What is the book of Enoch?
This is a compilation of some notes and thoughts about the book of Enoch
This is by no means an exhaustive study of Enoch, and I don't even mention many of the things written in it. This is just some highlights of the book.
First of all, Enoch is mentioned in Genesis, Luke, and Hebrews; and the book of Enoch was quoted by both Jude and Peter.
It is not included in the Bible we have today, but there's a good reason for that. It was completely unknown prior to the KJV Bible and all of the pre-KJV translations and collections of scripture, so there could be no way for it to have been included in the Bible we have today.
Enoch, like Elijah, was taken to heaven by God without having to die in this life: Gen 5:24 And Enoch walked with God: and he was not; for God took him. - and - Heb 11:5 By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see death; and was not found, because God had translated him: for before his translation he had this testimony, that he pleased God.
The book of Enoch was first discovered in Africa (Ethiopia) in the mid 1700's and then also found among the Dead Sea Scrolls. Enoch was the great grandfather of Noah. He gave his writings to Methuselah (the son of Enoch and grandfather of Noah), and Noah to preserve them "so they can be delivered to the generations of the world". Is it a book we should study and consider as the word of God just like the other major prophets? I can't answer that question for you, but I have read it, have found no direct contradictions to the Bible in it, find that many places confirm and expand on what we have in the Bible, and find the prophecies fascinating, such as the prophecy of the flood and how it gives us a greater understanding of the world prior to the flood. And, the "10 weeks" prophecy where each "week" is an "era" or period of time (looks like they are about 600-800 years each). Since Enoch is mentioned several times in the Bible, was a man of God, and the book of Enoch was quoted by Jude and Peter, I tend to lean toward it being authentic and inspired by the Spirit like the rest of the Bible.
It goes into great detail about the angels who sinned: Genesis 6:4 and 2 Peter 2:4...
And it gives us an understanding of where evil spirits come from, where magic first came from, etc...
Plus it explains "hell" much more fully. I recently did a study on hell and determined through the Bible that it (Sheol and/or Hades) is "the place of the dead", not just for the wicked but it has several parts including a good part for the righteous dead. In Enoch it gives us even more information!
I recommend giving it a read if you have not already.
Click here to read or download the full text of the Book of Enoch.
The below is a very short run through of some notes and thoughts on the book of Enoch.
Chapters 1 - 5
Chapter 1 is where Jude quotes from Enoch: Jude 14 And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints,
15 To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard
speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.
Note that Enoch says that the vision which the angels showed him, he also was given understanding of what he saw from them.
This helps us understand that many things refer to things Enoch could not know, and things that were not typical of his time and the world he lived in.
These prophecies and visions are not about his generation (only a few places actually reference things of the earth in his time), but are for "a remote" generation "which is for to come".
The angels are called "watchers".
Chapters 6 - 9
We see that it's during the time of Jared, Enoch's father, that 200 of the angels came to the earth and took wives of human females (Gen 6:2-4), taught them magic (charms and enchantements), instruments of war and the art of war, astrology and constellations, etc., and bare giant "mighty men" as children.
Jared was born in the year 460 AA (After Adam) and the angels were around until the time of the flood over 1000 years later. It's important to understand that they had a LOT of children during that 1000 years.
These children became cannibals, and sinned against animals (by eating them). In Genesis 1:29-30 and Genesis 9:3 we see that before the flood everything was vegetarian and it was only after the flood that animals were killed for meat.
God warns Noah of the deluge, and assigns punishment to the angels who sinned.
Throughout the book of Enoch we're given a lot of information about the angels who sinned and their punishment. Their sin was very grievous and as such their punishment was very grievous, because they "wronged mankind", and they were of heaven but went down to earth and sinned.
They are bound for 70 generations, until Judgement Day and the Consummation.
They get Enoch to petition God for them, but God denies their petition and tells them that they "should intercede for men, and not men for you".
Their children will be confined to the earth as evil spirits since they were born of men and angels.
Interesting that the things they taught women were "worthless" mysteries and caused "men and women to work much evil on earth".
The angels that sinned assumed many different forms...
Hell is explained in greater detail than we had previously seen in the Bible. In the Bible, the word "hell" comes from the words "Sheol" and "Hades".
OT:7585 she'owl (sheh-ole'); or sheol (sheh-ole'); from OT:7592; Hades or the world of the dead (as if a subterranean retreat), including its accessories and inmates:
NT:86 haides (hah'-dace); from NT:1 (as negative particle) and NT:1492; properly, unseen, i.e. "Hades" or the place (state) of departed souls:
NT:5020 tartaroo (tar-tar-o'-o); from Tartaros (the deepest abyss of Hades); to incarcerate in eternal torment:
Tartaroo is where the angels are reserved (the deepest abyss of Hades) for Judgement in 2 Peter 2:4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell (Tartaroo), and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;
There is more than one "level" or "part" to hell. It's the place of the dead, separated with no way to cross to the other parts, for sinners in some parts and for the saints of God in the good part.
In Enoch, we're shown in much greater detail, that there are four different parts of Sheol for the souls of men to be separated and reserved until Judgement Day. We see that some will "not be slain in the day of judgement nor shall they be raised from thence". These will remain in hell forever.
There is a part "in which there is the bright spring of water" for the righteous dead.
In Enoch chapter 70 we see that Enoch is translated to "the place for the elect", where he saw the "first fathers and the righteous who from the beginning dwell". Enoch was taken to the good part of Sheol where the righteous are all resting and waiting for the Day of the Lord.
Prophecy of Jesus!
Prophetic terms about Jesus are interspersed throughout Enoch. He is the "Eternal King", the "Elect One", the "Son of Man". God is the Lord of Spirits,
the Head of Days, and as we know from scripture; God is a Spirit (John 4:24 God is a Spirit...), and Jesus is the human body God made for Himself (Col 2:9 For in him (Jesus)
dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. He is the image of the invisible God. 2 Corinthians 4:4 … Christ, who is the image of God - Hebrews 1:3 (Jesus is) ...
the express image of his (God's) person - Colossians 1:15 (Jesus) Who is the image of the invisible God)
Click here for more information on this subject.
He (Jesus) was named before creation (Enoch 48), and foreordained before the foundation of the world (1 Peter 1:20 Who (Jesus) verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you).
Jesus is the mystery of God... "From the beginning the Son of Man was hidden", but is revealed to the elect, the saints (Enoch 62) His name is revealed at the end when He will sit in judgement (Enoch 69), (Col 1:26 Even the mystery which hath been hid from ages and from generations, but now is made manifest to his saints), (1 Tim 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.)
He will sit on the throne of God (Enoch 51), and all will behold Him (Mine Elect One) sit on the throne and judge (Enoch 55).
In the Last days - judgement and the desolate valley for those who don't love the Lord
Portals of heaven, more about the angels who sinned, more about Jesus.
Chapter 32 shows us the Garden of Eden, and a little about Adam and Eve.
Chapter 36 ends the "first vision" which started in chapter 1.
Many visions, the Three Parables, luminaries, the portals of heaven and the stars
Chapter 48: Jesus "shall be the light of the Gentiles". Since Abraham was not yet born, this is a prophecy of the purpose of Christ.
Chapter 51: The resurrection of the dead.
Chapter 52: Vision of the wrath of God... As wax before the fire - they shall become powerless before his feet - none shall be saved - none shall be able to escape when the Elect One (Jesus) shall appear.
Chapter 53: Punishment of sinners and the righteous will have rest from the oppression of sinners.
Chapter 54: A deep valley for the sinners. Chains for the angels who sinned.
- A prophecy of the flood - chambers of water above and fountains beneath the earth.
Chapter 58: Promises to those who love the Lord.
Chapter 60: A mighty quaking in the heavens - Until this day lasted the mercy and long suffering of God, until the day of His wrath.
- Behemoth and Leviathon - These are not the same as those shown to Job.
Chapter 64: The angels who sinned revealed what has hidden and seduced the children of men into committing sin.
Chapters 65 - 70
Warning to Noah of the coming deluge and his preservation.
The angels who "were over the powers of the waters" are told to hold them in check. (to give Noah time to build the ark)
Enoch gave Noah "the teaching of all the secrets in the book of Parables".
The fallen angel "Kasdeja" taught men how to abort children in the womb!!!
Enoch is translated to "the place for the elect", where he saw the "first fathers and the righteous who from the beginning dwell". Enoch was taken to the good part of Sheol where the righteous are all resting and waiting for the Day of the Lord.
The luminaries (sun, moon, stars).
The four quarters of the earth.
Enoch is showing these things to his son Methuselah.
Moon light is transferred to her by the sun.
Chapter 80 - 82
The sinners years are shortened. Probably referring to the life-span of men after the flood being severely shortened.
All things on the earth shall alter. After the flood, many things changed; Animals, climate, abundance of vegetation, etc.
Sinners will err concerning the stars.
Enoch is told to "declare everything to thy son Methuselah" to "preserve" it to "deliver them to the generations of the world".
Chapters 85 - 90
The history of the world all the way through to the end into eternity:
Chapter 85 - Adam and Eve, Cain and Able, Seth
Chapter 86 - the fall of the angels who sinned
Chapter 88 - punishment of the angels who sinned - siezed and thrown into the abyss
- the sons of the angels kill each other off
Chapter 89 - The prophecy of the flood and the preservation of Noah's family.
- Abraham, Isaac and Ishmael
- Jacob and Esau
- The 12 tribes of Israel are created
- Sin in the wilderness caused the current generation to be allowed to die without seeing the promised land - their children saw it
- The Judges - sometimes blind - sometimes eyes open (on God)
- Saul, David and Solomon
- The Kings / Chronicles of the Kings
- The time of the rule of Babylon
- The first 70 "shepards" called
- The rebuilding of Jerusalem
- The second destruction of the temple and Jerusalem
- The last 2000 years and the wrath of God
- Judgement day and the time into eternity and the New Jerusalem
Chapters 91 - 92
Enoch tells Methuselah to call all his brothers together to speak to them.
- Love uprightness and walk therein
- And draw not nigh to uprightness with a double heart
- And associate not with those of a double heart
The prophecy of weeks - the 10 weeks prophecy
There are some different theories about this prophecy. Some think it is 1000 years for each "week" and that the first week is the creation week, and the last week is into eternity. That one does not fit all of the timelines and stated events well at all. It follows much more accurately that it is about 700 years for each "week". Each week might not be exactly 700 years, but each week is an era or period of time in the history of the world from creation through the millenial reign.
1. 1-700 Enoch's early years
2. 700-1400 Noah - great wickedness - God repents that he made man and decides to flood the world
3. 1400-2100 Flood happens in the first part, Abraham at it's close
4. 2100-2800 Moses and the law
5. 2800-3500 the Kings - 1st Temple built
6. 3500-4200 Blindness (Pharisees) - Jesus born - temple destroyed - Jews dispersed - 4000 AA approximately 0 AD
7. 4200-4900 Catholicism - pagan rituals and beliefs mixed with Christianity - 200-900 AD
8. 4900-5600 Crusades - "sword" = Bible - at close house built = church = body of saints = the reformation - 900-1600 AD
9. 5600-6300 Return of Christ - Godless vanish from earth - 1600-2300 AD
10. 6300-7000 Millenial reign - last 700 years of it - 2300-3000 AD
After that: Many weeks without number for ever! No more sin! Eternity with God!
Chapters 94 - 105
Psalms / Proverbs / Prophetic warnings much like the other major prophets in the Bible
Sin was not sent to earth but man of himself created it
Sinners don't fear God
The righteous should not fear and should not grieve if they find their soul descending to Sheol in grief (good part of Sheol) because their life on earth was not good - wait for the day of Judgement!
- Fear not when we see sinners grow strong
- be not companions with them but keep afar from their violence
- "sinners will alter and pervert the words of righteousness in many ways, and will speak wicked words, and lie, and practice great deceits, and write books"
- Write all my words in their languages and do not change or minish...
Noah born and prophesied over
The flood is foretold to be for "one year"
Again, this is by no means an exhaustive study of Enoch, and I don't even mention many of the things written in it. This is just some highlights of the book. I highly recommend reading it!
Some interesting parallels from Enoch compared to the New Testament:
Quoted by Jude (see above).
“the healing of the earth” (Rom. 8:18-21).
Enoch preaches to the spirits in prison that waited in the days of Noah (1 Pet. 3:18-20).
“the great glory sat…more brightly than the sun…no flesh could behold him” (1 Tim. 6:16).
Angels not marrying or being given in marriage (Lk. 20.35).
Evil spirits permitted to destroy until the consummation of the age (Mat. 8:29).
“the end of all things” (1 Pet. 4:7).
Souls crying out for judgment (Rev. 6:9-10).
Description of the tree of life restored (Rev. 22:1).
The appearance of “the Righteous One” is linked to the appearance of the “light” (John 1).
“those that possess the earth shall no longer be powerful and exalted” (1 Cor. 2:6).
“For the Lord of Spirits has caused His light to appear on the face of the holy, righteous, and elect” (2 Cor. 3:18).
“mansions of the elect” (John 14:2).
“This is the Son of Man…who revealeth all the treasures of that which is hidden” (Col. 2:3; John 4).
Numerous New Testament echoes:
“Light of the Gentiles”;
“those who have fallen asleep in righteousness”;
“he shall judge the secret things”;
“All…shall fall down and worship him”;
“chosen hidden before Him before the creation of the world”;
“in his name they are saved…according to his good pleasure”;
“through his name shall they be saved”;
“all the secrets of wisdom and counsel… the Lord of Spirits hath given to him”.
“in those days the angels shall return…shall stir up the kings…shall go up and tread under foot the land of His elect ones…shall be swallowed up” (Rev. 20).
“And after this it shall be said to the holy in heaven that they should seek out the secrets of righteousness, the heritage of faith. For it has become bright as sun upon earth and darkness is past” (Eph. 3:10; 1 Pet. 1:12; Rom. 13:12).
“the word of his mouth slays all the sinners” (Rev. 19:15).
“as on a woman in travail” (Mark 13:8).
“when they see the Son of Man sitting on the throne of his glory” (Mt. 25:31).
The Lord will execute vengeance upon “those who rule the world”
(1 Cor. 2:6).
“wrath of the Lord of Spirits resteth upon them, and His sword is drunk with their blood” (Revelation).
“The righteous and elect shall be saved on that day…and with that Son of Man shall they eat…shall have risen from the earth…clothed with garments of glory…and…shall not grow old” (Mt. 26:29; 1 Thess. 4:17; 2 Cor. 5:1-2).
Translated into heaven, Enoch sees “a structure built of crystals and…tongues of living fire” (Rev. 21:11; Acts 2:3-4).
“the world to come” (Heb. 2:5).
“they shall not be separated from him forever and ever and ever” (Rom. 8:35).
The fate of the sinners: to be thrown into Gehenna — “this abyss was to the right of that house” (Mt. 23:33).
The Lord of the sheep brings “a new house greater and loftier than the first” (Heb. 3:6; 13:14).
The “double heart” (Jas. 1:8).
The increase of sin and violence comes prior to the Lord’s coming in judgment (Luke 21:9; 2 Thess. 2:3).
“And all the righteous shall arise from their sleep” (1 Thess. 4:15).
The “Apocalypse of Weeks” depicts the rise of “an apostate generation” and its destruction, after which a “new heaven” appears (Mt. 23:36; 2 Pet. 3:13).
“Woe to you ye rich, for ye have trusted in your riches….Ye have committed blasphemy and unrighteousness and have become ready for the day of slaughter and the day of darkness and the day of great judgment” (Jas. 5:1).
“Woe to you …” (Matt. 23).
“suddenly shall the sinners perish before you” (1 Thess. 5:1-3)
“they shall be trodden under foot” (Rom. 16:20).
“horse shall walk up to the breast in the blood of sinners” (Rev. 14:20).
“though the righteous sleep a long sleep, they have nought to fear” (1 Thess. 4:13).
“In blazing flames burning worse than fire shall ye burn” (2 Thess. 1:7; Heb. 10:27; 12:18, 29; Rev. 18:8; 20:9)
“the great judgment shall be for all the generations of the world” (Mt. 23:32).
“in heaven the angels remember you for good before the glory of the Great One” (Mt. 18:10); “ye shall shine as the lights of heaven” (Phil. 2:15); “cast not away your hope” (Heb. 10:23).
“For I and My Son will be united with them forever” (John 14:23).
“generation upon generation shall transgress till a generation of righteousness arises” (Acts 2).
“in the last days” (1 Tim. 4:1; 2 Tim. 3:1; Heb. 1:2).
“written…that the angels may read them” (Eph. 3:10; 1 Pet. 1:12).
“I will transform those who were born in darkness….And I will bring forth in shining light those who have loved my holy name, and I will seat each on the throne of my honor” (1 Cor. 15:51; Eph. 2:6; Col. 1:13; Mt. 19:28).