sanctuary of the tabernacle, as the Lord had commanded Moses.

25. And on the twentieth day of the month, the cloud was taken away from the tabernacle of

testimony.

26. At that time the children of Israel continued their journey from the wilderness of Sinai,

and they took a journey of three days, and the cloud rested upon the wilderness of

Paran; there the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel, for they had provoked the

Lord in asking him for meat, that they might eat.

27. And the Lord hearkened to their voice, and gave them meat which they ate for one

month.

28. But after this the anger of the Lord was kindled against them, and he smote them with a

great slaughter, and they were buried there in that place.

29. And the children of Israel called that place Kebroth Hattaavah, because there they

buried the people that lusted flesh.

30. And they departed from Kebroth Hattaavah and pitched in Hazeroth, which is in the

wilderness of Paran.

31. And whilst the children of Israel were in Hazeroth, the anger of the Lord was kindled

against Miriam on account of Moses, and she became leprous, white as snow.

32. And she was confined without the camp for seven days, until she had been received

again after her leprosy.

33. The children of Israel afterward departed from Hazeroth, and pitched in the end of the

wilderness of Paran.

34. At that time, the Lord spoke to Moses to send twelve men from the children of Israel,

one man to a tribe, to go and explore the land of Canaan.

35. And Moses sent the twelve men, and they came to the land of Canaan to search and

examine it, and they explored the whole land from the wilderness of Sin to Rechob as

thou comest to Chamoth.

36. And at the end of forty days they came to Moses and Aaron, and they brought him word

as it was in their hearts, and ten of the men brought up an evil report to the children of

Israel, of the land which they had explored, saying, It is better for us to return to Egypt

than to go to this land, a land that consumes its inhabitants.

37. But Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephuneh, who were of those that

explored the land, said, The land is exceedingly good.

38. If the Lord delight in us, then he will bring us to this land and give it to us, for it is a

land flowing with milk and honey.

39. But the children of Israel would not hearken to them, and they hearkened to the words

of the ten men who had brought up an evil report of the land.

40. And the Lord heard the murmurings of the children of Israel and he was angry and

swore, saying,

41. Surely not one man of this wicked generation shall see the land from twenty years old

and upward excepting Caleb the son of Jephuneh and Joshua the son of Nun.

42. But surely this wicked generation shall perish in this wilderness, and their children shall

come to the land and they shall possess it; so the anger of the Lord was kindled against

Israel, and he made them wander in the wilderness for forty years until the end of that

wicked generation, because they did not follow the Lord.

43. And the people dwelt in the wilderness of Paran a long time, and they afterward

proceeded to the wilderness by the way of the Red Sea.

 

Jasher Chapter 84

1. At that time Korah the son of Jetzer the son of Kehath the son of Levi, took many men

of the children of Israel, and they rose up and quarreled with Moses and Aaron and the

whole congregation.

2. And the Lord was angry with them, and the earth opened its mouth, and swallowed

them up, with their houses and all belonging to them, and all the men belonging to

Korah.

3. And after this God made the people go round by the way of Mount Seir for a long time.

4. At that time the Lord said unto Moses, Provoke not a war against the children of Esau,

for I will not give to you of any thing belonging to them, as much as the sole of the foot

could tread upon, for I have given Mount Seir for an inheritance to Esau.

5. Therefore did the children of Esau fight against the children of Seir in former times, and

the Lord had delivered the children of Seir into the hands of the children of Esau, and

destroyed them from before them, and the children of Esau dwelt in their stead unto this

day.

6. Therefore the Lord said to the children of Israel, Fight not against the children of Esau

your brethren, for nothing in their land belongs to you, but you may buy food of them

for money and eat it, and you may buy water of them for money and drink it.

7. And the children of Israel did according to the word of the Lord.

8. And the children of Israel went about the wilderness, going round by the way of Mount

Sinai for a long time, and touched not the children of Esau, and they continued in that

district for nineteen years.

9. At that time died Latinus king of the children of Chittim, in the forty-fifth year of his

reign, which is the fourteenth year of the children of Israel's departure from Egypt.

10. And they buried him in his place which he had built for himself in the land of Chittim,

and Abimnas reigned in his place for thirty-eight years.

11. And the children of Israel passed the boundary of the children of Esau in those days, at

the end of nineteen years, and they came and passed the road of the wilderness of Moab.

12. And the Lord said to Moses, besiege not Moab, and do not fight against them, for I will

give you nothing of their land.

13. And the children of Israel passed the road of the wilderness of Moab for nineteen years,

and they did not fight against them.

14. And in the thirty-sixth year of the children of Israel's departing from Egypt the Lord

smote the heart of Sihon, king of the Amorites, and he waged war, and went forth to

fight against the children of Moab.

15. And Sihon sent messengers to Beor the son of Janeas, the son of Balaam, counsellor to

the king of Egypt, and to Balaam his son, to curse Moab, in order that it might be

delivered into the hand of Sihon.

16. And the messengers went and brought Beor the son of Janeas, and Balaam his son, from

Pethor in Mesopotamia, so Beor and Balaam his son came to the city of Sihon and they

cursed Moab and their king in the presence of Sihon king of the Amorites.

17. So Sihon went out with his whole army, and he went to Moab and fought against them,

and he subdued them, and the Lord delivered them into his hands, and Sihon slew the

king of Moab.

18. And Sihon took all the cities of Moab in the battle; he also took Heshbon from them, for

Heshbon was one of the cities of Moab, and Sihon placed his princes and his nobles in

Heshbon, and Heshbon belonged to Sihon in those days.

19. Therefore the parable speakers Beor and Balaam his son uttered these words, saying,

Come unto Heshbon, the city of Sihon will be built and established.

20. Woe unto thee Moab! thou art lost, O people of Kemosh! behold it is written upon the

book of the law of God.

21. And when Sihon had conquered Moab, he placed guards in the cities which he had

taken from Moab, and a considerable number of the children of Moab fell in battle into

the hand of Sihon, and he made a great capture of them, sons and daughters, and he

slew their king; so Sihon turned back to his own land.

22. And Sihon gave numerous presents of silver and gold to Beor and Balaam his son, and

he dismissed them, and they went to Mesopotamia to their home and country.

23. At that time all the children of Israel passed from the road of the wilderness of Moab,

and returned and surrounded the wilderness of Edom.

24. So the whole congregation came to the wilderness of Sin in the first month of the

fortieth year from their departure from Egypt, and the children of Israel dwelt there in

Kadesh, of the wilderness of Sin, and Miriam died there and she was buried there.

25. At that time Moses sent messengers to Hadad king of Edom, saying, Thus says thy

brother Israel, Let me pass I pray thee through thy land, we will not pass through field

or vineyard, we will not drink the water of the well; we will walk in the king's road.

26. And Edom said to him, Thou shalt not pass through my country, and Edom went forth

to meet the children of Israel with a mighty people.

27. And the children of Esau refused to let the children of Israel pass through their land, so

the Israelites removed from them and fought not against them.

28. For before this the Lord had commanded the children of Israel, saying, You shall not

fight against the children of Esau, therefore the Israelites removed from them and did

not fight against them.

29. So the children of Israel departed from Kadesh, and all the people came to Mount Hor.

30. At that time the Lord said to Moses, Tell thy brother Aaron that he shall die there, for he

shall not come to the land which I have given to the children of Israel.

31. And Aaron went up, at the command of the Lord, to Mount Hor, in the fortieth year, in

the fifth month, in the first day of the month.

32. And Aaron was one hundred and twenty-three years old when he died in Mount Hor

 

Jasher Chapter 85

1. And king Arad the Canaanite, who dwelt in the south, heard that the Israelites had come

by the way of the spies, and he arranged his forces to fight against the Israelites.

2. And the children of Israel were greatly afraid of him, for he had a great and heavy army,

so the children of Israel resolved to return to Egypt.

3. And the children of Israel turned back about the distance of three days' journey unto

Maserath Beni Jaakon, for they were greatly afraid on account of the king Arad.

4. And the children of Israel would not get back to their places, so they remained in Beni

Jaakon for thirty days.

5. And when the children of Levi saw that the children of Israel would not turn back, they

were jealous for the sake of the Lord, and they rose up and fought against the Israelites

their brethren, and slew of them a great body, and forced them to turn back to their

place, Mount Hor.

6. And when they returned, king Arad was still arranging his host for battle against the

Israelites.

7. And Israel vowed a vow, saying, If thou wilt deliver this people into my hand, then I

will utterly destroy their cities.

8. And the Lord hearkened to the voice of Israel, and he delivered the Canaanites into their

hand, and he utterly destroyed them and their cities, and he called the name of the place

Hormah.

9. And the children of Israel journeyed from Mount Hor and pitched in Oboth, and they

journeyed from Oboth and they pitched at Ije-abarim, in the border of Moab.

10. And the children of Israel sent to Moab, saying, Let us pass now through thy land into

our place, but the children of Moab would not suffer the children of Israel to pass

through their land, for the children of Moab were greatly afraid lest the children of

Israel should do unto them as Sihon king of the Amorites had done to them, who had

taken their land and had slain many of them.

11. Therefore Moab would not suffer the Israelites to pass through his land, and the Lord

commanded the children of Israel, saying, That they should not fight against Moab, so

the Israelites removed from Moab.

12. And the children of Israel journeyed from the border of Moab, and they came to the

other side of Arnon, the border of Moab, between Moab and the Amorites, and they

pitched in the border of Sihon, king of the Amorites, in the wilderness of Kedemoth.

13. And the children of Israel sent messengers to Sihon, king of the Amorites, saying,

14. Let us pass through thy land, we will not turn into the fields or into the vineyards, we

will go along by the king's highway until we shall have passed thy border, but Sihon

would not suffer the Israelites to pass.

15. So Sihon collected all the people of the Amorites and went forth into the wilderness to

meet the children of Israel, and he fought against Israel in Jahaz.

16. And the Lord delivered Sihon king of the Amorites into the hand of the children of

Israel, and Israel smote all the people of Sihon with the edge of the sword and avenged

the cause of Moab.

17. And the children of Israel took possession of the land of Sihon from Aram unto Jabuk,

unto the children of Ammon, and they took all the spoil of the cities.

18. And Israel took all these cities, and Israel dwelt in all the cities of the Amorites.

19. And all the children of Israel resolved to fight against the children of Ammon, to take

their land also.

20. So the Lord said to the children of Israel, Do not besiege the children of Ammon,

neither stir up battle against them, for I will give nothing to you of their land, and the

children of Israel hearkened to the word of the Lord, and did not fight against the

children of Ammon.

21. And the children of Israel turned and went up by the way of Bashan to the land of Og,

king of Bashan, and Og the king of Bashan went out to meet the Israelites in battle, and

he had with him many valiant men, and a very strong force from the people of the

Amorites.

22. And Og king of Bashan was a very powerful man, but Naaron his son was exceedingly

powerful, even stronger than he was.

23. And Og said in his heart, Behold now the whole camp of Israel takes up a space of three

parsa, now will I smite them at once without sword or spear.

24. And Og went up Mount Jahaz, and took therefrom one large stone, the length of which

was three parsa, and he placed it on his head, and resolved to throw it upon the camp of

the children of Israel, to smite all the Israelites with that stone.

25. And the angel of the Lord came and pierced the stone upon the head of Og, and the

stone fell upon the neck of Og that Og fell to the earth on account of the weight of the

stone upon his neck.

26. At that time the Lord said to the children of Israel, Be not afraid of him, for I have given

him and all his people and all his land into your hand, and you shall do to him as you

did to Sihon.

27. And Moses went down to him with a small number of the children of Israel, and Moses

smote Og with a stick at the ankles of his feet and slew him.

28. The children of Israel afterward pursued the children of Og and all his people, and they

beat and destroyed them till there was no remnant left of them.

29. Moses afterward sent some of the children of Israel to spy out Jaazer, for Jaazer was a

very famous city.

30. And the spies went to Jaazer and explored it, and the spies trusted in the Lord, and they

fought against the men of Jaazer.

31. And these men took Jaazer and its villages, and the Lord delivered them into their hand,

and they drove out the Amorites who had been there.

32. And the children of Israel took the land of the two kings of the Amorites, sixty cities

which were on the other side of Jordan, from the brook of Arnon unto Mount Herman.

33. And the children of Israel journeyed and came into the plain of Moab which is on this

side of Jordan, by Jericho.

34. And the children of Moab heard all the evil which the children of Israel had done to the

two kings of the Amorites, to Sihon and Og, so all the men of Moab were greatly afraid

of the Israelites.

35. And the elders of Moab said, Behold the two kings of the Amorites, Sihon and Og, who

were more powerful than all the kings of the earth, could not stand against the children

of Israel, how then can we stand before them?

36. Surely they sent us a message before now to pass through our land on their way, and we

would not suffer them, now they will turn upon us with their heavy swords and destroy

us; and Moab was distressed on account of the children of Israel, and they were greatly

afraid of them, and they counselled together what was to be done to the children of

Israel.

37. And the elders of Moab resolved and took one of their men, Balak the son of Zippor the

Moabite, and made him king over them at that time, and Balak was a very wise man.

38. And the elders of Moab rose up and sent to the children of Midian to make peace with

them, for a great battle and enmity had been in those days between Moab and Midian,

from the days of Hadad the son of Bedad king of Edom, who smote Midian in the field

of Moab, unto these days.

39. And the children of Moab sent to the children of Midian, and they made peace with

them, and the elders of Midian came to the land of Moab to make peace in behalf of the

children of Midian.

40. And the elders of Moab counselled with the elders of Midian what to do in order to save

their lives from Israel.

41. And all the children of Moab said to the elders of Midian, Now therefore the children of

Israel lick up all that are round about us, as the ox licks up the grass of the field, for thus

did they do to the two kings of the Amorites who are stronger than we are.

42. And the elders of Midian said to Moab, We have heard that at the time when Sihon king

of the Amorites fought against you, when he prevailed over you and took your land, he

had sent to Beor the son of Janeas and to Balaam his son from Mesopotamia, and they

came and cursed you; therefore did the hand of Sihon prevail over you, that he took

your land.

43. Now therefore send you also to Balaam his son, for he still remains in his land, and give

him his hire, that he may come and curse all the people of whom you are afraid; so the

elders of Moab heard this thing, and it pleased them to send to Balaam the son of Beor.

44. So Balak the son of Zippor king of Moab sent messengers to Balaam, saying,

45. Behold there is a people come out from Egypt, behold they cover the face of the earth,

and they abide over against me.

46. Now therefore come and curse this people for me, for they are too mighty for me,

peradventure I shall prevail to fight against them, and drive them out, for I heard that he

whom thou blessest is blessed, and whom thou cursest is cursed.

47. So the messengers of Balak went to Balaam and brought Balaam to curse the people to

fight against Moab.

48. And Balaam came to Balak to curse Israel, and the Lord said to Balaam, Curse not this

people for it is blessed.

49. And Balak urged Balaam day by day to curse Israel, but Balaam hearkened not to Balak

on account of the word of the Lord which he had spoken to Balaam.

50. And when Balak saw that Balaam would not accede to his wish, he rose up and went

home, and Balaam also returned to his land and he went from there to Midian.

51. And the children of Israel journeyed from the plain of Moab, and pitched by Jordan

from Beth-jesimoth even unto Abel-shittim, at the end of the plains of Moab.

52. And when the children of Israel abode in the plain of Shittim, they began to commit

whoredom with the daughters of Moab.

53. And the children of Israel approached Moab, and the children of Moab pitched their

tents opposite to the camp of the children of Israel.

54. And the children of Moab were afraid of the children of Israel, and the children of Moab

took all their daughters and their wives of beautiful aspect and comely appearance, and

dressed them in gold and silver and costly garments.

55. And the children of Moab seated those women at the door of their tents, in order that the

children of Israel might see them and turn to them, and not fight against Moab.

56. And all the children of Moab did this thing to the children of Israel, and every man

placed his wife and daughter at the door of his tent, and all the children of Israel saw the

act of the children of Moab, and the children of Israel turned to the daughters of Moab

and coveted them, and they went to them.

57. And it came to pass that when a Hebrew came to the door of the tent of Moab, and saw

a daughter of Moab and desired her in his heart, and spoke with her at the door of the

tent that which he desired, whilst they were speaking together the men of the tent would

come out and speak to the Hebrew like unto these words:

58. Surely you know that we are brethren, we are all the descendants of Lot and the

descendants of Abraham his brother, wherefore then will you not remain with us, and

wherefore will you not eat our bread and our sacrifice?

59. And when the children of Moab had thus overwhelmed him with their speeches, and

enticed him by their flattering words, they seated him in the tent and cooked and

sacrificed for him, and he ate of their sacrifice and of their bread.

60. They then gave him wine and he drank and became intoxicated, and they placed before

him a beautiful damsel, and he did with her as he liked, for he knew not what he was

doing, as he had drunk plentifully of wine.

61. Thus did the children of Moab to Israel in that place, in the plain of Shittim, and the

anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel on account of this matter, and he sent a

pestilence amongst them, and there died of the Israelites twenty-four thousand men.

62. Now there was a man of the children of Simeon whose name was Zimri, the son of Salu,

who connected himself with the Midianite Cosbi, the daughter of Zur, king of Midian,

in the sight of all the children of Israel.

63. And Phineas the son of Elazer, the son of Aaron the priest, saw this wicked thing which

Zimri had done, and he took a spear and rose up and went after them, and pierced them

both and slew them, and the pestilence ceased from the children of Israel.

 

Jasher Chapter 86

1. At that time after the pestilence, the Lord said to Moses, and to Elazer the son of Aaron

the priest, saying,

2. Number the heads of the whole community of the children of Israel, from twenty years

old and upward, all that went forth in the army.

3. And Moses and Elazer numbered the children of Israel after their families, and the

number of all Israel was seven hundred thousand, seven hundred and thirty.

4. And the number of the children of Levi, from one month old and upward, was twenty-

three thousand, and amongst these there was not a man of those numbered by Moses

and Aaron in the wilderness of Sinai.

5. For the Lord had told them that they would die in the wilderness, so they all died, and

not one had been left of them excepting Caleb the son of Jephuneh, and Joshua the son

of Nun.

6. And it was after this that the Lord said to Moses, Say unto the children of Israel to

avenge upon Midian the cause of their brethren the children of Israel.

7. And Moses did so, and the children of Israel chose from amongst them twelve thousand

men, being one thousand to a tribe, and they went to Midian.

8. And the children of Israel warred against Midian, and they slew every male, also the

five princes of Midian, and Balaam the son of Beor did they slay with the sword.

9. And the children of Israel took the wives of Midian captive, with their little ones and

their cattle, and all belonging to them.

10. And they took all the spoil and all the prey, and they brought it to Moses and to Elazer

to the plains of Moab.

11. And Moses and Elazer and all the princes of the congregation went forth to meet them

with joy.

12. And they divided all the spoil of Midian, and the children of Israel had been revenged

upon Midian for the cause of their brethren the children of Israel.

 

Jasher Chapter 87

1. At that time the Lord said to Moses, Behold thy days are approaching to an end, take

now Joshua the son of Nun thy servant and place him in the tabernacle, and I will

command him, and Moses did so.

2. And the Lord appeared in the tabernacle in a pillar of cloud, and the pillar of cloud

stood at the entrance of the tabernacle.

3. And the Lord commanded Joshua the son of Nun and said unto him, Be strong and

courageous, for thou shalt bring the children of Israel to the land which I swore to give

them, and I will be with thee.

4. And Moses said to Joshua, Be strong and courageous, for thou wilt make the children of

Israel inherit the land, and the Lord will be with thee, he will not leave thee nor forsake

thee, be not afraid nor disheartened.

5. And Moses called to all the children of Israel and said to them, You have seen all the

good which the Lord your God has done for you in the wilderness.

6. Now therefore observe all the words of this law, and walk in the way of the Lord your

God, turn not from the way which the Lord has commanded you, either to the right or to

the left.

7. And Moses taught the children of Israel statutes and judgments and laws to do in the

land as the Lord had commanded him.

8. And he taught them the way of the Lord and his laws; behold they are written upon the

book of the law of God which he gave to the children of Israel by the hand of Moses.

9. And Moses finished commanding the children of Israel, and the Lord said to him,

saying, Go up to the Mount Abarim and die there, and be gathered unto thy people as

Aaron thy brother was gathered.

10. And Moses went up as the Lord had commanded him, and he died there in the land of

Moab by the order of the Lord, in the fortieth year from the Israelites going forth from

the land of Egypt.

11. And the children of Israel wept for Moses in the plains of Moab for thirty days, and the

days of weeping and mourning for Moses were completed.

 

Jasher Chapter 88

1. And it was after the death of Moses that the Lord said to Joshua the son of Nun, saying,

2. Rise up and pass the Jordan to the land which I have given to the children of Israel, and

thou shalt make the children of Israel inherit the land.

3. Every place upon which the sole of your feet shall tread shall belong to you, from the

wilderness of Lebanon unto the great river the river of Perath shall be your boundary.

4. No man shall stand up against thee all the days of thy life; as I was with Moses, so will I

be with thee, only be strong and of good courage to observe all the law which Moses

commanded thee, turn not from the way either to the right or to the left, in order that

thou mayest prosper in all that thou doest.

5. And Joshua commanded the officers of Israel, saying, Pass through the camp and

command the people, saying, Prepare for yourselves provisions, for in three days more

you will pass the Jordan to possess the land.

6. And the officers of the children of Israel did so, and they commanded the people and

they did all that Joshua had commanded.

7. And Joshua sent two men to spy out the land of Jericho, and the men went and spied out

Jericho.

8. And at the end of seven days they came to Joshua in the camp and said to him, The

Lord has delivered the whole land into our hand, and the inhabitants thereof are melted

with fear because of us.

9. And it came to pass after that, that Joshua rose up in the morning and all Israel with

him, and they journeyed from Shittim, and Joshua and all Israel with him passed the

Jordan; and Joshua was eighty-two years old when he passed the Jordan with Israel.

10. And the people went up from Jordan on the tenth day of the first month, and they

encamped in Gilgal at the eastern corner of Jericho.

11. And the children of Israel kept the Passover in Gilgal, in the plains of Jericho, on the

fourteenth day at the month, as it is written in the law of Moses.

12. And the manna ceased at that time on the morrow of the Passover, and there was no

more manna for the children of Israel, and they ate of the produce of the land of Canaan.

13. And Jericho was entirely closed against the children of Israel, no one came out or went

in.

14. And it was in the second month, on the first day of the month, that the Lord said to

Joshua, Rise up, behold I have given Jericho into thy hand with all the people thereof;

and all your fighting men shall go round the city, once each day, thus shall you do for

six days.

15. And the priests shall blow upon trumpets, and when you shall hear the sound of the

trumpet, all the people shall give a great shouting, that the walls of the city shall fall

down; all the people shall go up every man against his opponent.

16. And Joshua did so according to all that the Lord had commanded him.

17. And on the seventh day they went round the city seven times, and the priests blew upon

trumpets.

18. And at the seventh round, Joshua said to the people, Shout, for the Lord has delivered

the whole city into our hands.

19. Only the city and all that it contains shall be accursed to the Lord, and keep yourselves

from the accursed thing, lest you make the camp of Israel accursed and trouble it.

20. But all the silver and gold and brass and iron shall be consecrated to the Lord, they shall

come into the treasury of the Lord.

21. And the people blew upon trumpets and made a great shouting, and the walls of Jericho

fell down, and all the people went up, every man straight before him, and they took the

city and utterly destroyed all that was in it, both man and woman, young and old, ox and

sheep and ass, with the edge of the sword.

22. And they burned the whole city with fire; only the vessels of silver and gold, and brass

and iron, they put into the treasury of the Lord.

23. And Joshua swore at that time, saying, Cursed be the man who builds Jericho; he shall

lay the foundation thereof in his first-born, and in his youngest son shall he set up the

gates thereof.

24. And Achan the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, son of Judah, dealt

treacherously in the accursed thing, and he took of the accursed thing and hid it in the

tent, and the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel.

25. And it was after this when the children of Israel had returned from burning Jericho,

Joshua sent men to spy out also Ai, and to fight against it.

26. And the men went up and spied out Ai, and they returned and said, Let not all the

people go up with thee to Ai, only let about three thousand men go up and smite the

city, for the men thereof are but few.

27. And Joshua did so, and there went up with him of the children of Israel about three

thousand men, and they fought against the men of Ai.

28. And the battle was severe against Israel, and the men of Ai smote thirty-six men of

Israel, and the children of Israel fled from before the men of Ai.

29. And when Joshua saw this thing, he tore his garments and fell upon his face to the

ground before the Lord, he, with the elders of Israel, and they put dust upon their heads.

30. And Joshua said, Why O Lord didst thou bring this people over the Jordan? what shall I

say after the Israelites have turned their backs against their enemies?

31. Now therefore all the Canaanites, inhabitants of the land, will hear this thing, and

surround us and cut off our name.

32. And the Lord said to Joshua, Why dost thou fall upon thy face? rise, get thee off, for the

Israelites have sinned, and taken of the accursed thing; I will no more be with them

unless they destroy the accursed thing from amongst them.

33. And Joshua rose up and assembled the people, and brought the Urim by the order of the

Lord, and the tribe of Judah was taken, and Achan the son of Carmi was taken.

34. And Joshua said to Achan, Tell me my son, what hast thou done, and Achan said, I saw

amongst the spoil a goodly garment of Shinar and two hundred shekels of silver, and a

wedge of gold of fifty shekels weight; I coveted them and took them, and behold they

are all hid in the earth in the midst of the tent.

35. And Joshua sent men who went and took them from the tent of Achan, and they brought

them to Joshua.

36. And Joshua took Achan and these utensils, and his sons and daughters and all belonging

to him, and they brought them into the valley of Achor.

37. And Joshua burned them there with fire, and all the Israelites stoned Achan with stones,

and they raised over him a heap of stones, therefore did he call that place the valley of

Achor, so the Lord's anger was appeased, and Joshua afterward came to the city and

fought against it.

38. And the Lord said to Joshua, Fear not, neither be thou dismayed, behold I have given

into thy hand Ai, her king and her people, and thou shalt do unto them as thou didst to

Jericho and her king, only the spoil thereof and the cattle thereof shall you take for a

prey for yourselves; lay an ambush for the city behind it.

39. So Joshua did according to the word of the Lord, and he chose from amongst the sons of

war thirty thousand valiant men, and he sent them, and they lay in ambush for the city.

40. And he commanded them, saying, When you shall see us we will flee before them with

cunning, and they will pursue us, you shall then rise out of the ambush and take the city,

and they did so.

41. And Joshua fought, and the men of the city went out toward Israel, not knowing that

they were lying in ambush for them behind the city.

42. And Joshua and all the Israelites feigned themselves wearied out before them, and they

fled by the way of the wilderness with cunning.

43. And the men of Ai gathered all the people who were in the city to pursue the Israelites,

and they went out and were drawn away from the city, not one remained, and they left

the city open and pursued the Israelites.

44. And those who were lying in ambush rose up out of their places, and hastened to come

to the city and took it and set it on fire, and the men of Ai turned back, and behold the

smoke of the city ascended to the skies, and they had no means of retreating either one

way or the other.

45. And all the men of Ai were in the midst of Israel, some on this side and some on that

side, and they smote them so that not one of them remained.

46. And the children of Israel took Melosh king of Ai alive, and they brought him to

Joshua, and Joshua hanged him on a tree and he died.

47. And the children of Israel returned to the city after having burned it, and they smote all

those that were in it with the edge of the sword.

48. And the number of those that had fallen of the men of Ai, both man and woman, was

twelve thousand; only the cattle and the spoil of the city they took to themselves,

according to the word of the Lord to Joshua.

49. And all the kings on this side Jordan, all the kings of Canaan, heard of the evil which

the children of Israel had done to Jericho and to Ai, and they gathered themselves

together to fight against Israel.

50. Only the inhabitants of Gibeon were greatly afraid of fighting against the Israelites lest

they should perish, so they acted cunningly, and they came to Joshua and to all Israel,

and said unto them, We have come from a distant land, now therefore make a covenant

with us.

51. And the inhabitants of Gibeon over-reached the children of Israel, and the children of

Israel made a covenant with them, and they made peace with them, and the princes of

the congregation swore unto them, but afterward the children of Israel knew that they

were neighbors to them and were dwelling amongst them.

52. But the children of Israel slew them not; for they had sworn to them by the Lord, and

they became hewers of wood and drawers of water.

53. And Joshua said to them, Why did you deceive me, to do this thing to us? and they

answered him, saying, Because it was told to thy servants all that you had done to all the

kings of the Amorites, and we were greatly afraid of our lives, and we did this thing.

54. And Joshua appointed them on that day to hew wood and to draw water, and he divided

them for slaves to all the tribes of Israel.

55. And when Adonizedek king of Jerusalem heard all that the children of Israel had done

to Jericho and to Ai, he sent to Hoham king of Hebron and to Piram king at Jarmuth,

and to Japhia king of Lachish and to Deber king of Eglon, saying,

56. Come up to me and help me, that we may smite the children of Israel and the

inhabitants of Gibeon who have made peace with the children of Israel.

57. And they gathered themselves together and the five kings of the Amorites went up with

all their camps, a mighty people numerous as the sand of the sea shore.

58. And all these kings came and encamped before Gibeon, and they began to fight against

the inhabitants of Gibeon, and all the men of Gibeon sent to Joshua, saying, Come up

quickly to us and help us, for all the kings of the Amorites have gathered together to

fight against us.

59. And Joshua and all the fighting people went up from Gilgal, and Joshua came suddenly

to them, and smote these five kings with a great slaughter.

60. And the Lord confounded them before the children at Israel, who smote them with a

terrible slaughter in Gibeon, and pursued them along the way that goes up to Beth

Horon unto Makkedah, and they fled from before the children of Israel.

61. And whilst they were fleeing, the Lord sent upon them hailstones from heaven, and

more of them died by the hailstones, than by the slaughter of the children of Israel.

62. And the children of Israel pursued them, and they still smote them in the road, going on

and smiting them.

63. And when they were smiting, the day was declining toward evening, and Joshua said in

the sight of all the people, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon, and thou moon in the

valley of Ajalon, until the nation shall have revenged itself upon its enemies.

64. And the Lord hearkened to the voice of Joshua, and the sun stood still in the midst of

the heavens, and it stood still six and thirty moments, and the moon also stood still and

hastened not to go down a whole day.

65. And there was no day like that, before it or after it, that the Lord hearkened to the voice

of a man, for the Lord fought for Israel.

 

Jasher Chapter 89

1. Then spoke Joshua this song, on the day that the Lord had given the Amorites into the

hand of Joshua and the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of all Israel,

2. Thou hast done mighty things, O Lord, thou hast performed great deeds; who is like

unto thee? my lips shall sing to thy name.

3. My goodness and my fortress, my high tower, I will sing a new song unto thee, with

thanksgiving will I sing to thee, thou art the strength of my salvation.

4. All the kings of the earth shall praise thee, the princes of the world shall sing to thee, the

children of Israel shall rejoice in thy salvation, they shall sing and praise thy power.

5. To thee, O Lord, did we confide; we said thou art our God, for thou wast our shelter and

strong tower against our enemies.

6. To thee we cried and were not ashamed, in thee we trusted and were delivered; when we

cried unto thee, thou didst hear our voice, thou didst deliver our souls from the sword,

thou didst show unto us thy grace, thou didst give unto us thy salvation, thou didst

rejoice our hearts with thy strength.

7. Thou didst go forth for our salvation, with thine arm thou didst redeem thy people; thou

didst answer us from the heavens of thy holiness, thou didst save us from ten thousands

of people.

8. The sun and moon stood still in heaven, and thou didst stand in thy wrath against our

oppressors and didst command thy judgments over them.

9. All the princes of the earth stood up, the kings of the nations had gathered themselves

together, they were not moved at thy presence, they desired thy battles.

10. Thou didst rise against them in thine anger, and didst bring down thy wrath upon them;

thou didst destroy them in thine anger, and cut them off in thine heart.

11. Nations have been consumed with thy fury, kingdoms have declined because of thy

wrath, thou didst wound kings in the day of thine anger.

12. Thou didst pour out thy fury upon them, thy wrathful anger took hold of them; thou

didst turn their iniquity upon them, and didst cut them off in their wickedness.

13. They did spread a trap, they fell therein, in the net they hid, their foot was caught.

14. Thine hand was ready for all thine enemies who said, Through their sword they

possessed the land, through their arm they dwelt in the city; thou didst fill their faces

with shame, thou didst bring their horns down to the ground, thou didst terrify them in

thy wrath, and didst destroy them in thine anger.

15. The earth trembled and shook at the sound of thy storm over them, thou didst not

withhold their souls from death, and didst bring down their lives to the grave.

16. Thou didst pursue them in thy storm, thou didst consume them in thy whirlwind, thou

didst turn their rain into hail, they fell in deep pits so that they could not rise.

17. Their carcasses were like rubbish cast out in the middle of the streets.

18. They were consumed and destroyed in thine anger, thou didst save thy people with thy

might.

19. Therefore our hearts rejoice in thee, our souls exalt in thy salvation.

20. Our tongues shall relate thy might, we will sing and praise thy wondrous works.

21. For thou didst save us from our enemies, thou didst deliver us from those who rose up

against us, thou didst destroy them from before us and depress them beneath our feet.

22. Thus shall all thine enemies perish O Lord, and the wicked shall be like chaff driven by

the wind, and thy beloved shall be like trees planted by the waters.

23. So Joshua and all Israel with him returned to the camp in Gilgal, after having smitten all

the kings, so that not a remnant was left of them.

24. And the five kings fled alone on foot from battle, and hid themselves in a cave, and

Joshua sought for them in the field of battle, and did not find them.

25. And it was afterward told to Joshua, saying, The kings are found and behold they are

hidden in a cave.

26. And Joshua said, Appoint men to be at the mouth of the cave, to guard them, lest they

take themselves away; and the children of Israel did so.

27. And Joshua called to all Israel and said to the officers of battle, Place your feet upon the

necks of these kings, and Joshua said, So shall the Lord do to all your enemies.

28. And Joshua commanded afterward that they should slay the kings and cast them into the

cave, and to put great stones at the mouth of the cave.

29. And Joshua went afterward with all the people that were with him on that day to

Makkedah, and he smote it with the edge of the sword.

30. And he utterly destroyed the souls and all belonging to the city, and he did to the king

and people thereof as he had done to Jericho.

31. And he passed from there to Libnah and he fought against it, and the Lord delivered it

into his hand, and Joshua smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls thereof,

and he did to it and to the king thereof as he had done to Jericho.

32. And from there he passed on to Lachish to fight against it, and Horam king of Gaza

went up to assist the men of Lachish, and Joshua smote him and his people until there

was none left to him.

33. And Joshua took Lachish and all the people thereof, and he did to it as he had done to

Libnah.

34. And Joshua passed from there to Eglon, and he took that also, and he smote it and all

the people thereof with the edge of the sword.

35. And from there he passed to Hebron and fought against it and took it and utterly

destroyed it, and he returned from there with all Israel to Debir and fought against it and

smote it with the edge of the sword.

36. And he destroyed every soul in it, he left none remaining, and he did to it and the king

thereof as he had done to Jericho.

37. And Joshua smote all the kings of the Amorites from Kadesh-barnea to Azah, and he

took their country at once, for the Lord had fought for Israel.

38. And Joshua with all Israel came to the camp to Gilgal.

39. When at that time Jabin king of Chazor heard all that Joshua had done to the kings of

the Amorites, Jabin sent to Jobat king of Midian, and to Laban king of Shimron, to

Jephal king of Achshaph, and to all the kings of the Amorites, saying,

40. Come quickly to us and help us, that we may smite the children of Israel, before they

come upon us and do unto us as they have done to the other kings of the Amorites.

41. And all these kings hearkened to the words of Jabin, king of Chazor, and they went

forth with all their camps, seventeen kings, and their people were as numerous as the

sand on the sea shore, together with horses and chariots innumerable, and they came

and pitched together at the waters of Merom, and they were met together to fight against

Israel.

42. And the Lord said to Joshua, Fear them not, for tomorrow about this time I will deliver

them up all slain before you, thou shalt hough their horses and burn their chariots with

fire.

43. And Joshua with all the men of war came suddenly upon them and smote them, and

they fell into their hands, for the Lord had delivered them into the hands of the children

of Israel.

44. So the children of Israel pursued all these kings with their camps, and smote them until

there was none left of them, and Joshua did to them as the Lord had spoken to him.

45. And Joshua returned at that time to Chazor and smote it with the sword and destroyed

every soul in it and burned it with fire, and from Chazor, Joshua passed to Shimron and

smote it and utterly destroyed it.

46. From there he passed to Achshaph and he did to it as he had done to Shimron.

47. From there he passed to Adulam and he smote all the people in it, and he did to Adulam

as he had done to Achshaph and to Shimron.

48. And he passed from them to all the cities of the kings which he had smitten, and he

smote all the people that were left of them and he utterly destroyed them.

49. Only their booty and cattle the Israelites took to themselves as a prey, but every human

being they smote, they suffered not a soul to live.

50. As the Lord had commanded Moses so did Joshua and all Israel, they failed not in

anything.

51. So Joshua and all the children of Israel smote the whole land of Canaan as the Lord had

commanded them, and smote all their kings, being thirty and one kings, and the children

of Israel took their whole country.

52. Besides the kingdoms of Sihon and Og which are on the other side Jordan, of which

Moses had smitten many cities, and Moses gave them to the Reubenites and the Gadites

and to half the tribe of Manasseh.

53. And Joshua smote all the kings that were on this side Jordan to the west, and gave them

for an inheritance to the nine tribes and to the half tribe of Israel.

54. For five years did Joshua carry on the war with these kings, and he gave their cities to

the Israelites, and the land became tranquil from battle throughout the cities of the

Amorites and the Canaanites.

 

Jasher Chapter 90

1. At that time in the fifth year after the children of Israel had passed over Jordan, after the

children of Israel had rested from their war with the Canaanites, at that time great and

severe battles arose between Edom and the children of Chittim, and the children of

Chittim fought against Edom.

2. And Abianus king of Chittim went forth in that year, that is in the thirty-first year of his

reign, and a great force with him of the mighty men of the children of Chittim, and he

went to Seir to fight against the children of Esau.

3. And Hadad the king of Edom heard of his report, and he went forth to meet him with a

heavy people and strong force, and engaged in battle with him in the field of Edom.

4. And the hand of Chittim prevailed over the children of Esau, and the children of Chittim

slew of the children of Esau, two and twenty thousand men, and all the children of Esau

fled from before them.

5. And the children of Chittim pursued them and they reached Hadad king of Edom, who

was running before them and they caught him alive, and brought him to Abianus king of

Chittim.

6. And Abianus ordered him to be slain, and Hadad king of Edom died in the forty-eighth

year of his reign.

7. And the children of Chittim continued their pursuit of Edom, and they smote them with

a great slaughter and Edom became subject to the children of Chittim.

8. And the children of Chittim ruled over Edom, and Edom became under the hand of the

children of Chittim and became one kingdom from that day.

9. And from that time they could no more lift up their heads, and their kingdom became

one with the children of Chittim.

10. And Abianus placed officers in Edom and all the children of Edom became subject and

tributary to Abianus, and Abianus turned back to his own land, Chittim.

11. And when he returned he renewed his government and built for himself a spacious and

fortified palace for a royal residence, and reigned securely over the children of Chittim

and over Edom.

12. In those days, after the children of Israel had driven away all the Canaanites and the

Amorites, Joshua was old and advanced in years.

13. And the Lord said to Joshua, Thou art old, advanced in life, and a great part of the land

remains to be possessed.

14. Now therefore divide this land for an inheritance to the nine tribes and to the half tribe

of Manasseh, and Joshua rose up and did as the Lord had spoken to him.

15. And he divided the whole land to the tribes of Israel as an inheritance according to their

divisions.

16. But to the tribe at Levi he gave no inheritance, the offerings of the Lord are their

inheritance as the Lord had spoken of them by the hand of Moses.

17. And Joshua gave Mount Hebron to Caleb the son of Jephuneh, one portion above his

brethren, as the Lord had spoken through Moses.

18. Therefore Hebron became an inheritance to Caleb and his children unto this day.

19. And Joshua divided the whole land by lots to all Israel for an inheritance, as the Lord

had commanded him.

20. And the children of Israel gave cities to the Levites from their own inheritance, and

suburbs for their cattle, and property, as the Lord had commanded Moses so did the

children of Israel, and they divided the land by lot whether great or small.

21. And they went to inherit the land according to their boundaries, and the children of

Israel gave to Joshua the son of Nun an inheritance amongst them.

22. By the word of the Lord did they give to him the city which he required, Timnath-

serach in Mount Ephraim, and he built the city and dwelt therein.

23. These are the inheritances which Elazer the priest and Joshua the son of Nun and the

heads of the fathers of the tribes portioned out to the children of Israel by lot in Shiloh,

before the Lord, at the door of the tabernacle, and they left off dividing the land.

24. And the Lord gave the land to the Israelites, and they possessed it as the Lord had

spoken to them, and as the Lord had sworn to their ancestors.

25. And the Lord gave to the Israelites rest from all their enemies around them, and no man

stood up against them, and the Lord delivered all their enemies into their hands, and not

one thing failed of all the good which the Lord had spoken to the children of Israel, yea

the Lord performed every thing.

26. And Joshua called to all the children of Israel and he blessed them, and commanded

them to serve the Lord, and he afterward sent them away, and they went each man to his

city, and each man to his inheritance.

27. And the children of Israel served the Lord all the days of Joshua, and the Lord gave

them rest from all around them, and they dwelt securely in their cities.

28. And it came to pass in those days, that Abianus king of Chittim died, in the thirty-eighth

year of his reign, that is the seventh year of his reign over Edom, and they buried him in

his place which he had built for himself, and Latinus reigned in his stead fifty years.

29. And during his reign he brought forth an army, and he went and fought against the

inhabitants of Britannia and Kernania, the children of Elisha son of Javan, and he

prevailed over them and made them tributary.

30. He then heard that Edom had revolted from under the hand of Chittim, and Latinus went

to them and smote them and subdued them, and placed them under the hand of the

children of Chittim, and Edom became one kingdom with the children of Chittim all the

days.

31. And for many years there was no king in Edom, and their government was with the

children of Chittim and their king.

32. And it was in the twenty-sixth year after the children of Israel had passed the Jordan,

that is the sixty-sixth year after the children of Israel had departed from Egypt, that

Joshua was old, advanced in years, being one hundred and eight years old in those days.

33. And Joshua called to all Israel, to their elders, their judges and officers, after the Lord

had given to all the Israelites rest from all their enemies round about, and Joshua said to

the elders of Israel, and to their judges, Behold I am old, advanced in years, and you

have seen what the Lord has done to all the nations whom he has driven away from

before you, for it is the Lord who has fought for you.

34. Now therefore strengthen yourselves to keep and to do all the words of the law of

Moses, not to deviate from it to the right or to the left, and not to come amongst those

nations who are left in the land; neither shall you make mention of the name of their

gods, but you shall cleave to the Lord your God, as you have done to this day.

35. And Joshua greatly exhorted the children of Israel to serve the Lord all their days.

36. And all the Israelites said, We will serve the Lord our God all our days, we and our

children, and our children's children, and our seed for ever.

37. And Joshua made a covenant with the people on that day, and he sent away the children

of Israel, and they went each man to his inheritance and to his city.

38. And it was in those days, when the children of Israel were dwelling securely in their

cities, that they buried the coffins of the tribes of their ancestors, which they had

brought up from Egypt, each man in the inheritance of his children, the twelve sons of

Jacob did the children of Israel bury, each man in the possession of his children.

39. And these are the names of the cities wherein they buried the twelve sons of Jacob,

whom the children of Israel had brought up from Egypt.

40. And they buried Reuben and Gad on this side Jordan, in Romia, which Moses had given

to their children.

41. And Simeon and Levi they buried in the city Mauda, which he had given to the children

of Simeon, and the suburb of the city was for the children of Levi.

42. And Judah they buried in the city of Benjamin opposite Bethlehem.

43. And the bones of Issachar and Zebulun they buried in Zidon, in the portion which fell to

their children.

44. And Dan was buried in the city of his children in Eshtael, and Naphtali and Asher they

buried in Kadesh-naphtali, each man in his place which he had given to his children.

45. And the bones of Joseph they buried in Shechem, in the part of the field which Jacob

had purchased from Hamor, and which became to Joseph for an inheritance.

46. And they buried Benjamin in Jerusalem opposite the Jebusite, which was given to the

children of Benjamin; the children of Israel buried their fathers each man in the city of

his children.

47. And at the end of two years, Joshua the son of Nun died, one hundred and ten years old,

and the time which Joshua judged Israel was twenty-eight years, and Israel served the

Lord all the days of his life.

48. And the other affairs of Joshua and his battles and his reproofs with which he reproved

Israel, and all which he had commanded them, and the names of the cities which the

children of Israel possessed in his days, behold they are written in the book of the words

of Joshua to the children of Israel, and in the book of the wars of the Lord, which Moses

and Joshua and the children of Israel had written.

49. And the children of Israel buried Joshua in the border of his inheritance, in Timnath-

serach, which was given to him in Mount Ephraim.

50. And Elazer the son of Aaron died in those days, and they buried him in a hill belonging

to Phineas his son, which was given him in Mount Ephraim.

 

Jasher Chapter 91

1. At that time, after the death of Joshua, the children of the Canaanites were still in the

land, and the Israelites resolved to drive them out.

2. And the children of Israel asked of the Lord, saying, Who shall first go up for us to the

Canaanites to fight against them? and the Lord said, Judah shall go up.

3. And the children of Judah said to Simeon, Go up with us into our lot, and we will fight

against the Canaanites and we likewise will go up with you, in your lot, so the children

of Simeon went with the children of Judah.

4. And the children of Judah went up and fought against the Canaanites, so the Lord

delivered the Canaanites into the hands of the children of Judah, and they smote them in

Bezek, ten thousand men.

5. And they fought with Adonibezek in Bezek, and he fled from before them, and they

pursued him and caught him, and they took hold of him and cut off his thumbs and great

toes.

6. And Adonibezek said, Three score and ten kings having their thumbs and great toes cut

off, gathered their meat under my table, as I have done, so God has requited me, and

they brought him to Jerusalem and he died there.

7. And the children of Simeon went with the children of Judah, and they smote the

Canaanites with the edge of the sword.

8. And the Lord was with the children of Judah, and they possessed the mountain, and the

children of Joseph went up to Bethel, the same is Luz, and the Lord was with them.

9. And the children of Joseph spied out Bethel, and the watchmen saw a man going forth

from the city, and they caught him and said unto him, Show us now the entrance of the

city and we will show kindness to thee.

10. And that man showed them the entrance of the city, and the children of Joseph came

and smote the City with the edge of the sword.

11. And the man with his family they sent away, and he went to the Hittites and he built a

city, and he called the name thereof Luz, so all the Israelites dwelt in their cities, and the

children at Israel dwelt in their cities, and the children of Israel served the Lord all the

days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders, who had lengthened their days after

Joshua, and saw the great work of the Lord, which he had performed for Israel.

12. And the elders judged Israel after the death of Joshua for seventeen years.

13. And all the elders also fought the battles of Israel against the Canaanites and the Lord

drove the Canaanites from before the children of Israel, in order to place the Israelites in

their land.

14. And he accomplished all the words which he had spoken to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob,

and the oath which he had sworn, to give to them and to their children, the land of the

Canaanites.

15. And the Lord gave to the children of Israel the whole land of Canaan, as he had sworn

to their ancestors, and the Lord gave them rest from those around them, and the children

of Israel dwelt securely in their cities.

16. Blessed be the Lord for ever, amen, and amen.

17. Strengthen yourselves, and let the hearts of all you that trust in the Lord be of good

courage.

THE END

Faithfully translated (1840) from the Original Hebrew into English. A Reprint of Photo

Lithographic Reprint of Exact Edition Published by J.H. Parry & Co., Salt Lake City: 1887]